English 12-A, Part 3: a Modest Proposal, Jonathan Swift

When developing the paragraphs in an essay, why should the writer include information about sources for all quoted information?
to avoid plagiarism
The _________ in an essay should contain the essay’s topic and viewpoint.
thesis
Read the paragraph Miguel is developing for the body of his essay.

Producers stay with a film from inception through completion. The producers find financing for the film. They make sure the film stays on schedule. They approve the completed film.

To improve the paragraph, the Miguel should add

transitions.
If there are errors in the mechanics of an essay, the writer should revise the essay’s
grammar.
Which sentences begin with a transition? Check all that apply.
-In conclusion, it is important to allow ample time for editing.
-Consequently, all projects must contain detailed citations.
-For instance, the average airspeed of birds is unexpected.
Read an excerpt from an article that Max is using to provide evidence for his paper on filmmaking.

Filmmaking can be broken down into three phases. The preproduction phase includes things such as securing financing for the film, writing the script, scouting locations, and hiring cast and crew. In the production phase the actual recording of the video and audio takes place. This phase also includes things such as setting up cameras, electricity, lights, and sound. Makeup, costume, and set designers are on hand during this phase as well. Finally, during the postproduction phase, the film is edited, sound and visual effects are inserted, and a music score is added.

Max wants to organize this information into a table with three columns. Which is the best way to sort the information?

preproduction, production, postproduction
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Read the body paragraph from an essay on sound effects in film.

Stretch a piece of waxed paper until it’s taut. Next, place it in front of the microphone. Then, pour uncooked rice onto the paper. This results in a sizzling sound that can be used for cooking on a hot stove or frying bacon.

To provide a smooth transition at the beginning of the paragraph, what is the most effective sentence to add?

For example, it’s easy to create a sizzling sound.
When most people think of movie careers, they think of actors or directors. But the film industry has a multitude of career opportunities available in all stages of the film production process. Of these, visual effects is one of the most creative and exciting fields. The visual effects field has exploded in importance and offers opportunities for both technical and creative expression.

What is the best place to put this paragraph in an essay?

the introduction
1. In conclusion, of all the possible careers in film, the producer’s job is the one that’s really cool. 2. Among its many prerequisites, the job of the producer requires creativity, leadership, and communication skills, along with superior organizational skills. 3. It’ll keep you on your toes, that’s for sure.

Which is the best peer evaluation of the conclusion?

The mechanics and organization are good, but sentences 1 and 3 should be edited to achieve a formal style and objective tone.
In an essay written in a formal style, what kind of tone should the writing have?
objective
Which are appropriate for a writer to include in a conclusion? Check all that apply.
1. a compelling quotation
2. a thought-provoking question
4. a speculation about future research
Read the paragraph Miguel is developing for the body of his essay.

Producers stay with a film from inception through completion. The producers find financing for the film. They make sure the film stays on schedule. They approve the completed film.

To improve the paragraph, the Miguel should add

D. transitions.

Which sentences begin with a transition? Check all that apply
1. In conclusion, it is important to allow ample time for editing.
4. Consequently, all projects must contain detailed citations.
5. For instance, the average airspeed of birds is unexpected.
When developing the paragraphs in an essay, why should the writer include information about sources for all quoted information?
A. to avoid plagiarism
Read an excerpt from an article that Max is using to provide evidence for his paper on filmmaking.

Filmmaking can be broken down into three phases. The preproduction phase includes things such as securing financing for the film, writing the script, scouting locations, and hiring cast and crew. In the production phase the actual recording of the video and audio takes place. This phase also includes things such as setting up cameras, electricity, lights, and sound. Makeup, costume, and set designers are on hand during this phase as well. Finally, during the postproduction phase, the film is edited, sound and visual effects are inserted, and a music score is added.

Max wants to organize this information into a table with three columns. Which is the best way to sort the information?

C. preproduction, production, postproduction

Read the prompt for Alina’s paper.

Write an informative essay explaining the evolution of communication technology, from the invention of the telephone to the modern use of communication devices.

The best way for Alina to gather evidence to develop her paper is to research the

B. communications devices available over the last century.

If there are errors in the mechanics of an essay, the writer should revise the essay’s
A. grammar.
Read the sentence.

Before attempting to undertake a career in the film industry, it’s important to investigate the skills and qualifications required, as one should with any job.

To put the sentence in formal style, which is the best revision to make?

B. changing “it’s” to “it is”

Read the body paragraphs from an essay on sound effects in film.

1. Here comes the fun part. You get to use all those props to create sound effects. So start breaking that celery and crunching that cellophane!

2. You’ll need to be prepared before you start recording. Planning ahead is crucial. Make a list of everything in the film scene that could make a noise, whether it’s a piece of clothing rustling or a bunch of leaves skittering.

3. Now that you’ve got your list, it’s time to assemble your “noisemakers.” You can find useful information online for what to use to make the best sounds. For example, to make the sound of walking on snow, you put corn starch in a leather pouch.

What is the most logical way to organize these body paragraphs?

D. 2, 3, 1

Read an excerpt from an article on filmmaking.

Filmmaking can be broken down into three phases. The preproduction phase includes things such as securing financing for the film, writing the script, scouting locations, and hiring cast and crew. In the production phase the actual recording of the video and audio takes place. This phase also includes things such as setting up cameras, electricity, lights, and sound. Makeup, costume, and set designers are on hand during this phase as well. Finally, during the postproduction phase, the film is edited, sound and visual effects are inserted, and a music score is added.

Which research paper would this article best support?

D. “Tracking the Intricacies of the Modern Filmmaking Process”

Which are appropriate for a writer to include in a conclusion? Check all that apply.
1. a compelling quotation
2. a thought-provoking question
4. a speculation about future research
Read the paragraph Miguel is developing for the body of his essay.

Producers stay with a film from inception through completion. The producers find financing for the film. They make sure the film stays on schedule. They approve the completed film.

To improve the paragraph, the Miguel should add

D. transitions.

Which sentences begin with a transition? Check all that apply
1. In conclusion, it is important to allow ample time for editing.
4. Consequently, all projects must contain detailed citations.
5. For instance, the average airspeed of birds is unexpected.
When developing the paragraphs in an essay, why should the writer include information about sources for all quoted information?
A. to avoid plagiarism
Read an excerpt from an article that Max is using to provide evidence for his paper on filmmaking.

Filmmaking can be broken down into three phases. The preproduction phase includes things such as securing financing for the film, writing the script, scouting locations, and hiring cast and crew. In the production phase the actual recording of the video and audio takes place. This phase also includes things such as setting up cameras, electricity, lights, and sound. Makeup, costume, and set designers are on hand during this phase as well. Finally, during the postproduction phase, the film is edited, sound and visual effects are inserted, and a music score is added.

Max wants to organize this information into a table with three columns. Which is the best way to sort the information?

C. preproduction, production, postproduction

Read the prompt for Alina’s paper.

Write an informative essay explaining the evolution of communication technology, from the invention of the telephone to the modern use of communication devices.

The best way for Alina to gather evidence to develop her paper is to research the

B. communications devices available over the last century.

If there are errors in the mechanics of an essay, the writer should revise the essay’s
A. grammar.
Read the sentence.

Before attempting to undertake a career in the film industry, it’s important to investigate the skills and qualifications required, as one should with any job.

To put the sentence in formal style, which is the best revision to make?

B. changing “it’s” to “it is”

Read the body paragraphs from an essay on sound effects in film.

1. Here comes the fun part. You get to use all those props to create sound effects. So start breaking that celery and crunching that cellophane!

2. You’ll need to be prepared before you start recording. Planning ahead is crucial. Make a list of everything in the film scene that could make a noise, whether it’s a piece of clothing rustling or a bunch of leaves skittering.

