English vocab words from The HINDU newspaper daily

scampering
run quickly with light steps due to fear or excitement.
improvise
create or perform spontaneously without any preparation
reconnaissance
preliminary surveying or research, exploration
purport
appear or claim to do something esp. falsely
debris
scattered fragments , typically of something wrecked or destroyed
mangle
severely mutilated , disfigure by cutting , tearing , crushing beyond recognition
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strew
scatter or spread things over a surface or area
mayhem
violent or damaging disorder , chaos
profusely
abundantly
frantically
madly , in an uncontrolled manner
exgratia
done with a sense of moral obligation rather than because of any legal requirement(esp. with reference to paying of money
kin
one’s family and relations
ransacked
go hurridly through a place stealing things and causing damage
assailants
a person who physically attacks another.
vicinity
the area near or surrounding a particular place
undercut
offer goods or services at a lower prices than a competitor
impede
delay or prevent
vicious
deliberately cruel or violent
overture
an approach or proposal made to someone with the aim of opening negotiations proposal , offer
outrage
an extremely strong reaction of anger , shock or indignation
plausible
seems reasonable or probable
concoct
create or devise (esp a story or plan)
exemplary
serving as desirable model
contentious
controversial, involving heated argument
stout
(of a person) somewaht fat or heavily build
apex
reaching a high point or climax
revive
restore to life , resurrect, regain life
cauldron
A situation characterized by instability and strong emotions.
blaze
A very large or fiercely burning fire
blitzkrieg
An intense military campaign intended to bring about a swift victory.
plunder
Steal goods from, (typically using force and in a time of war or civil disorder
unleash
Release from a leash or restraint ,release
ratify
making it officially valid , approve, sanction
sluggish
Slow-moving or inactive., slow , lazy.
amiss
Not quite right; inappropriate or out of place.
antecedent
A thing or event that existed before or logically precedes another
Abetment
encourage or assist to do something wrong.
sabotage
Deliberately destroy, damage, or obstruct (something).
Apprehension
Anxiety or fear that something bad or unpleasant will happen
Thwart
Prevent (someone) from accomplishing something
contigents
Possible, or liable, but not certain, to occur; incidental; casual ;
subject to chance
oration
A formal speech, esp. one given on a ceremonial occasion.
conspicuous
Standing out so as to be clearly visible ,
; prominent – noticeable
sloppy
careless and unsystematic
haphazard
lacking any obvious principle of organisation
prima facie
based on first impression , accepted as correct untill proved otherwise
veracity
conformity to facts , accuracy
retract
draw , pull , withdraw
dismal
depressing or dreary
melee
a confused fight
evade
escape or avoid
skirmish
an episode of irregular or premedidated fighting
broached
raise a sensitive topic for discussion
ado
trouble , difficulty , fuss
palpable
able to touched or felt , so intense as to be almost touched or felt
consession
a thing that is granted
chauvinism
exaggerated or aggressive patroitism
profound
very great or intense
exaggerate
represent something as being larger , greater , better or worse that it really is
accord
give or grant someone
memoirs
a historical account or biography written from personal knowledge
cynical
beleiving that people are motivated by self interest
reconciliations
the reestablishing of cordial relations
envisage
form a mental picture of something not yet known or existing
fiat
decree , a formal authorization
avert
turn away
narcissism
excessive erotic interest in oneself and one’s physical apperance, extremely selfishness , egoistic
premise
pre requisite
stultify
cause to lose enthusiasm and initiation
disdain
consider to be unworthy of one’s consideration
censure
express severe disapproval of, expression of formal disapproval
ubiquitous
present , appearing or found everywhere , omnipresent
clamorous
blatant (done openly and unshamedly), conspicously & offensively loud
flurry
a small swirling mass of something
appeasement
pacify or placate (relieve or satisfy ) by acceding to their demands
shrill
high pitch and piercing voice /sound
legitimate
conforming to the law or to rules
dissent
hold or express opinions that are at variance with those previously, commonly or officiallly expressed.
frills
a thing resembling such a ship in appearance or function
ecclesiatical
of or relating to the christian church or its clergy
undermine
dig or excarvate beneath(a building) so as to make it collapse .
