English 11B All ANSWERS

What was the first successful English colony in America?
Jamestown, Virginia

-Lesson 1

Select an example that supports the statement about the concerns of Native Americans during the American Revolution, “most tribes hoped that the British would win the fight.”
Native Americans wanted to halt colonial expansion onto their lands.
-Lesson 1
Why would the colonists need a plan for common defense?
to decide military and judicial procedures
-Lesson 1
What was the proposition that Benjamin Franklin suggested at the Albany Congress of 1754?
a Grand Council overseeing a common defense, expansion, and Indian affairs policy
-Lesson 1
Because the English colony of Jamestown struggled at first when it was founded on the business venture of looking for gold, it turned to _____ as a cash crop to become successful and flourish.
Tobacco
-Lesson 1
Which of the following reasons would be most appropriate to support the claim that the Southern colonies began with an economy based on slavery.
The settlers came from Barbados and brought African slaves who worked the sugarcane plantations with them.

-Lesson 1

Choose two examples that explain the population decline of Native Americans from the 16th -19th century.
Disease , Warfare

-Lesson 1

Which cause of population decline for Native Americans was most devastating?
the inability of Native American immune systems to battle communicable diseases brought over from Europe

-Lesson 1

The American colonies became so successful that increased competition among __________ lead to the French and Indian War.
Britain and France

-Lesson 1

When the French ceded all territory east of the Mississippi River, they consulted with the Native American tribes who lived there before giving the land to the colonists.
False

-Lesson 1

Select the synonym for alight.
land

-Lesson 2

Choose the example of an archetype that occurs in Huron mythology.
The animals place mud on Turtle’s back to create land that eventually becomes the Earth.

-Lesson 2

Choose the two types of archetypes that occur in Native American myth.
origin
creation

-Lesson 2

Myths are essentially _____ because they present supernatural events and beings and articulate the values and beliefs of a cultural group.
spiritual

-Lesson 2

Select the synonym for conjurer.
magician

-Lesson 2

A connection between __________ is often represented in Native American tales.
humanity and nature

-Lesson 2

Because of conquest by white settlers, the Native American people still living today no longer retell their stories.
False

-Lesson 2

Select the synonym for vault.
fly

-Lesson 2

What tenet of Native American culture and religion might have caused land and settlement disputes with white settlers?
the concept of common ownership of property

-Lesson 2

How do you know the Iroquois believed in otherworldly powers held by the universe?
In their myths, divine characters hold special powers over the Earth and animals.

-Lesson 2

A modern context for the archaic term, lusty, would be _____.
strong

-Lesson 3

Because Olaudah Equiano asks questions of his countrymen to figure out what is going on around him, and his awe at things he does not understand, you can draw the conclusion that __________.
He possesses a nature of curiosity and intelligence

-Lesson 3

After reading Olaudah Equiano’s slave narrative, you might have a better opinion about __________.
the horrific events slaves endured on their journey to America

-Lesson 3

What is similar between the captivity narratives of Mary Rowlandson and Olaudah Equiano? (Choose more than one answer.)
their stories inspired others to tell their own tales

they gave insight into the courage and determination of the people of the time

-Lesson 3

What conclusion can you draw from Anne Bradstreet’s poems?
her Puritan culture influenced her writing

-Lesson 3

A modern context for the archaic term, succor, would be _____.
relief

-Lesson 3

Select the characteristics of Olaudah Equiano’s slave narrative that gives insight into the lives of African Americans at this time in American history. (Choose more than 1 answer.)
vivid details about the middle passage

exposition about the cruelty and injustice of slavery

-Lesson 3

Because Mary Rowlandson is so often thankful to God for the small things she has during her kidnapping ordeal, you can draw the conclusion that __________.
her religious faith keeps her spirit strong and helps her survive

-Lesson 3

Thomas Paine’s The Crisispamphlets reflect the tone of American literature of the period which was __________.
emotional and provocative

-Lesson 4

Phyllis Wheatley’s poem “To His Excellency, George Washington” was obviously an ode to George Washington, but what else might be her author’s purpose in writing? (Choose more than one)
to encourage other countries to seek liberty and freedom

-Lesson 4

Which aphorisms would have been most relevant to the struggle for independence?
Quarrels never could last for long, if only on one side lay the wrong.

-Lesson 4

What is an author’s attitude toward his or her subject matter?
tone

-Lesson 4

In his aphorisms, Benjamin Franklin places an emphasis on __________.
prudence and hard work

-Lesson 4

Which idea does Patrick Henry want his audience to accept in his speech to the Second Virginia Convention?
war is inevitable

-Lesson 4

A good strategy for reading comprehension is to _____ the passage and create a(n) _____.
summarize;outline

-Lesson 4

Select the correctly rewritten form of the inverted line,

“Shall I to Washington their praise recite?”

Shall I recite their praise to Washington?
-Lesson 4
Which reading strategy can help you identify the author’s purpose?
questioning

-Lesson 4

What rhetorical device is being used in the sentence?

