English 12 B part 2

Read the excerpt from Pat Mora’s essay “The Leader in the Mirror.”

I urged the students to look often in their mirrors and to ask themselves these questions: “Am I satisfied with this world? If not, what will I do to improve it?” For if we are shaped by our surroundings, we in turn shape them. We deceive ourselves if we believe that we can live neutral lives.

Now read the excerpt from the article “Career Planning for High Schoolers.”

Volunteering allows you to serve your community and bolster your experience. Religious institutions, local nonprofits, and government agencies are among the many organizations that use volunteers to fill a variety of roles.

In addition to encouraging you to meet like-minded people and develop your interests, these activities also show future employers and postsecondary schools that you are motivated and engaged. And the more you shape your thoughts about a career, the better you’ll know how to prepare for it.

How are the two passages different?

The essay reveals Pat Mora’s perspective, while the article has a less personal tone.
During a debate, Jonas listens as his opponent, Amena, makes her counterclaim. As an active listener, Jonas should listen closely to identify
a
Which is part of the final step of making an effective rebuttal?
d
Javed’s teacher tells him she would like to see him improve his speaking skills in the next debate by including a rhetorical appeal. To be a more effective speaker, what is the best rhetorical appeal for Javed to add?
d

Read the excerpt from Pat Mora’s essay “The Leader in the Mirror.”

I hoped that most of the students were going to enroll in college. The confetti would be for their private celebrations, those solitary moments when they had passed a test that worried them, finished a difficult paper at 2 A.M., found a summer internship. Sometimes, even when no one else is around, it’s important to celebrate when we have struggled and succeeded—to sprinkle a little confetti on our own heads.

Now read the excerpt from the article “Career Planning for High Schoolers.”

About two-thirds of high school graduates from the class of 2013 enrolled in college that fall, according to BLS: 42 percent in baccalaureate (4-year) colleges and 24 percent in 2-year schools. Of the remaining one-third of 2013 graduates, who opted not to go to college, 74 percent entered the labor force.

College-bound high school graduates may not know it, but BLS data show that wages are usually higher, and unemployment rates lower, for people who continue their education after high school.

How are the two excerpts similar?

Both discuss higher education.

Read the excerpt from Pat Mora’s essay “The Leader in the Mirror.”

I hoped that most of the students were going to enroll in college. The confetti would be for their private celebrations, those solitary moments when they had passed a test that worried them, finished a difficult paper at 2 A.M., found a summer internship. Sometimes, even when no one else is around, it’s important to celebrate when we have struggled and succeeded—to sprinkle a little confetti on our own heads.

What is the author’s purpose in using confetti as a symbol?

The confetti represents celebration. The author uses confetti to encourage her audience to celebrate success.
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To effectively compare and contrast two texts written in different genres, a reader must
understand what is gained by treating a topic two different ways.

Read the excerpt from Pat Mora’s essay “The Leader in the Mirror.”

I began by congratulating the family members and teachers for being steady beacons for those young people. In a society that undervalues families and educators, they had truly lived their commitments.

As I was planning the talk I would give to this group, I wondered how best to create an occasion for reflection. What could I say to the audience about the daily struggle to create a meaningful life?

Which explains why Mora uses two modes of communication?

The reason she writes the speech is to encourage thoughtful reflection, while the reason for her essay is to encourage a larger audience to do the same.

Read the excerpt from Pat Mora’s essay “The Leader in the Mirror.”

I urged the students to look often in their mirrors and to ask themselves these questions: “Am I satisfied with this world? If not, what will I do to improve it?” For if we are shaped by our surroundings, we in turn shape them. We deceive ourselves if we believe that we can live neutral lives.

Now read the excerpt from the article “Career Planning for High Schoolers.”

Volunteering allows you to serve your community and bolster your experience. Religious institutions, local nonprofits, and government agencies are among the many organizations that use volunteers to fill a variety of roles.

In addition to encouraging you to meet like-minded people and develop your interests, these activities also show future employers and postsecondary schools that you are motivated and engaged. And the more you shape your thoughts about a career, the better you’ll know how to prepare for it.

How are the two passages similar?

Both encourage students to find ways to improve the world around them.

Read Pat Mora’s poem quoted in “The Leader in the Mirror.”

Immigrants

wrap their babies in the American flag,

feed them mashed hot dogs and apple pie,

name them Bill and Daisy,

buy them blonde dolls that blink blue

eyes or a football and tiny cleats

before the baby can even walk,

speak to them in thick English

Now read the excerpt from Mora’s essay “The Leader in the Mirror.”

My own father was once a paper boy for the newspaper hosting the banquet. I might not have known that fact, nor his long history of hard work, had I not been listening to him with my tape recorder a few years ago. I did not want the students to wait as long as I had to begin preserving the rich inheritance of their family voices. The strength of their heritage would give them the courage to face the future.

How are the two passages different?

In the poem, Mora writes about immigrant families’ desire to fit in. In the essay, she writes about the importance of remembering one’s heritage.

Read the excerpt from a letter.

Dear Ann,

The funniest thing happened during my ski lesson! I tried a new ski run and I was doing very well. The sun was shining and the snow was fresh. My instructor encouraged me to bring my skis closer together so I could gain a little speed. I don’t know exactly what happened next, but suddenly my skis had criss-crossed and I was skiing backward!

What is the author’s purpose?

to entertain the reader with a humorous story

Read the excerpt from a speech.

I hope everyone in attendance tonight will consider making a donation to the City Park Fund. This neighborhood treasure provides a safe place for children to play. It is a gathering place for summer concerts and community sporting events. City Park makes our town unique and special.

What is the author’s purpose?

to persuade others to contribute money for the park

Read the excerpt from Pat Mora’s essay “The Leader in the Mirror.”

I urged the students to look often in their mirrors and to ask themselves these questions: “Am I satisfied with this world? If not, what will I do to improve it?” For if we are shaped by our surroundings, we in turn shape them. We deceive ourselves if we believe that we can live neutral lives.

Now read the excerpt from the article “Career Planning for High Schoolers.”

Volunteering allows you to serve your community and bolster your experience. Religious institutions, local nonprofits, and government agencies are among the many organizations that use volunteers to fill a variety of roles.

In addition to encouraging you to meet like-minded people and develop your interests, these activities also show future employers and postsecondary schools that you are motivated and engaged. And the more you shape your thoughts about a career, the better you’ll know how to prepare for it.

How are the two passages different?

The essay reveals Pat Mora’s perspective, while the article has a less personal tone.

Read the excerpt from Pat Mora’s essay “The Leader in the Mirror.”

I hoped that most of the students were going to enroll in college. The confetti would be for their private celebrations, those solitary moments when they had passed a test that worried them, finished a difficult paper at 2 A.M., found a summer internship. Sometimes, even when no one else is around, it’s important to celebrate when we have struggled and succeeded—to sprinkle a little confetti on our own heads.

Now read the excerpt from the article “Career Planning for High Schoolers.”

About two-thirds of high school graduates from the class of 2013 enrolled in college that fall, according to BLS: 42 percent in baccalaureate (4-year) colleges and 24 percent in 2-year schools. Of the remaining one-third of 2013 graduates, who opted not to go to college, 74 percent entered the labor force.

College-bound high school graduates may not know it, but BLS data show that wages are usually higher, and unemployment rates lower, for people who continue their education after high school.

How are the two excerpts similar?

Both discuss higher education.

Read the excerpt from Pat Mora’s essay “The Leader in the Mirror.”

I hoped that most of the students were going to enroll in college. The confetti would be for their private celebrations, those solitary moments when they had passed a test that worried them, finished a difficult paper at 2 A.M., found a summer internship. Sometimes, even when no one else is around, it’s important to celebrate when we have struggled and succeeded—to sprinkle a little confetti on our own heads.

What is the author’s purpose in using confetti as a symbol?

The confetti represents celebration. The author uses confetti to encourage her audience to celebrate success.
To effectively compare and contrast two texts written in different genres, a reader must
understand what is gained by treating a topic two different ways.

Read the excerpt from Pat Mora’s essay “The Leader in the Mirror.”

I began by congratulating the family members and teachers for being steady beacons for those young people. In a society that undervalues families and educators, they had truly lived their commitments.

As I was planning the talk I would give to this group, I wondered how best to create an occasion for reflection. What could I say to the audience about the daily struggle to create a meaningful life?

Which explains why Mora uses two modes of communication?

The reason she writes the speech is to encourage thoughtful reflection, while the reason for her essay is to encourage a larger audience to do the same.

Read the excerpt from Pat Mora’s essay “The Leader in the Mirror.”

I urged the students to look often in their mirrors and to ask themselves these questions: “Am I satisfied with this world? If not, what will I do to improve it?” For if we are shaped by our surroundings, we in turn shape them. We deceive ourselves if we believe that we can live neutral lives.

Now read the excerpt from the article “Career Planning for High Schoolers.”

Volunteering allows you to serve your community and bolster your experience. Religious institutions, local nonprofits, and government agencies are among the many organizations that use volunteers to fill a variety of roles.

In addition to encouraging you to meet like-minded people and develop your interests, these activities also show future employers and postsecondary schools that you are motivated and engaged. And the more you shape your thoughts about a career, the better you’ll know how to prepare for it.

How are the two passages similar?

Both encourage students to find ways to improve the world around them.

Read Pat Mora’s poem quoted in “The Leader in the Mirror.”

Immigrants

wrap their babies in the American flag,

feed them mashed hot dogs and apple pie,

name them Bill and Daisy,

buy them blonde dolls that blink blue

eyes or a football and tiny cleats

before the baby can even walk,

speak to them in thick English

Now read the excerpt from Mora’s essay “The Leader in the Mirror.”

My own father was once a paper boy for the newspaper hosting the banquet. I might not have known that fact, nor his long history of hard work, had I not been listening to him with my tape recorder a few years ago. I did not want the students to wait as long as I had to begin preserving the rich inheritance of their family voices. The strength of their heritage would give them the courage to face the future.

How are the two passages different?

In the poem, Mora writes about immigrant families’ desire to fit in. In the essay, she writes about the importance of remembering one’s heritage.

Read the excerpt from a letter.

Dear Ann,

The funniest thing happened during my ski lesson! I tried a new ski run and I was doing very well. The sun was shining and the snow was fresh. My instructor encouraged me to bring my skis closer together so I could gain a little speed. I don’t know exactly what happened next, but suddenly my skis had criss-crossed and I was skiing backward!

What is the author’s purpose?

to entertain the reader with a humorous story

Read the excerpt from a speech.

I hope everyone in attendance tonight will consider making a donation to the City Park Fund. This neighborhood treasure provides a safe place for children to play. It is a gathering place for summer concerts and community sporting events. City Park makes our town unique and special.

What is the author’s purpose?

to persuade others to contribute money for the park
In a debate, while the other person is speaking, the listener should
jot down notes about what the speaker is saying.

Read the excerpt from a transcript of a debate.

Resolution: Students should be allowed to leave school for lunch.

Maya: Given the growing emphasis on the importance of proper nutrition, students should be allowed to leave school for lunch. The US Center for Disease Control, the CDC, has stated that hunger is a factor in poor performance in school. By allowing students to leave campus, the school is giving students more opportunities to eat a good lunch. This will, in turn, lead to better overall academic performance among students.

Ori: Students should not be allowed to leave school for lunch because they have a better chance of eating a healthy, balanced meal at school. While the CDC has mentioned the impact of hunger on students, the CDC has also stated that unhealthy eating is linked to lower grades and test scores. If students leave school for lunch, there’s no guarantee that they will eat something healthy, or that they will eat lunch at all. If students leave school at lunch, their school performance will suffer.

Which statement provides evidence for the affirmative claim?

The US Center for Disease Control, the CDC, has stated that hunger is a factor in poor performance in school.
In a debate, an active listener should make eye contact with the speaker because it
shows respect for the speaker.

Read the excerpt from a student’s journal.

I thought it would be stressful having to participate in a debate for my final exam. But with a partner to help, it was actually a nice change of pace. We argued our case thoroughly, presenting lots of evidence. We even got to use the rebuttal we’d rehearsed. Well, a year’s worth of research really paid off.

Which phrase from the passage best supports the conclusion that the student is describing a policy debate?

a year’s worth of research
Which type of formal debate is typically about current events or philosophy?
parliamentary
Which are types of formal debates? Check all that apply.
Lincoln-Douglas
parliamentary
policy

A teacher watched the debate between Ren and Polina. Read the description of what he saw.

Ren concentrated intensely on his notepad, furiously writing notes as Polina presented her negative claim.

What would the teacher most likely say to Ren about his listening skills?

Don’t look down the entire time the other person is speaking.
is a persuasive technique in which the speaker appeals to the emotions of the audience.
Pathos

Read the description of the debate.

Henrique introduced Anita and Lorenzo and explained the rules of the debate. After Henrique stated the resolution, Anita spoke first. Though Lorenzo tried to prove Anita wrong, she stuck to her support of the resolution. After both sides had spoken, the teacher announced the winner of the debate.

Which analysis of the roles in the debate is correct?

A. Henrique acted as the negative party, since he warned the parties about what to avoid doing wrong.
B. Lorenzo acted as the neutral party, since he offered evidence disproving the resolution.
C. Anita acted as the affirmative party, since she offered evidence supporting the resolution.
D. The teacher acted as the moderator, since she did not offer any evidence during the debate.

C. Anita acted as the affirmative party, since she offered evidence supporting the resolution.

Read the excerpt from a high school newspaper.

At yesterday’s debate, tensions were high as the teams waited for Mia Song to state the resolution. Despite the short prep time, Washington team members Enzo Garcia and Nicole Marconi had no problem speaking first, explaining their support for recent actions in the Middle East. The Taft team went second, making a strong counterclaim, but their argument didn’t have as much supporting evidence. There was a tense hush while the judges deliberated, followed by cheers and applause when Washington won.

Which sentence from the passage best shows that the debate was a parliamentary debate?

A. At yesterday’s debate, tensions were high as the teams waited for Mia Song to state the resolution.
B. Despite the short prep time, Washington team members Enzo Garcia and Nicole Marconi had no problem speaking first, explaining their support for recent actions in the Middle East.
C. The Taft team went second, making a strong counterclaim, but their argument didn’t have as much supporting evidence.
D. There was a tense hush while the judges deliberated, followed by cheers and applause when Washington won.

B. Despite the short prep time, Washington team members Enzo Garcia and Nicole Marconi had no problem speaking first, explaining their support for recent actions in the Middle East.
A(n)________________ pays close attention to what other people in a debate are saying.
Active Listener

A speaker uses logos to persuade the audience when

A. adding points of emphasis to appeal to emotions.
B. relying on credible sources to strengthen an argument.
C. showing how evidence and ideas are linked together.
D. using a passionate tone to support an important point.

C. showing how evidence and ideas are linked together.

Read the excerpt from a transcript of a debate.

Resolution: Students should be allowed to leave school for lunch.

Maya: Given the growing emphasis on the importance of proper nutrition, students should be allowed to leave school for lunch. The US Center for Disease Control, the CDC, has stated that hunger is a factor in poor performance in school. By allowing students to leave campus, the school is giving students more opportunities to eat a good lunch. This will, in turn, lead to better overall academic performance among students.