egalitarian
of , relating to or believing in the principle that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and oppurtunities
honorifies
a title or word implyfying or expressing high status , politness or respect
contemporary
living or occuring at the same time.
echelon
a level or rank in an organisation , a profession or society
embrace
hold someone closely in one’s arms sign of affection (hug)
mace bearer
is a person who carries mace either a real weapon or ceremonial
heralds
an offcial messenger of news
eulogy
a speech or peace of writings that praises someone or something highly , typically who has just died
propitiation
the act of prpitiating or appeasing god spirit or person
lofty
of imposing heights
appurtenances
an accessory or other items associated with a particular activity or style of living
perquisites
a thing regarded as a special right or privilage enjoyed as a result of ones position
presumptions
failing to observe the limits of what is permitted or aprropriate
behove
be appropriate or necassary
impetus
the force or energy or momentum with which a body moves
tarnish
lose or cause to lose luster
helm
steering wheel , a position of leadership or control
vitriolic
acerb , harsh or corrosive in tone
unbridled
uncontrolled
levy
impose and collect
augment
increase
hitch
a temporary problem or interuption
intrusion
the action of intruding , interference
enact
put into practise
encroach
intrude on ( a person’s territory)
advance gradually and in a way that causes damage
peddling
try to sell by going house to house (illegaly drug or stolen items).
sparring
make the motions of boxing without landing heavy blows as a form of training(boxing).
revelations
an enlightening or astonishing disclosure
contraband
goods that are been imported or exported illegally.
pugilist
a professional boxer
kingpin
a main or large bolt in a central position.
depute
appoint or delegate , authorize
parole
the release of prisoner temporarily before completion of sentence.
sworn
testimony given under oath
forgery
the action of forging or producing a copy of a document , signature , (counterfeit) ,
fake
falsification
dilineate
describe or portray something precisely
rhetoric
the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing ,
using language effectively to please or persuade
toil
work extremely hard or
incessantly
exhort
Verb
Strongly encourage or urge (someone) to do something.
Synonyms
admonish – urge – advise
refrain
Verb
Stop oneself from doing something.
Noun
A repeated line or number of lines in a poem or song, typically at the end of each verse.
Synonyms
verb. abstain – forbear – hold back – restrain
noun. chorus – burden – tag – undersong
subsequently
following in time and order ( BAAD MEIN)
holistic
Adjective
Characterized by comprehension of the parts of something as intimately interconnected and explicable only by reference to the whole.
Characterized by the treatment of the whole person, taking into account mental and social factors, rather than just the physical…
gloom
Noun
Partial or total darkness.
A state of depression or despondency: “economic gloom”.
Synonyms
darkness – gloominess – obscurity – dark – murk
commemorate
Verb
Recall and show respect for (someone or something) in a ceremony.
Serve as a memorial to.
Synonyms
celebrate – solemnize – remember
adversary
Noun
One’s opponent in a contest, conflict, or dispute.
The Devil.
Synonyms
opponent – antagonist – enemy – foe – rival – competitor
apartheid
Noun
(in South Africa) A policy or system of segregation or discrimination on grounds of race.
Segregation in other contexts.
stalemate
Noun
A position counting as a draw, in which a player is not in check but cannot move except into check.
Verb
Bring to or cause to reach stalemate: “the currently stalemated peace talks”.
Synonyms
deadlock – impasse – dead end – cul-de-sac
destitute
Adjective
Without the basic necessities of life.
Not having.
Synonyms
needy – indigent – poor – necessitous – penurious
arbitrary
Adjective
Based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system.
(of power or a ruling body) Unrestrained and autocratic in the use of authority.
Synonyms
high-handed
whim
Noun
A sudden desire or change of mind, esp. one that is unusual or unexplained.
A windlass for raising ore or water from a mine.
Synonyms
caprice – fancy – vagary – whimsy – quirk – fad
capricious
Adjective
Given to sudden and unaccountable changes of mood or behavior.
Synonyms
whimsical – wayward – fickle – freakish – crotchety
contrary
Adjective
Opposite in nature, direction, or meaning.
Noun
The opposite.