3. Now that you’ve got your list, it’s time to assemble your “noisemakers.” You can find useful information online for what to use to make the best sounds. For example, to make the sound of walking on snow, you put corn starch in a leather pouch.

What is the most logical way to organize these body paragraphs?

D. 2, 3, 1

Read an excerpt from an article on filmmaking.

Filmmaking can be broken down into three phases. The preproduction phase includes things such as securing financing for the film, writing the script, scouting locations, and hiring cast and crew. In the production phase the actual recording of the video and audio takes place. This phase also includes things such as setting up cameras, electricity, lights, and sound. Makeup, costume, and set designers are on hand during this phase as well. Finally, during the postproduction phase, the film is edited, sound and visual effects are inserted, and a music score is added.

Which research paper would this article best support?

D. “Tracking the Intricacies of the Modern Filmmaking Process”

Read the excerpt from the Declaration of Sentiments.

He has compelled her to submit to laws, in the formation of which she had no voice.

He has withheld from her rights which are given to the most ignorant and degraded men—both natives and foreigners.

What ideas are associated with the words compelled and withheld?

B. injustice and oppression

Which citation is correctly formatted using MLA guidelines for a magazine article?
c
Review the MLA citation.

Sanchez, Maria. Suggestions for Accident Prevention. U.S. Department of Transportation, 12 July 2005, Web.

Which statement accurately describes the errors contained in this MLA book citation?

c
Review the citation a student created following MLA guidelines.

Ross, Winston. “Robbery on the Silk Road.” Newsweek. Newsweek, 10 Jan. 2014. 27 Feb. 2014.

This citation is missing the

medium
Read the rough draft of a works cited page.

Works Cited

Gregor, Saul. Harnessing the Wind. Chicago: Skyline Publishing, 1998.

Cayman, Felicia. The Windmill Way. Topeka: Heart of America Press, 2010.

Tudor, Tanya. Off-Shore Sources. Portsmouth: Sunshine House, 2008.

Diaz, Carlos. Alternate Energy. New York: Academic Press, 2003.

Which error must be corrected to follow MLA guidelines?

c
A student has the following information that will be included in a works cited page for a website.

Author: Dori Ulman
Name of Website: Healthy Choices
Organization: U.S. Department of Agriculture
Date of Web Publication: May 25, 2009

What additional information is needed to cite this source in MLA format?

c
Which citation is correctly formatted using MLA guidelines for a book source?
d
Which website citations are formatted correctly? Check all that apply.
2,4,5
Why should a writer include a works cited page in a research paper? Check all that apply.
1,3,4
Read the rough draft of a works cited page.

Works Cited

Gregor, Saul. Harnessing the Wind. Chicago: Skyline Publishing, 1998.

Cayman, Felicia. The Windmill Way. Topeka: Heart of America Press, 2010.

Tudor, Tanya. Off-Shore Sources. Portsmouth: Sunshine House, 2008.

Diaz, Carlos. Alternate Energy. New York: Academic Press, 2003.

What additional information is needed for each book entry to follow MLA guidelines?

a
Use the information in the works cited page to answer the question.

The dates listed in the works cited page indicate

c
Read the excerpt from the Declaration of Independence.

And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the Protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.

Which statement best describes the use of rhetorical appeals in the excerpt?

b
Read the excerpt from the Declaration of Independence.

And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the Protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.

Which statement best describes the use of rhetorical appeals in the excerpt?

b
Which statement uses pathos as a rhetorical appeal?
c
Read the sentence.

Kev’s keen insights and ________ comments impressed the judges throughout the debate.

Which word completes the sentence with the most positive connotations?

b
Read the excerpt from the Declaration of Independence.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government . . .

Which statement best describes the relationship between Jefferson’s diction and his purpose?

b
Which statement uses pathos as a rhetorical appeal?
c
Read the excerpts from historical documents.

From the Declaration of Independence:

. . . all experience hath shown, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed.

From the Declaration of Sentiments:

. . . all experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they were accustomed.

Why do Jefferson and Stanton include these similar excerpts in their documents?

c
Read the excerpt from the Declaration of Independence.

He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws of Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migration hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.

Which words in the excerpt have negative connotations? Check all that apply. Read the sentence.

1, 4,5
Read the sentence.

Kev’s keen insights and ________ comments impressed the judges throughout the debate.

Which word completes the sentence with the most positive connotations?

b
Read the excerpt from the Declaration of Sentiments.

He has compelled her to submit to laws, in the formation of which she had no voice.

He has withheld from her rights which are given to the most ignorant and degraded men—both natives and foreigners.

What ideas are associated with the words compelled and withheld?

b
Read the excerpt from the Declaration of Independence.

Nor have We been wanting in attention to our Brittish brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity.

What is the author’s purpose in this excerpt?

b
Read the excerpt from the Declaration of Independence.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government . . .

Which statement best describes the relationship between Jefferson’s diction and his purpose?

a
Read the excerpt from the Declaration of Sentiments by Elizabeth Cady Stanton.

But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their duty to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security. Such has been the patient sufferance of the women under this government, and such is now the necessity which constrains them to demand the equal station to which they are entitled.

How does Stanton use pathos as a rhetorical appeal?

b
Read the excerpt from the Declaration of Sentiments.

He has made her, morally, an irresponsible being, as she can commit many crimes with impunity, provided they be done in the presence of her husband. In the covenant of marriage, she is compelled to promise obedience to her husband, he becoming, to all intents and purposes, her master—the law giving him power to deprive her of her liberty, and to administer chastisement.

Which statement best describes the relationship between Stanton’s diction and her purpose?

b
Read the excerpts from historical documents.

From the Declaration of Independence:

. . . all experience hath shown, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed.

From the Declaration of Sentiments:

. . . all experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they were accustomed.

Why do Jefferson and Stanton include these similar excerpts in their documents?

C. to acknowledge the difficulty of challenging the status quo

Read the excerpts from historical documents.

From the Declaration of Independence:

For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with Power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.

From the Declaration of Sentiments:

After depriving her of all rights as a married woman, if single, and the owner of property, he has taxed her to support a government which recognizes her only when her property can be made profitable to it.

How are these excerpts similar?

B. Both offer accusations of legal oppression

Read the excerpt from the Declaration of Independence.

Nor have We been wanting in attention to our Brittish brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity.

What is the author’s purpose in this excerpt?

B. to convince readers that Britain has treated the colonists unfairly

Read the excerpt from the Declaration of Independence.

He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws of Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migration hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.

Which words in the excerpt have negative connotations? Check all that apply.
A. prevent
D. obstructing
E. refusing
Read the excerpts from historical documents.

From the Declaration of Independence:

. . . That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.

From the Declaration of Sentiments:

Whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of those who suffer from it to refuse allegiance to it, and to insist upon the institution of a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness.

Why do Jefferson and Stanton include these similar excerpts in their documents?

C. because they are powerful calls to change that define their causes

Read the excerpt from the Declaration of Sentiments by Elizabeth Cady Stanton.

But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their duty to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security. Such has been the patient sufferance of the women under this government, and such is now the necessity which constrains them to demand the equal station to which they are entitled.

How does Stanton use pathos as a rhetorical appeal?

B. by emphasizing the injustices endured by women

Read the excerpt from the Declaration of Independence.

And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the Protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor.

Which statement best describes the use of rhetorical appeals in the excerpt?

B. The excerpt relies on pathos by making strong emotional claims.

Read the excerpt from the Declaration of Sentiments.

He has made her, morally, an irresponsible being, as she can commit many crimes with impunity, provided they be done in the presence of her husband. In the covenant of marriage, she is compelled to promise obedience to her husband, he becoming, to all intents and purposes, her master—the law giving him power to deprive her of her liberty, and to administer chastisement.

Which statement best describes the relationship between Stanton’s diction and her purpose?

