Ed Pro Final

In terms of professional status, many consider teaching to be.
a. a skilled occupation such as a computer programmer or an accountant.
b. somewhere between a full profession and a semiprofession.
c. a full profession on the level of doctors, lawyers, and clergy.
d. an occupation, such as a bank teller or dental hygienist.
b. somewhere between a full profession and a semiprofession.
Edward lives in Maryland during the colonial period. When it comes time to choose a trade, he decides he wishes to become a teacher. How would he prepare to teach children during this time in American history?
Select one:
a. He would pass a test to measure his knowledge of important subjects.
b. He would receive virtually no formal training at all.
c. He would attend secondary school and some college.
d. He would attend a normal school.
b. He would receive virtually no formal training at all.
To demonstrate their expertise, teachers undergoing NBPTS certification must
Select one:
a. document continuous improvement in their students’ test scores.
b. complete a series of tests to establish their pedagogical proficiency.
c. demonstrate understanding of the most effective teaching methods.
d. mentor other teachers who are having difficulties with their teaching.
c. demonstrate understanding of the most effective teaching methods.
Unlike traditional teacher preparation programs, alternative teaching programs
Select one:
a. tend to result in a less diverse teaching force.
b. focus on apprenticeships and on-the-job training.
c. tend to draw less academically-prepared students into teaching.
d. are found in less than half of the states in the U.S.
b. focus on apprenticeships and on-the-job training.
Horace Mann helped establish the first
Select one:
a. state-supported normal school.
b. undergraduate teaching program.
c. post-graduate teaching program.
d. private normal school.
a. state-supported normal school.
The goal of the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards is to
Select one:
a. assess and certify highly competent teachers.
b. create a nationwide curriculum for elementary schools.
c. develop and disseminate a checklist of professional goals and behaviors that all teachers must meet.
d. support legislative efforts to improve teacher quality at state and national levels.
a. assess and certify highly competent teachers.
Which of the following statements is true regarding merit pay?

Select one:
a. States have done a good job of developing uniform, objective standards by which to measure teacher performance.
b. Merit pay is popular among many reformers.
c. Merit pay reduces the “political” factor in deciding who is an effective teacher.
d. Merit pay can be easily linked to measurements such as test scores and attendance.

b. Merit pay is popular among many reformers.
Paula is a high school music teacher who is known for her involvement and commitment to her students and to her school. She is constantly working with other teachers and administrators so that they can have the best instruction, curriculum, and staff development possible. She also reaches out through her music program to involve parents and the community to make sure that these groups are engaged with the school and feel like they have stake in what is going on there. Paula’s actions most closely reflect which of the NBPTS’s core propositions?
Select one:
a. Teachers are committed to students and their learning.
b. Teachers are members of learning communities.
c. Teachers are responsible for managing and monitoring student learning.
d. Teachers think systematically about their practice and learn from experience.
b. Teachers are members of learning communities.
Alice is a teacher who has just finished her fourth year of teaching. At the end of that year, Alice was informed that she would be granted tenure. From this point, Alice can expect
Select one:
a. protection from arbitrary dismissal.
b. “iron clad” job security, no matter what.
c. recognition as a competent teacher.
d. accelerated salary increases.
a. protection from arbitrary dismissal.
Normal schools were important because they
Select one:
a. represented the earliest form of professional teacher education.
b. led to a more diverse teaching force.
c. focused solely on pedagogy and teaching methodology.
d. remain, to this day, the primary way teachers are trained.
a. represented the earliest form of professional teacher education.
Pavel is a new teacher in an inner-city school in Boston. To prepare for teaching, Pavel first had to promise his school that he would stay for at least five years. Then, he spent his first year on the job observing and working with Dava Anderson, a master teacher who had been working with inner-city students her entire career. All the while, Pavel was taking coursework at Boston College to gain a theoretical understanding of teaching. Only during his second year was he allowed to teach students of his own, and then only under Dava’s careful supervision. Based on this description, Pavel is part of
Select one:
a. a teaching residency program.
b. a fifth-year teaching degree program.
c. a guild-based apprenticeship program.
d. the Teach for America program.
a. a teaching residency program.
Which of the following is generally considered a positive aspect of the teaching profession?
Select one:
a. excellent salaries
b. minimal amounts of paperwork
c. the ability to influence the lives of young people
d. high prestige and status
c. the ability to influence the lives of young people
One of the reasons that urban legends about teaching are damaging to teachers is that
Select one:
a. they are accepted as true by many policymakers.
b. at their core, they are true.
c. they undermine student performance and classroom behavior.
d. they discourage many potentially talented teachers from entering the field.
a. they are accepted as true by many policymakers.
Modern efforts at education reform can be traced back to the
Select one:
a. 1950s and the founding of state teachers’ colleges.
b. early 1900s and the rise of the normal school.
c. 2000s and the implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act.
d. 1980s and the reports by The Holmes Group and the Carnegie Foundation.
d. 1980s and the reports by The Holmes Group and the Carnegie Foundation.