Synonyms
adjective. opposite – adverse – reverse – opposed – converse
noun. opposite – reverse – converse – contrast – antithesis
doctrine
Noun
A belief or set of beliefs held and taught by a church, political party, or other group.
A stated principle of government policy, mainly in foreign or military affairs: “the Monroe Doctrine”.
Synonyms
tenet – ism – teaching – dogma
hitherto
Adverb
Until now or until the point in time under discussion.
Synonyms
so far – yet – heretofore – up to now
caveat
Noun
A warning or proviso of specific stipulations, conditions, or limitations.
A notice, esp. in a probate, that certain actions may not be taken without informing the person who gave the notice.
Synonyms
warning – caution
genocide
Noun
The deliberate killing of a large group of people, esp. those of a particular ethnic group or nation.
ostensibly
Adverb
Apparently or purportedly, but perhaps not actually: “portrayed as a blue-collar type, ostensibly a carpenter”.
Synonyms
seemingly – apparently
avowdely
by open declaration
irritants
Noun
A substance that causes slight inflammation or other discomfort to the body.
A thing that is continually annoying or distracting.
autonomy
Noun
(of a country or region) The right or condition of self-government, esp. in a particular sphere.
A self-governing country or region.
Synonyms
self-government – independence
besieged
Verb
Surround (a place) with armed forces in order to capture it or force its surrender; lay siege to.
Crowd around oppressively; surround and harass: “she spent the whole day besieged by newsmen”
snub
Verb
Rebuff, ignore, or spurn disdainfully: “he snubbed faculty members and students alike”.
Noun
An act of showing disdain or a lack of cordiality by rebuffing or ignoring someone or something.
Adjective
(of a person’s or animal’s nose) Short and turned up at the end: “snub-nosed”.
Synonyms
retrousse
fauxpas
Noun
An embarrassing or tactless act or remark in a social situation.
Synonyms
gaffe – error – misstep – blunder
veterans
Noun
A person who has had long experience in a particular field, esp. military service: “a veteran of two world wars”.
imbroglio
Noun
An extremely confused, complicated, or embarrassing situation: “the Watergate imbroglio”.
Synonyms
entanglement – complication
forge
Verb
Make or shape (a metal object) by heating it in a fire or furnace and beating or hammering it.
Move forward gradually or steadily.
Noun
A blacksmith’s workshop; a smithy.
Synonyms
verb. counterfeit – falsify – fake – fabricate
noun. smithy
accede
Verb
Assent or agree to a demand, request, or treaty.
Assume an office or position.
Synonyms
assent – agree – consent – comply – accept – acquiesce
itinerary
Noun
A planned route or journey.
A travel document recording these.
Synonyms
route
stint
Verb
Supply an ungenerous or inadequate amount of (something): “stowage room hasn’t been stinted”.
Noun
A person’s fixed or allotted period of work: “his varied career included a stint as a magician”.
A small short-legged sandpiper (genus Calidris) of northern Eurasia and Alaska, with a brownish back and white underparts.
Synonyms
verb. limit – restrict – scrimp – confine – skimp – scant
noun. limitation – restriction – restraint – confinement
detractors
Noun
A person who disparages someone or something.
disparage
Verb
Regard or represent as being of little worth.
Synonyms
depreciate – belittle – decry – underestimate
precis
make a summary (of).
subtle
Adjective
(esp. of a change or distinction) So delicate or precise as to be difficult to analyze or describe.
(of a mixture or effect) Delicately complex and understated.
Synonyms
subtile – fine – delicate – nice – sharp
effacing
Verb
Erase (a mark) from a surface: “words effaced by frost and rain”; “his anger was effaced when he stepped into the open air”.
Make oneself appear insignificant or inconspicuous.
elitism
Noun
The advocacy or existence of an elite as a dominating element in a system or society.
The attitude or behavior of a person or group who regard themselves as belonging to an elite.
predominant
Adjective
Present as the strongest or main element.
Having or exerting control or power.
Synonyms
prevalent – prevailing – dominant – preponderant
envoy
Noun
A messenger or representative, esp. one on a diplomatic mission.
Synonyms
emissary – messenger – legate – ambassador – deputy
reneging
Verb
Go back on a promise, undertaking, or contract.
contention
Noun
Heated disagreement.