B. Stanton uses words with negative connotations to emphasize the persecution of women.

Read the excerpts from historical documents.

From the Declaration of Independence:

We . . . solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved . . .

From the Declaration of Sentiments:

. . . we insist that they have immediate admission to all the rights and privileges which belong to them as citizens of the United States.

How are these excerpts similar?

C. Both state demands

Which statements describe Samuel Johnson’s A Dictionary of the English Language? Check all that apply.
-It includes over forty thousand definitions.
-It includes information about word origins.
-It offers excerpted examples of the words in literature.
Read the sentence from Samuel Johnson’s preface to A Dictionary of the English Language.

I have studiously endeavoured to collect examples and authorities from the writers before the restoration, whose works I regard as the wells of English undefiled, as the pure sources of genuine diction.

Which words in the sentence help readers determine the meaning of the word undefiled?

pure, genuine
Read the excerpt from Samuel Johnson’s A Dictionary of the English Language.

Mádness. n.s. [from mad.]

Distraction; loss of understanding; perturbation of the faculties.

Why, woman, your husband is in his old tunes again: he so rails against all married mankind, so curses all Eve’s daughters, and so buffets himself on the forehead, that any madness I ever yet beheld seemed but tameness and civility to this distemper. Shakesp. Merry Wives of Windsor.

There are degrees of madness as of folly, the disorderly jumbling ideas together, in some more, some less. Locke.

How does this dictionary entry differ from those of earlier dictionaries?

It includes published examples of the word’s use.
At the time of its publication, A Dictionary of the English Language was unique because of its ________.
quotations
Read the excerpt from Samuel Johnson’s preface to A Dictionary of the English Language.

But to COLLECT the WORDS of our language was a task of greater difficulty: the deficiency of dictionaries was immediately apparent; and when they were exhausted, what was yet wanting must be sought by fortuitous and unguided excursions into books, and gleaned as industry should find, or chance should offer it, in the boundless chaos of a living speech. My search, however, has been either skilful or lucky; for I have much augmented the vocabulary.

The excerpt claims that Johnson’s work is significant because he

searched literature and found more words.
Read the excerpts from Samuel Johnson’s preface to A Dictionary of the English Language.

PROGRESS

Which statement best describes the use of the underlined word in the excerpts?

In excerpt 1, it refers to societal advancement, while in excerpt 2, it suggests steps toward a particular goal.
Read the excerpts from Samuel Johnson’s preface to A Dictionary of the English Language.

In both excerpts, the word “structure” refers to the

components, or parts, of words.
Read the excerpts from Samuel Johnson’s preface to A Dictionary of the English Language.

LITERATURE

Which statement best describes Johnson’s treatment of the underlined word?

Johnson uses the word to assert his admiration for published writing.
Which words have positive connotations? Check all that apply.
-luxurious
-elegant
-fashionable
Which word has a negative connotation?
deceptive
Read the sentence from Samuel Johnson’s preface to A Dictionary of the English Language.

It is the fate of those who toil at the lower employments of life, to be rather driven by the fear of evil, than attracted by the prospect of good; to be exposed to censure, without hope of praise.

What is the best definition of the underlined word as it is used in the sentence?

an expression of disapproval or condemnation
Read the excerpt from Samuel Johnson’s preface to A Dictionary of the English Language.

But to COLLECT the WORDS of our language was a task of greater difficulty: the deficiency of dictionaries was immediately apparent; and when they were exhausted, what was yet wanting must be sought by fortuitous and unguided excursions into books, and gleaned as industry should find, or chance should offer it, in the boundless chaos of a living speech. My search, however, has been either skilful or lucky; for I have much augmented the vocabulary.

The excerpt claims that Johnson’s work is significant because he

searched literature and found more words
Read the excerpts from Samuel Johnson’s preface to A Dictionary of the English Language.

Thus have I laboured by settling the orthography, displaying the analogy, regulating the structures, and ascertaining the signification of English words, to perform all the parts of a faithful lexicographer: but I have not always executed my own scheme, or satisfied my own expectations.

The underlined word emerges as a key term in the preface because Johnson

strives to emphasize the effort his dictionary required
Read the excerpt from Samuel Johnson’s preface to A Dictionary of the English Language.

The two languages from which our primitives have been derived are the Roman and Teutonick: under the Roman I comprehend the French and provincial tongues; and under the Teutonick range the Saxon, German, and all their kindred dialects.

The underlined word emerges as a key term in Johnson’s preface because it

explains words’ origins and variations
Read the sentence from Samuel Johnson’s preface to A Dictionary of the English Language.

Wherever I turned my view, there was perplexity to be disentangled, and confusion to be regulated; choice was to be made out of boundless variety.

Which word in the sentence helps readers determine the meaning of the word perplexity?

disentangled
Read the sentence from Samuel Johnson’s preface to A Dictionary of the English Language.

I have studiously endeavoured to collect examples and authorities from the writers before the restoration, whose works I regard as the wells of English undefiled, as the pure sources of genuine diction.

Which words in the sentence help readers determine the meaning of the word undefiled?

pure, genuine
Read the excerpts from Samuel Johnson’s preface to A Dictionary of the English Language.
In both excerpts, the word STRUCTURE refers to the
components, or parts, of words.
Read the excerpts from Samuel Johnson’s preface to A Dictionary of the English Language.
Which statement best describes the use of the underlined word PROGRESS in the excerpts?
In excerpt 1, it refers to societal advancement, while in excerpt 2, it suggests steps toward a particular goal
Read the excerpt from Samuel Johnson’s A Dictionary of the English Language.

Mádness. n.s. [from mad.]

Distraction; loss of understanding; perturbation of the faculties.

Why, woman, your husband is in his old tunes again: he so rails against all married mankind, so curses all Eve’s daughters, and so buffets himself on the forehead, that any madness I ever yet beheld seemed but tameness and civility to this distemper. Shakesp. Merry Wives of Windsor.

There are degrees of madness as of folly, the disorderly jumbling ideas together, in some more, some less. Locke.

How does this dictionary entry differ from those of earlier dictionaries?

It includes published examples of the word’s use
At the time of its publication, A Dictionary of the English Language was unique because of its
quotation
Which words have positive connotations? Check all that apply.
luxurious
elegant
fashionable
At the time of its publication, A Dictionary of the English Language was unique because of its
quotation
Read the excerpt from Samuel Johnson’s A Dictionary of the English Language.

Mádness. n.s. [from mad.]

Distraction; loss of understanding; perturbation of the faculties.

Why, woman, your husband is in his old tunes again: he so rails against all married mankind, so curses all Eve’s daughters, and so buffets himself on the forehead, that any madness I ever yet beheld seemed but tameness and civility to this distemper. Shakesp. Merry Wives of Windsor.

There are degrees of madness as of folly, the disorderly jumbling ideas together, in some more, some less. Locke.

How does this dictionary entry differ from those of earlier dictionaries?
It includes published examples of the word’s use.
Read the excerpts from Samuel Johnson’s preface to A Dictionary of the English Language.

Thus have I laboured by settling the orthography, displaying the analogy, regulating the structures, and ascertaining the signification of English words, to perform all the parts of a faithful lexicographer: but I have not always executed my own scheme, or satisfied my own expectations.

The underlined word emerges as a key term in the preface because Johnson
strives to emphasize the effort his dictionary required.
Read the sentence from Samuel Johnson’s preface to A Dictionary of the English Language.

Wherever I turned my view, there was perplexity to be disentangled, and confusion to be regulated; choice was to be made out of boundless variety.

Which word in the sentence helps readers determine the meaning of the word perplexity?
disentangled
Read the excerpt from Samuel Johnson’s preface to A Dictionary of the English Language.

The two languages from which our primitives have been derived are the Roman and Teutonick: under the Roman I comprehend the French and provincial tongues; and under the Teutonick range the Saxon, German, and all their kindred dialects.