They have chained, bound, and gagged our freedom.

parallelism

-Lesson 4

What rhetorical device is being used in this quote?

“Our petitions have been slighted, our remonstrances have produced additional violence and insult; our supplications have been disregarded; and we have been spurned, with contempt, from the foot of the throne.”

parallelism

Lesson 5-Exam

What aspect of the Chesapeake Bay colonies led to their enormous success?
their cultivation of tobacco as a cash crop
Lesson 5-Exam
Complete the analogy.
rifle : gun ::
van: automobile
Lesson 5-Exam
Why do so many Native American stories involve animals? (Select all that apply.)
The Native Americans worshiped the spirits they thought to inhabit all animals.

The Native American way of life and survival was tied to nature.

Lesson 5-Exam

Complete the analogy.
convict : guilty ::
graduate : accomplished
Lesson 5-Exam
Cultural myths are important because __________. (Select all that apply.)
they explain how things in the universe work

they explain man’s role in the world

they provide links between the generations
Lesson 5-Exam

Which of the following accurately describes the writings of the Puritan authors of the period?
plain and straightforward

Lesson 5-Exam

Puritan writing infused the daily life of the author with what context?
religion and faith

Lesson 5-Exam

What kind of tool would best serve you if you were studying the literature of a certain time period in American culture?
a timeline of historical events

Lesson 5-Exam

Based on the description William Bradford provides in Of Plymouth Plantation, what conclusion can you draw about the early days of the colony?
Life was very difficult and many people died.

Lesson 5-Exam

What do the Iroquois myths suggest about their relationship with nature?
The Iroquois worshipped nature and all living things.

Lesson 5-Exam

What were the major cultural features that the Puritans brought with them to New England?
All of the answer choices are correct.

Lesson 5-Exam

The persuasive appeal Patrick Henry uses in his speech to the Second Virginia Convention is mostly _____.
emotional

Lesson 5-Exam

What rhetorical device is being used in this quote?
“But when shall we be stronger? Will it be the next week or the next year? Will it be when we are totally disarmed, and when a British guard shall be stationed in every house.”
rhetorical question

Lesson 5-Exam

Which colonies formed a confederation for common defense as the first militia for America?
New England

Lesson 5-Exam

How did Native Americans’ religious views lead to conflict with Europeans?
they did not believe man could buy and sell land

Lesson 5-Exam

How did Native Americans view their relationship with the world around them?
Man was dependent on nature.

Lesson 5-Exam

In Native American culture, myths are the same as _____ because they present supernatural events and beings and articulate the values and beliefs of a cultural group.
religion
Lesson 5-Exam
Complete the analogy.
ballad : song ::
burial:Death

Lesson 5-Exam

William Bradford’s diction can be confusing if it is not studied. What would the archaic word lamentable be similar to in modern vocabulary?
sad

Lesson 5-Exam

Complete the analogy.
infinite : limited ::
valid : illegitimate
Lesson 5-Exam
Complete the analogy.
unskilled : expertise ::
apathetic : knowledge
Lesson 5-Exam
Choose an example of an archetype that occurs in the Native American mythology that you read.
A woman creates Earth
Lesson 5-Exam
What rhetorical device is being used in this quote?

“He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burned our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.

connotative language
Lesson 5-Exam
What was the greatest factor of Puritan culture that helped them survive the harsh winters and warfare with Native Americans in the New England colonies?
their faith
Lesson 5-Exam
Which publications were printed by American Romantic authors? (Choose more than one answer.)
The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne

Essays by Ralph Waldo Emerson

The Sketch Book by Washington Irving
Lesson 6

Which areas of American business and industry underwent significant change during the Industrial Revolution?
all of these

Lesson 6

Romantics shared a common belief in the importance of nature
true

Lesson 6

The first cotton mill in America was powered by _____.
water

Lesson 6

The Second Great Awakening can be called a revival because __________.
it was a period of renewed religious interest

Lesson 6

During the First Great Awakening, the Puritans saw America as “a city on a hill,” but during the Second Great Awakening, the reformers saw it as __________.
“a benevolent empire”

Lesson 6

American Gothic literature is often described as brooding because __________.
it focuses the attention on a subject persistently and moodily

Lesson 6

Romanticism was a movement in art, music, and literature during the _____.
1800s
Lesson 6
Out of which reform movement did the women’s suffrage movement grow?
Anti-Slavery

Lesson 6

Romantic writers valued __________ over __________.
imagination and emotion; reason and intellect
Lesson 6
Which events on the American Timeline are an example of the Age of Reform? (Choose more than one answer.)
In 1833 the American Anti-Slavery Society is founded

The first women’s rights convention is held in 1848

Lesson 6

Many Romantics were drawn to the dark side of human nature which emphasized __________.
the unknown and inspired fear

Lesson 6

The negative effects of the Industrial Revolution were __________. (Choose more than one answer.)
overcrowded cities

child labor

unsafe working conditions

Lesson 6

During which time period was the Industrial Revolution?
1750-1850
Lesson 6
The Second Great Awakening can be called an evangelical movement because __________.
it emphasized salvation through personal conversion.