An assertion, esp. one maintained in argument.
Synonyms
quarrel – strife – dispute – argument – contest
rationale
Noun
A set of reasons or a logical basis for a course of action or a particular belief:
deprive
Verb
Deny (a person or place) the possession or use of something.
Synonyms
divest – bereave – rob – strip – dispossess
posits
Verb
Assume as a fact; put forward as a basis of argument.
Noun
A statement made on the assumption that it will prove to be true.
scavenger
Noun
An animal that feeds on carrion, dead plant material, or refuse.
A person who searches for and collects discarded items.
Synonyms
dustman – sweeper
erroneously
mistakenly: in a mistaken manner; “he mistakenly believed it”.
decennial
Adjective
Recurring every ten years.
Lasting for or relating to a period of ten years.
stout
Adjective
(of a person) Somewhat fat or of heavy build.
Noun
A kind of strong, dark beer brewed with roasted malt or barley.
Synonyms
strong – sturdy – corpulent – robust – stalwart – tough
debase
Verb
Reduce (something) in quality or value; degrade.
Lower the moral character of (someone): “war debases people”.
Synonyms
degrade – abase – demean – humiliate – deteriorate
iniquitous
characterized by iniquity; wicked because it is believed to be a sin; “iniquitous deeds”; “he said it was sinful to wear.
perpetuate
Verb
Make (something, typically an undesirable situation or an unfounded belief) continue indefinitely.
Preserve (something valued) from oblivion or extinction.
Synonyms
immortalize – eternize – eternalize
litigation
a legal proceeding in a court; a judicial contest to determine and enforce legal rights.
grotesque
Adjective
Comically or repulsively ugly or distorted.
Noun
A very ugly or comically distorted figure, creature, or image.
Synonyms
preposterous – ludicrous – fantastic – fantastical
uphill
Adverb
In an ascending direction up a hill or slope: “follow the track uphill”.
Adjective
Sloping upward; ascending.
Noun
An upward slope.
Synonyms
adverb. upward
adjective. difficult – hard – arduous – toilsome – laborious
noun. ascent – upgrade – rise – acclivity
apathy
Noun
Lack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern.
Synonyms
indifference – unconcern – torpor – listlessness
callous
Adjective
Showing or having an insensitive and cruel disregard for others.
Synonyms
unfeeling – insensitive – heartless – hard
dilly dallying
to waste time . esp. in decision making
detrimental
Adjective
Tending to cause harm.
Synonyms
harmful – injurious – prejudicial – deleterious – noisome
consensus
Noun
General agreement.
Synonyms
accord – agreement – unanimity
consonance
Noun
Agreement or compatibility between opinions or actions.
The recurrence of similar sounds, esp. consonants, in close proximity (chiefly as used in prosody).
Synonyms
harmony – accord – concord – unison – concordance
eventually
Adverb
In the end, esp. after a long delay, dispute, or series of problems: “eventually, after midnight, I arrived at the hotel”.
Synonyms
finally – at last – ultimately – in the end – lastly
precursor
Noun
A person or thing that comes before another of the same kind; a forerunner.
A substance from which another is formed, esp. by metabolic reaction.
Synonyms
forerunner – harbinger – predecessor – herald
arson
Noun
The criminal act of deliberately setting fire to property: “police are treating the fire as arson”.
Synonyms
incendiarism – fire-raising
fracas
Noun
A noisy disturbance or quarrel.
Synonyms
hubbub – ruction – row – uproar – din
solidarity
Noun
Unity or agreement of feeling or action, esp. among individuals with a common interest; mutual support within a group.
An independent trade union movement in Poland that developed into a mass campaign for political change and inspired popular opposition…
Synonyms
unity
fringes
Noun
An ornamental border of threads left loose or formed into tassels or twists, used to edge clothing or material.
Verb
Decorate (clothing or material) with a fringe.
tenuous
Adjective
Very weak or slight: “the tenuous link between interest rates and investment”.
Very slender or fine; insubstantial: “a tenuous cloud”.
Synonyms
thin – slender – slight – weak – flimsy – delicate – fine
woes
Noun
Great sorrow or distress.
Things that cause sorrow or distress; troubles.