Ori: Students should not be allowed to leave school for lunch because they have a better chance of eating a healthy, balanced meal at school. While the CDC has mentioned the impact of hunger on students, the CDC has also stated that unhealthy eating is linked to lower grades and test scores. If students leave school for lunch, there’s no guarantee that they will eat something healthy, or that they will eat lunch at all. If students leave school at lunch, their school performance will suffer.

Which statement provides evidence for the affirmative claim?

A. Given the growing emphasis on the importance of proper nutrition, students should be allowed to leave school for lunch.
B. The US Center for Disease Control, the CDC, has stated that hunger is a factor in poor performance in school.
C. While the CDC has mentioned the impact of hunger on students, the CDC has also stated that unhealthy eating is linked to lower grades and test scores.
D. If students leave school for lunch, there’s no guarantee that they will eat something healthy, or that they will eat lunch at all.

B. The US Center for Disease Control, the CDC, has stated that hunger is a factor in poor performance in school.

Read the excerpt from a transcript of a debate.

Resolution: Students should be allowed to leave school for lunch.

Maya: Given the growing emphasis on the importance of proper nutrition, students should be allowed to leave school for lunch. The US Center for Disease Control, the CDC, has stated that hunger is a factor in poor performance in school. By allowing students to leave campus, the school is giving students more opportunities to eat a good lunch. This will, in turn, lead to better overall academic performance among students.

Ori: Students should not be allowed to leave school for lunch because they have a better chance of eating a healthy, balanced meal at school. While the CDC has mentioned the impact of hunger on students, the CDC has also stated that unhealthy eating is linked to lower grades and test scores. If students leave school for lunch, there’s no guarantee that they will eat something healthy, or that they will eat lunch at all. If students leave school at lunch, their school performance will suffer.

Which evidence from the negative claim uses logos to refute the affirmative claim?

A. The US Center for Disease Control, the CDC, has stated that hunger is a factor in poor performance in school.
B. By allowing students to leave campus, the school is giving students more opportunities to eat a good lunch.
C. Students should not be allowed to leave school for lunch because they have a better chance of eating a healthy, balanced meal at school.
D. While the CDC has mentioned the impact of hunger on students, the CDC has also stated that unhealthy eating is linked to lower grades and test scores.

D. While the CDC has mentioned the impact of hunger on students, the CDC has also stated that unhealthy eating is linked to lower grades and test scores.

Which statement uses logos in its argument?

A. Since US students are lagging behind other countries in important areas like reading, science, and math, they should have longer school days.

B. Any student with pride in the great United States would, of course, be willing to sacrifice a little time in order to help it have the smartest students in the world.

C. If you listen to the experts, they will tell you that extra hours at school can only help students, and they generally agree that the United States should add hours to the school day.

D. The truth is that the current US worldwide educational rank is just sad, and US students can avoid wasting all the hard work of their forefathers by having longer school days.

A. Since US students are lagging behind other countries in important areas like reading, science, and math, they should have longer school days.

In a debate, when a speaker uses ethos to persuade the audience, the speaker is

A. using tone to support the claim.
B. building credibility to support the claim.
C. appealing to emotions to support the claim.
D. using logical reasoning to support the claim.

B. building credibility to support the claim.

Read the excerpt from a student’s journal.

I thought it would be stressful having to participate in a debate for my final exam. But with a partner to help, it was actually a nice change of pace. We argued our case thoroughly, presenting lots of evidence. We even got to use the rebuttal we’d rehearsed. Well, a year’s worth of research really paid off.

Which phrase from the passage best supports the conclusion that the student is describing a policy debate?

A. argued our case thoroughly
B. presenting lots of evidence
C. the rebuttal we’d rehearsed
D. a year’s worth of research

D. a year’s worth of research

In a debate, an active listener should make eye contact with the speaker because it

A. unnerves the speaker.
B. challenges the speaker.
C. encourages the speaker.
D. shows respect for the speaker.

D. shows respect for the speaker.

Read the excerpt from Midsummer by Derek Walcott.

Praise had bled my lines white of any more anger,
and snow had inducted me into white fellowships,
while Calibans howled down the barred streets of an empire

Based on the allusion to Calibans, readers can infer that the speaker

feels that the rioters are similar to this Shakespearean character.
A is a particular form or manner of expressing ideas.
mode

Read the excerpt from Pat Mora’s essay “The Leader in the Mirror.”

I read them my poem “Immigrants.”

Immigrants

wrap their babies in the American flag,

feed them mashed hot dogs and apple pie,

name them Bill and Daisy,

buy them blonde dolls that blink blue

eyes or a football and tiny cleats

before the baby can even walk,

speak to them in thick English,

hallo, babee, hallo,

whisper in Spanish or Polish

when the baby sleeps, whisper

in a dark parent bed, that dark

parent fear, “Will they like

our boy, our girl, our fine american

boy, our fine american girl?”

As a writer, I understand the value and necessity of
knowing my past, of keeping that door open.

Mora includes the poem in her speech to

b

Read Pat Mora’s poem quoted in “The Leader in the Mirror.”

Immigrants

wrap their babies in the American flag,

feed them mashed hot dogs and apple pie,

name them Bill and Daisy,

buy them blonde dolls that blink blue

eyes or a football and tiny cleats

before the baby can even walk,

speak to them in thick English

Now read the excerpt from Mora’s essay “The Leader in the Mirror.”

My own father was once a paper boy for the newspaper hosting the banquet. I might not have known that fact, nor his long history of hard work, had I not been listening to him with my tape recorder a few years ago. I did not want the students to wait as long as I had to begin preserving the rich inheritance of their family voices. The strength of their heritage would give them the courage to face the future.

How are the two passages different?

a

Read the excerpt from Pat Mora’s essay “The Leader in the Mirror.”

I urged the students to look often in their mirrors and to ask themselves these questions: “Am I satisfied with this world? If not, what will I do to improve it?” For if we are shaped by our surroundings, we in turn shape them. We deceive ourselves if we believe that we can live neutral lives.

Now read the excerpt from the article “Career Planning for High Schoolers.”

Volunteering allows you to serve your community and bolster your experience. Religious institutions, local nonprofits, and government agencies are among the many organizations that use volunteers to fill a variety of roles.

In addition to encouraging you to meet like-minded people and develop your interests, these activities also show future employers and postsecondary schools that you are motivated and engaged. And the more you shape your thoughts about a career, the better you’ll know how to prepare for it.

How are the two passages different?

c

Read the excerpt from Pat Mora’s essay “The Leader in the Mirror.”

I hoped that most of the students were going to enroll in college. The confetti would be for their private celebrations, those solitary moments when they had passed a test that worried them, finished a difficult paper at 2 A.M., found a summer internship. Sometimes, even when no one else is around, it’s important to celebrate when we have struggled and succeeded—to sprinkle a little confetti on our own heads.

What is the author’s purpose in using confetti as a symbol?

a

Read the excerpt from a letter.

Parkour, also known as free running, is becoming a popular sport. The object of parkour is to navigate obstacles using fluid, efficient movement. Athletes run through urban areas using gymnastic-type leaps and jumps to move over and around walls, ledges, and other barricades. The sport’s name originates from parcours du combattant, an obstacle course used to train soldiers in the French army.

What is the author’s purpose?

c

Read Pat Mora’s poem quoted in “The Leader in the Mirror.”

Immigrants

wrap their babies in the American flag,

feed them mashed hot dogs and apple pie,

name them Bill and Daisy,

buy them blonde dolls that blink blue

eyes or a football and tiny cleats

before the baby can even walk,

speak to them in thick English

hallo, babee, hallo,

whisper in Spanish or Polish

when the baby sleeps, whisper

in a dark parent bed, that dark

parent fear, “Will they like

our boy, our girl, our fine american

boy, our fine american girl?”

Now read the excerpt from Mora’s essay “The Leader in the Mirror.”

When I was growing up on the U.S. side of that border, the society around me tried in subtle and not-so-subtle ways to convince me that my Mexican heritage was inferior to that of Anglo-Americans. I hope that today’s educators on the border and throughout this nation are now committed to multiculturalism, to motivating the next generation to draw on their heritage as a resource for learning. The U.S. has been described as the first international country: Our varied cultures are our common wealth.

How are the two passages similar?

b

Read the excerpt from a letter.

Dear Ann,

The funniest thing happened during my ski lesson! I tried a new ski run and I was doing very well. The sun was shining and the snow was fresh. My instructor encouraged me to bring my skis closer together so I could gain a little speed. I don’t know exactly what happened next, but suddenly my skis had criss-crossed and I was skiing backward!

What is the author’s purpose?

a

Read the excerpt from Pat Mora’s essay “The Leader in the Mirror.”

The final gift of the evening, a mirror, was for serious gazing. I asked the students if they saw a leader when they looked into their mirrors. My guess is that too many of our young people do not see themselves as leaders because they don’t look, dress or sound like the images of leaders presented to us. But leaders come in all colors, shapes and sizes. Some are talkative while others are quiet, but they all share a determination to contribute to the society of the future.

I urged the students to look often in their mirrors and to ask themselves these questions: “Am I satisfied with this world? If not, what will I do to improve it?” For if we are shaped by our surroundings, we in turn shape them. We deceive ourselves if we believe that we can live neutral lives.

What is the author’s purpose in using a mirror as a symbol?

c

Read the excerpt from Pat Mora’s essay “The Leader in the Mirror.”

I urged the students to look often in their mirrors and to ask themselves these questions: “Am I satisfied with this world? If not, what will I do to improve it?” For if we are shaped by our surroundings, we in turn shape them. We deceive ourselves if we believe that we can live neutral lives.

Now read the excerpt from the article “Career Planning for High Schoolers.”

Volunteering allows you to serve your community and bolster your experience. Religious institutions, local nonprofits, and government agencies are among the many organizations that use volunteers to fill a variety of roles.

In addition to encouraging you to meet like-minded people and develop your interests, these activities also show future employers and postsecondary schools that you are motivated and engaged. And the more you shape your thoughts about a career, the better you’ll know how to prepare for it.

How are the two passages similar?

c
Which words or phrases contain allusions? Check all that apply.
Canadians
the streets of Santa Fe
Maya Angelou’s books
Which quotation from Derek Walcott’s Midsummer contains an allusion?
in the alleys of Brixton

Read the excerpt from Midsummer by Derek Walcott.

The leaf stems tug at their chains, the branches bending
like Boer cattle under Tory whips that drag every wagon
nearer to apartheid.

Based on the allusion to Tory whips, readers can infer that the speaker thinks that

there are many examples of oppression throughout history.

Read the excerpt from Midsummer by Derek Walcott.

Their thick skulls bled with rancor
when the riot police and the skinheads exchanged quips
you could trace to the Sonnets, or the Moor’s eclipse.

Which factors most influence the speaker’s perspective?

race and culture

Read the excerpt from Midsummer by Derek Walcott.

Praise had bled my lines white of any more anger,
and snow had inducted me into white fellowships,
while Calibans howled down the barred streets of an empire

This excerpt makes an allusion to the Shakespearean character Caliban, who was forced into servitude and suffered harsh treatment. What is the effect of alluding to this character?

It draws a comparison between the rioters and the character.
Based on the speaker’s allusions in Midsummer to Shakespeare and sonnets, readers can infer that the speaker
is deeply familiar with Shakespeare and his works.
Based on the author’s allusions in Midsummer to “the child’s fairy tale,” “fairy rings,” and “thatched cottages fenced with dog roses,” readers can tell that the speaker
feels that an idealized version of England does not exist.

Read the excerpt from Midsummer by Derek Walcott.

Their thick skulls bled with rancor
when the riot police and the skinheads exchanged quips
you could trace to the Sonnets, or the Moor’s eclipse.

Which factors most influence the speaker’s perspective

race and culture
A person’s way of thinking about and seeing a situation is a(n)
perspective
Allusions can help reveal a person’s
perspective
Which quotation from Derek Walcott’s Midsummer contains an allusion?
Not With the stampeding hiss
Not race to extinction like the roar
Based on the speaker’s allusions in Midsummer to Shakespeare and sonnets, readers can infer that the speaker
is deeply familiar with Shakespeare and his works

Read the excerpt from Midsummer by Derek Walcott.

With the stampeding hiss and scurry of green lemmings,
midsummer’s leaves race to extinction like the roar
of a Brixton riot tunneled by water hoses;
they seethe toward autumn’s fire—it is in their nature,
being men as well as leaves, to die for the sun.

Based on the excerpt, what is the speaker’s perspective on the riot?

The speaker thinks that the riot was somewhat inevitable.
Based on the information in the poem Midsummer, what is the speaker’s perspective on England?
The speaker thinks that England has serious racial equality issues

Read the excerpt from Midsummer by Derek Walcott.

Praise had bled my lines white of any more anger,
and snow had inducted me into white fellowships,
while Calibans howled down the barred streets of an empire

This excerpt makes an allusion to the Shakespearean character Caliban, who was forced into servitude and suffered harsh treatment. What is the effect of alluding to this character?

Not It provides an explanation of what occurred in the streets.
Not It draws a comparison between the author and the character.

Read the excerpt from Midsummer by Derek Walcott.

Praise had bled my lines white of any more anger,
and snow had inducted me into white fellowships,

Which factor most influences the speaker’s perspective?

race

Read the excerpt from Midsummer by Derek Walcott.

With the stampeding hiss and scurry of green lemmings,
midsummer’s leaves race to extinction like the roar
of a Brixton riot tunneled by water hoses;
they seethe toward autumn’s fire—it is in their nature,
being men as well as leaves, to die for the sun.

Based on the excerpt, what is the speaker’s perspective on the riot?

The speaker thinks that the riot was somewhat inevitable.

Read the excerpt from Midsummer by Derek Walcott.

the child’s fairy tale of an antic England—fairy rings,
thatched cottages fenced with dog roses,
a green gale lifting the hair of Warwickshire.

The allusion to the country province of Warwickshire

not explains the popularity of fairytales in England.

Read the excerpt from Midsummer by Derek Walcott.

Praise had bled my lines white of any more anger,
and snow had inducted me into white fellowships,
while Calibans howled down the barred streets of an empire

Based on the allusion to Calibans, readers can infer that the speaker

feels that the rioters are similar to this Shakespearean character.
Based on the speaker’s allusions in Midsummer to Shakespeare and sonnets, readers can infer that the speaker
is deeply familiar with Shakespeare and his works.
Allusions can help reveal a person’s
perspective
Which words or phrases contain allusions? Check all that apply.
Canadians
the streets of Santa Fe
Maya Angelou’s books

Read the excerpt from Midsummer by Derek Walcott.

Praise had bled my lines white of any more anger,
and snow had inducted me into white fellowships,
while Calibans howled down the barred streets of an empire

Based on the allusion to Calibans, readers can infer that the speaker

feels that the rioters are similar to this Shakespearean character.

Read the excerpt from Midsummer by Derek Walcott.

Their thick skulls bled with rancor
when the riot police and the skinheads exchanged quips
you could trace to the Sonnets, or the Moor’s eclipse.

Which factors most influence the speaker’s perspective?

race and culture

Read the excerpt from Midsummer by Derek Walcott.

the child’s fairy tale of an antic England—fairy rings,
thatched cottages fenced with dog roses,
a green gale lifting the hair of Warwickshire.

