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Filipino People and Maria Anna Mae

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Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal Chapter 14 Rizal in London Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S. •Lived in London May 1888 to Mar. 1889 •3 reasons why he stayed there: 1)To improve the his knowledge of the English Language 2)To study and annotate Morga’s Sucesos de Las Islas Filipinas 3)London was a safe place for him to carry on his fight against Spanish Tyranny •Filipiniana studies •Completing annotating Morga’s books •Wrote many articles in La Solidaridad •Penned Young Women of Malolos •Had romance with Gertrude Beckett Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal

Stay in London Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S. Trip across the Atlantic •Made friends in his atlantic voyage •Amazed some American and European passengers •Had a chat with newspaper men but became disappointed •Arrived on Liverpool May 24, 1888 •“Liverpool is a big and beautiful city and its celebrated port is worthy of its great fame. The entrance is magnificent and the custom house is quite good. ” Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S. you Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal Life in London Went to London May 25, 1888 •Stayed as a guest at Dr.

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Regidor’s home •Became a boarder at the Beckett’s by the end of May •Was called “Pearl of Man” by Dr. Reinhold Rost •Played Cricket and Boxing with Dr. Rost’s sons. Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S. Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal Good and Bad News from home •Bad News •Persecution of the Filipino patriots who signed the “Anti-friar Petition of 1888” •Persecution of Calamba tenants •Furious attacks on Rizal by Senator Salamanca and Vida in the Spanish Cortes and by Desenganos (Wenseslao E.

Retana) and Quioquiap (Pablo Feced) in spanish newspapers •Rizal’s brother-in-law, Manuel Hidalgo was exiled in Bohol Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S. Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal Good and Bad News from home •Good News •Rev. Vicente Garcias’ defended Noli against the attacks of the friars. •Content of the letter We young Filipinos are trying to make over a nation and must not halt in our onward march, but from time to time turn our gaze upon our elders. We shall wish to read in their contenances approval of our actions. We are anxious to learn of the

Philippines’ past which we need to understand in order to plan intelligently for the future. We want to know all that our ancestors knew, and then add our own Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S. Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal Annotating Morga’s books •Spent many days in the reading room of the British Museum reading Morga’s books and old stories of the Philippines •Wrote a letter to Blumentritt on Sept. 17, 1888 •Mariano Ponce urged him to edit a newspaper but refused Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S. Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal

Short visit to Paris and Spain •September 1888 he visited Paris for a week •Entertained in a gay French Metropolis by Juan Luna and his wife •He returned to London •Dec. 11, 1888 he went to Spain •Met Marcelo H. del Pilar and Mariano Ponce Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S. Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal Christmas in London •Rizal returned to London on Dec. 24, 1888 and spent his Christmas and new year ‘s day with the Becketts. •He sent a gift to Blumentritt and Dr. Carlos Czepelak •Received a gift from Mrs. Beckett Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.

Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal Rizal becomes leader of Filipinos in Europe •Chosen to be honorary president •Wrote a letter of thanks adressed to the members of Asociacion La Solidaridad on Jan. 28, 1889 •Letter content •When defeated never surrender •Great deal of integrity and much good Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S. Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal Rizal and the La Solidaridad paper •Graciano Lopez founded La Solidaridad on Feb. 15,1889 at Barcelona •Marcelo H. del Pilar about their newspaper •Rizal congratulated Lopez Jaena nd the associates and wrote articles Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S. Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal First Article in La Solidaridad •Los Agricultores Filipinos (The Filipino Farmers) •Published Mar. 25, 1889 •Depicted the deplorable conditions in the Philippines which cause the backwardness of the country. The Filipino farmers has to struggle not only against petty tyrants and robbers. Against the first, defense indeed was permitted; against the latter not always… After the floods, locusts, fires, bad harvests, and the like the farmer capitalist has o deal with constable who takes away from Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S. Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal First Article in La Solidaridad for being suspicious persons or for no reason whatsoever, and they manacle them to clean the barracks and thus compel the capitalist to live on better terms with the chief and, if not, they take away his carabaos, oxen, inspite of many protests. At times it is not the constable or the civil guard who opposes so indirectly the minister of colonies. An official of the court or the provincial government, dissatisfied with he farmer, urgently summons this or that laborer, if not two or three. The unfortunate man underyakes a tripoftwo or three days, uneasy and distrustful, spends his savings, Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S. Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal Writings in London •La Vision del Fray Rodriguez (The vision of Fray Rodriguez) •Published at Barcelona •Letter to the Young Women of Malolos •M. H. del Pilar •Praise the young ladies of Malolos for their courage to establish a school where they could learn spanish despite the opposition of Fr.

Felipe Garcia, Spanish parish priest of Malolos. 1. A Filipino mother should teach her children love of God, fatherland, and mankind 2. Filipino mother should be glad, like the Spartan mother 3. Filipino woman should know how to preserve her dignity and honor 4. Filipino woman should educate herself, aside from retaining her good racial virtues; Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S. Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal Writings in London •Specimens of Tagalog Folklore •Two Eastern Fables •Requested by: Dr. Rost Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.

Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal Romance with Gertrude Beckett •Gertrude Beckett •Buxom English girl with brown hair, blue eyes, and rosy cheeks •Eldest of the three sisters •Fell in love with Rizal •helped him in his painting and sculpture •“Gettie” •Rizal finished 4 sculptures •Promotheus Bound •The Triumph of Death over Life •The Triumph of Science over Death •Composite carving of the heads of the Beckett sisters Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S. Chapter 14 Rizal in London (1888-89) SS014-Rizal Adios London •March 19, 1889 Report by: Isidro, Maria Anna Mae S.