Synonyms
misery
uphold
Verb
Confirm or support (something that has been questioned): “the court upheld his claim for damages”.
Maintain (a custom or practice).
amenities
Noun
A desirable or useful feature or facility of a building or place.
The pleasantness of a place or a person.
mire
Noun
A stretch of swampy or boggy ground.
Verb
Cause to be stuck in mud.
Synonyms
noun. mud – ooze – slough – sludge – morass – bog – slime
verb. muddy
chid
Verb
Scold or rebuke: “she chided him for not replying”.
pivotal
Adjective
Of crucial importance in relation to the development or success of something else.
Fixed on or as if on a pivot.
Synonyms
central – cardinal – axial
defy
Verb
Openly resist or refuse to obey: “a woman who defies convention”.
(of a thing) Make (an action or quality) almost impossible: “his actions defy belief”.
Synonyms
challenge – dare – brave
manoeuvre
Act in order to achieve a certain goal; “He maneuvered to get the chairmanship”; “She maneuvered herself into…
rebuke
Verb
Express sharp disapproval or criticism of (someone) because of their behavior or actions.
Noun
An expression of sharp disapproval or criticism.
Synonyms
verb. reprove – reprimand – reprehend – scold – upbraid – chide
noun. reprimand – reproof – reproach – reprehension
hegemony
Noun
Leadership or dominance, esp. by one country or social group.
placate
Verb
Make (someone) less angry or hostile.
Synonyms
appease – pacify – soothe – propitiate – mollify
mea culpa
Noun
An acknowledgment of one’s fault or error.
turbulence
Noun
Violent or unsteady movement of air or water, or of some other fluid.
Conflict; confusion: “political turbulence”.
Synonyms
turmoil – unrest – disturbance – commotion
hypothetical
Adjective
Of, based on, or serving as a hypothesis.
Noun
A hypothetical proposition or statement: “Flynn talked in hypotheticals, tossing what-if scenarios to Kernaghan”.
Synonyms
hypothetic – conjectural – presumptive
Vulnerable
Adjective
Exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally: “we were in a vulnerable position”.
(of a partnership) Liable to higher penalties, either by convention or through having won one game toward a rubber.
corrigendum
Noun
A thing to be corrected, typically an error in a printed book.
Synonyms
misprint – erratum – literal
discursive
Adjective
Digressing from subject to subject.
(of a style of speech or writing) Fluent and expansive rather than formulaic or abbreviated.
disgressing
Verb
Leave the main subject temporarily in speech or writing.
prose
Noun
Written or spoken language in its ordinary form, without metrical structure.
Verb
Talk tediously: “prosing on about female beauty”.
intervention
Noun
The action or process of intervening.
Interference by a country in another’s affairs.
Synonyms
interference – interposition – mediation – intercession
elusive
Adjective
Difficult to find, catch, or achieve.
Difficult to remember or recall.
Synonyms
evasive – elusory
autocratic
Adjective
Of or relating to a ruler who has absolute power.
Taking no account of other people’s wishes or opinions; domineering.
Synonyms
autocratical – despotic
rendition
Noun
A performance or interpretation, esp. of a dramatic role or piece of music.
A visual representation or reproduction.
Synonyms
rendering – translation – interpretation – performance
forays
Noun
A sudden attack or incursion into enemy territory, esp. to obtain something; a raid: “the garrison made a foray against Richard’s camp”.
Verb
Make or go on a foray: “the place into which they were forbidden to foray”
entrench
Verb
Establish (an attitude, habit, or belief) so firmly that change is very difficult or unlikely.
Establish (a person or authority) in a position of great strength or security.
Synonyms
intrench
chasity
Noun
The state or practice of refraining from sexual intercourse.
Synonyms
purity – virtue
deterrence
disincentive: a negative motivational influence.
erradicate
Verb
Put an end to; destroy.
Synonyms
extirpate – uproot – exterminate – root out – destroy
transgress
Verb
Infringe or go beyond the bounds of (a moral principle or other established standard of behavior).
(of the sea) Spread over (an area of land).
Synonyms
infringe – contravene – violate – exceed – sin – trespass
stigma
Noun
A mark of disgrace associated with a particular circumstance, quality, or person: “the stigma of mental disorder”.