Lesson 6

Why does the cultivated man become ashamed of his property?
he realizes that property is alien to his true nature
Lesson 7
Select the antonym for the word din.
quiet
Lesson 7
What does Emerson suggest about human nature?
We tend to take natural beauty for granted.
Lesson 7
According to Emerson, why do people deprecate assaults on religious, learned, and civil institutions?
They believe that these assualts
Lesson 7
Why was Thoreau jailed?
He did not pay his poll tax.
Lesson 7
What is Emerson’s theme about Nature?
nature promotes optimism by returning people to reason and faith

Lesson 7

By referring to the wheel of Chance, what literary technique is Emerson using?
allusion

Lesson 7

Choose an example of Emerson’s idealism as displayed in his work.
immersion in nature is true happiness

Lesson 7

Why did Thoreau go to Walden? (Choose more than one answer.)
to discover the essential facts of life

to live life deeply

to find fulfillment in living a simple life close to nature

Lesson 7

What kind of an essay is this?

Society is a wave. The wave moves onward, but the water of which it is composed does not.

persuasive

Lesson 7

Choose the best explanation of the following quote.

“You only need sit still long enough in some attractive spot in the woods that all its inhabitants may exhibit themselves to you by turns.”

If you slow down long enough, nature becomes interesting and alive all around you.

Lesson 7

Select the antonym for the word blunder.
perfection

Lesson 7

The author’s purpose in describing Ichabod Crane’s appearance is __________.
to give the reader a visual image of the character
Lesson 8
The phrase “hands that dangled a mile out of his sleeves” in paragraph 3 is an example of what kind of figurative language
hyperbole
Lesson 8
What literary or rhetorical device does Emerson use in line 1?

Society is a wave. The wave moves onward, but the water of which it is composed does not

metaphor
Lesson 8
In paragraph 2, the term spectre most likely means _____.
ghost
Lesson 8
What about the setting described in paragraph 1, aligns itself with the dark side of American Romanticism?

From the listless repose of the place, and the peculiar character of its inhabitants, who are descendants from
the original Dutch settlers, this sequestered glen has long been known by the name of Sleepy Hollow. A drowsy,
dreamy influence seems to hang over the land, and to pervade the very atmosphere. The whole neighborhood
abounds with local tales, haunted spots, and twilight superstitions; stars shoot and meteors glare oftener across
the valley than in any other part of the country, and the nightmare, with her whole ninefold, seems to make it
the favorite scene of her gambols.

It is a gloomy,spooky part of New England
lesson 8
Paragraph 2 is an example of how Washington Irving used __________ to create unique American literature
traditional folklore
lesson 8
How does Poe symbolize Darkness in “The Pit and the Pendulum”? (Choose more than one answer.)
Poe uses concise details to describe the setting.

Poe has the narrator continually show fear as suspense in the story builds.
lesson 8

When Tom walker and his wife are introduced to the devil they are not afraid or upset. What kind of characterization is this?
direct
lesson 8
In paragraph 1, the term ninefold most likely means _________
multiple parts
lesson 8
What does the raven symbolize?
grief and loss

Lesson 8

Choose an example of when the narrator in “The Pit and the Pendulum” undergoes psychological torment
not knowing which torture is next
Lesson 8
What detail provides the characterization of Tom Walker and his wife?

“they were so miserly that they even conspired to cheat each other”

they were so miserly that they even conspired to cheat each other”

Lesson 8

The ending of the “Pit and the Pendulum” represents __________.

an improbable solution to the narrators plight

an improbable solution to the narrators plight

Lesson 8

What do the narrator’s struggles and thoughts in “The Pit and the Pendulum” tell you about Poe’s view of human nature?
Mental distress can be caused by extreme situations.

Lesson 8

In paragraph 3, the term cognomen most likely means __________.
name
Lesson 8
Which of the following is NOT an example of symbolism?
the ship, the peqoud

lesson 9

What was the central theme Hawthorne, Melville, and Poe all wrote about as authors of American Romanticism?

the power of darkness

the power of darkness
Lesson 9
Which vocabulary word is most likely to be associated with the word lattice?
garden
Lesson 9
Why is the story, “The Minister’s Black Veil” a parable?
It teaches a moral lesson.
Lesson 9
Because it has been used by many authors in different time periods and across cultures, Darkness is a(n) _____ symbol.

archetypal

archetypal
Lesson 9
What is similar between the characters of Mr. Hooper, Captain Ahab, and the Speaker of “The Raven”?
They all compare occurrences with the supernatural.

