Dev Psych USF

Yacef is interested in determining whether children develop virtually the same way in Algeria as they do in other parts of the world. Yacef’s research deals primarily with the ____________ issue of human development.
Universal versus context-specific development
Social cognitive theory and operant conditioning are similar in that they both
believe that experience is important in determining behavior.
When describing the development of his son Pitt, Brad says, “The best way to describe it is in terms of a slow computer with a small memory getting faster processor and more storage space”. This type of description would suggest that Brad adheres to a(n) _______ approach to development.
Information-processing
In an experiment designed to determine whether taking vitamin A before attending a social event improves self-esteem, what is the dependent variable?
The level of self-esteem
Patti studies the behavior of preschool children by watching them play at a local daycare center. While doing this, she is careful to find a spot where she will be completely unnoticed by the individuals she is observing. Patti is most likely using a ________ approach to studying the children.
?? I thought naturalistic approach. Possible test error marked it wrong… ??
Dr. Sefky says: “Sure, reinforcement and punishment are important, but how people interpret reinforcement and punishment is even more important”. Given this statement, Dr. Sefky’s view is most likely to agree with
Social Cognitive theory
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If you were going to study only psychological influences of human development, you would not research
??
Who is best associated with psychosocial theory?
Erikson
Which method of measuring behavior is most likely to be used in combination with other behavioral measures?
Physiological measures
Qualitative research differs from quantitative research because it
seeks to gain an understanding of what governs behavior.
Benoit is interested in studying the effects of various biological forces on human development. Which of these topics is probably of least interest to him?
cognition
After grading the first exam, your developmental psychology instructor says, “Those students who actually came to class did much better than those of you who showed up once a week”. Given this information, you would suspect that the correlation between attendance and grades would be closest to ______.
+.9
Sara believes that memory processes develop the same way in all children. Sara is most likely to support a _____ position regarding human development.
Universal
The fact that Tatiana likes to listen to the Hives (a 2000s band) and her grandmother prefers listening to Bill Haley and the Comets (a 1950s band) is probably best explained by
Cohort effect
Which statement is not consistent with ethical research?
Never tell subjects if they’ve been deceived.
A questionnaire is a written form of a self-report.
True
Dr. Mitchell is very interested in how individual participants’ behaviors change over time. If she wants to study this, she’ll have to do a(n) ________ study.
Lingitudinal
The argument that each psychosocial strength has its own special age period of specific importance is the cornerstone of _____ theory of development.
Erikson’s
Zsuzsi is conducting a study to determine whether skateboarding causes a reduction in intelligence. In this experiment, skateboarding is the
Independant
In an experiment, the dependent variable is manipulated.
False
Which of the following is not a problem related to longitudinal research?
It is difficult to generalize results to the larger population.??
?
Daisy and Rose are identical twins who were separated at birth. Daisy was raised in the United States, whereas Rose spent her childhood in Austria. Which force would likely explain most of the differences between their behaviors as teens?
Sociocultural
Mary has only one child, one-year-old Shelly, and has stayed home for most of Shelly’s life. From an ecological perspective, Mary is best thought of as part of Shelly’s
Microsystem
Marcelia has been promoted and is moving her family to a new city in a different part of the country. Though 4-year-old Fernando is very happy and makes the transition easily, 12-year-old Jorge is unhappy and has a very difficult time adjusting to the move. Both children generally adapt well to change. Which single set of factors best explains the different responses of Fernando and Jorge to the move?
biological? Not personality..
After completing his history assignment, Nico is excused from having to wash the dishes, a task he detests. Nico’s parents are attempting to use _________ to increase Nico’s studying.
Negative reinforcement
In a correlational study variables are always studied
As they exist naturally
Your friend David has decided to start studying human development because he hates studying biology. According to your text, will David find happiness in his new area of interest?
No, because studying biological influences is a necessary component to understanding development.
Rutger believes that, rather than progressing through a sequence of stages, mental processes gradually get more complex and efficient. Rutger is most likely a proponent of
Information-processing theory.
Which theorist is best associated with an ecological approach to human development?
Bronfenbrenner
Plasticity refers to the fact that as we develop, some of our skills grow and others decline.
false
The notion of “balancing” work and home-life responsibilities is best associated with
the synchronization of individual transitions with collective familial ones.
The epigenetic principle provides the basis for psychosocial theory’s sequence of stages.
true
Teenagers would be included in a sample of the population that includes all individuals between ages 5 and 50.
true
When asked to explain why children sometimes act violently, Dr. Zylar responds, “Generally speaking, these children are driven by conflicts between what they wish to do and what society wishes them to do”. It is most likely that Dr. Zylar would be a proponent of _____________ theory.
Psychodynamic
Which research finding supports the idea that a new intelligence test is valid?
Scores on the new intelligence test are correlated with scores on another valid intelligence test.
According to your text, which kind of developmental force has received the most attention?
Psychological
Since Dr. Kim takes a strong nature position concerning the origins of mental retardation, she would most likely hypothesize that her sonÕs mental retardation is due to
his genes
How would Erik Erikson respond to the statement, “A midlife crisis is a normal part of the human life cycle”?
He would agree.
The argument that each psychosocial strength has its own special age period of specific importance is the cornerstone of _____ theory of development.
Erikson’s
Which statement is always true?
A population consists of a single sample.
A sample is another term for a population.
A population is larger than a sample.
A sample is a cultural concept while a population is a social concept.
A population is larger than a sample
Zhang is attempting to alter the behavior of his son by controlling the consequences of his son’s actions. Zhang is practicing
Operant conditioning.
Dr. Lund stages a fire drill at the elementary school in order to study how children respond to potential emergency situations. Dr. Lund’s method would best be described as a(n)
Structured observation.
Which research study would you most expect to see from a researcher with a life-course perspective?
Growing up in the 1960s, and its influence on drug-taking behavior in middle adulthood
You are doing a study to determine whether smoking nicotine prior to taking a psychology test affects performance on that test. What is the independent variable in your study?
Smoking nicotine
A mesosystem provides connections across microsystems.
true
Piaget’s theory emphasizes the manner in which children construct knowledge.
true
Which type of variable is manipulated by an experimenter?
Independent
Someone taking a universal stance believes that there is only one path of development.
true
Validity is to reliability as
Accuracy is to consistency
Even though Brenda was never reinforced directly for doing so, she increased the frequency of her swearing after she saw her friend Elizabeth get a lot of attention after she swore. This is most likely an example of
Observational learning.
If you believe in continuity, you believe that development is best characterized as following a smooth progression.
true
Which theorist is best associated with an ecological approach to human development?
Bronfenbrenner
Plasticity refers to the fact that as we develop, some of our skills grow and others decline.
false
A meta-analysis involves the synthesis of results from numerous studies.
true
In a life-cycle model, the timing of an event has little influence on the type of impact it has on behavior.
false
In a correlational study variables are always studied
As they exist naturally.
The average child has approximately ____ genes.
25
25,000
25,000,000
25,000,000,000
25,000
After learning that his newborn son’s birth involved hypoxia, Sven (a knowledgeable nurse) would most likely ask,
A. “Did the cervix ever dilate?”
B. “How long until my wife’s scar heals?”
C. “Is such a premature birth normal?”
D. “How long was the cord wrapped around his neck?”
D. “How long was the cord wrapped around his neck?”
A heritability coefficient is used to calculate the extent to which a characteristic is the result of genetics.

