GLY1102 Topic 18

______ refers to the upper opening of the temporal region of the skull.
Supratemporal fenestra
The metatarsals are the bones between tarsals and phalanges.
True
The scapula is the largest bone at the shoulder girdle.
True
_____ refers to the lower opening of temporal region of the skull.
Inferior or lateral temporal fenestra
_____ means pertaining toward the rear end of the dinosaur.
Posterior
Some dinosaurs had numerous teeth cemented together to form an extensive shearing and grinding surface called ______.
Dental batteries
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The _____ connects the pelvis with the sacral vertebrae along the medial surface.
Ilium
______ are paired bones at the posterior of the skull.
Squamosals
The ______ is the larger of the two lower forearms/forelegs.
Ulna
The ______ is the axis aligned along head-neck-body-tail, an imaginary plane dividing the dinosaur into two equal bilateral arts.
Midline
Many caudal vertebrae have an arch-like structure called a _____ ventral to the centrum.
Chevron
_____ vertebrae are those of the tail.
Caudal
_______ are paired bones that make up the rear dorsal surface of the dinosaur skull.
NOT quadrates
A spool-shaped structure in the ventral side of a vertebra, which connects to the same structure of adjacent vertebrae, is called a ________.
Centrum
_____ means pertaining toward the head end of the dinosaur.
Anterior
The shoulder girdle of dinosaurs consists of the:
Scapula and smaller coracoid
Bipedal dinosaurs habitually walked on their hind limbs, always having longer front limbs.
False
The metacarpals are the bones between the carpals and the phalanges.
True
______ vertebrae are those of the neck, located between the head and back.
Cervical
_____ are small bones in front of the eye socket.
Lachrymals
The three main bones of the hind limb are the:
Femur, fibula, and tibia
_______ refers to the back side of the dinosaur.
Dorsal
_____ refers to the belly side of the dinosaur.
Ventral
______ vertebrae are those of the hip region.
Sacral
The _____ is the smaller of the two lower leg bones which is attached to the tibia.
Fibula
The ______ is a bony knob connecting the skull to the backbone.
Occipital condyle
________ are the main bones of the upper jaw joints at the posterior of the skull.
Quadrates
_______ are paired bones that make up the rear dorsal surface of the dinosaur skull.
Parietal bones
The average dinosaur skeletons contain approximately 300 bones.
True
The ______ is the upper forearm or foreleg that connects to the scapula at the shoulder.
Humerus