Horace Mann helped establish the first
Select one:
a. post-graduate teaching program.
b. state-supported normal school.
c. undergraduate teaching program.
d. private normal school.
b. state-supported normal school.
Which of the following statements is true regarding merit pay?

Select one:
a. Merit pay reduces the “political” factor in deciding who is an effective teacher.
b. Merit pay can be easily linked to measurements such as test scores and attendance.
c. States have done a good job of developing uniform, objective standards by which to measure teacher performance.
d. Merit pay is popular among many reformers.

d. Merit pay is popular among many reformers.
The goal of the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards is to
Select one:
a. assess and certify highly competent teachers.
b. develop and disseminate a checklist of professional goals and behaviors that all teachers must meet.
c. support legislative efforts to improve teacher quality at state and national levels.
d. create a nationwide curriculum for elementary schools.
a. assess and certify highly competent teachers.
Unlike traditional teacher preparation programs, alternative teaching programs
Select one:
a. are found in less than half of the states in the U.S.
b. focus on apprenticeships and on-the-job training.
c. tend to result in a less diverse teaching force.
d. tend to draw less academically-prepared students into teaching.
b. focus on apprenticeships and on-the-job training.
In terms of professional status, many consider teaching to be
Select one:
a. an occupation, such as a bank teller or dental hygienist.
b. a skilled occupation such as a computer programmer or an accountant.
c. somewhere between a full profession and a semiprofession.
d. a full profession on the level of doctors, lawyers, and clergy.
c. somewhere between a full profession and a semiprofession.
Normal schools were important because they
Select one:
a. led to a more diverse teaching force.
b. focused solely on pedagogy and teaching methodology.
c. remain, to this day, the primary way teachers are trained.
d. represented the earliest form of professional teacher education.
d. represented the earliest form of professional teacher education.
One of the reasons that urban legends about teaching are damaging to teachers is that
Select one:
a. they are accepted as true by many policymakers.
b. they discourage many potentially talented teachers from entering the field.
c. they undermine student performance and classroom behavior.
d. at their core, they are true.
a. they are accepted as true by many policymakers.
To demonstrate their expertise, teachers undergoing NBPTS certification must
Select one:
a. complete a series of tests to establish their pedagogical proficiency.
b. document continuous improvement in their students’ test scores.
c. demonstrate understanding of the most effective teaching methods.
d. mentor other teachers who are having difficulties with their teaching.
c. demonstrate understanding of the most effective teaching methods.
Pavel is a new teacher in an inner-city school in Boston. To prepare for teaching, Pavel first had to promise his school that he would stay for at least five years. Then, he spent his first year on the job observing and working with Dava Anderson, a master teacher who had been working with inner-city students her entire career. All the while, Pavel was taking coursework at Boston College to gain a theoretical understanding of teaching. Only during his second year was he allowed to teach students of his own, and then only under Dava’s careful supervision. Based on this description, Pavel is part of
Select one:
a. a fifth-year teaching degree program.
b. a guild-based apprenticeship program.
c. the Teach for America program.
d. a teaching residency program.
d. a teaching residency program.
Alice is a teacher who has just finished her fourth year of teaching. At the end of that year, Alice was informed that she would be granted tenure. From this point, Alice can expect
Select one:
a. accelerated salary increases.
b. “iron clad” job security, no matter what.
c. recognition as a competent teacher.
d. protection from arbitrary dismissal.
d. protection from arbitrary dismissal.
Modern efforts at education reform can be traced back to the
Select one:
a. 1980s and the reports by The Holmes Group and the Carnegie Foundation.
b. 1950s and the founding of state teachers’ colleges.
c. early 1900s and the rise of the normal school.
d. 2000s and the implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act.
a. 1980s and the reports by The Holmes Group and the Carnegie Foundation.
Which of the following is generally considered a positive aspect of the teaching profession?
Select one:
a. minimal amounts of paperwork
b. high prestige and status
c. excellent salaries
d. the ability to influence the lives of young people
d. the ability to influence the lives of young people
Edward lives in Maryland during the colonial period. When it comes time to choose a trade, he decides he wishes to become a teacher. How would he prepare to teach children during this time in American history?
Select one:
a. He would receive virtually no formal training at all.
b. He would attend secondary school and some college.
c. He would attend a normal school.
d. He would pass a test to measure his knowledge of important subjects.
a. He would receive virtually no formal training at all.
The goal of the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards is to
Select one:
a. develop and disseminate a checklist of professional goals and behaviors that all teachers must meet.
b. assess and certify highly competent teachers.
c. support legislative efforts to improve teacher quality at state and national levels.
d. create a nationwide curriculum for elementary schools.
b. assess and certify highly competent teachers.
