English 1 Test 3

What are the two subjects in Donne’s “Song”?
love and death
In “Meditation 17,” what is meant by the statement, “when one man dies, one chapter is not torn out of the book, but translated into a better language?”
When we die, we do not cease to exist but instead achieve eternal life.
What is the speaker’s motivation in “A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning”?
to assure his beloved that distance will make their love grow stronger
Read the following lines from “A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning” and choose the term that best describes them: “Our two souls therefore, which are one,/ Though I must go, endure not yet/ A breach, but an expansion.”
A paradox
What is the main idea of “Holy Sonnet 10”?
Believers die but awaken again to eternal life.
What does “Meditation 17” compare God to?
a publisher
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According to the argument Donne puts forth in “Meditation 17,” how can one be affected by another’s death?
Human beings are necessarily involved with another.
Which quotation states the main theme of “Meditation 17”?
“Any man’s death diminishes me because I am involved in mankind…”
Why is the seemingly contradictory phrase “Death, thou shalt die” actually true within the context of “Holy Sonnet 10”?
After death, a Christian awakes to eternal life.
In Donne’s Song, why is the phrase “unkindly kind” paradoxical?
It implies that the lover is being kind and cruel at the same time.
In lines 1-8 of Donne’s “Song,” what is the speaker doing?
Comparing leaving a loved one to dying.
Determine what the speaker saying in the following lines from “A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning:” “Dull sublunary lovers’ love/ (Whose soul is sense) cannot admit/ Absence, because it doth remove/ Those things which elemented it.”
Unlike physical love, spiritual love can withstand absence.
In “Holy Sonnet 10,” why does the speaker refer to death as a slave?
Because fate, chance, kings, and desperate men control when Death comes.
What is the main idea of “On My First Son”?
the speaker mourns the death of his son
In “On My First Son,” what does the speaker describe as his best piece of poetry?
His son
In “On My First Son,” what does the speaker mean when he says, “My sin was too much hope of thee, loved boy”?
His sin was in wanting too much for his son.
Determine what the speaker means in the following quote from “Still to Be Neat:” “Robes loosely flowing, hair as free; / Such sweet neglect more taketh me/ Than all th’ adulteries of art.”
He prefers a more natural woman to one who is always groomed.
Determine what the speaker means in the following quotation from “Still to Be Neat”? “Lady, is it to be presumed, /Though art’s hid causes are not found/ All is not sweet, all is not sound.”
Perfect makeup and grooming cover flaws.
What is the theme of “Song: To Celia”?
the pleasures of love
Why do you think Jonson wrote “Song: To Celia”?
To describe an effort to win a lover’s affection.
What does carpe diem mean?
sieze the day
Determine what the speaker means in the following quotation from “To His Coy Mistress:” “But at my back I always hear/ Time’s winged chariot hurrying near.”
Death is approaching quickly.
Determine the meaning of the flower in these lines from “To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time:” “And the same flower that smiles today/ Tomorrow will be dying.”
life
Determine the speaker’s attitude in these lines from Sir John Suckling’s “Song:” “If of herself she will not love, /Nothing can make her:/ The devil take her!”
Frustration
Whom is the speaker addressing in Suckling’s “Song”?
A young man who is in love
In Suckling’s “Song,” what is the speaker’s attitude toward his subject?
Humorous
What is one of the main ideas of “Sonnet VII” (“How soon hath Time”)?
People cannot change their fates.
Determine the meaning of these lines from “Sonnet VII” (“How soon hath Time”): “Perhaps my semblance might deceive the truth, / That I to manhood am arrived so near, /And inward ripeness doth much less appear.”
I may appear to be a man, but I am not yet mentally mature.
What is the best statement of the theme of “Sonnet XIX (When I consider how my light is spent)”?
A person does not have to achieve great things to serve God.
What problem does the speaker examine in “Sonnet XIX (when I consider how my light is spent)”?
How to do his work as a blind person
What is the central theme of the excerpt from “Paradise Lost” that you read?
the conflict between good and evil
How did Satan come to rule in Hell, according to Paradise Lost?
He led a rebellion against God.
Which characteristic of epic poetry is found in Paradise Lost?
The story begins in the middle of the action.