The allusion to the country province of Warwickshire

there are many examples of oppression throughout history.

Read the excerpt from Midsummer by Derek Walcott.

The leaf stems tug at their chains, the branches bending
like Boer cattle under Tory whips that drag every wagon
nearer to apartheid.

Based on the allusion to Tory whips, readers can infer that the speaker thinks that

there are many examples of oppression throughout history.
Based on the author’s allusions in Midsummer to “the child’s fairy tale,” “fairy rings,” and “thatched cottages fenced with dog roses,” readers can tell that the speaker
feels that an idealized version of England does not exist.

Read the excerpt from Midsummer by Derek Walcott.

With the stampeding hiss and scurry of green lemmings,
midsummer’s leaves race to extinction like the roar
of a Brixton riot tunneled by water hoses;
they seethe toward autumn’s fire—it is in their nature,
being men as well as leaves, to die for the sun.

Based on the excerpt, what is the speaker’s perspective on the riot?

The speaker thinks that the riot was somewhat inevitable
What can allusions do? Check all that apply
convey a lot of information quickly
add layers of meaning to a text
bring out specific feelings and emotions
that the father is working very hard in the flowerbeds
Based on the word’s connotation, what does the speaker’s use of the word “straining” suggest?

Read the persuasive conclusion.

Bike paths should be added to Main Street to encourage commuters and establish a bike-friendly community downtown. The wide, unpaved shoulders of the road promise an easy transition to paved paths, and the employees of three local businesses have voiced an interest in biking to work.

Which sentence best completes this conclusion?

d

Read the sentences.

The school board needs to represent a more diverse population.
A student member should be elected to represent local youth.

Which transition should be used to combine these sentences?

b
Which statement best explains the function of an e-mail subject line?
c
Which sentence uses transitions most effectively?
a
What are the components of a formal tone? Check all that apply.
1,4,5
Which sentence uses transitions most effectively?
d Additional hours of road practice might delay driver licensure; however, new drivers would be better prepared to navigate the roads safely.
Which heading best exemplifies the format for an e-mail subject line?
a Join the festivities on Earth Day.
Which heading best exemplifies the format for an e-mail subject line?
c Consider a vote in favor of school uniforms.
Which statement best exemplifies a strong persuasive claim?
d Offices are trying to reduce paper usage through reuse and recycling efforts.
School communications should be sent electronically to conserve paper.
Which statement best describes the purpose of a conclusion in a persuasive letter?
b
What is the purpose of transition words in persuasive writing?
b

Read the sentences.

The school board needs to represent a more diverse population.
A student member should be elected to represent local youth.

Which transition should be used to combine these sentences?

b

Read the sentences.

Student drivers are required to keep a log of their supervised driving hours.
Not all students are diligent in their record-keeping.

Which transition should be used to combine these sentences?

d
Which statement best defines ethos as a rhetorical device?
c
Which audiences require a formal tone? Check all that apply.
1,3,4

Consider the claim.

Driver’s education requirements should include increased hours spent in real driving conditions prior to licensure.

Identify reasons that support this claim. Check all that apply.

1,3,5

Read the claim and counterclaim.

Claim: High school students should be required to complete ten hours of community service per year.

Counterclaim: There are not many organizations in the area that welcome volunteers under eighteen years old.

Which statement offers the best rebuttal to the counterclaim?

a

Read the claim.

A student tutoring program should be established so that peers can help one another.

Which statement best uses pathos to support this claim?

b
Both are concerned with the topic of farming.
Which sentence best explains the similarities between the excerpt from “Digging” and the haiku?
cold, curt, cuts
Which words in the excerpt are linked by alliteration?
It emphasizes that working in fields is difficult and strenuous.
Which statement best explains the effect of the word “straining” in this excerpt?
“Digging” has multiple stanzas of varying length, while Bashō’s haiku has only one stanza of three lines.
How does the structure of these poems differ?
Which phrases contain an example of assonance? Check all that apply.
-the stars in the dark
– like the light- thumb through the numbers

“Digging” jumps from the present time to the past, while Bashō’s haiku captures a single moment in time.
How does the structure of these poems differ?
The alliteration creates pleasing and interesting sounds.
Which statement best describes the effect of the alliteration in this excerpt?
The positive connotation of the word emphasizes how comfortable the speaker is holding his pen.
Which statement about the use of the “snug” in this excerpt is most accurate?

Read the excerpt from “Digging.”

The cold smell of potato mould, the squelch and slap
Of soggy peat, the curt cuts of an edge
Through living roots awaken in my head.

Which statement best describes the effect of the alliteration in this excerpt?

The alliteration creates pleasing and interesting sounds.

Read the excerpt from “Digging.”

Between my finger and my thumb
The squat pen rests; snug as a gun.

Under my window, a clean rasping sound
When the spade sinks into gravelly ground:
My father, digging. I look down

Till his straining rump among the flowerbeds
Bends low, comes up twenty years away
Stooping in rhythm through potato drills
Where he was digging.

Read the haiku by Bashō.

A crow
has settled on a bare branch—
autumn evening.

How does the structure of these poems differ?

“Digging” has multiple stanzas of varying length, while Bashō’s haiku has only one stanza of three lines.

Read the excerpt from “Digging.”

The cold smell of potato mould, the squelch and slap
Of soggy peat, the curt cuts of an edge
Through living roots awaken in my head.
But I’ve no spade to follow men like them.

Which words in the excerpt are linked by alliteration?

cold, curt, cuts

According to “How to Think Like a Researcher,” a chapter from How to Find Out Anything, one should not waste time compiling information if someone else has already done it. Opal wants to conduct research on strategies she can use to get accepted into her college of choice.

Based on the guidelines in the text, which is the best research strategy Opal should use?

c
Xander followed the process for tying a Parisian knot. Which question should Xander ask to evaluate whether he has successfully followed the procedure?
a

Read the excerpt from “How to Think Like a Researcher,” a chapter from How to Find Out Anything.

Whether you’re nosing around your local town library to find a biography of your favorite writer or downloading giant data sets from a U.S. government agency or from a university in a remote country, the principles of research are the same. By mastering the research process and undertaking it in the spirit of adventure and discovery, you’ll soon realize that it is indeed possible to find out anything.

Which word helps signal that this is a procedural text?

c

Read the excerpt from “Career Planning for High Schoolers.”

Summer or part-time employment is another way to get experience. Paid jobs allow you to earn money, which can help you learn how to budget and save for future goals or expenses.

For some students, summer is a great time to explore careers through employment. As the chart shows, young people worked in a variety of industries in July 2014, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

Now, read the chart.

How does the chart enhance the information in the excerpt?

c

Read the paragraph.

Kev’s first experience as a babysitter was pure chaos. His four-year-old charge demonstrated karate moves (at the expense of two potted plants), and the toddler’s tantrums were remarkable. When Kev wisely offered lunch as a diversion, the macaroni and cheese could not be contained to the plates or table. Playtime outside was a welcome relief, as was the payment for babysitting when the parents returned home.

What is the author’s purpose?

b
The chart recommends three to five daily servings of
vegetable

Read the excerpt from “Career Planning for High Schoolers.”

According to the National Center for Education Statistics, the most popular fields of study for associate’s degree recipients between 2001-02 and 2011-12 were liberal arts and sciences, general studies, and humanities.

How does the author inform the reader in the passage?

c

Read the chart from “Career Planning for High Schoolers.”

What percentage of teens and young adults have retail jobs?

d

Read the excerpt from “Career Planning for High Schoolers.”

About two-thirds of high school graduates from the class of 2013 enrolled in college that fall, according to BLS: 42 percent in baccalaureate (4-year) colleges and 24 percent in 2-year schools. Of the remaining one-third of 2013 graduates, who opted not to go to college, 74 percent entered the labor force.

College-bound high school graduates may not know it, but BLS data show that wages are usually higher, and unemployment rates lower, for people who continue their education after high school.

Now, read the graph.

How does the graph enhance the information in the excerpt?

b

Read the paragraph.

The process is simple, but the results could be extraordinary. Fill out an application at Lakeside Park today. Working as a park monitor will provide hours of fun in the sun this summer and a glimpse of a career in forestry. Full- and part-time jobs are now available. Don’t miss your chance to enjoy life at the lake. Seize this opportunity now!

What is the author’s purpose?

d

Read the excerpt from President Harry S. Truman’s inaugural address.

I believe that we should make available to peace-loving peoples the benefits of our store of technical knowledge in order to help them realize their aspirations for a better life. And, in cooperation with other nations, we should foster capital investment in areas needing development.

Our aim should be to help the free peoples of the world, through their own efforts, to produce more food, more clothing, more materials for housing, and more mechanical power to lighten their burdens.

Which statement best describes Truman’s purpose?

b
What are the three main purposes for writing?
1,2,4

Read the chart from “Career Planning for High Schoolers.”

According to the chart, which groups supply the fewest jobs to teens and young adults?

c
After a procedure has been completed, what questions can be asked to help evaluate the results? Check all that apply.
2,3,4
What additional information does the image caption provide?
c
According to “How to Think Like a Researcher,” a chapter from How to Find Out Anything, one should begin research by asking answerable questions rather than open-ended questions. Based on the guidelines in the text, which is an appropriate research question?
d
What additional information does the sidebar provide?
b
Leon followed the procedure in chapter 3 for using fire to add flavor to his food. Which question should Leon ask to evaluate whether he has successfully followed the procedure outlined in the chapter?
c
Which text features are included in this text? Check all that apply.
1,2,3,5
Which statement best explains the function of the subtitle in this text?
a
Which of these words has a negative connotation?
jealousy

Read the excerpt from “Digging.”

Between my finger and my thumb
The squat pen rests; snug as a gun.

Which statement about the use of the “snug” in this excerpt is most accurate?

The positive connotation of the word emphasizes how comfortable the speaker is holding his pen.

Read the excerpt from “Digging.”

The coarse boot nestled on the lug, the shaft
Against the inside knee was levered firmly.

Which statement best explains the effect of the word “firmly” in this excerpt?

It shows that the father works with skill and control.

Read the excerpt from “Digging.”

Under my window, a clean rasping sound
When the spade sinks into gravelly ground:
My father, digging. I look down

Read the haiku by Bashō.

Clear water—
a tiny crab
crawling up my leg.

Which statement best describes the similarities between the excerpt from “Digging” and the haiku?

Both use alliteration to connect ideas and create interesting sounds.
Which of these are credible sources? Check all that apply.
university or educational sites
government sites
museum websites

Read the excerpt from “Digging.”

Between my finger and my thumb
The squat pen rests…

Which statement best describes the effect of the assonance in this excerpt?

c

Read the excerpt from “Digging.”

The cold smell of potato mould, the squelch and slap
Of soggy peat, the curt cuts of an edge
Through living roots awaken in my head.
But I’ve no spade to follow men like them.

Which idea is typically associated with the word “spade”?

d

Read the excerpt from “Digging”

The cold smell of potato mould, the squelch and slap
Of soggy peat, the curt cuts of an edge
Through living roots awaken in my head.
But I’ve no spade to follow men like them.

Between my finger and my thumb
The squat pen rests.
I’ll dig with it.

Read the haiku by Bashō.

When the winter chrysanthemums go,
there’s nothing to write about
but radishes.

What common concern do these poems share?

b
Which lines from the poem “Digging” use assonance? Check all that apply.
1,3,4,5

Read the excerpt from The Fellowship of the Ring.

“How bright your garden looks!” said Gandalf.

“Yes,” said Bilbo. “I am very fond indeed of it, and of all the dear old Shire; but I think I need a holiday.”

“You mean to go on with your plan then?”

“I do. I made up my mind months ago, and I haven’t changed it.”

“Very well. It is no good saying any more. Stick to your plan—your whole plan, mind—and I hope it will turn out for the best, for you, and for all of us.”

“I hope so. Anyway I mean to enjoy myself on Thursday, and have my little joke.”

How is Bilbo Baggins characterized in this excerpt?

a
Setting includes the time period, place, and of a story.
social environment

Read the excerpt from The Fellowship of the Ring.

Then the weather clouded over. That was on Wednesday the eve of the Party. Anxiety was intense. Then Thursday, September the 22nd, actually dawned. The sun got up, the clouds vanished, flags were unfurled and the fun began.

Bilbo Baggins called it a party, but it was really a variety of entertainments rolled into one. Practically everybody living near was invited. A very few were overlooked by accident, but as they turned up all the same, that did not matter.

What do readers learn about the setting in this excerpt?

b

Read the excerpt from The Fellowship of the Ring.

Bilbo Baggins called it a party, but it was really a variety of entertainments rolled into one. Practically everybody living near was invited. A very few were overlooked by accident, but as they turned up all the same, that did not matter. Many people from other parts of the Shire were also asked; and there were even a few from outside the borders. Bilbo met the guests (and additions) at the new white gate in person. He gave away presents to all and sundry—the latter were those who went out again by a back way and came in again by the gate.

How is Bilbo Baggins characterized in this excerpt?

b
Which line best helps readers identify a countryside setting?
c
Which are common elements of fantasy? Check all that apply.
2,4,5
Which line best helps readers identify the community spirit of Hobbiton?
d

Read the excerpt from The Fellowship of the Ring.

As for Bilbo Baggins, even while he was making his speech, he had been fingering the golden ring in his pocket: his magic ring that he had kept secret for so many years. As he stepped down he slipped it on his finger, and he was never seen by any hobbit in Hobbiton again.

Which detail in the excerpt identifies it as fantasy?

c

Read the excerpt from The Fellowship of the Ring.

That was Gandalf’s mark, of course, and the old man was Gandalf the Wizard, whose fame in the Shire was due mainly to his skill with fires, smokes, and lights. His real business was far more difficult and dangerous, but the Shire-folk knew nothing about it. To them he was just one of the “attractions” at the Party. Hence the excitement of the hobbit-children. “G for Grand!” they shouted, and the old man smiled. They knew him by sight, though he only appeared in Hobbiton occasionally and never stopped long; but neither they nor any but the oldest of their elders had seen one of his firework displays—they now belonged to the legendary past.

How is Gandalf characterized in this excerpt?

b

Read the excerpt from The Fellowship of the Ring.

As for Bilbo Baggins, even while he was making his speech, he had been fingering the golden ring in his pocket: his magic ring that he had kept secret for so many years. As he stepped down he slipped it on his finger, and he was never seen by any hobbit in Hobbiton again.

Which detail in the excerpt identifies it as fantasy?

c

Read the excerpt from The Fellowship of the Ring.

That was Gandalf’s mark, of course, and the old man was Gandalf the Wizard, whose fame in the Shire was due mainly to his skill with fires, smokes, and lights. His real business was far more difficult and dangerous, but the Shire-folk knew nothing about it. To them he was just one of the “attractions” at the Party. Hence the excitement of the hobbit-children. “G for Grand!” they shouted, and the old man smiled. They knew him by sight, though he only appeared in Hobbiton occasionally and never stopped long; but neither they nor any but the oldest of their elders had seen one of his firework displays—they now belonged to the legendary past.

How is Gandalf characterized in this excerpt?

b

Read the excerpt from The Fellowship of the Ring.