The underlined word emerges as a key term in Johnson’s preface because it
explains words’ origins and variations.
Which words have positive connotations? Check all that apply.
luxurious
elegant
fashionable
Read the sentence from Samuel Johnson’s preface to A Dictionary of the English Language.

I have studiously endeavoured to collect examples and authorities from the writers before the restoration, whose works I regard as the wells of English undefiled, as the pure sources of genuine diction.

Which words in the sentence help readers determine the meaning of the word undefiled?
pure, genuine
Read the excerpt from Samuel Johnson’s preface to A Dictionary of the English Language.

But to COLLECT the WORDS of our language was a task of greater difficulty: the deficiency of dictionaries was immediately apparent; and when they were exhausted, what was yet wanting must be sought by fortuitous and unguided excursions into books, and gleaned as industry should find, or chance should offer it, in the boundless chaos of a living speech. My search, however, has been either skilful or lucky; for I have much augmented the vocabulary.

The excerpt claims that Johnson’s work is significant because he
searched literature and found more words.
What text detail from this excerpt directly supports Cugoano’s belief that all good Christians have to participate in the abolishment of slavery?
“and of every man that has any claim or affinity to the name of Christian”
Read the excerpt from Thoughts and Sentiments.

After coming to England, and seeing others write and read, I had a strong desire to learn, and getting what assistance I could, I applied myself to learn reading and writing, which soon became my recreation, pleasure, and delight; and when my master perceived that I could write some, he sent me to a proper school for that purpose to learn. Since, I have endeavoured to improve my mind in reading, and have sought to get all the intelligence I could, in my situation of life, towards the state of my brethren and countrymen in complexion, and of the miserable situation of those who are barbarously sold into captivity, and unlawfully held in slavery.

Read the excerpt from Letters of the Late Ignatius Sancho, An African.

The first part of my life was rather unlucky, as I was placed in a family who judged ignorance the best and only security for obedience.—A little reading and writing I got by unwearied application.—The latter part of my life has been—thro’ God’s blessing, truly fortunate, having spent it in the service of one of the best families in the kingdom.—My chief pleasure has been books.

In these excerpts, how do both men use their personal histories to achieve their purpose?

a
Read the excerpt from Thoughts and Sentiments.

It is therefore manifest, that something else ought yet to be done; and what is required, is evidently the incumbent duty of all men of enlightened understanding, and of every man that has any claim or affinity to the name of Christian, that the base treatment which the African Slaves undergo, ought to be abolished.

Read the excerpt from Letters of the Late Ignatius Sancho, An African.

That subject, handled in your striking manner, would ease the yoke (perhaps) of many—but if only of one—Gracious God!—what a feast to a benevolent heart!—and, sure I am, you are an epicurean in acts of charity.—You, who are universally read, and as universally admired—you could not fail

In these excerpts, how does Cugoano’s approach differ from Sancho’s approach?

d
Read the excerpt from Letters of the Late Ignatius Sancho, An African.

‘Tis at the service of the afflicted,—and a much greater matter: for, in serious truth, it casts a sad shade upon the world, that so great a part of it are, and have been so long, bound in chains of darkness, and in chains of misery.

What is Sterne’s purpose in this excerpt?

c
Read the excerpt from Thoughts and Sentiments.

It is therefore manifest, that something else ought yet to be done; and what is required, is evidently the incumbent duty of all men of enlightened understanding, and of every man that has any claim or affinity to the name of Christian, that the base treatment which the African Slaves undergo, ought to be abolished; and it is moreover evident, that the whole, or any part of that iniquitous traffic of slavery, can no where, or in any degree, be admitted, but among those who must eventually resign their own claim to any degree of sensibility and humanity, for that of barbarians.

How does Cugoano approach the topic of slavery in this excerpt?

d
What must a reader consider to understand an author’s purpose for writing? Check all that apply.
2,5,6
Read the excerpt from Thoughts and Sentiments.

Thanks be to God, I was delivered from Grenada, and that horrid brutal slavery.—A gentleman coming to England, took me for his servant, and brought me away, where I soon found my situation become more agreeable. After coming to England, and seeing others write and read, I had a strong desire to learn, and getting what assistance I could, I applied myself to learn reading and writing, which soon became my recreation, pleasure, and delight; and when my master perceived that I could write some, he sent me to a proper school for that purpose to learn.

Read the excerpt from Letters of the Late Ignatius Sancho, An African.

The first part of my life was rather unlucky, as I was placed in a family who judged ignorance the best and only security for obedience.—A little reading and writing I got by unwearied application.—The latter part of my life has been—thro’ God’s blessing, truly fortunate, having spent it in the service of one of the best families in the kingdom.—My chief pleasure has been books.

In these excerpts, how is Cugoano’s approach similar to Sancho’s approach?

a
Read the excerpt from Thoughts and Sentiments.

And if such men can boast of greater degrees of knowledge, than any African is entitled to, I shall let them enjoy all the advantages of it unenvied, as I fear it consists only in a greater share of infidelity, and that of a blacker kind than only skin deep. And if their complexion be not what I may suppose, it is at least the nearest in resemblance to an infernal hue.

What belief is implied but not explicitly stated in this excerpt?

c
Read the excerpt from Thoughts and Sentiments.

It is therefore manifest, that something else ought yet to be done; and what is required, is evidently the incumbent duty of all men of enlightened understanding, and of every man that has any claim or affinity to the name of Christian, that the base treatment which the African Slaves undergo, ought to be abolished; and it is moreover evident, that the whole, or any part of that iniquitous traffic of slavery, can no where, or in any degree, be admitted, but among those who must eventually resign their own claim to any degree of sensibility and humanity, for that of barbarians.

Read the excerpt from Letters of the Late Ignatius Sancho, An African.

I am sure you will applaud me for beseeching you to give one half hour’s attention to slavery, as it is at this day practised in our West Indies.—That subject, handled in your striking manner, would ease the yoke (perhaps) of many—but if only of one—Gracious God!—what a feast to a benevolent heart!—and, sure I am, you are an epicurean in acts of charity.—You, who are universally read, and as universally admired—you could not fail

In these excerpts, how is Cugoano’s purpose similar to Sancho’s purpose?

c
Read the excerpt from Letters of the Late Ignatius Sancho, An African.

That subject, handled in your striking manner, would ease the yoke (perhaps) of many—but if only of one—Gracious God!—what a feast to a benevolent heart!—and, sure I am, you are an epicurean in acts of charity.—You, who are universally read, and as universally admired—you could not fail—Dear Sir, think in me you behold the uplifted hands of thousands of my brother Moors.—Grief (you pathetically observe) is eloquent;—figure to yourself their attitudes;—hear their supplicating addresses!—alas!—you cannot refuse.

What is Sancho’s purpose for writing?

c
Read the excerpt from Letters of the Late Ignatius Sancho, An African.

My chief pleasure has been books.—Philanthropy I adore.—How very much, good Sir, am I (amongst millions) indebted to you for the character of your amiable uncle Toby!—I declare, I would walk ten miles in the dog-days, to shake hands with the honest corporal.

What belief of Sancho’s is implied in this excerpt?

d
In these excerpts, how is Cugoano’s approach similar to Sancho’s approach?
Like Sancho, Cugoano demonstrates that he had a difficult beginning as an enslaved person, but then prevailed through luck and perseverance.
In these excerpts, how do both men use their personal histories to achieve their purpose?
Both men use their past experiences to show readers that they persevered and became accomplished readers and writers.
What is Sancho’s attitude toward Sterne’s writing in this excerpt?
respectful and humble
What belief does Sancho express to Sterne in this excerpt?
Sterne could use his writing to free many enslaved people.
What is Cugoano’s purpose in this excerpt?
to reveal the horrors of enslavement
What inference about Cugoano’s beliefs is most supported by this excerpt?
Cugoano believes that slavery needs to be abolished in the colonies.
What belief of Sancho’s is implied in this excerpt?
Uncle Toby is a remarkable creation.
In these excerpts, how does Cugoano’s approach differ from Sancho’s approach?
Cugoano has a much more authoritative tone than Sancho, who is respectful to Sterne.
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal.”