True
or
False

True
If Agnieszka found out that she was conceived through in vitro fertilization, she would know for certain that
A. she was conceived inside a fallopian tube.
B. the woman who carried her as a baby was not the woman who reared her.
C. she was conceived in a Petri dish.
D. her biological parents were not the same as the parents who reared her.
B. the woman who carried her as a baby was not the woman who reared her.
By the time Debbie got to the hospital to deliver her child, the child had entered the vaginal opening. This means that Debbie was in the ____ stage of labor.
second
Fourth
Third
first
second
Which combination of sex chromosomes is not possible in a living human being?
XXY
A single X chromosome
XYY
A single Y chromosome
A single Y chromosome
Wilma is afraid of the pain involved in delivering her baby. Are childbirth classes likely to help her?
A. Yes, because women who take these courses report experiencing less pain than women who don’t.
B. Yes, because women who take these courses qualify for painkilling medications they would not usually receive.
C. No, because childbirth courses only make people more knowledgeable about the birthing process and can have no effect on pain. (x)
D. No, because individuals who know most about the birthing process experience the most pain.
A. Yes, because women who take these courses report experiencing less pain than women who don’t.??
Sixteen-year-old Marshall was severely malnourished as an infant. Compared to his peers who were not malnourished as infants, Marshall is most likely to
A. be shorter
B. have lighter colored hair.
C. be less intelligent.
D. weigh less. (x)
C. Be less intelligent?
Which process can best be explained by alleles?
The formation of identical twins through the splitting of a fertilized egg
The teratogenic effects associated with fetal alcohol syndrome
The fact that phenotypes produce genotypes
The instructions for hair color come from two sources on the chromosome
The instructions for hair color come from two sources on the chromosome
While observing a special monitor, a physician tells an expectant mother, As you can see, the legs and arms have just begun to emerge. From this description, you should realize that the two are looking at a(n)
Embryo.
Fetus (x)
Zygote.
germ disc.
embryo
Both AIDS and genital herpes
can be passed along to an infant as it passes through the birth canal.
can be eliminated by maternal inoculation.
typically result in blindness.
cannot be transmitted to a fetus through the placenta.
can be passed along to an infant as it passes through the birth canal.
Damage to cells in the embryo’s ____ layer would be most likely to result in the development of a defective digestive system.
Ectoderm
Placenta
Endoderm
Mesoderm
Endoderm
Dr. Proctor tells Uma that her developing embryo is showing distortions in the development of its circulatory system. As a knowledgeable student of human development, Uma should realize that the problem is within cells of the ____ layer.
Placenta
endoderm
Ectoderm
Mesoderm
Mesoderm
Julio and Kari are babies who are the same age but very different from each other. Julio has the ability to focus his attention on a task, while Kari is very easily distracted. Julio and Kari differ on which dimension of temperament?
Effortful control
Negative affect
Surgency (x)
Activity (x)
Effortful control
Marsha’s doctor informs her that her child is just entering the longest period of prenatal development. About how long has Marsha been carrying her unborn child?
3 weeks
1 day
28 weeks
9 weeks
9 weeks
The ?Back to Sleep? campaign was aimed at reducing
malnutrition.
nightmares
SIDS.
co-sleeping.
SIDS
Damage from teratogens are sometimes not evident until later in life.
true
false
True
How many DNA molecules are typically contained in each human chromosome?
100,000
46
468
1
1?
Which best describes the main finding of a study in which pregnant mothers read the story The Cat in the Hat?
A. After birth, infants appeared to recognize the rhythm at which their mother has read a story.
B. After birth, infants who had been read to began to speak at an earlier age than a control group that had not been read to.
c. After birth, infants showed no reaction when they once again heard a story that had been read by their mother before they were born.
D. Prior to birth, the fetus begins to mimic the sounds its mother makes.
After birth, infants appeared to recognize the rhythm at which their mother has read a story.
The developing human organism that has just become completely embedded in the wall of the uterus is called the
Embryo.
Zygote. (x)
Amnion.
Fetus
Embryo.?
How is a physician most likely to guard against fetal hypoxia?
Encourage the mother to deliver vaginally.
Avoid exposing the fetus to tainted blood.
Conduct a genetic screen of the parents.
Monitor the fetus’s heart rate.
Monitor the fetus’s heart rate.
By definition, premature infants are born prior to ____ weeks after conception.
42
40
36
38
36
Which statement best exemplifies the basic premise of behavioral genetics?
“Openness to new experience is not an either/or proposition but represents a wide range of reactions”
“Your personality is all in your environment”
“Your personality is all in your genes”
“People are either very open to new experiences or avoid new experiences at all costs”
… ?? “Openness to new experience is not an either/or proposition but represents a wide range of reactions”
The condition of hypoxia involves a reduction in the flow of oxygen to the brain.
true
false
true
Which statement concerning co-sleeping is accurate?
It can reduce the need for elaborate rituals aimed at having children sleep in their own rooms.
It seems to negatively affect child-parent bonding.
It is most effective in cultures that value child self-reliance.
It is done exclusively with mom.
It can reduce the need for elaborate rituals aimed at having children sleep in their own rooms.
Troy is very interested in the field of fetal medicine. Given this, he would most likely be fascinated by a book titled
The Importance of Childhood Inoculations.
Fixing Birth Defects Before Birth.
Afterbirth Care and You.
The Benefits of Healthy Eating Before Pregnancy.
Fixing Birth Defects Before Birth.
Genes and environments
interact dynamically in childhood and independently in adulthood.
act independently in childhood and interact dynamically in adulthood.
act independently throughout development.
interact dynamically throughout development.
interact dynamically throughout development.
As a behavioral geneticist, Professor Klink is most likely to calculate the extent to which depression is inherited using a _____ coefficient.
Heritability
DNA
Polygenetic
Nonshared
Heritability
Maternal stress is most likely to negatively impact a developing embryo/fetus when that stress is
