Electoral College Process/ Flaws

• each party has a set of electors for each state, who pledged themselves to the party.
• number of electors equals the number of House of Representatives members plus Senators.
• Virginia has 13
• there are a total of 538 electors because Washington DC has 3 electoral vote
•23rd Amendment
• in November, the public votes for presidential electors in the popular vote.
• on December 15th the party that wins the popular vote in each state, their electors vote for President and Vice President separately in the electoral college (exception for Nebraska and Maine)
• 1.) the winner of the popular vote may not win.
• 1824- John Quincy Adams
•1876- Rutherford B. Haynes
•1888- Benjamin Harrison
•2000- George W. Bush

2.) Electors do not have to vote for who they pledged. (Faithless elector)
• this has happened 157 times in history. (71 because the original candidate died before the electoral college votes and only 9 since 1912)
• the last time it happened was in 2004 when a Minnesota elector.

• candidate needs a majority to win
• 270 votes (269+1)
•If there is a tie or no one gets s majority, the House of Representatives picks the President and Vice President and the Senate picks the Vice President
• 1800- Thomas Jefferson
• 1824- John Quincy Adams