A very worthy person, a true lover of his country, and whose virtues I highly esteem, was lately pleased, in discoursing on this matter, to offer a refinement upon my scheme. He said, that many gentlemen of this kingdom, having of late destroyed their deer, he conceived that the want of venison might be well supply’d by the bodies of young lads and maidens.

The underlined portions of the excerpt are examples of verbal irony because

anyone who is truly virtuous or patriotic would not suggest using children for food, so Swift means the opposite of what he says.
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal.”

Those who are more thrifty (as I must confess the times require) may flea the carcass; the skin of which, artificially dressed, will make admirable gloves for ladies, and summer boots for fine gentlemen.

The false premise in this excerpt is that

people would be willing to use the skin of children to make clothing
In “A Modest Proposal,” why does Swift intentionally use false premises as a basis for his arguments?
to signal that he is actually writing a satire
Which best describes Swift’s purpose for writing “A Modest Proposal”?
to criticize England’s treatment of the Irish with the hope of bringing about societal change
Swift used satire in “A Modest Proposal” to _________ an aspect of English society.
criticize
Which sentence about Swift’s “A Modest Proposal” is written objectively?
“A Modest Proposal” uses false premises to signal that it is actually a satire.
Read the statement about Swift’s “A Modest Proposal.”

Swift foolishly boasts that his proposal to help end poverty will also encourage marriage and improve the quality of family life.

Which phrase from this statement signals an opinion?

foolishly boasts
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal.”

I profess, in the sincerity of my heart, that I have not the least personal interest in endeavouring to promote this necessary work, having no other motive than the publick good of my country, by advancing our trade, providing for infants, relieving the poor, and giving some pleasure to the rich. I have no children, by which I can propose to get a single penny; the youngest being nine years old, and my wife past child-bearing.

Which statement effectively uses a quotation to relate Swift’s claim that he has no personal motive for making this proposal?

According to Swift, he has “not the least personal interest in endeavouring to promote this necessary work.”
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal” and the summary that follows.

A very worthy person, a true lover of his country, and whose virtues I highly esteem, was lately pleased, in discoursing on this matter, to offer a refinement upon my scheme. He said, that many gentlemen of this kingdom, having of late destroyed their deer, he conceived that the want of venison might be well supply’d by the bodies of young lads and maidens, not exceeding fourteen years of age, nor under twelve; so great a number of both sexes in every country being now ready to starve for want of work and service.

Excerpt summary:
Swift writes about a virtuous and patriotic friend who suggests there will be a demand for children aged twelve to fourteen by the wealthy of the kingdom who have “depleted their deer supply.”

Which best describes this summary of the excerpt?

It effectively paraphrases the excerpt but does not correctly use a quotation
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal.”

I desire those politicians who dislike my overture, and may perhaps be so bold to attempt an answer, that they will first ask the parents of these mortals, whether they would not at this day think it a great happiness to have been sold for food at a year old, in the manner I prescribe, and thereby have avoided such a perpetual scene of misfortunes, as they have since gone through, by the oppression of landlords, the impossibility of paying rent without money or trade, the want of common sustenance, with neither house nor cloaths to cover them from the inclemencies of the weather, and the most inevitable prospect of intailing the like, or greater miseries, upon their breed for ever.

Swift maintains that, if asked, people who have lived in poverty their entire lives would say that they would rather have been sold for food at one year of age.
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal.”

Whereas the maintainance of an hundred thousand children, from two years old, and upwards, cannot be computed at less than ten shillings a piece per annum, the nation’s stock will be thereby encreased fifty thousand pounds per annum, besides the profit of a new dish, introduced to the tables of all gentlemen of fortune in the kingdom, who have any refinement in taste. And the money will circulate among our selves, the goods being entirely of our own growth and manufacture.

Which sentence best paraphrases the excerpt?

Swift argues that his proposal would increase the circulation of money and strengthen England’s economy.
Read the statement about Swift’s “A Modest Proposal.”

In “A Modest Proposal,” Swift also implies that the Irish themselves have not done enough to improve conditions for their poor.

This statement is

objective because it is NOT influenced by feelings or opinions.
Read the statement about Swift’s “A Modest Proposal.”

In “A Modest Proposal,” Swift indisputably proves that the children’s skins could even be used to create clothing

Which word or phrase should replace “indisputably proves” to create an objective tone?

suggests
Which sentence about Swift’s “A Modest Proposal” is written subjectively?
A Modest Proposal” is one of the most brilliant, well-constructed, and effective satires ever written
Swift used satire in “A Modest Proposal” to [BLANK] an aspect of English society.
Criticize
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal.”

Whereas the maintainance of an hundred thousand children, from two years old, and upwards, cannot be computed at less than ten shillings a piece per annum, the nation’s stock will be thereby encreased fifty thousand pounds per annum, besides the profit of a new dish, introduced to the tables of all gentlemen of fortune in the kingdom, who have any refinement in taste. And the money will circulate among our selves, the goods being entirely of our own growth and manufacture.

Which sentence best paraphrases the excerpt?

Swift argues that his proposal would increase the circulation of money and strengthen England’s economy.
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal” and the summary that follows.

A very worthy person, a true lover of his country, and whose virtues I highly esteem, was lately pleased, in discoursing on this matter, to offer a refinement upon my scheme. He said, that many gentlemen of this kingdom, having of late destroyed their deer, he conceived that the want of venison might be well supply’d by the bodies of young lads and maidens, not exceeding fourteen years of age, nor under twelve; so great a number of both sexes in every country being now ready to starve for want of work and service.

Excerpt summary:
Swift writes about a virtuous and patriotic friend who suggests there will be a demand for children aged twelve to fourteen by the wealthy of the kingdom who have “depleted their deer supply.”

Which best describes this summary of the excerpt?

It effectively paraphrases the excerpt but does not correctly use a quotation
Read the statement about Swift’s “A Modest Proposal.”

In “A Modest Proposal,” Swift indisputably proves that the children’s skins could even be used to create clothing

Which word or phrase should replace “indisputably proves” to create an objective tone?

suggests
Read the statement about Swift’s “A Modest Proposal.”

In “A Modest Proposal,” Swift also implies that the Irish themselves have not done enough to improve conditions for their poor.

This statement is

objective because it is not influenced by feelings or opinions.
Which sentence about Swift’s “A Modest Proposal” is written subjectively?
A Modest Proposal” is one of the most brilliant, well-constructed, and effective satires ever written
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal.”

I desire those politicians who dislike my overture, and may perhaps be so bold to attempt an answer, that they will first ask the parents of these mortals, whether they would not at this day think it a great happiness to have been sold for food at a year old, in the manner I prescribe, and thereby have avoided such a perpetual scene of misfortunes, as they have since gone through, by the oppression of landlords, the impossibility of paying rent without money or trade, the want of common sustenance, with neither house nor cloaths to cover them from the inclemencies of the weather, and the most inevitable prospect of intailing the like, or greater miseries, upon their breed for ever.

Swift maintains that, if asked, people who have lived in poverty their entire lives would say that they would rather have been sold for food at one year of age.
Which sentence about Swift’s “A Modest Proposal” is written objectively?
“A Modest Proposal” uses false premises to signal that it is actually a satire.
In “A Modest Proposal,” why does Swift intentionally use false premises as a basis for his arguments?
to signal that he is actually writing a satire
A very worthy person, a true lover of his country, and whose virtues I highly esteem, was lately pleased, in discoursing on this matter, to offer a refinement upon my scheme. He said, that many gentlemen of this kingdom, having of late destroyed their deer, he conceived that the want of venison might be well supply’d by the bodies of young lads and maidens, not exceeding fourteen years of age, nor under twelve; so great a number of both sexes in every country being now ready to starve for want of work and service.