Intermittent and moderate
intermittent and extreme.
Chronic and extreme
chronic and moderate.
Chronic and extreme
Which combination of sex chromosomes is not possible in a living human being?
A single Y chromosome
A single X chromosome
XXY
XYY
A single Y chromosome
The neural plate ultimately forms the
nervous system and the skull.
spinal cord and the nervous system
brain and spinal cord.
skull and the brain.
brain and spinal cord.
Benji is a four-year-old who has a very difficult time falling asleep at night. According to your text, what is the best remedy for this problem?
Engage Benji in rigorous exercise immediately before bedtime to make sure he’s tired before going to bed.
Develop a regular bedtime routine.
Keep Benji up later and later to make sure he’s tired before going to bed.
Make sure that Benji eats something soothing before going to bed.
Develop a regular bedtime routine.
The cutoff between normal and low birth weight is about ____ pounds.
3.3
7.7
2.2
5.5
5.5
Who has created a gene?
Sally, who has added an extra chromosome to a fertilized egg
Harry, who has just generated a single bead of guanine
Tom, who has strung together four adenine “beads”
Dick, who has just removed the sex chromosome from a cell
Tom, who has strung together four adenine “beads”
What combination would result in a boy?
A 17th pair of chromosomes with two Xs
A 17th pair of chromosomes with one X and one Y
A 23rd pair of chromosomes with two Xs
A 23rd pair of chromosomes with one X and one Y
A 23rd pair of chromosomes with one X and one Y
Lotte is recovering from a serious accident that damaged her frontal cortex. Which outcome is most likely?
Lotte’s personality will be different.
Lotte will have a difficult time breathing and seeing.
Lotte will have no more axons.
Lotte’s left hemisphere will no longer be able to communicate with her right hemisphere.
Lotte’s personality will be different.
“Trisomy 21” (three 21st chromosomes) best describes
Down syndrome
Sickle-cell trait.
Huntington’s disease.
Phenylketonuria (PKU).
Down syndrome
A heritability coefficient is a derivation of a(n)
Chi-square correlation.
T-test.
Analysis of variance (x)
Correlation
Correlation?
Monozygotic twins come from a single egg.
true
false
true
After learning that his newborn son’s birth involved hypoxia, Sven (a knowledgeable nurse) would most likely ask,
“How long until my wife’s scar heals?”
“Did the cervix ever dilate?”
“How long was the cord wrapped around his neck?”
“Is such a premature birth normal?”
“How long was the cord wrapped around his neck?”
During an experiment, you record the brain activity of a child using an EEG. As a result of reading your text, you would predict that the left hemisphere would exhibit the most electrical activity when the child is
looking at different faces.
recognizing that her mother is angry.
listening to someone talk
pushing a toy over her bed.
listening to someone talk
The key lesson learned by the fact that thalidomide showed no impact when tested on prenatal rabbits but led to birth defects in prenatal humans is that
teratogen effects may not emerge until later in life.
teratogens impact different genotypes differently.
teratogens impact specific aspects of development.
teratogen effects are the same regardless of the time when the individual is exposed.
teratogens impact different genotypes differently.
Dr. Ramone is interested in studying how babies are different in terms of their behavior toward other people, how energetic they are, and how easily they are upset. It is most likely that Dr. Ramone is studying
waking activity.
SIDS.
temperament
theory of mind.
temperament
Left hemisphere is to cerebral cortex as
EEG is to fMRI.
white is to black.
half is to whole.
dendrite is to axon
half is to whole
Prenatal development begins
With sperm production.
At conception
With ovulation
At implantation into the uterus.
At conception
Because it involves prolonged physical effort, the process of childbirth is often referred to as involving stages of
Pursuit
Parturition
Labor.
Travail
Labor
Which statement concerning teratogens is false?
Their effects may not emerge until later in life.
They impact different genotypes differently.
Their effects are the same regardless of the time when the individual is exposed.
They impact specific aspects of development.
Their effects are the same regardless of the time when the individual is exposed.
The point at which a zygote burrows into the uterine wall is referred to as
Dilation
Implantation
Fertilization. (x)
Niche-picking
Implantation
Yvette is a malnourished child. If her parents are typical, they will probably
interact less with Yvette because she is so lethargic.
become upset with Yvette’s hyperactivity.
stop trying to feed Yvette.
take more responsibility for making sure Yvette grows socially and psychologically. (x)
interact less with Yvette because she is so lethargic?
Genotype is to phenotype as
DNA is to RNA.
chromosome pattern is to physical features.
homozygous is to heterozygous.
nurture is to nature.
chromosome pattern is to physical features.
Troy is very interested in the field of fetal medicine. Given this, he would most likely be fascinated by a book titled
The Importance of Childhood Inoculations.
Afterbirth Care and You.
The Benefits of Healthy Eating Before Pregnancy.
Fixing Birth Defects Before Birth.
Fixing Birth Defects Before Birth.
While observing brain activity, Dr. Smith proclaims, ?This brain is definitely experiencing a downsizing in the number of connections between neurons.? This indicates that the brain Dr. Smith is studying is undergoing
cephalocaudal development.
dendritic expansion.
motion parallax
synaptic pruning.
synaptic pruning.
Joseph is homozygous for normal blood cells. This means that he
Has matching alleles
Is an identical twin.
Has recessive alleles
Is likely to develop sickle-cell anemia
Has matching alleles
The concept that genotypes are not the only things that control traits involves the fact that
each genotype can produce a variety of phenotypes.
recessive genes are more commonly expressed than dominant genes.
dizygotic twins are virtually genetically identical.
the environment has little impact on behavior.
each genotype can produce a variety of phenotypes.
Individuals with sickle-cell trait must carry both recessive alleles in order to display symptoms.
true
false
false
Monozygotic is to dizygotic as
One egg is to two eggs
One mother is to two mothers.
Dominant is to recessive.
Heterozygous is to homozygous.
One egg is to two eggs
The thick, greasy substance that covers the fetus around five to six months after conception is called
Amnion
Placenta.
Vernix
Endoderm
Vernix
Because her birth weight was 1200 grams (about 3 pounds), Kia would be correctly classified as having a(n) ____ birth weight.
Low
Very low
Extremely low
Normal
Very low