Lesson 9

The closest synonym to the word balm used in “The Raven” (line 89) is _____
solace
Lesson 9
The closest synonym to the word placid used in “The Raven” (line 55) is _____.
serene
Lesson 9
What motivation do the characters of Ahab, Mr. Hooper, and the speaker in “The Raven” all share?
they are trying to battle the forces of evil
Lesson 9
Which of the following is NOT an example of the theme of good vs. evil?
the raven sits of the bust of pallas
Lesson 9
Vocabulary strategies such as __________ and __________ can be useful in determining the meaning of a text. (Choose two answers.)
finding synonyms

word associations
Lesson 9

Why are “The Raven,” “The Minister’s Black Veil,” and Moby-Dick examples of American Romanticism?
They deal with the evil side of human nature.
Lesson 9
After reading the description of Ichabod Crane in paragraph 3 you can conclude that he is a symbol of __________.
a person lacking in substance
Lesson 9
From the description in paragraph 1, you can tell that The Legend of Sleepy Hollow by Washington Irving is what form of American Romanticism?
short story narrative

Lesson 10-Exam 2

After reading the description of the Headless Horseman in paragraph 2, you can conclude that he is a symbol of __________.
darkness and evil

Lesson 10-Exam 2

The Romantic era of American literature influenced which contemporary artists?
all of these
Lesson 10-Exam 2
The Legend of Sleepy Hollow by Washington Irving is what kind of narrative?
short story narrative
Lesson 10-Exam 2
A common theme among American Romantic writers was __________.
the exploration of good and evil
Lesson 10-Exam 2
Romanticism was a movement in art, music, and literature during the early 1900s
false
Lesson 10-Exam 2
Paragraph 2 is an example of how Washington Irving used __________ to create unique American literature.
traditional folklore
Lesson 10-Exam 2
The author’s word choice in paragraph 4 (see expressions in bold type) is developed chiefly to express what sort of tone?

The schoolhouse stood in a rather lonely but pleasant situation, just at the foot of a woody hill, with a brook
running close by, and a formidable birch-tree growing at one end of it. From hence the low murmur of his pupils’
voices, conning over their lessons, might be heard in a drowsy summer’s day, like the hum of a beehive;
interrupted now and then by the authoritative voice of the master, in the tone of menace or command, or,
peradventure, by the appalling sound of the birch, as he urged some tardy loiterer along the flowery path of
knowledge. Truth to say, he was a conscientious man, and ever bore in mind the golden maxim, “Spare the
rod and spoil the child.” Ichabod Crane’s scholars certainly were not spoiled. …he administered justice with
discrimination rather than severity; taking the burden off the backs of the weak, and laying it on those of the
strong. Your mere puny stripling, that winced at the least flourish of the rod, was passed by with indulgence; but
the claims of justice were satisfied by inflicting a double portion on some little tough wrong-headed, broadskirted
Dutch urchin, who sulked and swelled and grew dogged and sullen beneath the birch. All this he called
“doing his duty by their parents;” and he never inflicted a chastisement without following it by the assurance,
so consolatory to the smarting urchin, that “he would remember it and thank him for it the longest day he
had to live.

sarcasm
Lesson 10-Exam 2
The phrase “feet that might have served for shovels” in paragraph 3 is an example of what kind of figurative language?
metaphor
Lesson 10-Exam 2
From the context, what does the word rights in line 19 mean?
himself unhesitatingly on his thought, instantly rights himself, stands in the erect
subjects
Lesson 10-Exam 2
What can you infer from the sentence He is weaker by every recruit to his banner in lines 15 and 16
the individual becomes weak relying on support from others
Lesson 10-Exam 2
Transcendentalists were Romantic writers who valued __________
individualism
Lesson 10-Exam 2
On the basis of this passage, with which of the following statements would Emerson be most likely to agree?
individuals are stronger than communites
Lesson 10-Exam 2
Gothic literature is a form of Romanticism that involved __________
dark and brooding tone
Lesson 10-Exam 2
From the context, what does the word beck in line 13 mean?
command
Lesson 10-Exam 2
Carolyn Keene, author of the Nancy Drew mysteries, and Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, author of the Sherlock Holmes mysteries, were both influenced by which American Romantic writer?
Edgar Allan Poe
Lesson 10-Exam 2
By referring to the wheel of Chance, what literary technique is Emerson using?
allusion
Lesson 10-Exam 2
What is the overall tone of this passage?