Excerpt summary:
Swift writes about a virtuous and patriotic friend who suggests there will be a demand for children aged twelve to fourteen by the wealthy of the kingdom who have “depleted their deer supply.”

Which best describes this summary of the excerpt?

It effectively paraphrases the excerpt but does not correctly use a quotation.
In “A Modest Proposal,” why does Swift intentionally use false premises as a basis for his arguments?
to signal that he is actually writing a satire
A very worthy person, a true lover of his country, and whose virtues I highly esteem, was lately pleased, in discoursing on this matter, to offer a refinement upon my scheme. He said, that many gentlemen of this kingdom, having of late destroyed their deer, he conceived that the want of venison might be well supply’d by the bodies of young lads and maidens.
The underlined portions of the excerpt are examples of verbal irony because
anyone who is truly virtuous or patriotic would not suggest using children for food, so Swift means the opposite of what he says.
The poorer tenants will have something valuable of their own, which by law may be made liable to a distress, and help to pay their landlord’s rent, their corn and cattle being already seized, and money a thing unknown.
Which statement effectively uses a quotation to show that Swift claims that the poor will also benefit from his proposal?
Swift writes that “poorer tenants will have something valuable of their own” that can “help to pay their landlord’s rent.”
Swift used satire in “A Modest Proposal” to ________ an aspect of English society.
criticize
In “A Modest Proposal,” Swift also implies that the Irish themselves have not done enough to improve conditions for their poor.
This statement is
objective because it is not influenced by feelings or opinions.
Which sentence about Swift’s “A Modest Proposal” is written subjectively?
“A Modest Proposal” is one of the most brilliant, well-constructed, and effective satires ever written.
In “A Modest Proposal,” Swift indisputably proves that the children’s skins could even be used to create clothing.
Which word or phrase should replace “indisputably proves” to create an objective tone?
suggests
Which are main ideas of Swift’s “A Modest Proposal”? Check all that apply.
-People could solve the problem of poverty in England by breeding, selling, and eating its impoverished children.
-The practice of eating impoverished children would benefit the poor, the wealthy, and the English economy.
-Swift maintains that his solution to end poverty in England is the easiest, cheapest, and most effective proposal thus far made.
Whereas the maintainance of an hundred thousand children, from two years old, and upwards, cannot be computed at less than ten shillings a piece per annum, the nation’s stock will be thereby encreased fifty thousand pounds per annum, besides the profit of a new dish, introduced to the tables of all gentlemen of fortune in the kingdom, who have any refinement in taste. And the money will circulate among our selves, the goods being entirely of our own growth and manufacture.
Which sentence best paraphrases the excerpt?
Swift argues that his proposal would increase the circulation of money and strengthen England’s economy.
Swift used satire in “A Modest Proposal” to [BLANK] an aspect of English society.
Criticize
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal.”

Whereas the maintainance of an hundred thousand children, from two years old, and upwards, cannot be computed at less than ten shillings a piece per annum, the nation’s stock will be thereby encreased fifty thousand pounds per annum, besides the profit of a new dish, introduced to the tables of all gentlemen of fortune in the kingdom, who have any refinement in taste. And the money will circulate among our selves, the goods being entirely of our own growth and manufacture.

Which sentence best paraphrases the excerpt?

Swift argues that his proposal would increase the circulation of money and strengthen England’s economy.
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal” and the summary that follows.

A very worthy person, a true lover of his country, and whose virtues I highly esteem, was lately pleased, in discoursing on this matter, to offer a refinement upon my scheme. He said, that many gentlemen of this kingdom, having of late destroyed their deer, he conceived that the want of venison might be well supply’d by the bodies of young lads and maidens, not exceeding fourteen years of age, nor under twelve; so great a number of both sexes in every country being now ready to starve for want of work and service.

Excerpt summary:
Swift writes about a virtuous and patriotic friend who suggests there will be a demand for children aged twelve to fourteen by the wealthy of the kingdom who have “depleted their deer supply.”

Which best describes this summary of the excerpt?

It effectively paraphrases the excerpt but does not correctly use a quotation
Read the statement about Swift’s “A Modest Proposal.”

In “A Modest Proposal,” Swift indisputably proves that the children’s skins could even be used to create clothing

Which word or phrase should replace “indisputably proves” to create an objective tone?

suggests
Read the statement about Swift’s “A Modest Proposal.”

In “A Modest Proposal,” Swift also implies that the Irish themselves have not done enough to improve conditions for their poor.

This statement is

objective because it is not influenced by feelings or opinions.
Which sentence about Swift’s “A Modest Proposal” is written subjectively?
A Modest Proposal” is one of the most brilliant, well-constructed, and effective satires ever written
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal.”

I desire those politicians who dislike my overture, and may perhaps be so bold to attempt an answer, that they will first ask the parents of these mortals, whether they would not at this day think it a great happiness to have been sold for food at a year old, in the manner I prescribe, and thereby have avoided such a perpetual scene of misfortunes, as they have since gone through, by the oppression of landlords, the impossibility of paying rent without money or trade, the want of common sustenance, with neither house nor cloaths to cover them from the inclemencies of the weather, and the most inevitable prospect of intailing the like, or greater miseries, upon their breed for ever.

Swift maintains that, if asked, people who have lived in poverty their entire lives would say that they would rather have been sold for food at one year of age.
Which sentence about Swift’s “A Modest Proposal” is written objectively?
“A Modest Proposal” uses false premises to signal that it is actually a satire.
In “A Modest Proposal,” why does Swift intentionally use false premises as a basis for his arguments?
to signal that he is actually writing a satire
What is the author’s purpose in writing “A Modest Proposal”?
to draw attention to an issue that is plaguing his country
How does the title, “A Modest Proposal,” tell the reader that the piece is satirical?
The author’s proposal is actually extreme and violent, not gentle as the title says.
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal.”

This I freely own, and ’twas indeed one principal design in offering it to the world. I desire the reader will observe, that I calculate my remedy for this one individual Kingdom of Ireland, and for no other that ever was, is, or, I think, ever can be upon Earth. Therefore let no man talk to me of other expedients: Of taxing our absentees at five shillings a pound: Of using neither cloaths, nor houshold furniture, except what is of our own growth and manufacture: Of utterly rejecting the materials and instruments that promote foreign luxury . . .

What is Swift’s purpose in listing other ways to solve the issue of poverty?

to show that real reform is possible with reasonable sacrifice
What issue is Swift addressing in a satirical manner in “A Modest Proposal”?
widespread poverty throughout Ireland
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal.”

Those who are more thrifty (as I must confess the times require) may flea the carcass; the skin of which, artificially dressed, will make admirable gloves for ladies, and summer boots for fine gentlemen.

The author is using satire in this excerpt to emphasize the

utter absurdity of his plan.
Verbal irony is best defined as
a contradiction between what is said and what is really meant
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal.”

This I freely own, and ’twas indeed one principal design in offering it to the world. I desire the reader will observe, that I calculate my remedy for this one individual Kingdom of Ireland, and for no other that ever was, is, or, I think, ever can be upon Earth. Therefore let no man talk to me of other expedients: Of taxing our absentees at five shillings a pound: Of using neither cloaths, nor houshold furniture, except what is of our own growth and manufacture: Of utterly rejecting the materials and instruments that promote foreign luxury: . . . Of teaching landlords to have at least one degree of mercy towards their tenants. Lastly, of putting a spirit of honesty, industry, and skill into our shop-keepers . . .