(in Christian tradition) Marks corresponding to those left on Jesus’ body by the Crucifixion, said to have been impressed by divine…
Synonyms
brand – stain – taint
referendum
Noun
A general vote by the electorate on a single political question that has been referred to them for a direct decision.
The process of referring a political question to the electorate for this purpose.
Synonyms
plebiscite
onlooker
Noun
A nonparticipating observer; a spectator.
Synonyms
spectator – bystander – looker-on – viewer – beholder
nonetheless
Adverb
In spite of that; nevertheless.
Synonyms
nevertheless – notwithstanding – still – yet – though
(TAB BHI, PHIR BHI)
garner
Verb
Gather or collect (something, esp. information or approval): “garner evidence”.
Synonyms
store – collect – hoard – gather – accumulate – stock
laud
to praise esp in a public context
slack off
abate: become less in amount or intensity
truce
Noun
An agreement between enemies or opponents to stop fighting or arguing for a certain time: “the guerrillas called a three-day truce”.
Synonyms
armistice – respite – cease-fire
proclaim
Verb
Announce officially or publicly: “the manifesto proclaimed that imperialism would be the coalition’s chief objective”.
Declare something one considers important with due emphasis.
Synonyms
declare – announce – promulgate – publish – pronounce
despair
Noun
The complete loss or absence of hope.
Verb
Lose or be without hope: “to despair of ever knowing”.
Synonyms
noun. desperation – hopelessness – despondency
verb. despond
lacklustre
lacking brilliance or vitality;
laureate
Noun
A person who is honored with an award for outstanding achievement.
Adjective
Wreathed with laurel as a mark of honor.
Synonyms
prizewinner
vigorous
Adjective
(of a person) Strong, healthy, and full of energy.
Characterized by or involving physical strength, effort, or energy: “vigorous aerobic exercise”.
Synonyms
strong – energetic – robust – forceful – powerful
wither
Verb
(of a plant) Become dry and shriveled.
(of a person, limb, or the skin) Become shrunken or wrinkled from age or disease.
Synonyms
fade – wilt – sear – languish – droop – shrivel
impunity
Noun
Exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action.
repeal
Verb
Revoke or annul (a law or congressional act).
Noun
The action of revoking or annulling a law or congressional act.
Synonyms
verb. annul – revoke – rescind – cancel – abrogate – abolish
noun. revocation – cancellation – annulment – abrogation
unequivocal
Adjective
Leaving no doubt; unambiguous: “an unequivocal answer”.
Synonyms
unambiguous – definite – clear – distinct – explicit
incongruous
Adjective
Not in harmony or keeping with the surroundings or other aspects of something; not in place.
Synonyms
inappropriate – improper – unsuitable – inep
jurisprudence
Noun
The theory or philosophy of law.
A legal system.
Synonyms
law
copious
Adjective
Abundant in supply or quantity.
Synonyms
abundant – plentiful – profuse – ample – rich – generous
suffregette
Noun
A woman seeking the right to vote through organized protest.
latter
Adjective
Situated or occurring nearer to the end of something than to the beginning.
Belonging to the final stages of something.
Synonyms
last – final – late – ultimate – recent
tantamount
Adjective
Equivalent in seriousness to; virtually the same as: “the resignations were tantamount to an admission of guilt”.
Synonyms
equivalent – equal
akin
Adjective
Of similar character: “genius and madness are akin”.
Related by blood.
Synonyms
related – kindred – similar – cognate – affined – alike
facet
Noun
One side of something many-sided, esp. of a cut gem.
A particular aspect or feature of something.
Synonyms
aspect – side
incarceration
captivity: the state of being imprisoned; “he was held in captivity until he died”; “the imprisonment of captured..
mens rea
Noun
The intention or knowledge of wrongdoing that constitutes part of a crime, as opposed to the action or conduct of the accused.
vile
Adjective
Extremely unpleasant.
Morally bad; wicked: “as vile a rogue as ever lived”.
Synonyms
mean – base – villainous – nasty – foul – scurvy – sordid
per se
Adverb
By or in itself or themselves; intrinsically: “it is not these facts per se that are important”.
futile
Adjective
Incapable of producing any useful result; pointless.