Unlike traditional teacher preparation programs, alternative teaching programs
Select one:
a. focus on apprenticeships and on-the-job training.
b. are found in less than half of the states in the U.S.
c. tend to draw less academically-prepared students into teaching.
d. tend to result in a less diverse teaching force.
a. focus on apprenticeships and on-the-job training.
Jean is a student in your class. She is very aware of how she feels emotionally, and has a clear idea of her strengths and her limitations. She uses her sense of self as a key resource as she approaches her work in your class. Based on this description, you believe that Jean has
Select one:
a. existential intelligence.
b. naturalist intelligence.
c. intrapersonal intelligence.
d. interpersonal intelligence.
c. intrapersonal intelligence.
Which principle of special education implies that children have the right to an education involving accurate diagnosis of individual needs?

Select one:
a. zero reject
b. nondiscriminatory education
c. IEP
d. Procedural due process

c. IEP
How might you characterize the changing understanding of intelligence?
Select one:
a. Technological advances and computer programs are allowing a more precise measure of intelligence.
b. “IQ,” the standard measure of intelligence, has been obscured by “EQ,” which is being used by schools as a replacement for the IQ test.
c. The concept of intelligence really hasn’t changed since the late nineteenth century.
d. We are broadening our understanding of intelligence beyond traditional language and mathematical-logical factors.
d. We are broadening our understanding of intelligence beyond traditional language and mathematical-logical factors.
Which of the following has NOT been given as a reason for single-sex schools?
Select one:
a. Separating boys and girls helps them focus on academics better.
b. Girls’ science and math genes are developed in single-sex schools.
c. Dividing students removes sexual distractions.
d. Boys and girls learn differently.
b. Girls’ science and math genes are developed in single-sex schools.
A person who demonstrates strong existential intelligence (the intelligence Gardner is currently exploring) would have the ability to
Select one:
a. analyze and respond to the emotions and moods of others.
b. form a mental model of the spatial world.
c. discriminate among living things.
d. formulate questions about life, death, and who we are.
d. formulate questions about life, death, and who we are.
Which of the following is NOT currently one of the five elements of giftedness identified by the National Association for Gifted Children?
Select one:
a. academic abilities
b. wisdom
c. creative talents
d. leadership skills
b. wisdom
New conceptualizations of intelligence view it as changeable and somewhat controllable. This idea of intelligence is referred to as
Select one:
a. internal theory.
b. entity theory.
c. frames of mind.
d. incremental theory.
d. incremental theory.
The concepts in the IDEA that students should be assessed fairly by the use of tests that are free from cultural biases and are in the students’ native languages would be covered by which provision?
Select one:
a. appropriate education
b. individualized education program
c. non-discriminatory education
d. procedural due process
c. non-discriminatory education
Which of the following is true of students receiving special education?
Select one:
a. Boys are more likely to receive special educational services than girls.
b. Few special education students are likely to be Hispanic because special education services are not available in Spanish.
c. Gifted learners receive far more than their share of instructional resources because they often benefit the most from their status as special education students.
d. Whites are more likely than African Americans to be labeled mentally retarded.
a. Boys are more likely to receive special educational services than girls.
One of the reasons that teachers feel uncertain about educating special needs students is that they
Select one:
a. do not understand what the IDEA requires of them.
b. do not feel comfortable working with special needs students due to the stigma attached to these children.
c. do not feel that they have the resources to work with special needs students.
d. feel that focusing on special needs students comes at the expense of regular education students.
c. do not feel that they have the resources to work with special needs students.
Which of the following is true of today’s families in the U.S.?
Select one:
a. Most families are headed by a working father and a stay-at-home mother.
b. Less than half of American families are remarried or recoupled.
c. The percentage of married women with children who work outside the home has fallen from 78 percent to just over 60 percent.
d. Only two-thirds of children live in two-parent households.
d. Only two-thirds of children live in two-parent households.
Which of the following statements is FALSE?
Select one:
a. Teachers should watch for signs of depression; depression often precedes suicide attempts.
b. Suicide is a leading cause of death among adolescents.
c. African Americans have the highest suicide rate of all racial and ethnic groups.
d. Girls who have been physically or sexually abused are particularly at risk for suicide.
c. African Americans have the highest suicide rate of all racial and ethnic groups.
During elementary school, there is
Select one:
a. no differentiation between students regarding their socialization patterns.
b. more communication between sexes than between races.
c. more communication between races than between sexes.
d. more communication between classes than between sexes.
c. more communication between races than between sexes.
Bullying has been an accepted school tradition for so long because
Select one:
a. teachers accept the common myths surrounding bullying.
b. teachers are frequently intimidated by bullies, especially in the upper grades.
c. teachers have difficulty defining what constitutes bullying.
d. teachers realize that there are often no disciplinary consequences for bullies.
a. teachers accept the common myths surrounding bullying.