What is most likely the purpose of this excerpt?

to shame the greedy people who have contributed to Ireland’s poverty instead of trying to help eradicate it
Who is Swift ridiculing using satire in “A Modest Proposal”?
the English government, which seemed to care little about the Irish people
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal.”

I propose to provide for them in such a manner, as, instead of being a charge upon their parents, or the parish, or wanting food and raiment for the rest of their lives, they shall, on the contrary, contribute to the feeding, and partly to the cloathing of many thousands. . . .

Which false premise does the author rely on in this excerpt?

that parents would rather sell their children than be responsible for them
A false premise is best defined as
an incorrect assumption that forms the basis of an argument
Read the excerpt from A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.

Let there be then no coercion established in society, and the common law of gravity prevailing, the sexes will fall into their proper places. And, now that more equitable laws are forming your citizens, marriage may become more sacred: your young men may choose wives from motives of affection, and your maidens allow love to root out vanity.

What is the central idea of the excerpt?
In equal roles, men and women will establish more meaningful marriages.
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal.”

As to our City of Dublin, shambles may be appointed for this purpose, in the most convenient parts of it, and butchers we may be assured will not be wanting; although I rather recommend buying the children alive, and dressing them hot from the knife, as we do roasting pigs.

Which statement best describes Swift’s use of understatement in this excerpt?

d
Verbal irony is best defined as
a contradiction between what is said and what is really meant
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal.”

This I freely own, and ’twas indeed one principal design in offering it to the world. I desire the reader will observe, that I calculate my remedy for this one individual Kingdom of Ireland, and for no other that ever was, is, or, I think, ever can be upon Earth. Therefore let no man talk to me of other expedients: Of taxing our absentees at five shillings a pound: Of using neither cloaths, nor houshold furniture, except what is of our own growth and manufacture: Of utterly rejecting the materials and instruments that promote foreign luxury . . .

What is Swift’s purpose in listing other ways to solve the issue of poverty?

c
Which sentence from “A Modest Proposal” is the best example of satire? 5
b
Who is Swift ridiculing using satire in “A Modest Proposal”?
b
What is the author’s purpose in writing “A Modest Proposal”?
b
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal.”

But, as to my self, having been wearied out for many years with offering vain, idle, visionary thoughts, and at length utterly despairing of success, I fortunately fell upon this proposal, which, as it is wholly new, so it hath something solid and real, of no expence and little trouble, full in our own power, and whereby we can incur no danger in disobliging England.

Why does Swift most likely say his proposal is “of no expence and little trouble”?

d
How does the title, “A Modest Proposal,” tell the reader that the piece is satirical?
c
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal.”

I have been assured by a very knowing American of my acquaintance in London, that a young healthy child well nursed, is, at a year old, a most delicious nourishing and wholesome food, whether stewed, roasted, baked, or boiled; and I make no doubt that it will equally serve in a fricasie, or a ragoust.

Why did Swift most likely deliver his proposal in a casual manner?

d
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal.”

Thus the squire will learn to be a good landlord, and grow popular among his tenants, the mother will have eight shillings neat profit, and be fit for work till she produces another child.

On which false premise does this excerpt rely?

b
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal.”

This I freely own, and ’twas indeed one principal design in offering it to the world. I desire the reader will observe, that I calculate my remedy for this one individual Kingdom of Ireland, and for no other that ever was, is, or, I think, ever can be upon Earth. Therefore let no man talk to me of other expedients: Of taxing our absentees at five shillings a pound: Of using neither cloaths, nor houshold furniture, except what is of our own growth and manufacture: Of utterly rejecting the materials and instruments that promote foreign luxury: . . . Of teaching landlords to have at least one degree of mercy towards their tenants. Lastly, of putting a spirit of honesty, industry, and skill into our shop-keepers . . .

What is most likely the purpose of this excerpt?

a
Which statement best describes Swift’s use of understatement in this excerpt? 1
d
Verbal irony is best defined as 2
a contradiction between what is said and what is really meant
What is Swift’s purpose in listing other ways to solve the issue of poverty?
c
Who is Swift ridiculing using satire in “A Modest Proposal”?
b
What is the author’s purpose in writing “A Modest Proposal”?
b
Why does Swift most likely say his proposal is “of no expence and little trouble”?
d
How does the title, “A Modest Proposal,” tell the reader that the piece is satirical?
c
Why did Swift most likely deliver his proposal in a casual manner?
d
On which false premise does this excerpt rely?
b
Read the excerpt from “A Modest Proposal.”

This I freely own, and ’twas indeed one principal design in offering it to the world. I desire the reader will observe, that I calculate my remedy for this one individual Kingdom of Ireland, and for no other that ever was, is, or, I think, ever can be upon Earth. Therefore let no man talk to me of other expedients: Of taxing our absentees at five shillings a pound: Of using neither cloaths, nor houshold furniture, except what is of our own growth and manufacture: Of utterly rejecting the materials and instruments that promote foreign luxury: . . . Of teaching landlords to have at least one degree of mercy towards their tenants. Lastly, of putting a spirit of honesty, industry, and skill into our shop-keepers . . .

What is most likely the purpose of this excerpt?

a
Read the excerpt from Woman in the Nineteenth Century by Margaret Fuller.

Yet, then and only then will mankind be ripe for this, when inward and outward freedom for Woman as much as for Man shall be acknowledged as a right, not yielded as a concession. As the friend of the negro assumes that one man cannot by right hold another in bondage, so should the friend of Woman assume that Man cannot by right lay even well-meant restrictions on Woman. If the negro be a soul, if the woman be a soul, apparelled in flesh, to one Master only are they accountable.

How does Fuller develop an argument for women’s rights?
by insisting that everyone with a soul deserves rights
Read the excerpt from A History of Women’s Suffrage by Stanton, Anthony, and Gage.

It would be nearer the truth to say the [gender] difference indicates different duties in the same sphere, seeing that man and woman were evidently made for each other, and have shown equal capacity in the ordinary range of human duties. In governing nations, leading armies, piloting ships across the sea, rowing life-boats in terrific gales; in art, science, invention, literature, woman has proved herself the complement of man in the world of thought and action. This difference does not compel us to spread our tables with different food for man and woman, nor to provide in our common schools a different course of study for boys and girls. Sex pervades all nature, yet the male and female tree and vine and shrub rejoice in the same sunshine and shade. The earth and air are free to all the fruits and flowers, yet each absorbs what best ensures its growth.

Which statement best summarizes the authors’ ideas?
The differences between men and women allow them to balance one another, and they should be considered as equal as they are in nature.
Read the excerpt from A History of Women’s Suffrage by Stanton, Anthony, and Gage.

Another writer asserts that the tyranny of man over woman has its roots, after all, in his nobler feelings; his love, his chivalry, and his desire to protect woman in the barbarous periods of pillage, lust, and war. But wherever the roots may be traced, the results at this hour are equally disastrous to woman. Her best interests and happiness do not seem to have been consulted in the arrangements made for her protection. She has been bought and sold, caressed and crucified at the will and pleasure of her master. But if a chivalrous desire to protect woman has always been the mainspring of man’s dominion over her, it should have prompted him to place in her hands the same weapons of defense he has found to be most effective against wrong and oppression.

Which statement paraphrases the authors’ argument?
Men have not been successful protecting women because they have not given women the power to protect themselves
Read the paragraph.

When young people are encouraged to take risks, they build confidence in their own decision-making skills and capabilities. Consider Winston, a ninth grader willing to try out for a varsity sport or a competitive performance band. He risks failure and personal embarrassment, but he learns the tryout process. He may also learn his personal strengths and shortcomings. Whether he is met with success or not, the risk-taking experience fosters self-reflection and growth.

What central idea is explicitly stated in the paragraph?
Students learn about themselves by taking risks.
Read the paragraph.