One morning the hobbits woke to find the large field, south of Bilbo’s front door, covered with ropes and poles for tents and pavilions. A special entrance was cut into the bank leading to the road, and wide steps and a large white gate were built there. The three hobbit-families of Bagshot Row, adjoining the field, were intensely interested and generally envied. Old Gaffer Gamgee stopped even pretending to work in his garden.

What do readers learn about the setting in this excerpt?

c

Read the excerpt from The Fellowship of the Ring.

On this occasion the presents were unusually good. The hobbit-children were so excited that for a while they almost forgot about eating. There were toys the like of which they had never seen before, all beautiful and some obviously magical. Many of them had indeed been ordered a year before, and all the way from the Mountain and from Dale, and were of real dwarf-make.

Which detail in the excerpt identifies it as fantasy?

c
Which line from The Fellowship of the Ring shows an element of fantasy?
a

Read the excerpt from The Fellowship of the Ring.

Then the weather clouded over. That was on Wednesday the eve of the Party. Anxiety was intense. Then Thursday, September the 22nd, actually dawned. The sun got up, the clouds vanished, flags were unfurled and the fun began.

Bilbo Baggins called it a party, but it was really a variety of entertainments rolled into one. Practically everybody living near was invited. A very few were overlooked by accident, but as they turned up all the same, that did not matter.

What do readers learn about the setting in this excerpt?

b

Read the excerpt from The Fellowship of the Ring.

Then the weather clouded over. That was on Wednesday the eve of the Party. Anxiety was intense. Then Thursday, September the 22nd, actually dawned. The sun got up, the clouds vanished, flags were unfurled and the fun began.

Bilbo Baggins called it a party, but it was really a variety of entertainments rolled into one. Practically everybody living near was invited. A very few were overlooked by accident, but as they turned up all the same, that did not matter.

What do readers learn about the setting in this excerpt?

b

Read the research question about the decreasing number of honey bees in the United Sates.

How many honey bee colonies have collapsed in the United States over the last decade?

What is ineffective about this research question?

It results in a single answer.
Which research question would be the most effective in researching the harmful effects of food pesticides?
Are fruits and vegetables that are grown on farms that use pesticides dangerous for human consumption?

Hillarie is creating a webpage about the Amazon River.

http://media.education2020.com/evresources/3012/3012-10/3012-10-07/3012-10-07-assessment/3012-10-07-10-25-image1.png

Which information would be most useful for her to add next to the image?

Mangroves are trees and shrubs that thrive in tropical swamps close to the Amazon River in northern Brazil.

Etta is taking notes to create a webpage about healthy eating.

RQ: Why have childhood obesity rates tripled in the United States over the past three decades?

– Portion sizes have increased and calorie intake has increased 31 percent.

– Children now eat an average of three snacks per day (up from one per day).

– Children and adolescents spend an average of 7.5 hours per day watching television or on the Internet.

What should she add to make these notes more organized?

the source of the information

Read the excerpt about secondhand smoke from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s website.

Eliminating smoking in indoor spaces fully protects nonsmokers from exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS). Half of the US population is covered by state or local smokefree laws that do not allow indoor smoking in worksites and public places, including restaurants and bars. Most people have adopted smokefree rules in their home. Still, exposure in the home remains a significant problem.

– The home is the primary source of SHS exposure for children.
– About 80 million (1 in 4) Americans live in multiunit housing and can be exposed to unwanted SHS in their homes. SHS from units or common areas where smoking occurs can seep into smokefree units.
– Many who live in public housing are especially affected by SHS, including children, the elderly, and people with disabilities.

Which detail best helps answer the research question “Are smokefree policies effective in protecting people from the dangers of secondhand smoke?”

“SHS from units or common areas where smoking occurs can seep into smokefree units.”
Which of these protects something someone has created, such as a piece of writing or an image?
a copyright

Read the research question about recycling.

Is recycling effective in the United States?

Why isn’t this research question effective? Check all that apply.

It is too broad.
It lacks complexity.
It is not specific enough
Which research questions would be the most effective in researching the effects of television on children? Check all that apply
Is there a relationship between children’s physical fitness and their television viewing habits?
How does watching television every day impact children’s brains?
How do different television programs influence children’s views about society?
What are the characteristics of a strong and effective research question? Check all that apply.
It is answerable through investigation.
It results in complex answers.
Which sentence best establishes visual details??
Each painting is a towering portrait of a town founder depicted in bold acrylic.
What type of context clue offers information about the function, features, or appearance of an unfamiliar word?
explanation
Which details are evident in both the excerpt and the image? Check all that apply.
?✔️✔️✔️◻️◻️
?✔️◻️✔️✔️◻️
?✔️✔️◻️✔️◻️
?✔️◻️◻️✔️◻️
?✔️◻️◻️✔️✔️
?✔️◻️◻️◻️✔️
?✔️✔️◻️✔️✔️
What type of context clue offers a word with the same meaning as an unfamiliar word?
synonym
Which statement best describes how the image reinforces the text?
The photograph enhances the explanation of the updated chronometer.
Which central idea is best supported by the details in the excerpt? (Many wild theories…)
The Benin plaques challenged Europeans’ beliefs about West Africa.
Which details from the excerpt help readers visualize the chronometer? Check all that apply.
-“around the size of a large pocket watch”
-“with a normal clock dial showing roman numerals”
-“suspended inside a swivelling brass ring”
Based on the context clues, what is the meaning of the word punitive in the passage?
designed to inflict punishment
Which image would best enhance the paragraph?
a picture of Ionic columns
Based on the context clues, what is the meaning of the word maritime in the passage?
bordering the sea; nautical
How does the image enhance the paragraph?
by reinforcing the description of the clothes wringer
What is the purpose of the details in the paragraph?
to develop the central idea of hiking preparedness
Which statement best describes how the image reinforces the text? (plaques, museum)
The image adds interest to the text by offering a glimpse of the plaques.
What context clue best helps readers determine the meaning of the word standard?
“rigidly fixed”
Which central idea is best supported by the details in the excerpt? (The Portuguese galleons,…)
The Benin people had access to the riches of the world through trade.
Which central idea is best supported by the details in the excerpt? (These were enormous…)
As more people began to own clocks, society embraced standardized time.
What type of outside source does MacGregor use in this excerpt? (Here’s a snatch…)?
a historical letter
Which is the best summary of this excerpt? (But there are…)
The author suggests that The Great Wave is a symbol of Japan as it entered into international trade.
What must students use when summarizing an informational text? Check all that apply.
-academic language
-an objective, formal tone
-a variety of sentence types
What factors affect an author’s viewpoint? Check all that apply
-the author’s knowledge
-the author’s opinion
-the author’s worldview
-the author’s experience
Which line would be best to include in a summary of “Early Victorian Tea Set”?
MacGregor shows that the British desire for tea changed many nations around the world.
What is the author’s viewpoint in this excerpt? (But a loving,…)
England’s demand for tea caused conflict around the world.
What is the purpose of the outside source used in this excerpt?
to illustrate Japan’s isolation in the 1800s
Which is the best summary of this excerpt? (So our tea…)
?The tea set has always been an important part of British life. ?The tea set has become more valuable through the years.
Which statement expresses a viewpoint?
Every child should visit an art history museum.
What is the author’s viewpoint in this excerpt? (So The Great…)
The Great Wave represents feelings of ambivalence in Japanese culture.
What is the author’s viewpoint in this excerpt? (Hokusai has taken…)
The Great Wave is popular because it includes both Japanese and European elements.
Which line would be best to include in a summary of “Hokusai’s The Great Wave”?
MacGregor explains that The Great Wave symbolizes Japan’s changing position in the world.
How does Geijer’s comment support MacGregor’s point?
It illustrates the popularity of tea in Britain during the 1800s.
What type of outside source does MacGregor use in this excerpt? (In the early…)
musical lyrics
What is the author’s viewpoint in this excerpt? (What could be…)
It is ironic that tea is the symbol of Britain when tea does not come from Britain at all.
Which line is a direct quotation from an external source? (The Japanologist Donald…)
“The Japanese have a word for insular which is literally the mental state of the people living on islands: shimaguni konjo.”
Which line is a direct quotation from an external source? (This is quite…)
“In the 1840s the Duchess of Bedford introduces the ritual of afternoon tea, because by this time dinner had become so late, seven-thirty to eight o’clock . . .”
Why does the author include this description of the penny in beginning of the chapter??
to make the reader visualize the coin and become interested in learning more about the culturally significant artifact
What would be a benefit of reading this text rather than listening to an audio version of it?
The reader could set his or her own pace and reread parts for clarity.
In an audio version, stressing the word “branding” would do what for the listener?
emphasize the word’s importance and the idea that follows
Which conclusion about historical significance can be drawn from this information?
The carving on the slit drum is representative of British rule over African territories.
How does the author’s hook engage the reader?
It makes the reader wonder how the quotation from the poem relates to the topic of the passage.
The author hooks the reader by asking a question that
makes the reader think about the link between tea and Britishness.
Why does the author end the paragraph with a question?
to make the reader wonder how baseball became the national sport of the United States
What does pausing before a certain word in the middle of a sentence provide for the listener?
a cue that an important word might follow
What could be added to an audio version of this text that would best enhance the listening experience?
?sound effects of women marching
Which technique does the author use to engage the reader?
The author provides a description.
What does a close observation of the painting reveal about the astronomer??
The objects in the room suggest he is curious or academic.
What is the subject of this poem? (8 lines)
the inevitability of change
What does a close observation of the painting reveal?
the people’s reliance on the sea as an industry
What is the subject of this poem? (16 lines)
the danger of suppressed anger
What can be observed from this painting? Check all that apply.
-It shows a night scene.
-It is a landscape view.
-It was painted with swirling brush strokes.
What subject is emphasized in both poems?
the need for rest after work
Which statement best describes the tone of the poems?
Both poems are complimentary, paying tribute to loved ones.
How does Williams present the subject of the poem?
with peaceful imagery
What conclusion can be drawn from the painting?
?The depiction of a crowded medical facility suggests teamwork and optimism.
Which statement best describes the poem’s use of language?
?Blake explains the planting process to suggest man’s hard work.

Someone sang a solo during the holiday concert.

The best reason to revise this sentence using the passive voice is that?

the name of the singer is unknown.
Which sentence contains an infinitive?
It is normal to make mistakes.

Jameson dropped and broke the cookie jar while his parents were on vacation.

What is the best explanation for why the writer would revise this sentence to use passive voice?

The writer wants to conceal the identity of the person who broke the jar.
Which sentence contains a split infinitive?
Young children seem to thoroughly enjoy playing with soap bubbles and shaving cream.
Which sentence uses passive voice?
We were given new toothbrushes by the hygienist.

Check all that apply.

Writers should avoid splitting an infinitive when

-the sentence is already clear.
-it sounds awkward to split the infinitive.
-too much information is inserted between the two parts of the infinitive.
How could a writer best revise this sentence to avoid overly formal language?
by choosing to end the sentence in a preposition
Which sentence best uses a split infinitive to create emphasis?
Young drivers must remember to always turn off cell phones before getting behind the wheel.
When a sentence uses [____________________], the subject of the sentence performs the action of the verb.
-the active voice

A decision was reached by scientists about when the experiment would begin.

Which revision changes the sentence so that it uses the active voice?

Scientists reached a decision about when to begin the experiment.
Which of these are credible sources? Check all that apply.?
-university or educational sites
-government sites
-museum websites
Tyson is researching the benefits of solar energy. Which is the most credible source on his list?
a university’s website that provides information about a recent solar energy study
Which information would be most useful for her to add next to the image? (The first airplanes, built by the Wright brothers.)
In 1907-08, the Wright brothers built and flew the first airplanes with pilot and passenger seats.
Which information would be most useful for her to add next to the image? (The Amazon River.)
Mangroves are trees and shrubs that thrive in tropical swamps close to the Amazon River in northern Brazil.
Ana is researching the history of jazz music in the United States. Which is the most credible source on her list?
the National Jazz Museum’s website
Which research question would be the most effective in researching the harmful effects of food pesticides?
Are fruits and vegetables that are grown on farms that use pesticides dangerous for human consumption?
What should she add to make these notes more organized?
the source of the information
Which detail best helps answer the research question “Why are federal judges and justices appointed to life terms?”
“By design, this insulates them from the temporary passions of the public, and allows them to apply the law with only justice in mind, and not electoral or political concerns.”
Which research question would be the most effective for researching bilingual education in elementary school?
?How many elementary school students were raised in bilingual households?
Why isn’t this research question effective? Check all that apply.
?◻️◻️◻️◻️✔️◻️
? ◻️◻️✔️✔️✔️◻️
Which phrases from the excerpt provide visual details? Check all that apply.▪️
“modern Nigeria” “in the sixteenth century” -“actually made of brass” -“the size of an A3 piece of paper” -“show figures in high relief”
(In “Sudanese Slit Drum,” Neil MacGregor traces the origins of a slit drum from Central Africa. He uses the drum to trace the Sudanese struggle for independence and to explain the battle that Kitchener’s Anglo-Egyptian army fought against the Sudanese.)
Claims must always be supported by evidence such as
detailed description.
informal viewpoint.
.objective summary.
personal opinion.
(It is another document of the enduring geopolitical fault-line around the Nile cataracts that we have encountered twice before: in the sphinx of Taharqo (Chapter 22) and the head of Augustus (Chapter 35). This drum is part of the history of indigenous African culture, of the East African slave trade centred on Khartoum, and of the European scramble for Africa at the end of the nineteenth century.)
Since the passage shows how MacGregor perceives and discusses the topic of the Sudanese slit drum, it is an example of a
viewpoint.
summary.
.source.
detail.

His neck is completely invisible – a series of large rings runs from his shoulders right the way up to his lower lip. In his right hand he holds up a ceremonial axe. To either side kneel two high-court functionaries, dressed very like the Oba, but with plainer headdresses and fewer neck-rings. They wear belts hung with small crocodile heads, the emblem of those authorized to conduct business with Europeans – and the heads and shoulders of two tiny Europeans can be seen floating in the background.

Which details are evident in both the excerpt and the image? Check all that apply.

ceremonial jewelry

government leaders

European traders

My grandmother taught me to appreciate architecture. She grew up in Greece and photographed ancient ruins in her youth. She told me that people do not build things of beauty the way they used to, and her favorite example was Greek Ionic columns. As an architecture student today, I wonder if I will ever create anything as beautiful as these.

Which image would best enhance the paragraph?

a picture of Ionic columns

Many wild theories were put forward. It was thought that the plaques must have come from ancient Egypt, or perhaps that the people of Benin were one of the lost tribes of Israel. Or the sculptures must have derived from European influence (after all, these were the contemporaries of Michelangelo, Donatello and Cellini). But research quickly established that the Benin plaques were entirely West African creations, made without European influence. The Europeans had to revisit, and to overhaul, their assumptions of easy cultural superiority.

Which central idea is best supported by the details in the excerpt?

The Benin plaques challenged Europeans’ beliefs about West Africa.

Whatever the real facts, the British, in ostensible revenge for the killing, organized a punitive expedition which raided Benin City, exiled the Oba and created the protectorate of Southern Nigeria.