According to Goodlad, which statement is true regarding the patterns of classroom interactions?
Select one:
a. Students are typically restrained in a relatively small space, during a period in which much of the activity is about maintaining order.
b. The teacher tends to be disengaged from students, preferring to let them work in groups rather than engage in direct instruction.
c. Students feel that they have an important role in influencing the activities that the teacher chooses for instruction.
d. While there is relatively little praise in classrooms, the feedback students receive tends to be corrective in nature.
a. Students are typically restrained in a relatively small space, during a period in which much of the activity is about maintaining order.
Members of which demographic group are at the greatest risk for committing suicide?
Select one:
a. Hispanic females
b. Native American males
c. African American males
d. white females
b. Native American males
Critics of middle school education argue they should be replaced by
Select one:
a. charter schools.
b. high schools that begin at an earlier grade.
c. K-8 schools.
d. single-sex schools.
c. K-8 schools.
Poor students frequently feel alienated from the school experience because
Select one:
a. they feel disconnected from schools that reflect middle-class values.
b. they frequently have parents who do not see the value of education.
c. they are tempted by media images that indicate life outside of school is more financially rewarding.
d. they are not intellectually capable of doing the academic work that school demands.
a. they feel disconnected from schools that reflect middle-class values.
Which of the following best describes a characteristic of adolescent culture in school?
Select one:
a. preoccupation with physical attractiveness and peer popularity
b. strong desire to please parents
c. strong allegiance to and dependence on a teacher
d. intense devotion in “best-friend” pairings
a. preoccupation with physical attractiveness and peer popularity
Emily’s parents have just completed a divorce in which both parents will share custody. For Emily, which of the following statements is true?
Select one:
a. Emily’s teachers should make sure that her focus is on school work to take her mind off of what is happening at home.
b. Emily’s teachers should respect Emily’s need for privacy and keep their distance.
c. Emily will probably go through a process that closely resembles mourning.
d. It is most likely that Emily will never recover from the experience.
c. Emily will probably go through a process that closely resembles mourning.
Studies on school size have determined that
Select one:
a. smaller schools are more effective than larger schools based upon the fact taht their students are more likely to pass their classes.
b. smaller schools are more cost effective than larger schools.
c. larger schools are more effective than smaller schools because they have more course and extracurricular offerings.
d. larger schools are more effective than smaller schools because there are more resources to help disadvantaged students.
a. smaller schools are more effective than larger schools based upon the fact taht their students are more likely to pass their classes.
Jean and Stephen were concerned about the quality of education that their son, Galen, was receiving in the neighborhood school. They felt that the secular curriculum did not reflect their strong religious beliefs. As result, they chose to homeschool Galen for the rest of his educational career. The religiously-based motivation on the part of Galen’s parents to homeschool him is indicative of
Select one:
a. zealots.
b. evangelicals.
c. pedagogues.
d. ideologues.
d. ideologues.
There tend to be fewer virtual schools at the elementary levels, primarily because
Select one:
a. virtual schooling can deprive children of interactions needed for them to develop socialization skills.
b. they are too expensive to operate.
c. there is little difference in the academic performance of elementary school students taught virtually and those students taught in regular classrooms.
d. too many parents cannot afford to stay at home to watch after their children.
a. virtual schooling can deprive children of interactions needed for them to develop socialization skills.
Which statement would most likely be made by a critic of schools’ efforts to transmit culture?
Select one:
a. “It is not the schools’ place to transmit culture; there are other gatekeepers in society who are responsible for that.”
b. “Teachers are not trained to transmit culture, so it is not fair to task them with such a responsibility.”
c. “Taxpayers do not pay their monies to have schools transmit culture. Schools need to stick to the basics.”
d. “When schools transmit culture, they tend to privilege certain groups and make other groups feel inferior.”
d. “When schools transmit culture, they tend to privilege certain groups and make other groups feel inferior.”
Baltimore middle school was recognized by the U.S. Department of Education as a green ribbon school. The school earned this distinction for
Select one:
a. significantly reducing the amount of school violence on their campus.
b. significantly increasing academic achievement among their at-risk students.
c. creating a healthy school climate, implementing suggestions from students and teachers to reduce energy consumption, and producing students who were environmentally literate.
d. implementing suggestions from students, faculty, and staff for saving money by reducing wasteful spending and finding new ways to bring revenue to the school.
c. creating a healthy school climate, implementing suggestions from students and teachers to reduce energy consumption, and producing students who were environmentally literate.
How many states currently allow open enrollment within their school districts?
Select one:
a. 40 or more
b. fewer than 10
c. 30
d. 20
a. 40 or more
Influential teacher organizations are cautiously supportive of a merit pay plan, providing certain provisions are met. Which of the following is NOT one of those provisions?