Low birth weight (LBW) is the medical classification for a baby who weighs less than 2500 grams—or 5 lbs 5 oz—at birth. Any baby who weighs less than 2500 grams at birth is classified as LBW, whether the baby was born premature or at term.

A low birth weight baby will fall into one of 3 categories:

Low birth weight (LBW): A LBW baby weighs less than 2500 grams, or 5 lbs 5 oz.
Very low birth weight (VLBW): A VLBW baby weighs less than 1500 grams, or about 3 lb 9 oz.
Extremely low birth weight (ELBW):
An ELBW baby weighs less than 1000 grams, or about 2 lb 3 oz

Which physical characteristic is most indicative of an individual with Down syndrome?
Enlarged head
Taller than same-age peers
Small tongue
A fold of skin over each eyelid
A fold of skin over each eyelid
Carla is researching temperament by determining how often different babies exhibit irritability and anger. Which dimension of temperament is Carla assessing?
Activity level (x)
Negative affect??
Inhibition
Persistence
The placenta
helps the fetus to maintain a constant temperature.
allows for an exchange of nutrients and waste.
contains amniotic fluid.
directly connects the blood stream of the embryo to the blood stream of the mother.
allows for an exchange of nutrients and waste.
Jamal was born 34 weeks after he was conceived and weighed 6 pounds. Jamal is best described as
Full time and low birth weight
Preterm and normal birth weight
Preterm and low birth weight
Full-term and normal birth weight.
Preterm and normal birth weight
At five weeks after conception, a developing human is most accurately called a(n)
Zygote
Fetus.
neonate.
Embryo.
Embryo.
Cephalocaudal development proceeds from your extremities toward your body.
true
false
false
Mona has decided to have a Cesarean section rather than a vaginal delivery. While this decision will reduce some risks, it will increase the risk of
Spina bifida
Maternal infection.
Low birth weight.
Hypoxia.
Maternal infection.
Who is at greatest risk of falling victim to sudden infant death syndrome?
Tina, who is 3 months old
Jon, who is 5 years old
Bridget, who is 2 years old
Leslie, who is 9 months old
Tina, who is 3 months old
As dizygotic twins, Jewel and Bjork
must have come from the same fertilized egg.
share all phenotypes.
are genetically identical.
share about half of their genes.
share about half of their genes.
The period of the fetus is the longest period of prenatal development.
true
false
true
The ____ houses the blood vessels that join the embryo and its mother.
Mesoderm
Germ disc
Amnion
Umbilical cord
Umbilical cord
The fact that the embryonic head develops before the body illustrates the ____ principle.
niche-picking
Incomplete dominance
cephalocaudal
proximodistal
cephalocaudal
The ____ is the cluster of cells in the center of the zygote that will eventually develop into the baby.
Amnion
Placenta
Stem cell
Germ disc
Germ disc
Malnutrition seems to be most damaging if it occurs during
childhood
infancy.
adolescence..
adulthood.
Infancy
Exposure to a teratogen during the _____ period is most likely to result in a spontaneous abortion.
Implantation
embryonic (x)
Zygotic
fetal
Zygotic
Bryant’s teacher notices that Bryant has unusual facial features (i.e., short nose and wide-set eyes) and shows signs of mental retardation. Due to her training in developmental psychology, BryantÕs teacher realizes that BryantÕs mom likely ____ while she was pregnant.
consumed alcohol
consumed an excessive amount of caffeine
smoked marijuana
injected heroin (x)
consumed alcohol ?
Regan is a medical student who is learning a procedure in which a long needle is inserted into the abdomen of a pregnant woman. What technique is he most likely learning?
Ultrasound
Amniocentesis
Genetic counseling
Chorionic villus sampling
Amniocentesis
Which statement is true?
The impact of environment on heredity wanes with age
Behavioral consequences of genetic instructions are independent from environmental factors
Genes cannot influence the kind of environment to which a person is exposed
Environmental influences within a family typically make children within a family different
Environmental influences within a family typically make children within a family different
What part of a neuron contains the material necessary to keep it alive?
Cell body
Corpus callosum
Axon
Dendrite
Cell body
A typical fertilized egg contains a total of 22 pairs of chromosomes.
true
false
False

There are 23 pairs of chromosomes unless there is an abnormality.