Society is a wave. The wave moves onward, but the water of which it is composed does not. The same particle
does not rise from the valley to the ridge. Its unity is only phenomenal. The persons who make up a nation today,
next year die, and their experience with them.
And so the reliance on Property, including the reliance on governments which protect it, is the [5] want
of self-reliance. Men have looked away from themselves and at things so long, that they have come to esteem
the religious, learned, and civil institutions as guards of property, and they deprecate assaults on these, because
they feel them to be assaults on property. They measure their esteem of each other by what each has, and not
by what each is. But a cultivated man becomes ashamed of his property, out of new respect for his nature.
Especially he hates [10] what he has, if he see that it is [10] accidental,—came to him by inheritance, or gift, or
crime; then he feels that it is not having; it does not belong to him, has no root in him, and merely lies there,
because no revolution or no robber takes it away. But that which a man is, does always by necessity acquire, and
what the man acquires is living property, which does not wait the beck of rulers, or mobs, or revolutions, or fire,
or storm, or bankruptcies, but perpetually renews itself wherever the man breathes… It is only as a man puts off
all [15] foreign support, and stands alone, that I see him to be strong and to prevail. He is weaker by every
recruit to his banner. Is not a man better than a town? Ask nothing of men, and in the endless mutation, thou
only firm column must presently appear the upholder of all that surrounds thee. He who knows that power is
inborn, that he is weak because he has looked for good out of him and elsewhere, and so perceiving, throws
himself unhesitatingly on his thought, instantly rights himself, stands in the erect [20] position, commands his
limbs, works miracles; just as a man who stands on his feet is stronger than a man who stands on his head.
So use all that is called Fortune. Most men gamble with her, and gain all, and lose all, as her wheel rolls.
But do thou leave as unlawful these winnings, and deal with Cause and Effect, the chancelors of God. In the Will
work and acquire, and thou hast chained the wheel of Chance, and shalt [25] sit hereafter out of fear from her
rotations. A political victory, a rise of rents, the recovery of your sick, or the return of your absent friend, or
some other favorable event, raises your spirits, and you think good days are preparing for you. Do not believe it.
Nothing can bring you peace but yourself. Nothing can bring you peace but the triumph of principles.

authorative
Lesson 10-Exam 2
In paragraph 3, the term cognomen most likely means __________.
name
Lesson 10-Exam 2
What literary or rhetorical device does Emerson use in the sentence Is not a man better than a town? in line 16?
rhetorical question
Lesson 10-Exam 2
The invention of the detective character, who used deductive reasoning and creative thinking, was a tool used by Edgar Allan Poe for what genre of literature?
mystery and detective fiction
Lesson 10-Exam 2
How did the Industrial Revolution shape American Literature?
it created a need for social reform
Lesson 10-Exam 2
the characterization technique used by the author in paragraph 2 is __________.

The dominant spirit, however, that haunts this enchanted region, and seems to be commander-in-chief of all
the powers of the air, is the apparition of a figure on horseback, without a head. It is said by some to be the
ghost of a Hessian trooper, whose head had been carried away by a cannon-ball, in some nameless battle during
the Revolutionary War, and who is ever and anon seen by the country folk hurrying along in the gloom of night,
as if on the wings of the wind. His haunts are not confined to the valley, but extend at times to the adjacent
roads, and especially to the vicinity of a church at no great distance. Indeed, certain of the most authentic
historians of those parts, who have been careful in collecting and collating the floating facts concerning this
spectre, allege that the body of the trooper having been buried in the churchyard, the ghost rides forth to the
scene of battle in nightly quest of his head, and that the rushing speed with which he sometimes passes along
the Hollow, like a midnight blast, is owing to his being belated, and in a hurry to get back to the churchyard
before daybreak…Such is the general purport of this legendary superstition, which has furnished materials for
many a wild story in that region of shadows; and the spectre is known at all the country firesides, by the name of
the Headless Horseman of Sleepy Hollow.

direct characterization
Lesson 10-Exam 2
What kind of an essay is this?

“Self-Reliance”

persuasive
Lesson 10-Exam 2
In paragraph 1, the term ninefold most likely means _________.
multiple parts
Lesson 10-Exam 2
Which of the following literary texts helped the abolitionist cause?
all of these
Lesson 11
Why could a slave owner administer to a slave any kind of punishment he saw fit?
slaves were considered property
Lesson 11
How did the Industrial Revolution contribute to the beginning of the Civil War?
Industrialization was mainly located in the North.

The South depended totally on crop exports like cotton for their economy.

Much of the rural South was poverty stricken.

Lesson 11

What was a positive outcome of the war?
slavery ended and the Union was preserved
Lesson 11
What kind of tactics to end slavery did abolitionists use?
all of these
Lesson 11
General Ulysses S. Grant and General Robert E. Lee were alike in that __________.
they were knowledgable, respected….

Lesson 11

Why was Abraham Lincoln less concerned with slavery than the abolitionists in Congress?
he wanted to preserve the union at all costs

Lesson 11

The advent of which media was able to make both an artistic impression as well as keep a historical record of the events of the American Civil War?
photography
Lesson 11
What would the historical context for spirituals and slave narratives be?
the civil war era
Lesson 12
One way of understanding a text and an author’s purpose would be to examine the _________ of the writing.
historical context
Lesson 12
What is Frederick Douglass’s purpose in writing his autobiography?
He is demonstrating that slavery victimizes both the slave and the slave holder.
Lesson 12
from the context of paragraph 5, what does the word ground mean?
reason
Lesson 12
How did Frederick Douglass spend his Sundays?
in a stupor
Lesson 12
What impact does the refrain “Let my people go” create?
repeating the phrase adds power to the demand
Lesson 12
What were the “longest days” to Mr. Covey?
too short
Lesson 12
An example of a cause and effect relationship in “My Bondage and My Freedom” might be one of _________.
a slave master and her slave
Lesson 12
Spirituals were often sung by slaves because __________. (Choose more than one answer.)
they likened their situation to the Jews in Ancient Egypt

they combined African traditional music with Christian hymnals
Lesson 12

What effect did art and photography have on the anti-slavery movement in America?
It exposed the truth and emotions of the slavery situation.
Lesson 12
Which events were major contributors to the American Civil War? (Choose more than one answer.)
The Dred Scott decision makes slavery legal in all territories