Based on the context clues, what is the meaning of the word punitive in the passage?

designed to inflict punishment

The Portuguese galleons, cutting out all the middlemen and able to carry much bigger cargoes, offered a totally new kind of trading opportunity. They and their Dutch and English competitors, who followed later in the sixteenth century, carried gold and ivory to Europe and in return brought commodities from all over the world that were greatly valued by the Oba’s court, including coral from the Mediterranean, cowry shells from the Indian Ocean to serve as money, cloth from the Far East and, from Europe itself, larger quantities of brass than had ever before reached West Africa. This was the raw material from which the Benin plaques were made.

Which central idea is best supported by the details in the excerpt?

The Benin people had access to the riches of the world through trade.
Which sentence best establishes visual details?
Each painting is a towering portrait of a town founder depicted in bold acrylic.

Our object is one of those lower-cost chronometers, made in 1800 by Thomas Earnshaw. It is made of brass and is around the size of a large pocket watch, with a normal clock dial showing roman numerals and a smaller dial at the bottom for the second hand. The clock is suspended inside a swivelling brass ring fitted to the inside of a wooden box – this is the key to keeping the chronometer level even in an unsteady ship.

Which details from the excerpt help readers visualize the chronometer? Check all that apply.

“around the size of a large pocket watch”

“with a normal clock dial showing roman numerals”

“suspended inside a swivelling brass ring”

It was not until around 1800 that two London clockmakers managed to simplify the chronometer mechanisms so that virtually any ship – and certainly the larger ships of the Royal Navy – could carry them as routine equipment.

Which statement best describes how the image reinforces the text?

The photograph enhances the explanation of the updated chronometer.

As a maritime nation, the British were concerned with one problem in particular: they could make clocks that kept very good time as long as they stayed perfectly still but not when they were shaken about, and particularly not on board a rolling ship. If you wanted to sail, it was impossible to keep a precise record of time.

Based on the context clues, what is the meaning of the word maritime in the passage?

bordering the sea; nautical
What must students use when summarizing an informational text? Check all that apply.

academic language

an objective, formal tone

a variety of sentence types

Which line would be best to include in a summary of “Early Victorian Tea Set”?
MacGregor shows that the British desire for tea changed many nations around the world.
What factors affect an author’s viewpoint? Check all that apply

the author’s knowledge

the author’s opinion

the author’s worldview

the author’s experience

Here’s a snatch of the letter from the president of the United States that Perry delivered to the Japanese emperor:

Many of the large ships-of-war destined to visit Japan have not yet arrived in these seas, and the undersigned, as an evidence of his friendly intentions, has brought but four of the smaller ones, designing, should it become necessary, to return to Edo in the ensuing spring with a much larger force.

But it is expected that the government of your imperial majesty will render such return unnecessary, by acceding at once to the very reasonable and pacific overtures contained in the president’s letter . . .

This was textbook gunboat diplomacy, and it worked. Japanese resistance melted, and very quickly the Japanese embraced the new economic model, becoming energetic players in the international markets they had been forced to join. They began to think differently about the sea that surrounded them, and their awareness of the possible opportunities in the world beyond grew fast.

What type of outside source does MacGregor use in this excerpt?

a historical letter
Which line would be best to include in a summary of “Hokusai’s The Great Wave”?
MacGregor explains that The Great Wave symbolizes Japan’s changing position in the world.

What could be more domestic, more unremarkable, more British, than a nice cup of tea? You could of course put the question the other way round and ask what could be less British than a cup of tea, given that tea is made from plants grown in India or China and often sweetened by sugar from the Caribbean. It is one of the ironies of British national identity – or perhaps it says everything about our national identity – that the drink which has become the worldwide caricature of Britishness has nothing indigenous about it, but is the result of centuries of global trade and a complex imperial history.

What is the author’s viewpoint in this excerpt?

It is ironic that tea is the symbol of Britain when tea does not come from Britain at all.

In the early nineteenth century Japan had been effectively closed off from the world for 200 years. It had simply opted out of the community of nations.

Kings are burning somewhere,

Wheels are turning somewhere,

Trains are being run,

Wars are being won,

Things are being done

Somewhere out there, not here.

Here we paint screens.

Yes . . . the arrangement of the screens.

This is Stephen Sondheim’s musical tableau of the secluded and calmly self-contained country in 1853, just before American gunships forced its harbours to open to the world. It is a witty caricature of the dreamy and aesthetic Japanese, serenely painting screens while across the seas Europe and America industrialize and political turmoil rages.

What type of outside source does MacGregor use in this excerpt?

musical lyrics

So The Great Wave, far from being the quintessence of Japan, is a hybrid work, a fusion of European materials and conventions with a Japanese sensibility. No wonder this image has been so loved in Europe: it is an exotic relative, not a complete stranger.

It also, I think, shows a peculiarly Japanese ambivalence. As a viewer, you have no place to stand, no footing. You too must be in a boat, under the Great Wave, and in danger. The dangerous sea over which European things and ideas travelled has, however, been drawn with a profound ambiguity.

What is the author’s viewpoint in this excerpt?

The Great Wave represents feelings of ambivalence in Japanese culture.

But there are other ways of reading Hokusai’s Great Wave. Look a little closer and you see that the beautiful wave is about to engulf three boats with frightened fishermen, and Mount Fuji is so small that you, the spectator, share the feeling that the sailors in the boats must have as they look to shore – it’s unreachable, and you are lost. This is, I think, an image of instability and uncertainty. The Great Wave tells us about Japan’s state of mind as it stood on the threshold of the modern world, which the US was soon going to force it to join.

Which is the best summary of this excerpt?

The author suggests that The Great Wave is a symbol of Japan as it entered into international trade.

This is quite clearly mid-range pottery, simple earthenware of a sort that many quite modest British households were then able to afford. But the owners of this particular set must have had serious social aspirations, because all three pieces have been decorated with a drape of lacy hallmarked silver. The historian Celina Fox explains that tea-time had become a very smart event:

In the 1840s the Duchess of Bedford introduces the ritual of afternoon tea, because by this time dinner had become so late, seven-thirty to eight o’clock, that it was a bit of a gap for the British tummy between lunchtime and evening. For a while there was a revival of tea-drinking, as a sort of meal for sandwiches and so forth, around four o’clock.

Which line is a direct quotation from an external source?

“In the 1840s the Duchess of Bedford introduces the ritual of afternoon tea, because by this time dinner had become so late, seven-thirty to eight o’clock . . .”

Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, was one of the media stars of the First World War. The famous recruitment poster has him pointing straight at us in full uniform, finger in the foreground, handlebar moustache not far behind, with the words ‘Your country needs YOU’.

Which technique does the author use to engage the reader?

The author provides a description.
Which quotation from A History of the World in 100 Objects best reveals the historical significance of the chronometer?
The chronometer for the first time allowed absolutely accurate charting of the oceans, with all that implied for establishing safe and rapid shipping routes.
In the future, which object will be historically significant as a representation of the 2000s?
mp3 players

In 2001 the UK National Census recorded that more than 1 in 20 Londoners were of black African descent, a figure that has continued to rise in the years since. Modern British life and culture now have a strong African component. This development is merely the latest chapter in the history of relations between Africa and western Europe, and in that long and turbulent history the Benin Bronzes, as they used to be known, hold a unique place.

How does the author engage the reader?

by presenting a series of interesting facts that make the reader curious about the significance of the Benin Bronzes
Which techniques are used to engage a reader? Check all that apply.

using a quotation

giving an anecdote

presenting a series of interesting facts

asking a thought-provoking question

Each year between April and October, millions of baseball fans head out to fields across America to watch their favorite teams compete against each other. But how and when did baseball become recognized as the national sport of the United States?

Why does the author end the paragraph with a question?

to make the reader wonder how baseball became the national sport of the United States

The process of redefining the British political nation was a slow one. It began in the 1820s, and by the 1880s roughly 60 per cent of the male population had the right to vote – but no women. The campaign for women’s suffrage had begun shortly after the Great Reform Act of 1832, but the battle only really got going at the start of the twentieth century, when the suffragette movement was born and with it a new level of female assertiveness, indeed violence. Here are the words of Dame Ethel Smyth, who composed the song ‘March of the Women’, which was a battle hymn of the suffragettes.

What could be added to an audio version of this text that would best enhance the listening experience?

a recording of the song “March of the Women”

In the early nineteenth century Japan had been effectively closed off from the world for 200 years. It had simply opted out of the community of nations.

Kings are burning somewhere,

Wheels are turning somewhere,

Trains are being run,

Wars are being won,

Things are being done

In the early nineteenth century

How does the author’s hook engage the reader?

Not: It makes the reader understand the cultural atmosphere in Japan in the early nineteenth century.

Try: It gives the reader detailed information about the subject that will be discussed at length in the passage.

What an object conveys about the important events, advancements, and people of a specific time period is called the
historical significance.

Each year between April and October, millions of baseball fans head out to fields across America to watch their favorite teams compete against each other. But how and when did baseball become recognized as the national sport of the United States?

To engage the reader, the author

asks a thought-provoking question.

What could be more domestic, more unremarkable, more British, than a nice cup of tea? You could of course put the question the other way round and ask what could be less British than a cup of tea, given that tea is made from plants grown in India or China and often sweetened by sugar from the Caribbean.

The author hooks the reader by asking a question that

makes the reader think about the link between tea and Britishness.

Power is usually not willingly given, but forcefully taken; and in both Europe and America the nineteenth century was punctuated by political protest, with periodic revolutions on the continent, the Civil War in America and, in Britain, a steady struggle to widen the suffrage.

What would be a benefit of reading this text rather than listening to an audio version of it?

Not: The reader could analyze the text features in the excerpt.

Try: The reader could set his or her own pace and reread parts for clarity.

What does pausing before a certain word in the middle of a sentence provide for the listener?
a cue that an important word might follow

Each year between April and October, millions of baseball fans head out to fields across America to watch their favorite teams compete against each other. But how and when did baseball become recognized as the national sport of the United States?

Why does the author end the paragraph with a question?

to make the reader wonder how baseball became the national sport of the United States

This object has on it the image of a king, but this particular example has been appropriated by women – disfigured by a slogan as an act of female protest against the laws of the state. It is a British penny with King Edward VII in elegant profile, but his image has been defaced in what was then a criminal act. Stamped all over the king’s head in crude capitals are the words VOTES FOR WOMEN. This suffragette coin stands for all those who fought for the right to vote.

What does the suffragette-defaced penny reveal about life in England during that time period?

Not: that women were often breaking laws to make a point

Try: that women wanted to change existing laws and gain the right to vote

This object has on it the image of a king, but this particular example has been appropriated by women – disfigured by a slogan as an act of female protest against the laws of the state. It is a British penny with King Edward VII in elegant profile, but his image has been defaced in what was then a criminal act. Stamped all over the king’s head in crude capitals are the words VOTES FOR WOMEN.

Why does the author include this description of the penny in beginning of the chapter?

to make the reader visualize the coin and become interested in learning more about the culturally significant artifact

Consider the painting entitled Woman with a Pearl Necklace by Vermeer.

What idea best states a conclusion about the painting?

The fabrics and accessories indicate the woman’s wealth.
“She Walks in Beauty”
by George Gordon Byron An excerpt from “To Helen”
by Edgar Allan PoeShe walks in Beauty, like the night Of cloudless climes and starry skies; And all that’s best of dark and bright Meet in her aspect and her eyes: Thus mellowed to that tender light Which Heaven to gaudy day denies.

One shade the more, one ray the less, Had half impaired the nameless grace Which waves in every raven tress, Or softly lightens o’er her face; Where thoughts serenely sweet
express,
How pure, how dear their dwelling-place.

And on that cheek, and o’er that brow, So soft, so calm, yet eloquent, The smiles that win, the tints that glow, But tell of days in goodness spent, A mind at peace with all below, A heart whose love is innocent!

Helen, thy beauty is to me Like those Nicean barks of yore, That gently, o’er a perfumed sea, The weary, wayworn wanderer bore To his own native shore.

On desperate seas long wont to roam, Thy hyacinth hair, thy classic face, Thy Naiad airs have brought me home To the glory that was Greece And the grandeur that was Rome.

Lo! in yon brilliant window-niche How statue-like I see thee stand, The agate lamp within thy hand! Ah, Psyche, from the regions which Are Holy Land!

Which statement best describes the subjects of the poems?

The woman in Byron’s poem is gentle; the woman in Poe’s poem is welcoming.
I was angry with my friend:
I told my wrath, my wrath did end.
I was angry with my foe:
I told it not, my wrath did grow.And I watered it in fears
Night and morning with my tears,
And I sunned it with smiles
And with soft deceitful wiles.

And it grew both day and night,
Till it bore an apple bright,
And my foe beheld it shine,
And he knew that it was mine, —

And into my garden stole
When the night had veiled the pole;
In the morning, glad, I see
My foe outstretched beneath the tree.

Which statement best describes the poem’s use of language?

Blake reveals emotions being cultivated like a garden.
Which statement best defines ekphrastic poetry?
Ekphrastic poetry describes or pays tribute to a piece of visual art.

“The Corn Harvest” by William Carlos Williams

Summer !
the painting is organized
about a young

reaper enjoying his
noonday rest
completely

relaxed
from his morning labors
sprawled

in fact sleeping
unbuttoned
on his back

the women
have brought him his lunch
perhaps

a spot of wine
they gather gossiping
under a tree

whose shade
carelessly
he does not share the

resting
center of
their workaday world.

How does Williams present the subject of the poem?

with peaceful imagery
Nature’s first green is gold,
Her hardest hue to hold.
Her early leaf’s a flower;
But only so an hour.
Then leaf subsides to leaf.
So Eden sank to grief,
So dawn goes down to day.
Nothing gold can stay.What is the subject of this poem?

the inevitability of change
In “Landscape with the Fall of Icarus”, Williams mentions “a splash quite unnoticed.” Which words from Auden’s “Musée des Beaux Arts” best illustrate this idea of people’s distraction and indifference?
walking dully along

Consider this painting by Vincent Van Gogh.

What can be observed from this painting? Check all that apply.

It is a portrait of a man.

It shows visible brush strokes.

It displays bold colors.

“She Walks in Beauty”
by George Gordon Byron An excerpt from “To Helen”
by Edgar Allan PoeShe walks in Beauty, like the night Of cloudless climes and starry skies; And all that’s best of dark and bright Meet in her aspect and her eyes: Thus mellowed to that tender light Which Heaven to gaudy day denies.

One shade the more, one ray the less, Had half impaired the nameless grace Which waves in every raven tress, Or softly lightens o’er her face; Where thoughts serenely sweet express, How pure, how dear their dwelling-place.

And on that cheek, and o’er that brow, So soft, so calm, yet eloquent, The smiles that win, the tints that glow, But tell of days in goodness spent, A mind at peace with all below, A heart whose love is innocent!

Helen, thy beauty is to me Like those Nicean barks of yore, That gently, o’er a perfumed sea, The weary, wayworn wanderer bore To his own native shore.

On desperate seas long wont to roam, Thy hyacinth hair, thy classic face, Thy Naiad airs have brought me home To the glory that was Greece And the grandeur that was Rome.

Lo! in yon brilliant window-niche How statue-like I see thee stand, The agate lamp within thy hand! Ah, Psyche, from the regions which Are Holy Land!

Which statement best describes the tone of the poems?

Both poems are complimentary, paying tribute to loved ones.

Consider this painting entitled The Astronomer by Vermeer.