Why are African-American babies twice as likely to die from SIDS?
They are more likely to be put to bed on their stomachs.
They are more genetically predisposed to the disease. (x)
Their parents are less intelligent than other parents.
They are more likely to have blood diseases that predispose them to SIDS.
They are more likely to be put to bed on their stomachs. ?
Just after the birth of her son Nelly, mom Kelly was informed that little NellyÕs neural tube did not properly close during his prenatal development. This would mean that Nelly will be diagnosed with
Spina bifida.
Muscular Dystrophy
Cerebral palsy
Sickle-cell anemia
Spina bifida.
While observing brain activity, Dr. Smith proclaims, ?This brain is definitely experiencing a downsizing in the number of connections between neurons.? This indicates that the brain Dr. Smith is studying is undergoing
motion parallax
synaptic pruning.
dendritic expansion.
cephalocaudal development.
synaptic pruning.
A teratogen is any agent that
results in abnormal prenatal development.
decreases the chances of having a child with a genetic disorder.
inhibits the impact of drugs on the developing embryo.
enhances the flow of oxygen across the placental barrier.
results in abnormal prenatal development.
At five weeks after conception, a developing human is most accurately called a(n)
Embryo.
Zygote
neonate.
Fetus
Embryo
If Agnieszka found out that she was conceived through in vitro fertilization, she would know for certain that
the woman who carried her as a baby was not the woman who reared her.
her biological parents were not the same as the parents who reared her.
she was conceived in a Petri dish.
she was conceived inside a fallopian tube.
her biological parents were not the same as the parents who reared her.?
If you were to remove the top of an adult?s skull, the first brain tissue you would see would be the
cerebral cortex.
hippocampus.
neural plate.
brain stem
cerebral cortex.
Born 39 weeks after conception, Sasha weighs in at around 2 pounds. Given this information, Sasha is best defined as
full-term and extremely low birth weight.
preterm and normal birth weight.
full-term and normal birth weight.
preterm and very low birth weight.
full-term and extremely low birth weight.
Homozygous is to heterozygous as
Genotype is to phenotype.
Recessive is to dominant
Many is to few.
Same is to different.
Same is to different.
Which parent should most realistically fear her child dying before reaching their first birthday?
Jen, who is in Japan
Charleene, who is in the Czech Republic (x)
Alfie, who is in Afghanistan
Fran, who is in Finland
AFGHANISTAN
Along with an improved diet, research indicates that ____ is also necessary to foster a malnourished child?s development.
parent training
medication
behavior modification
surgery
parent training
Prior to birth, all _____ layers of the major brain are formed.
600
6,000
60
6
6
The sample taken during an amniocentesis comes from
The lining of the uterus.
The umbilical cord.
Inside the body of the fetus
The fluid surrounding the fetus.
The fluid surrounding the fetus.
If obesity is dominant and designated as “O” and thinness is recessive and designated as “t”, how many of the following individuals would likely be obese: Ginger who is ÒOO,Ó Mary Ann who is ÒOt,Ó Thurston who is ÒtO,Ó and Gilligan who is ÒttÓ?
1 (x)
4
2
3
Because of his accurate knowledge of genetics and disorders, Benson knows that his newborn son has no chance of having
Turner’s syndrome.
Huntington’s disease.
Kleinfelter’s syndrome (x)
Down syndrome
If Andrew is shy when he is two-years-old, he is more likely to be ____ when he is four-years-old.
argumentative
shy
Happy
highly sociable
shy
The modern age of viability begins at 16 weeks.
true
false
False

I think its 22 weeks

A physician has just informed pregnant Moesha that the human organism developing inside of her has just begun to show differentiation of its cells. As a knowledgeable student, you would know that such an organism is technically call a(n)
Zygote
fetus
Embryo.
neonate.
zygote
Implantation occurs when the zygote burrows into the placenta.
true
false
False
Which best exemplifies the concept of incomplete dominance?
An individual with a single allele for aggression who is violent
An individual with one allele for obesity and another for thinness who is of average weight
An individual with two alleles for baldness who has long hair
An individual with two alleles for shyness who is shy
An individual with one allele for obesity and another for thinness who is of average weight
A friend hears that you are in a developmental psychology course and asks you how long his newborn daughter is suppose to sleep. Being a very bright student, you would give the correct answer of,
“20-22 hours a day.”
“16-18 hours a day.”
“8-10 hours a day.”
“12-14 hours a day.”
“16-18 hours a day.”
Whose brain is most likely to have the most synapses?
Kramer, who is seven years old.
Elaine, who is one year old
George, who is 14 years old.
Jerry, who is a newborn
Elaine, who is one year old
Whose behavior best exemplifies eugenics?
Dr. White, who studies the effects of thalidomide on prenatal development
Dr. Green, who uses an in vitro fertilization technique
Dr. Black, who allows only certain individuals to mate
Dr. Brown, who closely monitors the nutrition of expecting mothers
Dr. Black, who allows only certain individuals to mate
Which event signals the beginning of the period of the fetus?
The formation of bone from cartilage
The attachment of the umbilical cord to the placenta
The first beat of the heart
The first neural activity in the neocortex (x)
When her physician mentions the term “crowning”, Erica, who is giving birth, should realize that means that her
uterine contractions are about to start.
cervix has just fully dilated.
placenta is about to be delivered.
baby’s head has just reached the vaginal opening.
baby’s head has just reached the vaginal opening.
Five-month-old Hakeem currently weighs 20 pounds. How many calories should he be ingesting each day?
400
200
800 (x)
1,000
Linda has one allele for curly hair and another for straight hair. LindaÕs alleles are
Polyzygotic.
Dizygotic
Heterozygous
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Kyoko is 5 feet, 11 inches tall, plays tennis, and is an all-around nice person. This is a description of Kyoko’s
Homozygosity.
Genotype
Phenotype.
Allele.
Phenotype.
Claire is very concerned about the prebirth position of the child she is carrying. Which technique would be the best for determining whether ClaireÕs concerns are warranted?
Amniocentesis
Genetic counseling
Ultrasound
Chorionic villus sampling
Ultrasound
Halley is 40 years old and she and her daughter Berry, 20, are both currently pregnant. Which statement concerning these two mothers is most accurate?
Halley has a greater risk of having a miscarriage.
Halley is twice as fertile as Berry.
Berry’s odds of having a baby with Down syndrome are three times higher than HalleyÕs.
Berry has a greater risk of giving birth to a baby with sickle-cell anemia.
Halley has a greater risk of having a miscarriage.
Jose, who was adopted at birth, is found to have personality characteristics more similar to his biological mom than to his adoptive mom. How should you interpret this data?
Personality characteristics appear to be recessive.
Personality characteristics are learned.
Personality characteristics are influenced by genes.
Personality appears to be a polygenetic characteristic.
Personality characteristics are influenced by genes.
An ultrasound uses sound waves to create an image of a fetus.
true
false
true
The sac in which the embryo resides is called the
Amnion
Ectoderm.
Placenta
Germ disc.
Amnion
The process in which defective cells in the body are replaced with cells that have had the genetic defect ÒrepairedÓ is called
Amniocentesis.
Niche-picking
Genetic engineering
Genetic screening
Genetic engineering
Which person is most likely experiencing the most rapid physical growth?
Elias, who is 19 years old
Jose, who is 18 months old
Sean, who is 6 years old
Rudolf, who is just reaching puberty
Jose, who is 18 months old
Which is not an aspect of regular (non-REM) sleep?
Twitching
Steady breathing
Steady brain activity
Increased frequency as infants grow
Twitching
Which statement regarding temperament is false?
Environmental factors are not related to emotionality.
The confidence level of mothers is related to temperament.
Some temperamental characteristics are more common is certain cultures.
Identical twins are more similar in temperament than are fraternal twins.
Environmental factors are not related to emotionality.
What should Danko do when he is informed that his newborn son has PKU (phenylketonuria)?
Don’t panic, since PKU is a sex-linked disorder that affects only females
Don’t panic, since despite being a genetic disorder, it can be controlled through proper diet
Panic, since PKU is an incurable genetic disorder that results in severe mental retardation
Don’t panic, since despite being a genetic disorder, it can be controlled through proper diet
Five-month-old Hakeem currently weighs 20 pounds. How many calories should he be ingesting each day?
1,000
400
800
200
1,000
In vitro fertilization takes place in a test tube.
true
false
false
Despite being raised in two very different environments, identical twins Tina and Gina receive a similar score on a shyness scale. These results suggest that correlation between genetics and shyness is
Inverse
Large (x)
Polygenetic (x)
Small.
The period of the zygote begins with
Ovulation.
Fertilization
Ejaculation
Implantation
Fertilization
A developing human that is traveling from a fallopian tube to the uterus would most accurately be described as a(n)
Fetus
Embryo.
Amnion
Zygote
Zygote
Which technique is recommended for making finicky eaters more open-minded about the food they eat?
Use food to reward good behavior
Force children to clean their plates
Talk about the correct way to eat during meals
Allow children to pick among healthy foods
Allow children to pick among healthy foods
The main reason why teenage mothers tend to give birth to less healthy infants than mothers in their 20s is that the teens
are more likely to smoke while pregnant.
tend to neither seek nor receive good prenatal care.
take too many vitamins.
have more genetically defective eggs.
tend to neither seek nor receive good prenatal care.
Terminal buttons are located on which part of a neuron?
Neurotransmitter
The end of the axon
Cell body
The end of the dendrite
The end of the axon
The correct order of prenatal development is zygote to embryo to fetus.
true
false
true
Why are African-American babies twice as likely to die from SIDS?
They are more genetically predisposed to the disease.
They are more likely to be put to bed on their stomachs.
They are more likely to have blood diseases that predispose them to SIDS.
Their parents are less intelligent than other parents.
They are more likely to be put to bed on their stomachs.
Hair and the nervous system develop during the embryonic period from cells contained in the ____ layer.
mesoderm
Ectoderm
Placenta
Endoderm
Ectoderm
During prenatal development, the arm develops before the fingers. This most illustrates the _____ principle.
Cephalocaudal
Coefficient
Premack
Proximodistal
Proximodistal
A heritability coefficient of _____ means about 50 percent of the difference between people on a specific characteristic is the result of heredity.
50
5
.5
500
.5
Gina is studying how blood flows through the brain when people listen to different kinds of music. Which sort of research tool is she most likely using in her study?
Functional magnetic resonance imaging
positron emission tomography
Synaptic pruning
Electroencephalogram
Functional magnetic resonance imaging
Within a typical human cell, which number is the greatest?
The number of autosomes
The number of genes
The number of different types of nucleotide bases
The number of chromosomes
The number of genes
Infant mortality rate is defined as the percentage of infants who die
During birth
Before birth.
Before their first birthday
Before their second birthday
Before their first birthday
Maria is a typical, healthy one-year-old who weighs 24 pounds. Which is the best estimate of her birth weight?
4 pounds
12 pounds
16 pounds
8 pounds
8 pounds