Abraham Lincoln wins the presidential election
Lesson 11

You might infer from the substantial growth of the United States Army and Navy during the Civil War that __________. (Choose more than one answer.)
the Civil War strengthened the American armed forces

better training and equipment methods were developed

Lesson 11

What would the historical context for spirituals and slave narratives be?
the Civil War era

Lesson 12

One way of understanding a text and an author’s purpose would be to examine the _________ of the writing.
historical context

Lesson 12

What is Frederick Douglass’s purpose in writing his autobiography?
He is demonstrating that slavery victimizes both the slave and the slave holder.

Lesson 12

From the context of paragraph 5, what does the word ground mean?

“I suffered bodily as well as mentally. I had neither sufficient time in which to eat or to sleep, except on Sundays.
The overwork, and the brutal chastisements of which I was the victim, combined with that ever-gnawing and
soul-devouring thought—”I am a slave—a slave for life—a slave with no rational ground to hope for freedom”—
rendered me a living embodiment of mental and physical wretchedness. “

reason

Lesson 12

How did Frederick Douglass spend his Sundays?
in a stupor

Lesson 12

What impact does the refrain “Let my people go” create?
Repeating the phrase adds power to the demand.
Lesson 12
Repeating the phrase adds power to the demand.
too short
Lesson 12
In “An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge,” the author uses __________ to provide the exposition on the main character, setting, and the conflict.
flashback

Lesson 13

What about Ambrose Bierce’s real life lead him to include realistic details about combat in his story?
Bierce saw action in many battles in the Civil War.

Lesson 13

In The Red Badge of Courage, what does Henry’s mother tell him about his duty when enlisted?
She tells him to do what he thinks is right.
Lesson 13
Peyton Farquhar escapes the Union soldiers who intended to hang him from the bridge.
False

Lesson 13

Ambrose Bierce’s story is unique in that the main character is a _____.
Confederate

Lesson 13

Peyton Farquhar is a Confederate supporter.
True

Lesson 13

In The Red Badge of Courage, how does the author consistently refer to the main character?
The youth

Lesson 13

What is the point of view expressed in the passage?

“The power of thought was restored. He knew that the rope had broken and he had fallen into the stream.”

third-person limited

Lesson 13

Why does the youth run the second time he confronts a battle? (Choose more than one answer.)
he is tired from the first battle

other soldiers begin fleeing

Lesson 13

Which of the following figures of speech would be the same as an oath or swear in modern language?
deliver a philippic

Lesson 14

What is Henry’s “sore badge of dishonor”?
running from a battle

Lesson 14

If a reader were to paraphrase the following line, what would be the sentence?

Whatever the bids of the bidders they cannot be high enough for it

You cannot put a price on a human being

Lesson 14

What conclusion can you draw about the following lines from the selection?

For it the globe lay preparing quintillions of years without one animal or plant,

For it the revolving cycles truly and steadily roll’d.

The speaker is emphasizing the human condition began with the primordial world

Lesson 14

“I Hear America Singing” would be a completely different poem if it were written in regular rhyme and meter instead of __________.
free verse

Lesson 14

Why does Henry have such a difficult time returning to the army?
He has an inner conflict between his own safety and his loyalty to his companions and the army.

Lesson 14

What is the author’s purpose in writing the selection?

A man’s body at auction,
(For before the war I often go to the slave-mart and watch the sale,)
I help the auctioneer; the sloven
does not know his business.

to inform readers how selling humans into slavery is evil

Lesson 14

Which phrases would be an example of parallelism used in the selection?
For it the globe, for it the revolving

Lesson 14

Which detail would support the author’s theme that the armed forces do not value the individual?
“…he might try to prove to himself that the thing with which men could charge him was in truth a symmetrical act.”

Lesson 14

What does the speaker think of the slave auctioneer?
The auctioneer is ignorant of the beauty of the human body
Which best describes the author’s purpose of this passage?
to explain
In The Red Badge of Courage, Henry Fleming is called “the youth” because _____.
the author wants to emphasize the traits of the character

Lesson 15 EXAM

From the context of paragraph 1, what can you infer the word discipline means?
training
The period of American literature that was formed during the Civil War was developed between the years __________.
1850-1880
Which of the following best describes the main idea of the passage?
slavery is evil and must be stopped.
Which line in stanza two contains an example of parallelism?
Line 5
What is the overall tone of this passage?
melancoly and reflective
From the context of paragraph 4 , what can you infer the word present means?
current
Which technological invention helped keep historical records of the Civil War?
the photograph
From the context of paragraph 5, what does the word ground mean?
reason
Why does Henry dislike the tattered soldier?
the soldier keeps asking him where he is wounded,
What conclusion can you draw about Frederick Douglass’s feelings concerning the ships in Chesapeake Bay?
the ship symbolize
How does the speaker create a specific voice in the selection?
by using meter that mimics
Abolitionist literature relied on the stories of people who experienced slavery firsthand. These texts were called __________.

slave narratives

slave narratives
Which lines are an example of regular rhyme in stanza 1?
lines 2 and 4
What conclusion can you draw about the following lines from the selection?