Select one:
a. The plan should not be based solely on student test scores.
b. Local teachers should be involved in planning.
c. Pay across the board for all teachers must be at least 50 percent higher than current teacher salaries.
d. The plan should not penalize teachers in under-resourced schools.
c. Pay across the board for all teachers must be at least 50 percent higher than current teacher salaries.
Alexis is a teacher who feels strongly about the importance of preparing students to live in a democracy. She feels that this objective is just as important as math or science, and she constantly pushes her colleagues to incorporate civic instruction into their courses, no matter the subject. Alexis’s ideas reflect
Select one:
a. sociopolitical reconstructionism.
b. social democratic reconstructionism.
c. Deweyan reconstructionism.
d. civic reconstructionism.
b. social democratic reconstructionism.
Which of the following statements most reflects the beliefs of James Coleman?
Select one:
a. “The key to improving public education in American is to invest in charter schools.”
b. “High schools are obsolete. They are preparing students for the world of 1960.”
c. “The answer to improving the quality of education in America is to adopt a marketplace-driven idea. Competition will save public schools.”
d. “When we look at private and parochial schools, we can see that they do a better job than public schools. So perhaps private schools are the way to fix education.”
d. “When we look at private and parochial schools, we can see that they do a better job than public schools. So perhaps private schools are the way to fix education.”
The economist who argued that school competition and choice would improve the quality of public education was
Select one:
a. Bill Gates.
b. Milton Friedman.
c. Tom Watkins.
d. James Coleman.
b. Milton Friedman.
Which of the following groups of states wield the most influence on textbook creation and adoption?
Select one:
a. Texas, California, New York, and Florida
b. Texas, California, North Carolina and Florida
c. Texas, California, Colorado, and New York
d. Texas, California, Virginia, and New York
b. Texas, California, North Carolina and Florida
Which of the following comments is most likely to be made by an opponent of censorship?
Select one:
a. “I really feel that, while schools should protect children from blatantly inappropriate ideas, ‘inappropriate’ is a pretty subjective term.”
b. “I really feel that it is the job of schools to indoctrinate students and teach them correct values through the books to which students are exposed.”
c. “I really feel that it is the place of the parents and other adults to determine what ideas children should be exposed to.”
d. “I really feel that school libraries really should reflect the ideas of the community. After all, it’s the taxpayers in the community who pay for the books.”
a. “I really feel that, while schools should protect children from blatantly inappropriate ideas, ‘inappropriate’ is a pretty subjective term.”
Which statement would most likely be made by a proponent of Common Core Standards?
Select one:
a. “Other curriculum plans were very expensive to operate. The relatively small cost of the Common Core Curriculum will free up education funds for other purposes.”
b. “What is great about the Common Core Standards is that they allow exploration of content in-depth, just like other countries that are successful on international achievement tests. Perhaps the Common Core Standards will allow our students to become more competitive on these tests, too!”
c. “One of the challenges the U.S. faces is that it has no national curriculum. The Common Core Standards solve this problem by establishing a curriculum for the nation.”
d. “Under No Child Left Behind, our schools became obsessed with testing. The Common Core Standards will end this culture of testing and focus our teachers and students on the critical task of learning.”
b. “What is great about the Common Core Standards is that they allow exploration of content in-depth, just like other countries that are successful on international achievement tests. Perhaps the Common Core Standards will allow our students to become more competitive on these tests, too!”
Educator Hilda Taba argued which of the following about the importance of a school curriculum?
Select one:
a. Learning in school is different than learning in life because schools teach skills that are needed for work and the professions.
b. Learning in school is different than learning in life because schools teach the hidden lessons in life.
c. Learning in school is different than learning in life because schools teach critical socialization skills.
d. Learning in school is different than learning in life because schools are more formally organized.
d. Learning in school is different than learning in life because schools are more formally organized.
The phenomenon represented by the test-tampering scandal in Atlanta, Georgia, is most closely associated with
Select one:
a. Campbell’s law.
b. Noyes’s law.
c. the Hawthorne effect.
d. testing psychosis.
a. Campbell’s law.
One of the primary reasons that No Child Left Behind was revamped is that
Select one:
a. there was a fear that most of the nation’s schools would be labeled as failing.
b. the law had become too expensive to implement due to the high costs of standardized tests.
c. there was a political movement to eliminate the culture of testing that had developed in schools.
d. there was a push to return schools to the control of the taxpayers in their local districts and reduce the role of the federal government in schools.
a. there was a fear that most of the nation’s schools would be labeled as failing.
A textbook covers twentieth-century U.S. history without mentioning the continuing struggle for civil rights; and pictures throughout the text portray only harmonious race relations. This is an example of bias called
Select one:
a. stereotyping.
b. fragmentation.
c. imbalance.
d. unreality.
d. unreality.
Textbook adoption states
Select one:
a. have declined from more than twenty in 1990 to fewer than ten today.
b. jointly agree on a single textbook in each subject area.
c. are common in the South.
d. mainly follow the lead of New York and Connecticut.
c. are common in the South.