birth weight will triple by age 1

Which result would not support the idea that genes play a significant role in behavior?
Finding monozygotic twins to be more similar than pairs of unrelated individuals
Finding similarities between biological siblings
Finding children to be more similar to their biological parents than to their adoptive parents
Finding dizygotic twins to be more similar than monozygotic twins
Finding dizygotic twins to be more similar than monozygotic twins
If a person had a dominant allele for blonde hair and a recessive allele for red hair, the probability of that person having red hair would be closest to ____ percent.
100
25 (x)
50
0
0?
While characterized as a progressive and fatal disorder, symptoms of Huntington’s disease can be eliminated through a special diet.
true
false
false
Eighteen-month old Quentin?s large vocabulary appears to be due to his ability to recall and repeat any word that he just heard. This indicates that Quentin has an excellent ____ memory.
autobiographical
phonological
episodic
procedural
phonological
What is the correct sequence (from first to last) of Piaget?s stages of cognitive development?
Preoperational, concrete operational, sensorimotor, formal operational

Sensorimotor, preoperational, formal operational, concrete operational

Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational

Preoperational, sensorimotor, formal operational, concrete operational

Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational
Which statement by a young child would indicate that she is using an expressive style?

That animal is called a horse
Let’s play.
Baba dada.
Two plus two equals four.

Let’s play.
When discussing the acquisition of grammar, which type of theorist would be most likely to say, Context and genetics are overrated, what really matters is imitation and reinforcement
A behaviorist
When dealing with young infants, why is infant-directed speech preferred over normal adult speech?
Infants pay more attention to infant-directed speech.
What would be the most effective way to assess phonological memory in a two-year-old?
Say the word ?kitty? and have her immediately repeat the word.
Which statement concerning Piaget?s theory is true?
Piaget?s theory has been the source of ideas for teachers and stimulated a great deal of research.
Nolan has a scheme for throwing baseballs that he can apply successfully to throwing small rocks or other types of balls. This successful application would best be described as
assimilation.
The fundamental premise of teleological explanations is that living things
exist for a purpose.
Which best describes a linguistic babble?
Contains both a vowel and a consonant sound
As a typical two-year-old, Webster would have a vocabulary of
a few hundred words.
A child using the one-to-one principle to count would always begin counting starting with the number one.
False
According to Piaget, which normally developing child would most likely have just begun to engage in preoperational thinking?
A 24-month-old
How many phonemes are in the word ?test??
4
Salvador has a scheme for drawing with a crayon that had to be changed in order to learn how to paint a picture with a brush. This adaptation is an example of
Accommodation
During underextension, a word is used too broadly.
False
Linguistic intonation is best described as a variation in sound
Pitch
Why do children in Asian countries like China or Japan tend to recall less from their early years than children from North American countries?
They are not given the same amount of opportunities to talk with parents about past events.
When Andy bumps into a table, he says to it, ?You bumped into me because you?re mean.? Andy is exhibiting
animism
Object permanence involves understanding that something exists even when it is out of our sensory awareness.
Correct!
True
Question 1