Synonyms
vain – useless – unavailing – fruitless – idle – nugatory
morbid
Adjective
Characterized by or appealing to an abnormal and unhealthy interest in disturbing and unpleasant subjects, esp. death and disease.
Of the nature of or indicative of disease.
Synonyms
unhealthy – diseased – unsound – ill – sickly
insightful
exhibiting insight or clear and deep perception; “an insightful parent”; “the chapter is insightful and suggestive of new…
defamation
a false accusation of an offense or a malicious misrepresentation of someone’s words or actions
atrocities
Noun
An extremely wicked or cruel act: “war atrocities”.
A highly unpleasant or distasteful object: “the house was a split-level atrocity”.
cognisance
awareness: having knowledge of
rupture
Verb
(esp. of a pipe, a vessel, or a bodily part such as an organ or membrane) Break or burst suddenly.
Noun
An instance of breaking or bursting suddenly and completely: “a small hairline crack could develop into a rupture”.
Synonyms
verb. break – sever – snap – burst – crack – tear
noun. break – hernia – breaking – breach – fracture – split
vociferous
Adjective
(esp. of a person or speech) Vehement or clamorous.
Synonyms
noisy – loud – clamorous – uproarious – obstreperous
repreive
Verb
Cancel or postpone the punishment of (someone, esp. someone condemned to death).
Noun
A cancellation or postponement of a punishment.
Synonyms
verb. respite
noun. respite – postponement
veritable
Adjective
Used as an intensifier, often to qualify a metaphor: “a veritable price explosion”.
Synonyms
real – true – actual – genuine – very – authentic
veneer
Noun
A thin decorative covering of fine wood applied to a coarser wood or other material.
Verb
Cover (something) with a decorative layer of fine wood.
Synonyms
varnish – plywood
worrisome
Adjective
Causing anxiety or concern.
Synonyms
troublesome – worrying – anxious – uneasy
masquerading
Verb
Pretend to be someone one is not
stagnate
Verb
(of water or air) Cease to flow or move; become stagnant.
Cease developing; become inactive or dull.
incumbent
Adjective
Necessary for or resting on (someone) as a duty or responsibility.
Noun
The holder of an office or post.
Synonyms
official
connivance
Noun
Willingness to secretly allow or be involved in an immoral or illegal act.
Synonyms
indulgence – sufferance
hilt
Noun
The handle of a weapon or tool, esp. a sword, dagger, or knife.
Synonyms
handle – haft – grip
clout
Noun
A heavy blow with the hand or a hard object.
Verb
Hit hard with the hand or a hard object.
Synonyms
noun. rag – patch
verb. strike – hit
brinksmanship
the practice of pushing dangerous events to the verge of disaster in order to achieve the most advantageous outcome.
corollary
Noun
A proposition that follows from (and is often appended to) one already proved.
Adjective
Forming a proposition that follows from one already proved.
Synonyms
consequence – conclusion – inference
unravell
Undo (twisted, knitted, or woven threads).
(of twisted, knitted, or woven threads) Become undone.
Synonyms
disentangle – untangle – ravel – undo – solve
banalities
Fees which a feudal lord imposed on his serfs for the use of his mill, oven, wine press, or similar facilities
congregation
Noun
A group of people assembled for religious worship.
A group of people regularly attending a particular place of worship.
milieu
Noun
A person’s social environment
Synonyms
environment – surroundings – ambience – setting – medium
perpetrate
Verb
Carry out or commit (a harmful, illegal, or immoral action).
Synonyms
commit – perform – make
armistice
Noun
An agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce.
Synonyms
truce – cease-fire
contretemps
Noun
An unexpected and unfortunate occurrence.
A minor dispute or disagreement.
implausible
Adjective
Not seeming reasonable or probable; failing to convince; not believable.
Synonyms
improbable – unlikely – unbelievable – incredible
revocation
the state of being cancelled or annulled.
ratchet
Noun
A device consisting of a bar or wheel with a set of angled teeth in which a pawl, cog, or tooth engages, allowing motion in one directio…
Verb
Operate by means of a ratchet.
Synonyms
ratchet wheel
strident
Adjective
Loud and harsh; grating.