As a student in college, Luisa was shocked at some of the things she was learning in her Survey of American History course. Although she had studied American history before, her teachers had never mentioned many of the things she was learning for the first time from the professor. Luisa’s experiences would most closely reflect the effects of
Select one:
a. the null curriculum.
b. the rhetorical curriculum.
c. the hidden curriculum.
d. poor teacher training in the content area.
a. the null curriculum.
In recent times, the role of state governments in curricular decisions has
Select one:
a. decreased due to reductions in state education budgets.
b. increased through testing and the implementation of state standards.
c. decreased, due to the emphasis on local control of schools mandated in No Child Left Behind.
d. has actually remained relatively stable since the 1970s.
b. increased through testing and the implementation of state standards.
The school superintendent
Select one:
a. is protected by liberal tenure laws.
b. mainly represents teachers’ interests in improving working conditions and salaries.
c. is the most powerful education officer in the district.
d. focuses on administrative matters and is not involved with political matters.
c. is the most powerful education officer in the district.
According to Donald McCarty and Charles Ramsey, authors of The School Managers: Power and Conflict in American Public Education, a school board in a community dominated by a few powerful figures will seek out a superintendent who
Select one:
a. has a functionary style.
b. acts as an adviser.
c. acts as a decision maker.
d. has a political style.
a. has a functionary style.
The influence of the business community in America’s schools can best be characterized as
Select one:
a. virtually nonexistent.
b. felt only in vocational and commercial programs.
c. a very recent phenomenon.
d. extensive and growing.
d. extensive and growing.
The number of school districts in the nation has been
Select one:
a. decreasing.
b. unchanged for some years.
c. increasing.
d. replaced entirely by individual school building units (ISBUs).
a. decreasing.
What was the importance of Edgewood v. Kirby?
Select one:
a. It legitimized property tax as a rational and equitable method of funding local schools.
b. A state supreme court found that gross differences in per-pupil expenditures violated the state constitution.
c. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that states must implement a foundation program or guaranteed tax base program to reduce economic inequities.
d. It pinpointed municipal overburden as the principal cause of financial inequities in Texas schools.
b. A state supreme court found that gross differences in per-pupil expenditures violated the state constitution.
When the federal government awards Eisenhower funds to assist teachers in math and sciences with their instruction, they are providing a
Select one:
a. limited grant.
b. block grant.
c. categorical grant.
d. conditional grant.
c. categorical grant.
Marian Wright Edelman is important because she founded the
Select one:
a. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
b. Children’s Defense Fund.
c. American Federation of Teachers.
d. National Education Association.
b. Children’s Defense Fund.
Which of the following was NOT a result of San Antonio v. Rodriguez?
Select one:
a. The Court called for congressional intervention to change funding inequities in education.
b. Education was declared not to be a fundamental constitutional right.
c. The idea of local control of education was reaffirmed.
d. The Court recognized that the property tax system of funding education was not efficient.
a. The Court called for congressional intervention to change funding inequities in education.
Reformers who used the courts as a means to redistribute school funds between affluent and less affluent districts were called
Select one:
a. Adequacy Advocates.
b. Serrano reformers.
c. Equal Opportunity reformers.
d. Robin Hood reformers.
d. Robin Hood reformers.
School boards are often criticized for
Select one:
a. neglecting administrative issues.
b. pushing for reforms such as school vouchers without public support.
c. dealing with too limited a range of issues.
d. being too radical.
c. dealing with too limited a range of issues.
The Supreme Court Case Franklin v. Gwinnett County Public Schools is important because it
Select one:
a. made it more difficult for students to collect monetary damages from schools in cases of sexual harassment.
b. established the categories of quid pro quo and hostile environment sexual harassment.
c. established the standard of “deliberate indifference” in determining whether or not sexual harassment took place.
d. extended the reach of Title IX so that students could sue schools for monetary damages if they were sexually harassed.
d. extended the reach of Title IX so that students could sue schools for monetary damages if they were sexually harassed.
Paul Pratfall was a young teacher who meant well, but could be easily led off task—especially when it came to afternoon hall duty. When the school dismissal bell rang, Paul’s job was to make sure that the children walked safely and in an orderly manner from the classrooms on his hall to the waiting school buses just beyond the front entrance. During Friday’s duty, one of Paul’s colleagues called out to him. “Hey, Paulie, come in here and check out the article in the paper about the big game tonight. You gotta see it!” At first, Paul hesitated, since he was on duty. Then, he went into his friend’s classroom to read the article. After all, he figured that he would only be a minute or two. Paul had just begun to read the article when he heard a loud crash and an anguished cry. He and his colleague ran into the hall to find little Jeannie lying on the floor with her leg obviously broken. Based on this scenario, Paul would most likely be guilty of
Select one:
a. malfeasance.
b. nonfeasance.
c. misfeasance.
d. malice aforethought.
b. nonfeasance.