Which statement on parent-infant early relationships is true?
Which statement on parent-infant early relationships is true?
Infants are biologically programmed to attach to mothers
When in distress, infants prefer to interact with fathers
Mothers provide better early childcare than fathers
Mothers tend to spend more time reading to infants

Question 2
1 / 1 pts
From an infant’s perspective, what is the most critical factor in establishing a secure attachment?
From an infant’s perspective, what is the most critical factor in establishing a secure attachment?
Having a caregiver who loves him or her
Having a dependable caregiver
Having no congenital birth defects
Having few sibling rivals

Question 7
1 / 1 pts
Bud and Lou are both playing with blocks. Though they are playing, they smile at each other and trade blocks from time to time. It is most likely that Bud and Lou are involved in

Having a dependable caregiver
Question 3
1 / 1 pts
Michiko was insecurely attached as an infant. Which of the following is least likely to be true?
Michiko was insecurely attached as an infant. Which of the following is least likely to be true?
Michiko has a difficult time resolving conflicts with others.
Michiko does not display adequate social skills with her peers.
Michiko does not have as many friends as most children.
Michiko is usually calm when interacting with other children.
Michiko is usually calm when interacting with other children.
Question 4
1 / 1 pts
Securely attached infants tend to show ___________ when reunited with a caregiver.

a need for an extended interaction
a need for a brief interaction
rejection
fear

a need for a brief interaction
Question 5
1 / 1 pts
Which description of the sex difference in spatial ability is the most accurate?
Which description of the sex difference in spatial ability is the most accurate?
Girls and boys score equally on tests of spatial ability.
Girls perform better on tests of spatial ability than boys.
Average tests scores of spatial ability are higher for boys than girls.
Most boys perform better on tests of spatial ability than the brightest girl.
Average tests scores of spatial ability are higher for boys than girls
Question 6
1 / 1 pts
Which assessment device would be more effective at identifying an infant’s attachment style?
Which assessment device would be more effective at identifying an infant’s attachment style?
Apgar
Q-Set
CVS
NBSA
Q-Set
Question 7
1 / 1 pts
Bud and Lou are both playing with blocks. Though they are playing, they smile at each other and trade blocks from time to time. It is most likely that Bud and Lou are involved in
Bud and Lou are both playing with blocks. Though they are playing, they smile at each other and trade blocks from time to time. It is most likely that Bud and Lou are involved in
simple social play.
parallel play.
cooperative play.
prosocial behavior.
simple social play
Question 8
1 / 1 pts
Disorganized attachments are characterized by infant confusion when mom leaves and when she returns.

true
false

True
Question 9
1 / 1 pts
Michelle and Warren are building a playhouse. Michelle says to Warren, “How about I help you with your part, then you help me with mine?” This offer would be an example of
Michelle and Warren are building a playhouse. Michelle says to Warren, “How about I help you with your part, then you help me with mine?” This offer would be an example of
parallel play.
altruism.
an enabling action.
a constricting action.
an enabling action
Question 10
1 / 1 pts
Katie is upset with her friend Leslie. In order to “get even” with her, she tries to make Leslie’s other friends mad at Leslie by making up stories about her. What is this sort of behavior called?
Katie is upset with her friend Leslie. In order to “get even” with her, she tries to make Leslie’s other friends mad at Leslie by making up stories about her. What is this sort of behavior called?
Physical aggression
Gender labeling
Verbal aggression
Relational aggression
Relational aggression
Question 11
1 / 1 pts
Although Jamie has an enormous amount of initiative, he does not possess “purpose.” According to Erikson, this is probably because Jamie
Although Jamie has an enormous amount of initiative, he does not possess “purpose.” According to Erikson, this is probably because Jamie
has not learned to cooperate with others.
was never wary of other people.
has no “will.”
trusts too much.
has not learned to cooperate with other
Which is the best example of a psychological force in the development of attachment?
Which is the best example of a psychological force in the development of attachment?
The infant’s temperament
An infant’s smiling and crying behavior
The mother’s responsiveness to her infant
An infant’s internal working model
Question 13
1 / 1 pts
Concerning play, which statement best exemplifies enabling?
Concerning play, which statement best exemplifies enabling?
“I am so much better than you.”
“I have never played that before.”
“You are in for a world of hurt if you win.”
“You are doing great, keep going.”
“You are doing great, keep going.”
Question 14
1 / 1 pts
During parallel play, a child plays individually near other children.

true
false

true
Question 15
1 / 1 pts
Which normally maturing infant would be most likely to have just formed first true attachment?
Which normally maturing infant would be most likely to have just formed first true attachment?
Hobbs, who is 8 months old
Calvin, who is 1 day old
Kline, who is 4 months old
Coolidge, who is 12 months old
Hobbs, who is 8 months old
Question 16
1 / 1 pts
You are studying the basic emotions of infants from the United States and China. What differences would you expect in how these basic emotions are expressed?
You are studying the basic emotions of infants from the United States and China. What differences would you expect in how these basic emotions are expressed?
Chinese infants will be more expressive of pain; American infants will be more expressive of “joy.”
Chinese and American infants will express basic emotions the same way.
Chinese infants will be less expressive than American infants.
American infants will be less expressive than Chinese infants.
Chinese and American infants will express basic emotions the same way.
Question 17
1 / 1 pts
Dwight’s statement, “I am a boy” is an example of
Dwight’s statement, “I am a boy” is an example of
a gender-role stereotype.
gender stability.
gender constancy.
gender labeling.
gender labeling
Question 18
1 / 1 pts

A social role is best described as
an individual attachment style.
a way of behaving that is not tied to culture.
a biosocial impact on behavior.
a cultural guideline for interacting with other people.

a cultural guideline for interacting with other people.
Question 19
1 / 1 pts
Franklin and Benjamin are pretending to go to school. Franklin is pretending to be the teacher, and Benjamin is pretending to be the student. What sort of interaction does this exemplify?