Presenting a point of view, esp. a controversial one, in an excessively and unpleasantly forceful way.
Synonyms
sharp – grating
detente
the easing of tensions or strained relations (especially between nations)
radicalisation
is the process in which an individual changes from passiveness or activism to become more revolutionary
pervasive
Adjective
(esp. of an unwelcome influence or physical effect) Spreading widely throughout an area or a group of people.
Synonyms
penetrating – penetrative
blasphemy
Noun
The act or offense of speaking sacrilegiously about God or sacred things; profane talk.
Synonyms
profanity
attrition
Noun
The action or process of gradually reducing the strength or effectiveness of someone or something through sustained attack or pressure.
The gradual reduction of a workforce by employees’ leaving and not being replaced rather than by their being laid off.
Synonyms
abrasion – wear – friction
indigenous
Adjective
Originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native: “the indigenous peoples of Siberia”.
Synonyms
native – aboriginal – native-born
lineage
Noun
Lineal descent from an ancestor; ancestry or pedigree.
A sequence of species each of which is considered to have evolved from its predecessor: “the chimpanzee and gorilla lineages”.
Synonyms
pedigree – ancestry – parentage – descent – race – origin
credence
Noun
Acceptance of something as true: “psychoanalysis finds little credence among laymen”.
The likelihood of being true; plausibility: “being called upon as an expert lends credence to one’s opinions”.
Synonyms
belief – trust – faith – credit – confidence – reliance
decry
publically denounce , declare`
obscurantist
a person who is deliberately vague.
VAGUE meaninig (Adjective
Of uncertain, indefinite, or unclear character or meaning: “patients with vague symptoms”.
Thinking or communicating in an unfocused or imprecise way: “he had been vague about his activities”.).
resurgent
Adjective
Increasing or reviving after a period of little activity, popularity, or occurrence.
Synonyms
renascent
anathema
Noun
Something or someone that one vehemently dislikes.
A formal curse by a pope or a council of the Church, excommunicating a person or denouncing a doctrine.
Synonyms
curse – malediction – imprecation – malison – ban
realm
Noun
A kingdom: “the peers of the realm”.
A field or domain of activity or interest: “the realm of applied chemistry”; “it is beyond the realms of possibility”.
Synonyms
kingdom – region – sphere – domain – area – field
omnipotent
Adjective
(of a deity) Having unlimited power; able to do anything.
Noun
God.
Synonyms
almighty – all-powerful
epithet
Noun
An adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a quality regarded as characteristic of the person or thing mentioned.
Such a word or phrase as a term of abuse.
ambush
Noun
A surprise attack by people lying in wait in a concealed position.
Verb
Make a surprise attack on (someone) from a concealed position.
Synonyms
noun. ambuscade – wait – trap – snare
verb. waylay – ambuscade
perish
Verb
Suffer death, typically in a violent, sudden, or untimely way.
Suffer complete ruin or destruction.
Synonyms
die – pass away
convoy
Noun
A group of ships or vehicles traveling together, typically accompanied by armed troops, warships, or other vehicles for protection.
Verb
(of a warship or armed troops) Accompany (a group of ships or vehicles) for protection.
slain
Verb
Kill (a person or animal) in a violent way.
Murder (someone).
populace
Verb
Make (a liquid) turbid or muddy by disturbing the sediment: “winds roil these waters”.
(of a liquid) Move in a turbulent, swirling manner: “the sea roiled below her”.
Synonyms
muddy – rile
insurgency
an organized rebellion aimed at overthrowing a constituted government through the use of subversion and armed conflict
apprehend
Verb
Arrest (someone) for a crime.
Understand or perceive.
heckle
Verb
Interrupt (a public speaker) with derisive or aggressive comments or abuse.
Noun
A heckling comment.
Synonyms
hackle – comb
placard
Noun
A poster or sign for public display, either fixed to a wall or carried during a demonstration.
Verb
Cover with placards.
Synonyms
poster – bill – notice
jostle
Verb
Push, elbow, or bump against (someone) roughly, typically in a crowd.
Noun
The action of jostling.
Synonyms
verb. shove – push – hustle – thrust
noun. push – shove – thrust