Which of the following examples of student expression would be protected under the First Amendment?
Select one:
a. A student protesting the war in Afghanistan wears a black armband to his classes and refuses to speak during the course of the day.
b. A high school newspaper runs a feature story about the spread of sexually transmitted diseases among students in the school. The paper includes the names of the students interviewed to ensure credibility for the story.
c. A student who is running for student government office puts up campaign posters that are of doubtful taste. His campaign slogan also contains sexual innuendo.
d. A campus closed-circuit TV station runs satirical election commercials using the names and pictures of certain teachers and administrators. Many of the students think the satire is funny, but several of the teachers are upset.
a. A student protesting the war in Afghanistan wears a black armband to his classes and refuses to speak during the course of the day.
Alyssa was a senior at Local High School (LHS). Although she was an honor student, Alyssa had a mischievous streak that frequently landed her in the principal’s office. In order to get into the college that she wanted, she needed a recommendation letter from her counselor, Mr. Todd. On the day that she went to see him to ask for the letter, he told her to close the door. “Ever since you came here as a freshman, I’ve had my eye on you. It’s amazing just how pretty you’ve become. I’ll be glad to discuss your letter over dinner at my apartment, around eight tonight. Be sure to wear something really pretty. And let’s keep our little date to ourselves. After all, we wouldn’t want something to happen to that letter, would we”? Based on the dialogue, Alyssa is experiencing
Select one:
a. quid pro quo sexual harassment.
b. hostile environment sexual harassment.
c. procedural sexual harassment.
d. substantive sexual harassment.
a. quid pro quo sexual harassment.
Which of the following statements regarding zero-tolerance policies is true?
Select one:
a. The courts have been mixed in their views regarding the constitutionality of zero-tolerance policies.
b. Zero-tolerance policies have been highly effective in reducing school violence.
c. There is link between the juvenile justice system and those who have been disciplined under zero-tolerance policies.
d. White males tend to be disproportionally disciplined under zero-tolerance policies.
c. There is link between the juvenile justice system and those who have been disciplined under zero-tolerance policies.
Cases such as Goss v. Lopez that deal with the proper procedures involving the disciplining and suspension of students would fall under the
Select one:
a. Fourth Amendment.
b. Fourteenth Amendment.
c. First Amendment.
d. Fifteenth Amendment.
b. Fourteenth Amendment.
Generally courts have ruled that teachers may be fired for which of the following?
Select one:
a. adultery
b. unwed cohabitation
c. using profanity towards students
d. use of profanity outside of school
c. using profanity towards students
A child who is expelled for bringing nail clippers to school is probably feeling the consequence of
Select one:
a. sexual harassment.
b. corporal punishment.
c. a zero-tolerance policy.
d. traditional inculcation.
c. a zero-tolerance policy.
School teachers who participate in strikes are
Select one:
a. immune from prosecution.
b. usually prosecuted or penalized.
c. prohibited from doing so in over half of states, but in practice they are rarely prosecuted.
d. prohibited from doing so in virtually all states; they often incur penalties ranging from salary reduction to termination.
c. prohibited from doing so in over half of states, but in practice they are rarely prosecuted.
A teacher’s right to freedom of speech regarding matters of public concern is protected due to the holding in
Select one:
a. Pickering v. Board of Education.
b. Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District.
c. Bethel School District v. Fraser.
d. Edwards v. Aguilar.
a. Pickering v. Board of Education.
Mastery learning is based on the premise that
Select one:
a. learning should be relevant to students’ lives—by solving real-world problems.
b. learning is doing—students learn through hands-on experiences.
c. learning is a social process—students learn through interaction with others.
d. all students can learn—if given the right tools and the opportunity to work at their own pace.
d. all students can learn—if given the right tools and the opportunity to work at their own pace.
A teacher asks a student to grade her own research paper—and to justify her grade. Identify the level of this task on Bloom’s taxonomy.
Select one:
a. synthesis
b. analysis
c. comprehension
d. evaluation
d. evaluation
Higher-order questions are most effectively used during
Select one:
a. student practice drills.
b. a discussion of student opinions.
c. a review of previously learned information.
d. the introduction of new information.
b. a discussion of student opinions.
In order for classroom rules to be effective, they must
Select one:
a. relate directly to student academic performance.
b. be retributive in nature.
c. intimidating enough that students would not dare break them.
d. be tied to strong consequences.
d. be tied to strong consequences.
During classroom discussions, Juan never started a question by naming a student. He always asked a question, and then identified the student he wanted to answer the question. According to Kounin, this is an example of
Select one:
a. dangles
b. withitness
c. overlapping
d. group alerting
d. group alerting
The amount of time a teacher typically waits to call on a student after asking a question is
Select one:
a. three to five seconds.
b. one second or less.
c. too variable to be measured with much accuracy.
d. ten to fifteen seconds.
b. one second or less.
