Executive Branch Review

Electoral College
Not a school; these electors technically vote for President of the U.S.
538
Total number of electors
270
Total number of eletors to win
Qualifications
Native born citizen; 35 years old; resident of US for 14 years
Term
4 years
22nd Amendment
Limits Presidents to 2 terms since 1951
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25th Amendment
order of succession: Vice President; Speaker of House; President Pro Tempore; Cabinet in order departments were created. Also the vice president should serve if the president is too ill.
Cabinet
Advisors of the President
veto
Latin for “I forbid”; when President rejects a bill passed by Congress
President of the Senate
Vice President of the U.S.; only votes to break a tie
Main duty of Executive Branch
to carry out or enforce our nation’s laws–this means to put laws into action
Commander in Chief
The Constitution make the President the head of the nation’s armed forces.
Chief Executive
The President enforces U.S. laws, creates policies, hires and fires officials within the executive branch, and appoints Federal judges. The Senate must approve many appointments, including Cabinet secretaries and Supreme Court Justices.
Chief Diplomat/ foreign policy leader
The President can make treaties with other countries(although the Senate must approve them.) The President, working with the Secretary of State, shapes policies for dealing with other nations.
State of the Union
The yearly speech Presidents are required to give on the state of the nation.
pardon
The President has the power to legally forgive a person for a Federal crime and to free them from all punishment.
appointment
The act of choosing and placing someone in a job; a job for which a person is chosen.
Chief of State/ head of state
The President is the living symbol of the U.S. and presides over ceremonial duties.
Party Chief
The President is the head of their political party. Must try to get other members of that party elected to office.
House of representatives
This branch of Congress chooses President if the electoral college fails
Election process
primaries, and caucuses; party nomination in convention;General Election; Electoral College
chief agenda setter/ chief legislator
As the chief lawmaker, the President reports to the Congress once a year
on how the country is doing in a speech called the State of the Union and suggests laws and treaties to get Congress to
pass them. S/he can also veto or refuse to sign laws passed by Congress.
Voice of the People
The President tries to tell Americans what they as a group think, to form and to influence public opinion.
PROTECTOR OF THE PEOPLE
If there is an emergency or a disaster, the President has the power to act to protect lives and property.
Representative of the nation
represents all of the people
MANAGER OF PROSPERITY (ECONOMIC PLANNER)
The President is expected to make sure that the economy is working well, that things are made, sold, and bought as much and as easily as possible.
World Leader
Since s/he leads one of the most powerful nations in the world, the President is often carefully listened to by other nations.
Chief Adminstrator
The President sits atop the pyramid of executive power. As such the presidents directs an administration that employs nearly three million civilians to carry out the nations laws. As chief administrator the president hires and fires people who work on the pyramid. S/he can also move people or positions around on the pyramid.
Executive Privilege
The president’s right to not hand over documents or to testify regarding matters that are believed to be the executive branch’s confidential business.
22nd Amendment Term Limits
President is limited to two four-year terms of office
23rd Amendment Electoral Votes for DC
Granted 3 E.C. votes to D.C. in a presidential election
25th Amendment Presidential Disability
Defined replacement procedure for President and Vice President