In Paradise Lost, what does Satan vow to do as he sits in Hell?
to raise a rebellion of angels
Based on the opening line of the selection you read from “The Pilgrim’s Progress,” what can you infer about what follows?
that it is all a dream
In “The Pilgrim’s Progress,” what is the allegorical significance of the Slough of Despond?
It represents obstacles in the path to Christian salvation.
In “The Pilgrim’s Progress,” Christian is carrying a burden. What does that burden symbolize?
the burden of sin or guilt on the soul
In “The Pilgrim’s Progress,” how would you describe Pliable’s attitude toward salvation?
If it requires too much effort he is not interested.
What does the Wicket Gate in “The Pilgrim’s PRogress” symbolize?
the gates of heaven
“The Pilgrim’s Progress,” when Help refers to “the steps,” what does he mean?
Pathways to salvation and grace.
What is a recurring symbol in “Meditation 17”?
A church bell.
What is the speaker in “To His Coy Mistress” trying to do?
To urge his love to accept his proposal of marriage.
When does the speaker in “To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time” believe is the best time to find love?
in their youth/ prime.
Why does Satan rebuke Beelzebub in “Paradise Lost”?
For Beelzebub’s perceived weakness.
Why do the characters in “The Pilgrim’s Progress” have symbolic names?
For allegorical fashion
The excerpt from Samuel Pepys’s Diary is most valuable as a primary source of information about what?
The plague and the Great Fire of London.
What does the following quote say about the author’s position in society: “Church being done, my Lord Bruncker, Sin J. Minnes, and I up to the vestry at the desire of the Justices of Peace, Sir Theo. Biddulph and Sir W. Boreman and Alderman Hooker, in order to the doing something for the keeping of the plague from growing…”
He is a doctor whose opinion is valued.
What does the following quote say about the plague: “… one of my own watermen, that carried me daily, fell sick as soon as he had landed me on Friday morning last, when I had been all night upon the water (and I believe he did get his infection that day at Brainford), and is now dead of the plague.”
The time from onset to death could be very short for some people.
According to Charles II’s “Declaration to London, 1666,” what materials does Charles want people to use when they build houses?
Brick or stone, because they are not flammable.
According to Charles II’s “Declaration to London, 1666,” why should the streets in the rebuilt city be wider than they were before?
to prevent a fire from jumping across the street
What did both Pepys’s Diary and the “Declaration to London, 1666” give to the public now?
They give readers a first-hand look at conditions in London in 1666.
What clues in A Journal of the Plague Year indicate that it is told from the first-person point of view?
The narrator refers to himself as “I” and relates only what he sees and knows.
What is the main idea of the excerpt of A Journal of the Plague Year?
The plague caused a breakdown in orderly behavior.
How does Defoe make his account, A Journal of the Plague Year, seem realistic?
He gives mortality statistics and measurements.
In “Gulliver’s Travels,” what are the Lilliputians quarreling about that leads to war?
Which end of the egg to break open.
In Gulliver’s Travels, what is Swift satirizing when he writes about the Lilliputian wars?
Religious wars
What is the target of Swift’s satire when he has Gulliver offer the king of Brobdingnag the technology to make gunpowder, and the king refuses?
The inhumanity of modern warfare.
What is Swift atirizing in the story of the dispute between the Big-endians and the Little-endians in Gulliver’s Travels?
arguments over unimportant things
What is the main idea of the passage from An Essay on Man?
People have many strengths and weaknesses.
Determine what Pope means by “middle state” in these lines from An Essay on Man: “Know then thyself, presume not God to scan; / The proper study of mankind is man./ Places on this isthmus of a middle state, / A being darkly wise, and rudely great…”
A state between having great knowledge and knowing nothing
Which of the following is a characteristic of a mock epic in The Rape of the Lock?
a high- level style
What was Pope’s purpose in writing The Rape of the Lock?
To entertain and ridicule
What is one of Johnson’s themes in “The Preface”?
His dictionary may not be perfect, but no one else have even completed one.
Why does Johnson include quotations from famous writers in each entry of A Dictionary of the English Language?
to illustrate how to use the words
What would be a good purpose for reading Johnson’s “The Preface” to his dictionary?
to learn why he wrote the dictionary
According to the Life of Samuel Johnson, where did Boswell first meet Johnson?
at a friend’s house
In the excerpt from the Life of Samuel Johnson, which of Johnson’s personal qualities does Boswell praise the highest?
his thinking abilities
Boswell describes Johnson’s conversational skill in the Life of Samuel Johnson. According to Boswell, why was it sometimes difficult to know exactly what Johnson thought about some issues?