What does a close observation of the painting reveal about the astronomer?

The objects in the room suggest he is curious or academic.
“The Corn Harvest”
by William Carlos Williams An excerpt from “After Apple Picking”
by Robert FrostSummer !
the painting is organized
about a young

reaper enjoying his
noonday rest
completely

relaxed
from his morning labors
sprawled

in fact sleeping
unbuttoned
on his back

the women
have brought him his
lunch
perhaps

a spot of wine
they gather gossiping
under a tree

whose shade
carelessly
he does not share the
resting center of their workaday world.
My long two-pointed ladder’s sticking through a tree
Toward heaven still.
And there’s a barrel that I didn’t fill
Beside it, and there may be two or three
Apples I didn’t pick upon some bough.
But I am done with apple-picking now.
Essence of winter sleep is on the night,
The scent of apples; I am drowsing off.
I cannot shake the shimmer from my sight
I got from looking through a pane of glass
I skimmed this morning from the water-trough,
And held against the world of hoary grass.
It melted, and I let it fall and break.
But I was well
Upon my way to sleep before it fell,
And I could tell
What form my dreaming was about to take.
Magnified apples appear and reappear,
Stem end and blossom end,
And every fleck of russet showing clear.

How is Frost’s presentation of the subject different than Williams’s?

Williams speaks as an observer, but Frost speaks as a participant in the harvest.

Consider the painting entitled L’Ambulance de la Gare de Poitiers by Henri Gervex.

What conclusion can be drawn from the painting?

The image of wounded men in a makeshift clinic suggests the chaos of war.
I was angry with my friend:
I told my wrath, my wrath did end.
I was angry with my foe:
I told it not, my wrath did grow.And I watered it in fears
Night and morning with my tears,
And I sunned it with smiles
And with soft deceitful wiles.

And it grew both day and night,
Till it bore an apple bright,
And my foe beheld it shine,
And he knew that it was mine, —

And into my garden stole
When the night had veiled the pole;
In the morning, glad, I see
My foe outstretched beneath the tree.

What is the subject of this poem?

the danger of suppressed anger

Consider this painting entitled Great Fish-Market by Bruegel.

What does a close observation of the painting reveal?

the people’s reliance on the sea as an industry
“She Walks in Beauty”
by George Gordon Byron An excerpt from “To Helen”
by Edgar Allan PoeShe walks in Beauty, like the night Of cloudless climes and starry skies; And all that’s best of dark and bright Meet in her aspect and her eyes: Thus mellowed to that tender light Which Heaven to gaudy day denies.

One shade the more, one ray the less, Had half impaired the nameless grace Which waves in every raven tress, Or softly lightens o’er her face; Where thoughts serenely sweet express, How pure, how dear their dwelling-place.

And on that cheek, and o’er that brow, So soft, so calm, yet eloquent, The smiles that win, the tints that glow, But tell of days in goodness spent, A mind at peace with all below, A heart whose love is innocent!

Helen, thy beauty is to me Like those Nicean barks of yore, That gently, o’er a perfumed sea, The weary, wayworn wanderer bore To his own native shore.

On desperate seas long wont to roam, Thy hyacinth hair, thy classic face, Thy Naiad airs have brought me home To the glory that was Greece And the grandeur that was Rome.

Lo! in yon brilliant window-niche How statue-like I see thee stand, The agate lamp within thy hand! Ah, Psyche, from the regions which Are Holy Land!

Which statement best describes the tone of the poems?

Both poems are complimentary, paying tribute to loved ones.

Someone sang a solo during the holiday concert.

The best reason to revise this sentence using the passive voice is that

the name of the singer is unknown.

Mr. Richardson is shopping for the perfect shelf on which to display his bowling trophy.

How could a writer best revise this sentence to avoid overly formal language?

by choosing to end the sentence in a preposition

When she arrived at the concert hall, the singer walked through a crowd of cheering fans.

Which word is a preposition?

at
Which sentence requires no revision?
Which bench will you be sitting on?
When a sentence uses ___________, the subject of the sentence performs the action of the verb.
the active voice
Which sentence contains a split infinitive?
Swimmers must be sure to completely follow all of the team guidelines.

Head toward the large yellow sign to find the lemon grove.

Which word is a preposition?

toward
Which sentence contains a split infinitive?
Young children seem to thoroughly enjoy playing with soap bubbles and shaving cream.

Jameson dropped and broke the cookie jar while his parents were on vacation.

What is the best explanation for why the writer would revise this sentence to use passive voice?

The writer wants to conceal the identity of the person who broke the jar.
Which sentence contains an infinitive?
It is normal to make mistakes.

How many honey bee colonies have collapsed in the United States over the last decade?

What is ineffective about this research question?

It results in a single answer.
Which of these are credible sources? Check all that apply.

university or educational sites

government sites

museum websites

Hillarie is creating a webpage about the Amazon River.

Which information would be most useful for her to add next to the image?

Mangroves are trees and shrubs that thrive in tropical swamps close to the Amazon River in northern Brazil.

RQ: Why have childhood obesity rates tripled in the United States over the past three decades?

– Portion sizes have increased and calorie intake has increased 31 percent.

– Children now eat an average of three snacks per day (up from one per day).

– Children and adolescents spend an average of 7.5 hours per day watching television or on the Internet.

What should she add to make these notes more organized?

the source of the information
Which of these protects something someone has created, such as a piece of writing or an image?
a copyright

Brianna is creating her own virtual museum and sees this symbol next to a photograph she wants to use.

(cc)

Is she permitted to use the image in her virtual museum?

Yes, as long as she follows the fair use principle.

Federal judges can only be removed through impeachment by the House of Representatives and conviction in the Senate. Judges and justices serve no fixed term — they serve until their death, retirement, or conviction by the Senate. By design, this insulates them from the temporary passions of the public, and allows them to apply the law with only justice in mind, and not electoral or political concerns.

Generally, Congress determines the jurisdiction of the federal courts. In some cases, however — such as in the example of a dispute between two or more U.S. states — the Constitution grants the Supreme Court original jurisdiction, an authority that cannot be stripped by Congress.

Which detail best helps answer the research question “Why are federal judges and justices appointed to life terms?”

Not: “Judges and justices serve no fixed term — they serve until their death, retirement, or conviction by the Senate.”

Try: “By design, this insulates them from the temporary passions of the public, and allows them to apply the law with only justice in mind, and not electoral or political concerns.”

Which research question would be the most effective in researching the harmful effects of food pesticides?
Are fruits and vegetables that are grown on farms that use pesticides dangerous for human consumption?

Eliminating smoking in indoor spaces fully protects nonsmokers from exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS). Half of the US population is covered by state or local smokefree laws that do not allow indoor smoking in worksites and public places, including restaurants and bars. Most people have adopted smokefree rules in their home. Still, exposure in the home remains a significant problem.

– The home is the primary source of SHS exposure for children.
– About 80 million (1 in 4) Americans live in multiunit housing and can be exposed to unwanted SHS in their homes. SHS from units or common areas where smoking occurs can seep into smokefree units.
– Many who live in public housing are especially affected by SHS, including children, the elderly, and people with disabilities.

Which detail best helps answer the research question “Are smokefree policies effective in protecting people from the dangers of secondhand smoke?”

Not: “Half of the US population is covered by state or local smokefree laws that do not allow indoor smoking in worksites and public places.”

Not: “Most people have adopted smokefree rules in their home.”

Try: “SHS from units or common areas where smoking occurs can seep into smokefree units.”

Jaime is creating a webpage about the life and career of Jackie Robinson.

Which information would be most useful for him to add next to the image?

Jackie Robinson broke Major League Baseball’s color barrier in 1947, playing for the Brooklyn Dodgers.

Jamilah is creating a webpage about the first airplanes, built by the Wright brothers.

Which information would be most useful for her to add next to the image?

In 1907-08, the Wright brothers built and flew the first airplanes with pilot and passenger seats.

Anthony is creating a webpage and sees this symbol next to a photograph he wants to use.

(PD)

Is he permitted to use the image on his webpage?

Yes, it is available for personal or commercial use.
Tiana is researching the effects of social media on adolescents’ interpersonal relationships. Which is the most credible source on her list?
the American Psychological Association’s website
What are the characteristics of a strong and effective research question? Check all that apply.

It is answerable through investigation.

It results in complex answers.

(1) Located on the grounds of the United States Naval Observatory (USNO), the white 19th century house at Number One Observatory Circle in northwestern Washington, D.C., was built in 1893. (2) Originally intended for the superintendent of the USNO, the house was so lovely that in 1923, the chief of naval operations kicked out the superintendent so he could move in himself. (3) Historically, Vice Presidents and their families lived in their own homes, but the cost of securing these private residences grew substantially over the years. (4) Finally, in 1974, Congress agreed to refurbish the house at the Naval Observatory as a home for the Vice President.

Which sentence best helps answer the research question “Why do vice presidents reside at the Naval Observatory?”

sentence 3
The _________ significance of an object is what the object reveals about the daily life, beliefs, interests, and customs of a society during a specific time period.
cultural
A source that is a trustworthy authority on a subject is a ________ source.
credible
A summary of an informational text must show the relationship between the author’s viewpoint and the
information presented.

This suffragette coin stands for all those who fought for the right to vote. Recent objects have been about nineteenth-century mass production and mass consumption – this one is about the rise of mass political engagement.

To add emphasis to the idea that this object is different than other recent objects discussed, an audio version of this text could have a pause

before “this one is about.”

All European visitors were struck by the Oba’s position as both the spiritual and the secular head of the kingdom, and the Benin brass plaques are principally concerned with praising him.

What context clue provides an antonym for the word secular?

“spiritual”

Among the upper classes, tea had been popular since before 1700. It received celebrity endorsement from Charles II’s queen, Catherine of Braganza, and from Queen Anne. It came from China, it was expensive, refreshingly bitter and drunk in tiny cups without milk or sugar. People kept their tea in locked tea caddies, as if it were a drug; for those who could afford it, it often was. In the 1750s Samuel Johnson confessed himself a happy addict:

A hardened and shameless tea drinker, who has for twenty years diluted his meals with only the infusion of this fascinating plant, whose kettle scarcely has time to cool, who with Tea amuses the evening, with Tea solaces the midnights, and with Tea welcomes the morning.

Which is the best summary of this excerpt?

The author explains how tea was popular among the upper class. He quotes Samuel Johnson to illustrate its popularity.
Which sentence must be revised to eliminate a split infinitive?
Emily loves to noisily and cheerfully make breakfast for her family each day.
Which quotation from A History of the World in 100 Objects best reveals the cultural significance of the Benin plaque?
All European visitors were struck by the Oba’s position as both the spiritual and the secular head of the kingdom, and the Benin brass plaques are principally concerned with praising him.
A writer sometimes chooses to end a sentence with a preposition because doing so makes the sentence more ____________.
clear

Students enrolled in Physics 101 were asked to assemble wooden cars to demonstrate the principles of friction. The cars began as uniform kits, each containing a four-inch block of wood, four wheels, and two metal rods. Students carved, assembled, painted, and embellished their creations. In the end, there was an impressive line-up of mini racers with sleek, sanded bodies. They represented every color of the rainbow, with racing stripes and lightning bolts adorning many.

What is the purpose of the details in the paragraph?

to describe students’ cars to help readers visualize them

Consider the painting entitled L’Ambulance de la Gare de Poitiers by Henri Gervex.

What details can be observed in the painting? Check all that apply.

an unclean floor

injured men

dazed expressions

Which research question would be the most effective in researching the effects of text messaging on adolescents?
Does text messaging affect adolescents’ ability to read and write?
A split infinitive occurs when a word or group of words is inserted ___________ the two parts of an infinitive.
between
Donte is writing a research paper about the gray wolf, an endangered species in the United States. Which is the most effective research question?
How does the decline in numbers of gray wolves affect the ecosystem in the western United States?
When a writer does not know who performed the action in a sentence, the writer can still write a grammatically correct sentence by
using the passive voice.
Which statement best explains how the excerpt exemplifies Elizabethan drama?
Political power is discussed.
What line from Act III of Hamlet supports the conclusion that Claudius fears his own fate?
What if this cursed hand
Were thicker than itself with brother’s blood,
Is there not rain enough in the sweet heavens
To wash it white as snow?
Polonius’s character is complex in the excerpt because
He practices deception.
What phrase suggests that Shakespeare believes his plays should be presented realistically?
The mirror up to nature
What excerpt from Act III of Hamlet supports the conclusion that Hamlet is critical of women?
Hamlet: Is this a prologue, or the posy of a ring?
Ophelia: ‘Tis brief, my lord.
Hamlet: As woman’s love.
What word from the excerpt suggests that Hamlet has hidden motives in showing the play?
Mischief
This excerpt best supports the claim that Hamlet
Hopes to maximize Claudius’s suffering.
Shakespeare’s Hamlet is an example of Elizabethan drama because
Complex characters explore human experiences.
How does the excerpt exemplify Elizabethan drama?
By exploring human emotions
Which statement best explains how the excerpt exemplifies Elizabethan drama?
Political power is discussed.
What line from Act III of Hamlet supports the conclusion that Claudius fears his own fate?
What if this cursed hand
Were thicker than itself with brother’s blood,
Is there not rain enough in the sweet heavens
To wash it white as snow?
Polonius’s character is complex in the excerpt because
He practices deception.
What phrase suggests that Shakespeare believes his plays should be presented realistically?
The mirror up to nature
What excerpt from Act III of Hamlet supports the conclusion that Hamlet is critical of women?
Hamlet: Is this a prologue, or the posy of a ring?
Ophelia: ‘Tis brief, my lord.
Hamlet: As woman’s love.
What word from the excerpt suggests that Hamlet has hidden motives in showing the play?
Mischief
This excerpt best supports the claim that Hamlet
Hopes to maximize Claudius’s suffering.
Shakespeare’s Hamlet is an example of Elizabethan drama because
Complex characters explore human experiences.
How does the excerpt exemplify Elizabethan drama?
By exploring human emotions
In his adaptation of Hamlet, Jonathan Price plays both Hamlet and the ghost. Which methods might Jonathan Price use to make it clear to the audience that he is playing both characters?
A. changing his tone of voice
C. changing his facial expression
D. changing his posture

Read the excerpt from Act III of Hamlet.

Rosencrantz:Never alone
Did the king sigh, but with a general groan.

Claudius:Arm you, I pray you, to this speedy voyage;
For we will fetters put upon this fear,
Which now goes too free-footed.

Rosencrantz and Guildenstern:We will haste us.

What word(s) from the excerpt suggest that Claudius plans to control Hamlet? 2

c
How are Shakespeare’s characters examples of Elizabethan drama? Check all that apply. 3
2,3
What line from Act III of Hamlet supports the conclusion that Shakespeare is critical of actors? 7
b

Read the excerpt from the play within a play in Act III of Hamlet.

Player Queen:O! confound the rest;
Such love must needs be treason in my breast:
In second husband let me be accurst;
None wed the second but who kill’d the first.

Hamlet:[Aside.] Wormwood, wormwood.

Player Queen:The instances that second marriage move,
Are base respects of thrift, but none of love;
A second time I kill my husband dead,
When second husband kisses me in bed.