Lower-order questions occur in
Select one:
a. every level of Bloom’s Taxonomy.
b. the comprehension, application, and analysis stages of Bloom’s taxonomy.
c. the analysis, evaluation, and creativity stages of Bloom’s taxonomy.
d. the knowledge and comprehension stages of Bloom’s taxonomy.
d. the knowledge and comprehension stages of Bloom’s taxonomy.
In order to promote more efficient use of classroom time, classroom rules should be
Select one:
a. few and fair.
b. established on a school-wide basis.
c. teacher developed and student evaluated.
d. student developed, and reviewed weekly.
a. few and fair.
After having attended a workshop on problem-based learning, you decide to try it out. You realize that a key teacher role in this approach is to
Select one:
a. construct a rigorous but fair short-answer test, so students can demonstrate their learning.
b. prepare a lecture that highlights the key points of a problem, so students can see the direction you want them to take.
c. identify activities that fuel a student’s interest.
d. gather all the relevant resources in your room, so students can effectively do their research.
c. identify activities that fuel a student’s interest.
Direct teaching is
Select one:
a. based on students’ direct involvement with the material through hands-on activities.
b. teacher presentation of new material, followed by student practice and feedback.
c. student-centered and student-directed.
d. practiced through direct interaction with students on an individual basis.
b. teacher presentation of new material, followed by student practice and feedback.
Your school principal, parents, and faculty are concerned with declining student achievement. You are asked to serve on a committee intended to reverse that trend and increase student achievement, and so you review the research. Based on the research, which of the following four plans is most likely to improve academic performance over the long run?
Select one:
a. Focus on recruiting teachers to the faculty who are experienced teachers—veterans of at least fifteen years of classroom teaching.
b. Focus on recruiting teachers to the faculty who have had a strong teacher education preparation and training.
c. Raise teacher salaries to enhance teacher satisfaction and standard of living.
d. Lower the student-to-teacher ratio in each class to 18 to 1, in order to give the teacher more time to provide individualized instruction.
b. Focus on recruiting teachers to the faculty who have had a strong teacher education preparation and training.
Recently, some states such as Wisconsin have become notable for
Select one:
a. stripping teachers of their collective bargaining rights.
b. maintaining teacher collective bargaining rights in the face of public pressure.
c. expanding teacher collective bargaining rights.
d. banning teachers’ unions from representing educators.
a. stripping teachers of their collective bargaining rights.
In order to stem the exodus of new teachers from the field, more school districts are implementing
Select one:
a. longer contract obligations for new teachers.
b. fast track tenure for new teachers.
c. increased pay for new teachers.
d. more mentoring programs for new teachers.
d. more mentoring programs for new teachers.
According to researchers, problems arise with professional development when
Select one:
a. it is brief and sporadic.
b. school districts make it mandatory.
c. it is geared toward technology.
d. it is simultaneously diagnostic and evaluative.
a. it is brief and sporadic.
Induction programs tend to
Select one:
a. last at least one year, and often longer.
b. be informal in nature.
c. acclimate new teachers in work climates that tend to be isolated.
d. be offered to relatively few teachers.
a. last at least one year, and often longer.
The authors recommend that the behavioral management style for new teachers should
Select one:
a. emphasize kindness from the outset.
b. mimic the philosophy and climate of the school being taught in, based on its norms.
c. strike a healthy balance between the role of disciplinarian, and kindness and caring.
d. strike the tone of tough disciplinarian.
b. mimic the philosophy and climate of the school being taught in, based on its norms.
Critics argue that teacher observations are ineffective because
Select one:
a. an unrealistic number of teachers are given satisfactory observations.
b. teachers do not take them seriously.
c. they are expensive.
d. they divert administrators from other, more important duties.
a. an unrealistic number of teachers are given satisfactory observations.
All of her life, Nadia had been told by the teachers in her family, “If you go into teaching, don’t smile until Christmas.” Nadia figured her relatives knew what they were talking about, so she opted to be stern and run a quiet, highly managed class. If Nadia adopts such an approach, she will
Select one:
a. be doing the right thing, since students will take advantage of her otherwise.
b. ensure that her students will respect and fear her.
c. ensure increased academic achievement from her students.
d. risk having the students “revolt” later in the year.
d. risk having the students “revolt” later in the year.
When teachers initially enter the classroom environment, their primary focus tends to be
Select one:
a. mastery of pedagogy.
b. survival.
c. forming collegial relationships.
d. professional growth.
b. survival.
Jean is a new teacher at the end of her second year. When she meets with her principal to discuss her performance for the year and her assignment for the following school year, the principal will probably rely on Jean’s
Select one:
a. diagnostic observations.
b. induction observations.
c. evaluative observations.
d. formative observations.
c. evaluative observations.