Geography Chapter 1

Geography
The study of the world, its people, and the landscapes they create
Landscape
All the human and physical features that make it unique
Social Science
A field that studies people and the relationships among them
Region
A part of the world that has one or more common features that distinguish it from surrounding areas
Map
A flat drawing that shows all or part of Earth’s surface
Globe
A spherical, or ball-shaped, model of the entire planet
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Absolute Location
A specific description of where a place is located; absolute location is often expressed using latitude and longitude
Relative Location
A general description of where a place is located; a place’s relative location is often expressed in relation to something else
Environment
The land, water, climate, plants, and animals of an area; surroundings
Location
Describes where something is
Place
Describes the features that make a site unique
Movement
The migration/moving of people, plants, and animals
What are the Six essential elements: most important ideas in the study of geography
The world in spatial terms
Using maps and other tools to know where things are in relation to others.
Places and Regions
Physical and human charateristics of places
Culture and experience influence peoples perspective of places and regions
Physical Systems
Physical process that shapes the Earth
Human systems
Patterns of human settlement
Environment and society
Human actions modify the physical environment and vice versa
Uses of geography
Applying what we know to the past, present, and future
Two basic types of Satellite Images
True Color/Infrared Images
Physical Geography
The study of the Earth’s landforms, bodies of water, climates soils and plants.
Eratosthenes
Figured out how large the Earth is and mapped known lands of Greece. Greek Scientist and LibrarianLoca
Human Geography
The study of the worlds people, communities, and landscapes.
Economic Geography
how people make and spend money
Cartography
map making
Hydrology
water on the Earth
Meteorology
weather and its causes
Local level
One level of the world. Asking questions about about food, housing or clothing.
Regional Level
Might study the city’s population or transportation systems at this level.
Global level
Geographers study the world trying to find relationships among people who live far apart.
Satellite Images
Collecting information that we can not see from the planets surface. Information gathered helps geographers make accurate maps.
List the five themes of Geography
Location, Place, Regions, Movement and Human-Environment Interation.
The smallest level at which a geographer might study a place is
Local
Which of the five themes of geography would a geographer most likely study using a map
Location
Which of the following subjects would a human geographer study the most
populations
Themes
Five major ideas used to organize geography
Global
Level at which people show relationships who live far apart
Movement
How and why people, plants, and animals migrate
Place
The distinguishing characteristics of a location
Levels
Local, global, and regional
Human Geography
Studies economics and politics
Local Level
How people in a town or community live? Is a question at what level
Standards
18 basic ideas that we should understand about geography
Location
Where something is
Eratosthenes
Figured out how large the earth is
Physical Geography
Study of soils, landforms, and bodies of water
Meteorology
Study of weather and what it causes
Human-Environment Interaction
How people and their surroundings affect each other
Map
A tool geographers use to study the planet
Theme
Location, place, region, movement, and human-environment interaction
Movement
Theme of people going to work in a new place
Compare
Reason geographers divide the world into regions
Physical Geography
Study of the world’s landforms, bodies of water, and other features
Common Needs
Food, water, shelter, and the ability to deal with people
Hydrology
Study of water on the earth
Cartography
Study of making maps
Themes