Electoral College Process/ Flaws

• each party has a set of electors for each state, who pledged themselves to the party.
• number of electors equals the number of House of Representatives members plus Senators.
• Virginia has 13
• there are a total of 538 electors because Washington DC has 3 electoral vote
•23rd Amendment
• in November, the public votes for presidential electors in the popular vote.
• on December 15th the party that wins the popular vote in each state, their electors vote for President and Vice President separately in the electoral college (exception for Nebraska and Maine)
Flaws
• 1.) the winner of the popular vote may not win.
Examples:
• 1824- John Quincy Adams
•1876- Rutherford B. Haynes
•1888- Benjamin Harrison
•2000- George W. Bush

2.) Electors do not have to vote for who they pledged. (Faithless elector)
Examples:
• this has happened 157 times in history. (71 because the original candidate died before the electoral college votes and only 9 since 1912)
• the last time it happened was in 2004 when a Minnesota elector.

• candidate needs a majority to win
• 270 votes (269+1)
•If there is a tie or no one gets s majority, the House of Representatives picks the President and Vice President and the Senate picks the Vice President
• 1800- Thomas Jefferson
• 1824- John Quincy Adams