gly 1102 topic 22

The Sauropoda were all bipedal herbivores.
false
The Brachiosauridae have lower forelimbs than hind limbs.
true
The teeth of Apatosaurus are
peg-like.
Prosauropods and sauropods evolved from a common unknown ancestor.
true
Diplodocidae had relatively short tails.
false
This sauropod was the ultimate tree-top browser.
Brachiosaurus
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Sauropod feet had big fleshy pads.
true
True about Sauropoda
Have massive solid limbs. Most have lightly-built vertebrate with struts and buttresses and pleurocoels. they have 12 or more cervical vertebrate. They have 4 or more sacral vertebrate.
The Titanosauridae were more common in the Gondwana (Southern) continents than in the Northern Hemisphere.
true
The Sauropoda are found on all continents except Antarctica.
true
Sauropods with a humerus-to-femur ratio of less than one have front limbs longer than hind limbs.
false
The humerus-to-femur ratio of the Diplodocidae is greater than 1.
false
The saurodmorpha evolved during the Early Triassic and survived to the end of the Cretaceous.
false
The maximum number of caudal vertebrae among the Diplodocidae is
>70
The Sauropoda is a small clade of plant-eaters containing no more than 10 genera.
false
Apatosaurus was formerly known as Brontosaurus (the latter is a jr. synonym.)
true
Which of these is not considered a prosauropod?
apatosaurus (yes: plateosaurus, thecodontosaurus)
Some sauropods significantly exceeded 100 ft in length.
true
Saltasaurus
was a sauropod covered with a protective pavement of globular or button-like plates covering its back.
Alamosaurus
is the only sauropod found in North America above the “Sauropod Hiatus,” an approx. 20-25 million year interval of the Upper Cretaceous without sauropods.