For it the globe lay preparing quintillions of years without one animal or plant,

For it the revolving cycles truly and steadily roll’d.

The speaker is emphasizing the human condition began with the primordial world.
How did Frederick Douglass spend his Sundays?
in a stupor
Which best describes the author’s purpose of this passage?
to explain
What type of meter is the excerpt written in?
free verse
If a reader were to paraphrase the following line, what would be the sentence?

Whatever the bids of the bidders they cannot be high enough for it

you cannot put a price on a human being
What is the point of view of this passage?
first-person
What type of literature is Douglass’s writing an example of?
autobiography

Lesson 15 EXAM

What is the author’s purpose in writing the selection?
to inform readers on how Lesson

Lesson 15 EXAM

Which phrases would be an example of parallelism used in the selection?
for it the globe was revolving

Lesson 15 EXAM

What does the speaker think of the slave auctioneer?
auctioneer is ignorant
Which words are examples of regular rhyme in stanza two? (Choose more than one answer.)
stand, sand
In a poor tenement apartment __________ could be living in one room
multiple families
What was one of the central arguments used against the idea of women’s suffrage?
the breakdown of the family would occur
Why was “walking the steel” such a high-paying job?
a high percentage of workers died doing it

Lesson 16

As railroads spread across the United States, travel time was __________.
reduced by half
Lesson 16
Who is credited with creating the nickname for the Gilded Age?
Mark Twain
Lesson 16
What social inequalities were present during the Gilded Age? (Choose more than one answer.)
African Americans still lacked civil rights

women still lacked civil rights

there was a great divide between the rich and poor

Lesson 16

What is ironic about the Gilded Age?
the prosperity and success of the nation was because of
What analogy does Twain make between doctors and riverboat pilots in “Two Views from the River”?
they both are blind to beauty because of their training

Lesson 17

In The Red Badge of Courage, what does Wilson’s packet of letters home symbolize?
The shameful fear of dying
lesson 17
In The Red Badge of Courage, why is it ironic that Henry takes on an air that is “pompous and veteran-like”? (Choose more than one answer.)
he has not truly been “wounded in battle”

he has very little battle experience

Lesson 17

What was important about legendary regional characters?
they helped Americans form an identity with their country

Lesson 17

Why were so many legendary characters identified by region?
Lesson 17

they represented the local color and characteristics of a specific part of the country

Which line from Mark Twain’s short story, “Jumping Frog” contains a colloquialism?
Well, thish-yer Smiley had a yaller one-eyed cow that didn’t have no tail, only jest a short stump…

Lesson 17

We just get fired around from pillar to post and get licked here and get licked there, and nobody knows what it’s done for.

The manipulation of words in the quotation from The Red Badge of Courage is an example of the author’s use of __________.

Lesson 17 irregular syntax
How can an author differentiate between a narrator and the characters in a story?
Lesson 17
by comparing and contrasting language
In The Red Badge of Courage, how does Wilson (the loud soldier) provide a direct contrast to Henry?

Wilson has truly come to a self-realization through battle,

Lesson 17
Wilson has truly come to a self-realization through battle,
Which phrase contains a colloquialism from The Red Badge of Courage?
Lesson 17
Good Gawd
What does the word threading mean in paragraph 1?

The Jungle by Upton Sinclair

winding

Lesson 18

What is the main idea of the passage?
the economic system was often brutal and unforgiving.
Lesson 18
How could a reader predict that Mrs. Mallard likes to deal with her problems by herself in “The Story of an Hour”?

She goes to her room alone.

She goes to her room alone.
Lesson 18
What does Henry begin to realize as his superior officers send the regiment into battle against insurmountable odds in The Red Badge of Courage?
how very insignificant their lives are
Lesson 18
What type of internal conflict do the soldiers of Henry’s regiment face in The Red Badge of Courage?
the fear that they are not able to overcome their enemy
Lesson 18
In the selection, how does the author reveal the personality of Jurgis?
indirect characterization
Lesson 18
Which literary element in this passage affects all the others?

the jungle….

setting
Lesson 18
How does Kate Chopin demonstrate herself as a Realist author?
She presents a realistic view of marriage as she sees it.
Lesson 18
How might a reader predict what will happen to Theodora in “April Showers”?
The character is young and has romantic ideas about writing that might set her up for disappointment.
Lesson 18
Which of the following events is told as a flashback in “April Showers”?
Theodora recalls Uncle James’s story about how Kathleen
Lesson 18
What is Jurgis’s only complaint about the hospital?
the quality of the meat is poor
Lesson 18
If a reader had understanding about the background knowledge of Jack London, he or she could infer from the selection that Buck is going __________.
to pull sleds during the Klondike gosh rush in the Yukon
Lesson 19
How does the setting affect characterization in the selection?
Because of bucks reaction to snow, the reader can draw the conclusion that he is new to his environment.