Johnson often used satire and humor to disguise his true meaning.
What is the main idea of “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard”?
All lives, no matter how great or unknown, end in death.
Which word best describes the speaker’s attitude toward common people in “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard”?
respect
What happens to the speaker at the end of the “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard”?
The speaker dies and is buried in the graveyard.
Determine which answer best paraphrases these lines from “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard:” “… the pomp of power, /and all beauty, all that wealth e’er gave, / Awaits alike the inevitable hour. /These paths of glory lead but to the grave. “
Power, beauty, wealth, and glory all end with death.
What is the speaker doing in the opening lines of “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard”?
wandering in the countryside after dark.
What is the mood of “A Nocturnal Reverie”?
thoughtful
How does the speaker in “A Nocturnal Reverie” describe night?
as a time for recovery and celebration
Why is “A Nocturnal Reverie” a good name for the poem?
It is a dreamlike poem about night.
Determine what Addison means with these comments from “The Aims of The Spectator:” “I have brought philosophy out of closets and libraries, schools and colleges, to dwell in clubs and assemblies, at tea tables and in coffeehouses.”
He has made philosophy popular with ordinary people.
What kind of reader would buy The Spectator, according to “The Aims of The Spectator”?
A person who wants to learn bout the times in which they live.
What is Addison’s purpose in writing “The Aims of The Spectator”?
To explain his goal for the paper.
Which line form “To a Mouse” contains dialect
“That wee bit heap o’ leaves an’ stibble”
Determine the best translation of tis line of dialect from “To a Mouse:” “Thy wee bit housie, too, in ruin!”
Your small house is also destroyed
What is the main idea of “To a Louse”?
It would do us all good if we could see ourselves as others do.
What is the main philosophical idea of “The Lamb”?
God is Kind.
What does the tiger symbolize in “The Tyger”?
power
How does the father react to the child’s birth in “Infant Sorrow”?
He cries
What was King Charles II trying to prevent?
Another disaster within his city
What is Gulliver’s Travels a satirical commentary on?
The British court.
What does the controversy between the Big-endians and Little-endiens symbolize?
It symbolizes the fighting between the Catholics and the Protestants.
What kind of an epic is The Rape of the Lock?
A mock epic
What kind of dialect did Robert Burns use?
Burns used Scottish dialect in his writing.
The speaker in “Song” sates that he is what?
Faster than the sun.
What does the speaker tall Death in “Holy Sonnet 10”?
That Death shouldn’t be prideful, he will die, and that he is a slave.
What imagery is used to imagine two lovers in “A Valediction”?
A compass
Donne’s speaker in “Holy Sonnet 10” thinks what of Death?
That Death is arrogant.
What is the main theme of “A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning”?
Donne’s beliefs concerning the connection between two bound souls.
What is the basic aim of “Meditation 17” is to?
Persuade readers that they are truly part of the “family of man.”
What is the central image of “Meditation 17”?
The ringing church bell.
What is the purpose in “Song” trying to convince his lover not to do?
To not be distressed when he goes to war because it unnecessary
In “Holy Sonnet 10,” why does the speaker say that Death will die?
He is referring to the Christian belief that Death will ultimately be destroyed. And because he believes this, he doesn’t fear Death.
The publication of Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe in 1719 paved the way for what?
The modern English novel.
In A Journal of the Plague Year, Defoe did what?
he wrote a fictional account of London life.
What is the narrator of A Journal of the Plague Year?
An older, judicious and wise person, who is analytical and well- informed.
What does Defoe’s narrator seem to be particularly interested in?
The reactions of human beings in a time of great stress
When mentioning the deaths of the people who have served him, what is Pepys’ tone?
It is distressed and sad.
What does Pepys’ account of the fire show?
that he has seem the effects of the fire firsthand.
What were the guideline’s set forth by King Charles II?
a) Streets need to be wider enough to prevent fire from spreading to other buildings b) houses need to be built of brick or stone c) those industries relying on fire in order to operate were to be located together
What was King Charles II considering when he wanted London’s reconstructed?
He wanted it to be thought through so as to avoid future crises.