Erica Armstead

Effective Groups
These offer their members significant opportunities to contribute.
An Analyzer
The person in a group who says, “we need to consider how this information affects the outcome, so can you explain it a little more?”
A good Leader Rule of Thumb
to monitor roles within the group to periodically fill gaps and improve performance.
When considering whether a topic is appropriate for a given audience, you should avoid topics that are too simple for the audience’s knowledge level.
the conclusion
this part of the speech should be no longer than 5% of the speech.
The benefit of a visual aid is that the audience tends to remember more of what they see
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Extemporaneous speaking
when a speech is prepared without planning to use the exact wording during the presentation
allow a speaker to greater emphasize main points effectively and summarize key points.
Expository speech
A speech that provides in-depth information
criteria satisfaction
the organizational pattern that seeks audience agreement on criteria to consider while evaluating
3 or more
The appropriate size of an effective group
effective groups
these groups are ethical, interdependent, cohesive, accountable, synergetic, and have productive norms.
a deterioration of mental efficiency, reality testing, and moral judgement that results from in-group pressure to conform.
a force that brings group members closer together
tension reliever
recognize when group members are stressed or tired and then intervene to relieve the stress or reenergize the group usually through humor.
intervene in the groups discussion when a conflict is threatening to harm group cohesiveness or the relationship between specific group member.
manage the flow of conversation so that all members have an equal opportunity to participate.
take careful notes of what the group has decided and the evidence upon which the decisions are based.
neutral and impartial arbiters who guide the discussion so that members who have conflicting ideas find a mutually acceptable resolution.
are familiar with the differences in the social, cultural, and gender orientations of the group members and use this knowledge to help group members understand each other.
encourage others in the group, shows appreciation for members in both verbal and non-verbal manners.
Logistics coordinator
arrange for appropriate spaces for group meetings, procure the supplies and equipment that will be needed by the group.
keep track of what the group is trying to accomplish and help move the group through the agenda
the unethical act of representing a published author’s work as your own.
shooting out random ideas without thought.
specific goals
a specific statement that you want that identifies the exact response you want from the audience after they have listened to your speech.