Lesson 19

The word sympathetic has what Greek root?
pathos
Lesson 19
What is the theme of “To Build a Fire”?
Humans are victims, not masters of their environment.
Lesson 19
In The Red Badge of Courage, what new role does Henry adopt in his regiment?
He is the color-bearer and becomes a leader in this position by encouraging the other soldiers to charge.
Lesson 19
What qualities for survival does the dog have that the man doesn’t?
The dog has instincts.
Lesson 19
What event does the dog wanting to “dig in” foreshadow?
the mans death
Lesson 19
The word mortuary has what Latin root?
mors
Lesson 19
What quote from “What Life Means to Me” would fit best in the short story “To Build a Fire”?
In the end, if he did not die before, he sold out and put up his shutters.
Lesson 19
In The Red Badge of Courage, why does time and space seem to stand still for Henry as he is watching and/or participating in battle?
His senses are more sharply focused during this time Lesson 19
In The Red Badge of Courage, what does Henry feel extremely guilty about?
He remembers the tattered soldier…..
Lesson 19
What description would best describe the character of Buck based on the selection?
new to his environment
vastly experienced
Exam 4
Select the author’s purpose for writing The Red Badge of Courage? (Choose more than one answer.)
to question the validity of war and humanity’s obsession with destruction

to present death and warfare as something very real that affects the human psyche

to juxtapose the ideas of self-preservation and survival instincts with the idea of courage and righteousness

What inference can you make about Jurgis from paragraph 2?
he is an immigrant…
Exam 4
What would classify an author as a Regionalist writer?
using the setting and plot of the story to emphasize the local color of a particular region of the United States
What writing technique is evident in the following quote from The Red Badge of Courage?

War, the red animal, war, the blood-swollen god, would have bloated fill.

imagery
Exam 4
Why did Jurgis leave his tools in the pawnshop?
he needed money the pawnbroker paid for them
Exam 4
From which point of view is the novel, The Red Badge of Courage told?
third-person limited
Exam 4
What would classify an author as a Naturalist writer?
writing by the author that attempts to scientifically explain the limitations of human beings because of social conditions, heredity, and the environment
Exam 4
What writing technique is evident in the following quote from The Red Badge of Courage?

It’s raised a queer lump jest as if some feller had lammed yeh on the head with a club.

colloquialism
Exam 4
What does the word threading mean in paragraph 1?
winding
Exam 4
Why might sections from The Red Badge of Courage be compared to an impressionist painting?
both of these
Exam 4
Which of the following is an effect of Jurgis’s injury?
he loses his ability to work
Exam 4
Select an example of theme that occurs in the novel, The Red Badge of Courage.
transformation
Exam 4
What writing technique is evident in the following quote from The Red Badge of Courage?

The general, he ses he is goin’t’ take th’ hull cammand of th’ 304th when we go in the action, an’ then he ses we’ll do sech fightin’ as never another one reg’ment done.

diction
Exam 4
What is the effect of Buck losing his dinner?
he learns that Francois is a fair master
Exam 4
One of the best reading strategies to understand the work of authors who wrote between 1880 and 1910 in America would be _________.
understanding the historical background behind the reading selections
Exam 4
The plot of The Red Badge of Courage, follows a conventional structure and rises to a climax at the end of the novel.
false
Exam 4
What parts of nature are extremely symbolic in the novel, The Red Badge of Courage?
animals

Exam 4

Select an example of theme that occurs in the novel, The Call of the Wild.
isolation
Exam 4
What is the setting of The Red Badge of Courage? (Choose more than one answer.)
The setting is never specifically explained.

The setting is generally thought to be a battle during the American Civil War.
Exam 4

What is the background setting of this selection?
a cold snowy environment
a ship sailing upon the ocean
Exam 4
Select a main point of irony in the novel, The Red Badge of Courage.
The title reflects the irony that Henry wants a red badge of courage, but the wound that he gets is actually part of his shame.
Exam 4
What is the central conflict presented in the selection?
character vs society
Exam 4
In the selection, how does the author reveal the personality of Jurgis?
indirect characterization
Exam 4
What is the best conclusion the reader can draw about the author’s purpose for this selection?
to persuade readers the divide between the poor and wealthy was great
Exam 4
Which answer would best describe Stephen Crane’s writing style in The Red Badge of Courage?
His style is poetic, abrupt, and swift.
Exam 4
Which kinds of Americans were celebrated as symbols of prosperity? (Choose more than one answer.)

f

sports heroes

movie stars
Lesson 21

Which of the following was NOT a consequence of WWI?

the Dust Bowl