Experimental Chapter 3

Milgram’s obedience study was purportedly an experiment on
memory and learning
Which of the following is NOT one of the three basic ethical principles in the Belmont Report?
empathy
To be assured that research procedures have minimized risk to participants, a ______ must be done before research can be approved
risk-benefit analysis
In some cases, the risk entailed with loss of confidentiality are so great that researchers may wish to apply for a Certificate of Confidentiality from the
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Informed consent forms should be written
at a sixth to eighth grade reading level
Any procedure that limits an individual’s freedom to consent to participate in a study can be
potentially coercive
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Which of the following is TRUE about the informed consent procedure?
It may bias the sample and limit generalizability of the results.
Which of the following is a reason for the decrease in the type of elaborate deception used in the Milgram study?
There is an increased awareness of the ethical issues relating to the use of deception
During a research study, the debriefing takes place
after the completion of the study
The Standard Prison Experiment is an example of a ____ study
simulation
According to the justice principle defined in the Belmont Report, any decision to include or exclude certain people from a research study must be
justified on scientific grounds
Which of the following statements are true
The actual rules and regulations for the protection of human research participants were issued by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Every institution that recieves federal funds must have an Institutional Review Board.

All research conducted at an institution is reviewed in some way by the IRB.

An anonymous questionnaire is usually considered _____ research
exempt
All institutions in which animal research is carried out must have an Institutional Animal care and Use Committee that is
charged with ensuring that all regulations are adhered to
Fraud in the field of psychology is
often detected when research results cannot be replicated
Which of the following is an example of a potential benefit of research
acquistion of new skills.
finding treatments for medical problems
payment for participantion
Informed consent forms should include all of the following except
exactly what is being studied
Steve is a 17 year old college freshman enrolled in a General Psychology class. He wants to earn extra credit by participating in research experiments. What, if any, problems might Steve run into when trying to sign-up for these studies?
While he can give his informed assent, he cannot give his informed consent.
Which of the following is not an example of an honest experiment?
participants are deceived during the study but fully debriefed before they leave.
Which of the following would not be considered a minimal risk study?
asking shoppers to fill out anonymous surveys
Which of the following is not an example of plagiarism?
copying text directly from a source and not quoting or citing.

providing a citation for text directly copied from a source but not quoting

paraphrasing text from a source and not citing

Stanley Milgram’s research challenged many beliefs about the ability of individuals to resist authority.
True
The Belmont Report’s principle of autonomy states that participants are capable of making deliberate decisions about whether or not they will participate in research
True
The problem of deception in scientific studies is limited to laboratory research.
False
Many psychologists believe that the problem of deception in research has been exaggerated.
True
The most serious defect of role playing is the time it takes to complete in a laboratory setting
False
An example of minimal risk research is having healthy volunteer engage in moderate exercise
True
The IRB considers the study of normal educational practices as no risk research
False
Most psychologists do not support animal research
False
Sir Cyril Burt’s report that the IQ scores of identical twins reared apart were highly similar is an example of research fraud.
True
It is plagiarism if you paraphrase the actual words used by a source and then fail to cite the source
True
The most common risk to participants in psychological research projects is physical harm.
False
Research participants identities must remain confidential unless the same person is going to provide data on multiple occasions
False
If they are over 18 years-old, patients from a psychiatric hospitals can give their informed consent to participant in research.
False
Research has found that most college students are angered by the use of deception in research
False