The Gonzales family offers an impressive example of environmental consciousness. Family members turn off lights and electronics as they leave their rooms. When the family is gone for the day, the air conditioning is set at a slightly higher temperature to reduce cooling costs. Mr. and Mrs. Gonzales use reusable grocery bags that the family stores in the pantry. A backyard garden provides more than half of the vegetables that the family consumes, and rain barrels are used to irrigate the crops.

The topic of the paragraph is
conservation
How can the topic “homework for students” be presented as an argument?
Homework is an effective way to strengthen students’ understanding of new concepts.
Read the excerpt from A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.

For surely, Sir, you will not assert, that a duty can be binding which is not founded on reason? If indeed this be their destination, arguments may be drawn from reason: and thus augustly supported, the more understanding women acquire, the more they will be attached to their duty—comprehending it—for unless they comprehend it, unless their morals be fixed on the same immutable principle as those of man, no authority can make them discharge it in a virtuous manner. They may be convenient slaves, but slavery will have its constant effect, degrading the master and the abject dependent.

How does this idea enhance Wollstonecraft’s argument?
by suggesting that women’s assigned roles enslave them
Read the excerpt from A History of Women’s Suffrage by Stanton, Anthony, and Gage.

The broader demand for political rights has not commanded the thought its merits and dignity should have secured. While complaining of many wrongs and oppressions, women themselves did not see that the political disability of sex was the cause of all their special grievances, and that to secure equality anywhere, it must be recognized everywhere. Like all disfranchised classes, they begun by asking to have certain wrongs redressed, and not by asserting their own right to make laws for themselves.

Which statement paraphrases the authors’ argument?
NOT Women’s lack of political rights is the root of their troubles.
NOT Women’s personal dignity is not respected.
Read the excerpt from A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.

Let there be then no coercion established in society, and the common law of gravity prevailing, the sexes will fall into their proper places. And, now that more equitable laws are forming your citizens, marriage may become more sacred: your young men may choose wives from motives of affection, and your maidens allow love to root out vanity.

What is the central idea of the excerpt?
In equal roles, men and women will establish more meaningful marriages.
Read the excerpt from A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.

In this style, argue tyrants of every denomination, from the weak king to the weak father of a family; they are all eager to crush reason; yet always assert that they usurp its throne only to be useful. Do you not act a similar part, when you force all women, by denying them civil and political rights, to remain immured in their families groping in the dark? For surely, Sir, you will not assert, that a duty can be binding which is not founded on reason?

Which statement paraphrases Wollstonecraft’s argument?

3

a
Read the excerpt from A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.

Consider, Sir, dispassionately, these observations—for a glimpse of this truth seemed to open before you when you observed, ‘that to see one half of the human race excluded by the other from all participation of government, was a political phænomenon that, according to abstract principles, it was impossible to explain.’ If so, on what does your constitution rest? If the abstract rights of man will bear discussion and explanation, those of woman, by a parity of reasoning, will not shrink from the same test.

Which statement paraphrases Wollstonecraft’s argument? 1

c
Which statements describe what is found in a summary of a text? Check all that apply. 4
1,2,3,5
How can the topic “students and cell phones” be presented as an argument? 10
d
Read the excerpt from Woman in the Nineteenth Century by Margaret Fuller.

Yet, then and only then will mankind be ripe for this, when inward and outward freedom for Woman as much as for Man shall be acknowledged as a right, not yielded as a concession. As the friend of the negro assumes that one man cannot by right hold another in bondage, so should the friend of Woman assume that Man cannot by right lay even well-meant restrictions on Woman. If the negro be a soul, if the woman be a soul, apparelled in flesh, to one Master only are they accountable.

How does Fuller develop an argument for women’s rights?
by insisting that everyone with a soul deserves rights
Read the excerpt from A History of Women’s Suffrage by Stanton, Anthony, and Gage.

It would be nearer the truth to say the [gender] difference indicates different duties in the same sphere, seeing that man and woman were evidently made for each other, and have shown equal capacity in the ordinary range of human duties. In governing nations, leading armies, piloting ships across the sea, rowing life-boats in terrific gales; in art, science, invention, literature, woman has proved herself the complement of man in the world of thought and action. This difference does not compel us to spread our tables with different food for man and woman, nor to provide in our common schools a different course of study for boys and girls. Sex pervades all nature, yet the male and female tree and vine and shrub rejoice in the same sunshine and shade. The earth and air are free to all the fruits and flowers, yet each absorbs what best ensures its growth.

Which statement best summarizes the authors’ ideas?
The differences between men and women allow them to balance one another, and they should be considered as equal as they are in nature.
Read the excerpt from A History of Women’s Suffrage by Stanton, Anthony, and Gage.

Another writer asserts that the tyranny of man over woman has its roots, after all, in his nobler feelings; his love, his chivalry, and his desire to protect woman in the barbarous periods of pillage, lust, and war. But wherever the roots may be traced, the results at this hour are equally disastrous to woman. Her best interests and happiness do not seem to have been consulted in the arrangements made for her protection. She has been bought and sold, caressed and crucified at the will and pleasure of her master. But if a chivalrous desire to protect woman has always been the mainspring of man’s dominion over her, it should have prompted him to place in her hands the same weapons of defense he has found to be most effective against wrong and oppression.

Which statement paraphrases the authors’ argument?
Men have not been successful protecting women because they have not given women the power to protect themselves
Read the paragraph.

When young people are encouraged to take risks, they build confidence in their own decision-making skills and capabilities. Consider Winston, a ninth grader willing to try out for a varsity sport or a competitive performance band. He risks failure and personal embarrassment, but he learns the tryout process. He may also learn his personal strengths and shortcomings. Whether he is met with success or not, the risk-taking experience fosters self-reflection and growth.

What central idea is explicitly stated in the paragraph?
Students learn about themselves by taking risks.
Read the paragraph.

Congratulations on your eighteenth birthday and your graduation! Now what? Well, you can vote in the next election. This will allow your opinions to be heard and reflected in our country’s government. You can look around your community and observe roads, parks, and public places with new eyes. You might notice improvements that could be proposed. Or you might take a minute to pick up litter that someone else has left behind. As an adult, as a tax-paying citizen, embrace opportunities to contribute to the greater good.

What is the topic of the paragraph? 6

d
Read the excerpt from A History of Women’s Suffrage by Stanton, Anthony, and Gage.

The broader demand for political rights has not commanded the thought its merits and dignity should have secured. While complaining of many wrongs and oppressions, women themselves did not see that the political disability of sex was the cause of all their special grievances, and that to secure equality anywhere, it must be recognized everywhere. Like all disfranchised classes, they begun by asking to have certain wrongs redressed, and not by asserting their own right to make laws for themselves.

Which statement paraphrases the authors’ argument?

d
Read the paragraph.

The Gonzales family offers an impressive example of environmental consciousness. Family members turn off lights and electronics as they leave their rooms. When the family is gone for the day, the air conditioning is set at a slightly higher temperature to reduce cooling costs. Mr. and Mrs. Gonzales use reusable grocery bags that the family stores in the pantry. A backyard garden provides more than half of the vegetables that the family consumes, and rain barrels are used to irrigate the crops.

The topic of the paragraph is
conservation
How can the topic “homework for students” be presented as an argument?
Homework is an effective way to strengthen students’ understanding of new concepts.
by pointing out the legal injustice in the exclusion of women
How does this idea enhance Wollstonecraft’s argument?
Read the excerpt from A History of Women’s Suffrage by Stanton, Anthony, and Gage.

The broader demand for political rights has not commanded the thought its merits and dignity should have secured. While complaining of many wrongs and oppressions, women themselves did not see that the political disability of sex was the cause of all their special grievances, and that to secure equality anywhere, it must be recognized everywhere. Like all disfranchised classes, they begun by asking to have certain wrongs redressed, and not by asserting their own right to make laws for themselves. 7

Which statement paraphrases the authors’ argument?