This excerpt best supports the claim that Hamlet 8

c

Which statement best describes why King Claudius is a complex character in Act III of Hamlet?

9

a
How does an adaptation where the ghost and Hamlet are played by the same actor differ from an adaptation where the ghost and Hamlet are played by two separate actors?
D. By having the same actor play both parts, the two characters become one and Hamlet’s madness is confirmed.

Read the excerpt from Act III of Hamlet.

Hamlet: To be, or not to be: that is the question:
Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,
And by opposing end them? To die: to sleep;
No more; and, by a sleep to say we end
The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks
That flesh is heir to, ’tis a consummation
Devoutly to be wish’d. To die, to sleep;
To sleep: perchance to dream: ay, there’s the rub;
For in that sleep of death what dreams may come
When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,
Must give us pause

In his adaptation of this excerpt, Laurence Olivier uses high cliffs as a background and he holds onto a knife. What effect do these choices have?

D. These choices emphasize the fact that Hamlet is considering taking his own life.

In a well-known adaptation of Hamlet, one actor plays both Hamlet and the ghost. What is the effect of this adaptation?
B. It emphasizes the idea that the ghost is not real, but rather imagined by Hamlet.

Read the excerpt from Act III of Hamlet.

Hamlet: To be, or not to be: that is the question:
Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,
And by opposing end them? To die: to sleep;
No more; and, by a sleep to say we end
The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks
That flesh is heir to, ’tis a consummation
Devoutly to be wish’d. To die, to sleep;
To sleep: perchance to dream: ay, there’s the rub;
For in that sleep of death what dreams may come
When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,
Must give us pause.

Which of these adaptations of the excerpt is most likely to portray Hamlet as worried and thoughtful?

B. The actor playing Hamlet speaks slowly and deliberately, weighing the meaning of every word as he goes along.

Read the excerpt from Act III of Hamlet.

To sleep: perchance to dream: ay, there’s the rub;
For in that sleep of death what dreams may come
When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,
Must give us pause.

What does Hamlet mean by “shuffled off this mortal coil”?
A. dying

Read the excerpt from Act III of Hamlet.

To die, to sleep;
To sleep: perchance to dream: ay, there’s the rub;
For in that sleep of death what dreams may come
When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,
Must give us pause.

Based on this section of the soliloquy, which best describes Hamlet’s view of death?

B. He is uncertain about what will happen in the afterlife.

Which factors should be considered when evaluating whether an adaptation is a success? Check all that apply.
B. the particular choices made in the adaptation
D. the effects of the choices made in the adaptation
E. why the choices made in the adaptation are effective
What is the effect of Hamlet’s use of metaphors in this excerpt?
It establishes that Hamlet suffers hardships.
What is the effect of the figurative language used in this excerpt? Check all that apply.
1. It shows Hamlet’s indecision.
2. It shows Hamlet’s confusion.
3. It shows Hamlet’s idleness.
Which of these lines is a metaphor?
Which done, she took the fruits of my advice;
Which of these lines uses a simile to make a comparison?
A dull and muddy-mettled rascal, peak,
Like John-a-dreams, unpregnant of my cause,
In this excerpt, Hamlet compares Denmark to a prison. Which statement best describes the effect of this metaphor?
It indicates that Hamlet feels trapped.
Which is a metaphor?
Their eyes purging thick amber and plum-tree gum
Which of these lines uses a simile to make a comparison? Check all that apply.
1. Must, like a w****, unpack my heart with words,
2. And fall a-cursing, like a very drab,
What does the excerpt about Hecuba suggest about her state of mind?
She is deeply distraught by the sight of her murdered husband
In this excerpt, Rosencrantz compares himself and Guildenstern to indifferent children. Which statement best describes the effect of this simile?
It shows that Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are innocent characters.
Which excerpt from Hamlet, Act I, Scene i is a stage direction?
Enter to him BERNARDO.
What is the main purpose of Horatio’s speech?
To inform the audience of the events leading up to this point
In Hamlet, Act I, Scene i, which character does Shakespeare use most to create suspense?
Ghost
In a drama, how do audiences learn about a character? Check all that apply
a) Through the character’s own words
b) Through what other characters say
c) Through the actions the character takes
d) Through the way others behave toward the character
What best describes characterization?
The way a character is presented and developed
In Hamlet, Act I, Scene ii, which dramatic convention does Shakespeare employ most?
He introduces a major conflict.
In this excerpt, Hamlet characterizes his mother as
Fickle
Which is the best description of how Gertrude is characterized in this passage?
Gertrude is critical of her son’s continued mourning and urges him to move on.
What do Marcellus’s and Horatio’s characterization of the ghost imply?
The something bad is going on
The aside reveals to the audience Hamlet’s
Dislike of Claudius
Shakespeare portrays Hamlet as a man who falls from a high status, which makes Hamlet an example of a(n) __________.
Tragic hero
Which are structural elements that are unique to dramas? Check all that apply.
1. Acts
2. Scenes
3. Stage directions
Hamlet, Act I, Scene i contains suspense because it
Has plot twists and unresolved questions.

At the time, women were required to be utterly subservient to men, given limited education and career choices, and subjected to stringent rules of etiquette and dress. Queen Elizabeth herself is quoted as saying: “Better beggar woman and single than Queen and married.” Elizabeth remained single throughout her life because marrying would have meant giving up her autonomy as monarch. The fact that even the queen had to take such measures to protect her access to self-governance illustrates the harsh plight of upper-class women of the time.

According to the passage, of all the areas of an Elizabethan woman’s life, the one that was most responsible for the woman’s lack of independence was .

marriage

Sometimes guests brought their own knives and spoons, and sometimes they were furnished by the host. If not eating something soft or soupy that required a spoon, people ate with their fingers, using their knives only to take food from the main serving platter and to cut it when necessary. The knife was placed on the right side of the trencher, and the bread was on the left. Cups were not placed on the table. If a guest wanted a drink, he or she would ask a servant, who would bring them a cup that was kept on a side table or sometimes in a cool bath of water. When the guest finished drinking, they would return the cup to the servant, who would rinse it out, making it ready for the next guest.

Based on the explicit and implicit information from the passage, the reader can infer that

tableware was rarer in Elizabethan times than it is today.

Gold-paneled ballrooms with crystal chandeliers. Dashing knights and handsome lords bowing at the knees of elegant ladies. And the loveliest part of all? The ladies themselves, bedecked in ornate gowns, drinking from jeweled goblets before gracing the gentlemen with dances.

Now read the passage from a paper on time travel.

Any time traveler must consider visiting Elizabethan England. There are beautiful castles, gorgeous outfits to wear, and decadent food to eat. The wonders abound!

The most accurate comparison of the two texts is that both

persuade the reader of the delights of Elizabethan England.

It seems strange for your Serene Highness to write that you understand from your brother and your ambassadors that we have entirely determined not to marry an absent husband; and that we shall give you no certain reply until we shall have seen your person.

In the passage, Elizabeth appeals to the Prince of Sweden’s

credibility

Highborn Elizabethan women lived difficult, suffocating lives with many rules and few choices.

In the sentence, the writer describes

the central idea.

Queen Elizabeth thinks Erik of Sweden is needlessly vain.

Which sentence from Response to Erik of Sweden is the best textual evidence for Ethan to use to support his inference?

But that we are not to give you an answer until we have seen your person is so far from the thing itself that we never even considered such a thing.
Anita was instructed to summarize Elizabethan Women. In order to do so, she should make sure the language she uses in her summary is
objective.

The Elizabethan era, the years between 1558-1603 when Elizabeth I reigned as Queen of England, is known for its emphasis on courtly manners. The most esteemed book on the subject was Castiglione’s The Book of the Courtier, also referred to as The Courtier. The Courtier was translated from its original Italian into English in 1561, and its rules were carefully followed by the highest-ranking courtiers of the day.

According to the passage, society first began to closely follow etiquette rules when

Elizabeth I started her reign as Queen of England.

Next, the salt cellar was placed on the table. The cellar, or container, for the salt was decorative, and the main adornment for most tables. It occupied a place of honor, and as such, the placement of the salt also determined where guests sat, with the host and his or her most honored guests on one side and guests of lesser importance on the other. Therefore, no one sat down until the salt cellar, also simply called “the salt,” was placed.

All guests would be led into the dining hall, in order of their importance. The lord, or host, would sit at the head of the table, with the most honored guests on the right and the least honored on the left. Guests would always wash their hands prior to beginning the meal, and grace was said before the food was served.

when the attendees arrived

when the grace was said

when the salt cellar was placed

when the guests washed their hands

If you happened to be a lord or lady in the court of Queen Elizabeth I, one way that you would occupy your time might be learning the plethora of etiquette rules so complex that one would have to memorize them as people today might memorize the lyrics to their favorite songs.

The main topic of the passage is

Elizabethan manners.

Although Queen Elizabeth is polite, she also seems a bit annoyed. For example, she says, “It seems strange for your Serene Highness to write that you understand from your brother and your ambassadors that we have entirely determined not to marry an absent husband; and that we shall give you no certain reply until we shall have seen your person.”

By including the quote, Sophie is

using textual evidence to support her inference.
Which sentence from Response to Erik of Sweden best summarizes Queen Elizabeth’s purpose for writing the letter?
And that indeed does not happen because we doubt in any way of your love and honour, but, as often we have testified both in words and writing, that we have never yet conceived a feeling of that kind of affection towards anyone.
Which question should writers ask in order to consider their audience?
Who will read my writing?

For I assure you (what credit my assurance may have with you, I cannot tell, but what credit it shall deserve to have, the sequel shall declare) I will never in that matter conclude any thing that shall be prejudicial to the realm. For the weal, good and safety whereof, I will never shun to spend my life.

Which excerpt from Queen Elizabeth’s Address to the Troops at Tilbury shares the common purpose of persuading her audience that she is willing to do what is best for England?

I am come amongst you, as you see, at this time, not for my recreation and disport, but being resolved in the midst and heat of the battle, to live or die among you all.

Food is valuable in Elizabethan England, far more so than in the modern world. A flock of 180 sheep is worth more than the average detached house. The difficulties of transportation mean that the food supply depends heavily on what grows locally and how much surplus is available. It also depends on the season. Harvest is obviously a time of much grain and fruit.

Which ideas are implicitly stated in the excerpt? Check all that apply.

Not many Elizabethans ate exotic fruit.

Food was more scarce during the winter months.

More people had food during harvest season.

The purpose of adding relevant evidence to a paragraph is to
support a point.

The realm shall not remain destitute of any heir that may be a fit governour, and peradventure more beneficial to the realm, than such offspring as may come of me: For though I be never so careful of your well-doing, and mind ever so to be, yet may my issue grow out of kind, and become perhaps ungracious.

What is Queen Elizabeth’s purpose in this excerpt?

to persuade Parliament that the method of choosing successors to the throne based simply on birthright needs to be revised

In 1587 Thomas Kyd produces The Spanish Tragedy, and soon afterward Christopher Marlowe brings out the first part of Tamburlaine the Great. . . . They employ new verse forms, allowing different spoken rhythms, and compose bold speeches with greater resonance and meaning. The new conceptual framework of a revenge tragedy in particular allows them to portray powerful emotions voiced by strong characters. Suddenly it is possible to show so much more passion on the stage.

What was the most direct cause of the more passionate performances?

the new verse forms and conceptual framework

At the end of the day, the dusk was filled by the coyote’s haunting call.

Which revision puts the sentence in the active voice while maintaining the meaning?

At the end of the day, the coyote’s haunting call filled the dusk.
Which sentence is an example of an objective summary?
Modern medicine has changed dramatically since the 1500s.

In The Time Traveler’s Guide to Elizabethan England, Mortimer helps readers relate to how deadly the plague was. He uses specific, clear examples to make his points, such as in the following example.

Which is the best evidence to add to the passage to support the writer’s point?

An estimated 250,000 people died during the epidemic.
Which excerpts from Queen Elizabeth’s Address to the Troops at Tilbury rely on a rhetorical appeal to ethos to persuade soldiers that she is a capable commander? Check all that apply.

I do not desire to live to distrust.

I have the heart and stomach of a king.

I myself will be your general, judge, and rewarder.

I am come amongst you, as you see, at this time.

Elizabethan people suffer from some afflictions that no longer exist in modern England. Plague is the obvious example but it is by no means the only one. Sweating sickness kills tens of thousands of people on its first appearance in 1485 and periodically thereafter. It is a terrifying disease because sufferers die within hours. It doesn’t return after a particularly bad outbreak in 1556 but people do not know whether it has gone for good; they still fear it, and it continues to be part of the medical landscape for many years.

How does the paragraph develop the central idea that Elizabethans suffered from diseases that are unfamiliar to modern readers?

It provides the example of sweating sickness.
The hotel lobby with fans hoping for an autograph as soon as word spreads that the movie star is staying in the penthouse.
will flood

If you are hungry, you might feel inclined to turn to poaching. But be careful: this is risky. Taking livestock is theft, and theft is a felony which carries the death sentence. Killing wild animals that live on another man’s land is also against the law; even taking a single fish from a river can result in a fine of a shilling or more. It is unlikely that you will be hanged for taking a wild animal such as a rabbit; but, even so, you will get a fine amounting to three times the value of the animal as well as three months in prison, and you will have to enter into a bond to guarantee your good behavior in the future; a second offense will be treated more harshly. If a gamekeeper attacks you and you defend yourself, you can be charged with assault. You may find yourself on the gallows if you injure him.

Which detail from the text best supports the inference that farm animals were very valuable in Elizabethan England?

Taking livestock is theft, and theft is a felony which carries the death sentence.
Which correctly evaluates Shakespeare’s use of theme in the passage?
When Claudius uses flattery to convince Laertes to kill Hamlet, Shakespeare emphasizes the theme “Pride leads to downfall.”
What is the meaning of the underlined phrase?
It’s twelve o’clock.
What is the most likely reason Shakespeare repeats “great” and “greatly”?
Shakespeare capitalizes on the multiple meanings of “great” to help emphasize Hamlet’s point.
By viewing this excerpt through a historical lens, the reader can conclude that Shakespeare uses the promise of violence to
keep his audience engaged.
The way Hamlet changes over the course of the play is called .
character development
Which conclusion about Claudius does the excerpt support?
He is not a popular king.
Which passage from Hamlet, Act II, Scene i is an example of setting?
A Room in POLONIUS’ House.
What is the most likely reason Shakespeare included this passage?
He introduces the conflict between Ophelia and Hamlet, thereby adding suspense and advancing the plot.
Based on the passage, which best describes how Laertes feels about his father’s death?
anxious to avenge his father’s death
To view the excerpt through a historical lens, which questions should the reader ask? Check all that apply.

How does the structure of the text help the audience to understand the situation with Fortinbras?

What beliefs were common during this period that make the appearance of a ghost believable to the audience?

What major political events occurred that the audience can compare to the politics in the scene?

