Behavior that violates significant social norms is called
A stigma isb
a mark of social disgrace that sets the deviant apart from the rest of society.
Conflict theorists believe that
competition and social inequality leads to deviance (both A and B)
The interactionist perspective focuses on
control theory
The situation that arises when the norms of society are unclear or are no longer applicable is referred to as
____ explains deviance as a learned behavior.
Cultural transmission theory
The conflict perspective explains deviance in terms of power and inequality.
To be labeled deviant, one must
be detected committing a deviant act and be stigmatized by society (both A and B)
The frequency and closeness of associations a person has with deviant and nondeviant individuals is called
Differential association
Conformity is the acceptance of culturally approved goals and the means for achieving these goals.
True (?)
Innovation, ritualism, retreatism, and rebellion employ deviant behavior.
Like strain theory, control theory explains deviance as a natural occurrence.
Explain the two types of deviance associated with labeling theory.
Primary deviance: this is nonconformity that goes undetected by those in authority.
Secondary deviance: this results in the individual being labeled as deviant and accepting the label as true.
The process of labeling an individual as deviant which is usually performed in some type of a public setting in which the individual is found guilty, denounced, and given the new identity of deviant.
Degradation Ceremony
People with power commit deviant acts to obtain economic rewards.
A mark of social disgrace that sets the deviant apart from the rest of society.
Give a brief description of strain theory.
Society places a high value on certain goals. However, not everyone can achieve these goals.Nonetheless, society expects them to meet these goals and society judges them according to how well they do.When they fail, individuals fall victim to anomie. They are left without sufficient guidelines for behavior, thus confusing both the individuals and society.
It is suggested that deviance has the following uses in social life:
All of the above (a.
helps to clarify norms, unifies a group, and diffuses tension and promotes social change)
The labeling theory
all of the above (focuses on how individuals come to be identified as deviant, notes that all people commit deviant acts during their lives, and describes two types of deviance)
The suspension of moral beliefs to commit deviant acts is a
technique of neutralization
Deviance viewed as the natural outgrowth of values, norms, and structure of society
All of the above (is known as the strain theory, is the major functionalist explanation, and it was developed by Robert K. Merton)