Shakespeare makes allusions to the great rulers Alexander and Caesar to
emphasize that everyone eventually dies.
Which phrase from the excerpt best reflects Hamlet’s state of mind?
How weary, stale,
When a reader the choices in the various versions of Hamlet, he or she is assessing the quality of them.
evaluates
With its focus on the worldly theme of proper dating behavior, this excerpt provides an example of
Elizabethan drama.
Which accurately and objectively summarizes the theme that is developed by Hamlet’s thought process in this passage?
The truth will set you free.
When Hamlet refers to Ophelia as a nymph, this is an example of a(n) .
allusion
Based on the context of the excerpt, the best definition of larded is
“filled.”
Shakespeare included this plot event to help show that Gertrude has changed from
happy to remorseful.
When viewed through a formalist lens, the point of Shakespeare’s structure is to
emphasize Hamlet’s indecision that recurs throughout the play.
To make the First Player a complex character, Shakespeare would need to make him
change over time.
Which phrase from the excerpt most adds a tone of self-loathing to the speech?
And enterprises of great pith and moment
What does this passage indicate about Gertrude?
Gertrude’s dialogue shows her sense of urgency and desperation, proving that she is truly worried about Hamlet.
When a reader studies the combined effect of similes, metaphors, and allusions in Hamlet, the reader is analyzing the choices.
language
Which analysis is most justified by the excerpt?
As the play draws to a close, Hamlet still has not conquered his fear of death.
The student identified a
theme.
-A series of events develop the plot’s central conflict.
-Suspense builds gradually as the plot progresses.
>Which statements describe the rising action of a tragedy’s plot?
-Hamlet wants to kill Claudius, but he wants to be sure Claudius will suffer.
>Which statement best describes Hamlet’s complexity in the excerpt?
-His erratic behavior confuses his friend.
>Hamlet’s character is complex in the excerpt because
-A visit from his deceased father.
>In Shakespeare’s Hamlet, what plot event prompts Hamlet to become suspicious and resentful?
-Polonius is sacrificing his daughter to trick Hamlet.
>In the excerpt, Hamlet calls Polonius Jephthah, after the priest in the Old Testament who sacrifices his daughter to God. What does this allusion suggest about Polonius’s treatment of Ophelia?
-Although she is queen, Gertrude is caught between her powerful husband and bitter son.
>Which statement is a feminist analysis of these lines?
-Which words does the actor emphasize?
-What gestures and movements does the actor make?
-What emotions does the actor convey?
>What should audience members ask themselves when they evaluate how an actor interprets a character?
-Diction
>To analyze tone, the reader should study word choice, which is also called
-Time period it was written in
>Historical criticism considers a text’s relationship to the
-The character experiences a variety of human emotions.
-The character possesses a complex personality.
-The character grows or develops over the course of a play.
>Which ideas describe a round character?
-In contrast to Gertrude, Hecuba is the ideal image of a grieving widow.
>Which statement best explains why Shakespeare alludes to Hecuba throughout Act II, Scene ii of Hamlet?
-How do the parts of the text relate to the whole?
>Which question is most likely asked by a reader analyzing a text through a formalist lens?
-Become a tragic hero and the story will have an unhappy ending.
>By evaluating the dramatic conventions in the excerpt, the reader can conclude that Hamlet will
-He is distraught and unsure.
>What does this part of the soliloquy reveal about Hamlet?
-Cautious
>Shakespeare’s word choice in the passage creates a tone that is

His neck is completely invisible – a series of large rings runs from his shoulders right the way up to his lower lip. In his right hand he holds up a ceremonial axe. To either side kneel two high-court functionaries, dressed very like the Oba, but with plainer headdresses and fewer neck-rings. They wear belts hung with small crocodile heads, the emblem of those authorized to conduct business with Europeans – and the heads and shoulders of two tiny Europeans can be seen floating in the background.

Which details are evident in both the excerpt and the image? Check all that apply.

ceremonial jewelry

government leaders

European traders

Which best describes a change an adaptation would make if Hamlet was set in modern times? 4
c

Read the excerpt from Act III of Hamlet.

Polonius: . . . [To OPHELIA.] Read on this book;
That show of such an exercise may colour
Your loneliness.

Which adaptation of this excerpt best indicates a change in time period?

a
in his adaptation of Hamlet, Jonathan Price plays both Hamlet and the ghost. Which methods might Jonathan Price use to make it clear to the audience that he is playing both characters? 8
1,3,4
What does Hamlet mean when he refers to the “pangs of dispriz’d love”? 9
d

Read the excerpt from Act III of Hamlet.

Thus conscience does make cowards of us all;
And thus the native hue of resolution
Is sicklied o’er with the pale cast of thought,
And enterprises of great pith and moment
With this regard their currents turn awry,
And lose the name of action

Which word does Hamlet use to describe those who choose to live? 6

Read the excerpt from Act III of Hamlet.

. . . who would fardels bear,
To grunt and sweat under a weary life,
But that the dread of something after death,
The undiscover’d country from whose bourn
No traveller returns, puzzles the will,
And makes us rather bear those ills we have
Than fly to others that we know not of?

Which words does Hamlet use to describe the afterlife?

b
How does an adaptation where the ghost and Hamlet are played by the same actor differ from an adaptation where the ghost and Hamlet are played by two separate actors?
d

Read the excerpt from Act III of Hamlet.

To die, to sleep;
To sleep: perchance to dream: ay, there’s the rub;
For in that sleep of death what dreams may come
When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,
Must give us pause.

Based on this section of the soliloquy, which best describes Hamlet’s view of death?

b

Read the excerpt from Act III of Hamlet.

Hamlet: To be, or not to be: that is the question:
Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,
And by opposing end them? To die: to sleep;
No more; and, by a sleep to say we end
The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks
That flesh is heir to, ’tis a consummation
Devoutly to be wish’d. To die, to sleep;
To sleep: perchance to dream: ay, there’s the rub;
For in that sleep of death what dreams may come
When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,
Must give us pause

In his adaptation of this excerpt, Laurence Olivier uses high cliffs as a background and he holds onto a knife. What effect do these choices have?

d
In a well-known adaptation of Hamlet, one actor plays both Hamlet and the ghost. What is the effect of this adaptation?
b
A performance of a play with changes in important elements, such as scenery, language, and ethnicity of characters, is called an .
adaptation
Which factors should be considered when evaluating whether an adaptation is a success? Check all that apply.
2,4,5

Read the excerpt from Act III of Hamlet.

Polonius: . . . [To OPHELIA.] Read on this book;
That show of such an exercise may colour
Your loneliness.

Which adaptation of this excerpt best indicates a change in time period?

a

Read the excerpt from Act III of Hamlet.

To sleep: perchance to dream: ay, there’s the rub;
For in that sleep of death what dreams may come
When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,
Must give us pause.

What does Hamlet mean by “shuffled off this mortal coil”?

a

Take a look at these images from Sir Laurence Olivier’s adaptation of Hamlet.

What effect do these images have on Olivier’s adaptation of Hamlet?

b

Preparation is the key to success when hiking. Hikers must research weather conditions and wear appropriate layers of clothing to avoid discomfort. Also, hikers must chart their course to confirm the availability of suitable trails. When packing, hike participants should select ample food and water for their adventure. Finally, phones and other communication devices should be charged and ready for emergencies.

What is the purpose of the details in the paragraph?

Not: to describe hikers’ packs to help readers visualize them

Try: to develop the central idea of hiking preparedness

My grandmother taught me to appreciate architecture. She grew up in Greece and photographed ancient ruins in her youth. She told me that people do not build things of beauty the way they used to, and her favorite example was Greek Ionic columns. As an architecture student today, I wonder if I will ever create anything as beautiful as these.

Which image would best enhance the paragraph?

a picture of Ionic columns

Many wild theories were put forward. It was thought that the plaques must have come from ancient Egypt, or perhaps that the people of Benin were one of the lost tribes of Israel. Or the sculptures must have derived from European influence (after all, these were the contemporaries of Michelangelo, Donatello and Cellini). But research quickly established that the Benin plaques were entirely West African creations, made without European influence. The Europeans had to revisit, and to overhaul, their assumptions of easy cultural superiority.

Which central idea is best supported by the details in the excerpt?

The Benin plaques challenged Europeans’ beliefs about West Africa.

Whatever the real facts, the British, in ostensible revenge for the killing, organized a punitive expedition which raided Benin City, exiled the Oba and created the protectorate of Southern Nigeria.

Based on the context clues, what is the meaning of the word punitive in the passage?

designed to inflict punishment

The Portuguese galleons, cutting out all the middlemen and able to carry much bigger cargoes, offered a totally new kind of trading opportunity. They and their Dutch and English competitors, who followed later in the sixteenth century, carried gold and ivory to Europe and in return brought commodities from all over the world that were greatly valued by the Oba’s court, including coral from the Mediterranean, cowry shells from the Indian Ocean to serve as money, cloth from the Far East and, from Europe itself, larger quantities of brass than had ever before reached West Africa. This was the raw material from which the Benin plaques were made.

Which central idea is best supported by the details in the excerpt?

The Benin people had access to the riches of the world through trade.
Which sentence best establishes visual details?
Each painting is a towering portrait of a town founder depicted in bold acrylic.

Our object is one of those lower-cost chronometers, made in 1800 by Thomas Earnshaw. It is made of brass and is around the size of a large pocket watch, with a normal clock dial showing roman numerals and a smaller dial at the bottom for the second hand. The clock is suspended inside a swivelling brass ring fitted to the inside of a wooden box – this is the key to keeping the chronometer level even in an unsteady ship.

Which details from the excerpt help readers visualize the chronometer? Check all that apply.

“around the size of a large pocket watch”

“with a normal clock dial showing roman numerals”

“suspended inside a swivelling brass ring”

It was not until around 1800 that two London clockmakers managed to simplify the chronometer mechanisms so that virtually any ship – and certainly the larger ships of the Royal Navy – could carry them as routine equipment.

Which statement best describes how the image reinforces the text?

The photograph enhances the explanation of the updated chronometer.

As a maritime nation, the British were concerned with one problem in particular: they could make clocks that kept very good time as long as they stayed perfectly still but not when they were shaken about, and particularly not on board a rolling ship. If you wanted to sail, it was impossible to keep a precise record of time.

Based on the context clues, what is the meaning of the word maritime in the passage?

bordering the sea; nautical

Read the excerpt from “Benin Plaque: The Oba with Europeans.”

The Portuguese galleons, cutting out all the middlemen and able to carry much bigger cargoes, offered a totally new kind of trading opportunity. They and their Dutch and English competitors, who followed later in the sixteenth century, carried gold and ivory to Europe and in return brought commodities from all over the world that were greatly valued by the Oba’s court, including coral from the Mediterranean, cowry shells from the Indian Ocean to serve as money, cloth from the Far East and, from Europe itself, larger quantities of brass than had ever before reached West Africa. This was the raw material from which the Benin plaques were made.

Which central idea is best supported by the details in the excerpt?

The Benin people had access to the riches of the world through trade.

Read the excerpt from “Ship’s Chronometer from HMS Beagle.”

As a maritime nation, the British were concerned with one problem in particular: they could make clocks that kept very good time as long as they stayed perfectly still but not when they were shaken about, and particularly not on board a rolling ship. If you wanted to sail, it was impossible to keep a precise record of time.

Based on the context clues, what is the meaning of the word maritime in the passage?

bordering the sea; nautical

Read the excerpt from “Benin Plaque: The Oba with Europeans.”

His neck is completely invisible – a series of large rings runs from his shoulders right the way up to his lower lip. In his right hand he holds up a ceremonial axe. To either side kneel two high-court functionaries, dressed very like the Oba, but with plainer headdresses and fewer neck-rings. They wear belts hung with small crocodile heads, the emblem of those authorized to conduct business with Europeans – and the heads and shoulders of two tiny Europeans can be seen floating in the background.

(PICTURE OF MONKEY LOKKY THINGS LOL)

Which details are evident in both the excerpt and the image? Check all that apply.

NOT JUST THESE 3 OR THESE AT ALL!!!!!
-ceremonial jewelry
-European traders
-period architecture

Read the excerpt from “Benin Plaque: The Oba with Europeans” and consider the accompanying photo.

There are several hundred Benin plaques now in European and American museums, and they offer us a remarkable picture of the structure of this West African kingdom. Their main subject is the glorification of the Oba and of his prowess as a hunter and soldier, but they also tell us how the people of Benin saw their first European trading partners.

(PICTURE OF THINGS HANGING UP)

Which statement best describes how the image reinforces the text?

The image adds interest to the text by offering a glimpse of the plaques.

Read the excerpt from “Ship’s Chronometer from HMS Beagle.”

Our object is one of those lower-cost chronometers, made in 1800 by Thomas Earnshaw. It is made of brass and is around the size of a large pocket watch, with a normal clock dial showing roman numerals and a smaller dial at the bottom for the second hand. The clock is suspended inside a swivelling brass ring fitted to the inside of a wooden box – this is the key to keeping the chronometer level even in an unsteady ship.

Which details from the excerpt help readers visualize the chronometer? Check all that apply.

-“around the size of a large pocket watch”
-“with a normal clock dial showing roman numerals”
-“suspended inside a swivelling brass ring”
What type of context clue offers information about the function, features, or appearance of an unfamiliar word?
explanation

Read the excerpt from “Ship’s Chronometer from HMS Beagle” and consider the accompanying photo.

It was not until around 1800 that two London clockmakers managed to simplify the chronometer mechanisms so that virtually any ship – and certainly the larger ships of the Royal Navy – could carry them as routine equipment.

(PICTURE OF OLD CLOCKS)

Which statement best describes how the image reinforces the text?

The photograph enhances the explanation of the updated chronometer.
What type of context clue offers a word with the same meaning as an unfamiliar word?
synonym

Consider the paragraph and image.

In the early 1900s, a handy invention lightened laundry loads by squeezing water out of garments. Homemakers could attach a clothes wringer to a bucket with built-in vice clamps and crank individual pieces of laundry through two sturdy rollers.

How does the image enhance the paragraph?

by reinforcing the description of the clothes wringer

Read the passage.

Hanna and Ai-Lin had to wait in line for three hours to buy concert tickets. Then, they had to park a mile away and wait for forty five minutes to get into the stadium. Over one thousand people attended the concert!

To correct the punctuation error in the passage, the writer should hyphenate

c

Read the sentence.

We’re not sure if the tickets are for the preview night, the opening night, this weekend or next week.

Which best describes the punctuation error in the sentence?

d
A is used to connect words or word parts.
hyphen
Which types of punctuation can be used to set off a nonrestrictive element in a sentence? Check all that apply.
1,2,4
When separating items in a list, a writer should
d

Read the sentence.

We could choose one of three ice cream flavors that had strawberries: cherries; and blueberries; chocolate chips: peanut butter, and fudge; or almonds: walnuts and pecans.

What is the correct way to revise the punctuation in the sentence?

a

Read the sentence.

Michael Jordan, the basketball player, won six championships for the Chicago Bulls.

The commas are used correctly in the sentence because the underlined element is

b
A list should be introduced with a colon when the list is preceded by 3
b
Where in the sentence should the writer add a hyphen? 4
b
How should the writer punctuate the underlined nonrestrictive clause in order to emphasize it?
d
When items in a list already contain commas, the writer should separate the items in the list using 9
d
Which sentence contains a list that is punctuated correctly?
b
When a descriptive word, phrase, or clause is essential to the meaning of a sentence, that element is
d

Read the sentence.

The entire first period class agreed that yesterday’s algebra homework which the teacher assigned was a really fun challenge.

How should the writer revise the punctuation in the sentence so that it is grammatically correct?

c