Simple social play
Constricting actions
Parallel play
Cooperative play

Cooperative play
Question 20
1 / 1 pts
With which person is Rosalind most likely to act altruistically?

Masja, who was in Rosalind’s class last year
Hayley, who is Rosalind’s little sister
Dianne, who is a friend of Rosalind’s mother
Demi, whom Rosalind has never met

Hayley, who is Rosalind’s little sister
Question 2
1 / 1 pts
Hulk often has to step in and solve disagreements between his son Hogan and his daughter Brooke. This action best reflects the idea of a parent as a
Hulk often has to step in and solve disagreements between his son Hogan and his daughter Brooke. This action best reflects the idea of a parent as a
playmate.
coach.
social director.
mediator.
mediator
Question 3
1 / 1 pts
A frown is a _____ manifestation of an emotion.
A frown is a _____ manifestation of an emotion.
subjective
behavioral
physiological
biological
behavioral
Question 4
1 / 1 pts
The phrase, “interest but no interaction,” best describes _____ play.

make-believe
cooperative
simple social
parallel

parallel
Question 5
1 / 1 pts
Which person is most likely using a gender stereotype to describe Erin?
Which person is most likely using a gender stereotype to describe Erin?
Elvis: “Erin is mean. I saw her push someone on the playground.”
Roddy: “Erin is like all females, intelligent and understanding.”
Christopher: “Erin is different from anyone else I have ever met, she is really weird.”
Graham: “Erin really likes cooking. Every week, she bakes a batch of cookies and brings them to class.”
Roddy: “Erin is like all females, intelligent and understanding.”
IncorrectQuestion 6
0 / 1 pts
How could a parent best encourage attachment in a four-month-old?
How could a parent best encourage attachment in a four-month-old?
Show continuous interest whenever he or she is around the child
Learn to judge when the child is receptive to interactions and when he or she should be left alone.
Let the child initiate all social interactions.
There are no parental behaviors that would influence an infant that young.
WRONG ANSWER:
Show continuous interest whenever he or she is around the child
Question 7
1 / 1 pts
Children typically begin to exhibit simple social play around ____ months of age.

36
18
24
30

18
Question 8
1 / 1 pts

Hamid believes that because his brother Yusef is playing with girl toys that Yusef is now a girl. This would indicate that Hamid apparently does not yet understand
parallel play.
gender labeling.
gender constancy.
gender stability.

gender constancy
Question 9
1 / 1 pts

Which statement is true regarding basic emotions?

They have a self-evaluative component.
Most of them begin to develop after 12 months.
They are experienced by people in all cultures.
They are not reflected in facial expressions.

They are experienced by people in all cultures.
Question 10
1 / 1 pts
According to Erikson’s theory, purpose is usually achieved before will.

true
false

false
Question 11
1 / 1 pts
Which child has most successfully resolved the “basic trust versus mistrust” stage of psychosocial development?

Brian, who trusts most people but is still somewhat wary of others
Shane, who mistrusts everyone, including himself
Cecil, who trusts everyone and everything completely
Spider, who trusts himself but nobody else

Brian, who trusts most people but is still somewhat wary of others
Question 12
1 / 1 pts
Will is playing Ferrell in a game and attempts to win by saying, “If you try to do well, I will smack you!” What term best describes this statement?

Constricting action
Social referencing
Enabling action
Parallel play

Constricting action
Question 13
1 / 1 pts
Which action would be the most likely cause of anger in a six-month-old?
Which action would be the most likely cause of anger in a six-month-old?
Taking a ball out of their hands
Introducing them to a new loud sound
Having them smell a rotten egg
Showing them a picture of a stranger
Taking a ball out of their hand
Question 14
1 / 1 pts
An example of _____ occurs when a child interprets her parent’s facial expression as a cue to determine whether or not to pick up a strange object.

secure attachment
resistant attachment
social referencing
stranger wariness

social referencing
uestion 16
1 / 1 pts
Bud and Lou are both playing with blocks. Though they are playing, they smile at each other and trade blocks from time to time. It is most likely that Bud and Lou are involved in
Bud and Lou are both playing with blocks. Though they are playing, they smile at each other and trade blocks from time to time. It is most likely that Bud and Lou are involved in
cooperative play.
prosocial behavior.
simple social play.
parallel play.
simple social play
Question 17
1 / 1 pts
Complex emotions differ from basic emotions in that complex emotions require some understanding of

waking states.
purpose.
biology.
self.

self
Question 18
1 / 1 pts
Perspective taking is to empathy as

purpose is to will.
social play is to parallel play.
a cognitive act is to an emotional act.
caring is to helping.

a cognitive act is to an emotional ac
Question 19
1 / 1 pts
Quality of peer relationships is related to an individual’s ability to regulate his or her emotions.

true
false

true
Question 20
1 / 1 pts
Constricting play often involves threats.

true
false

true
Question 1
1 / 1 pts
By definition, a child with a learning disability must have some kind of sensory impairment.
By definition, a child with a learning disability must have some kind of sensory impairment.
true
false
false
Question 3
1 / 1 pts
When asked to describe his specialization, Oscar says, “I am mainly interested in developing ways of measuring intelligence and personality factors.” Given this description, Oscar is most likely a
When asked to describe his specialization, Oscar says, “I am mainly interested in developing ways of measuring intelligence and personality factors.” Given this description, Oscar is most likely a
classical conditioning theorist.
social-learning theorist.
psychometrician.
Freudian.
psychometrician
Question 4
1 / 1 pts
The definition of a “learning disability” always includes

a sensory problem.
attention deficit.
mild mental retardation.
normal intelligence.

normal intelligence
Question 5
1 / 1 pts
The term “stereotype threat” is best associated with the concept of

obedience.
the self-fulfilling prophecy.
cognitive dissonance.
convergent thinking.

the self-fulfilling prophecy
Which provides the best example of active reading?

x Periodically summarizing what was just read
Knowing that sentences are organized into groups within paragraphs
Realizing that some words have multiple meanings
Having a short-term memory for a large number of words

Question 7
1 / 1 pts
In a research study on reading disabilities, _____ served as the independent variable.

the font size of a word
reading speed
the amount of the word presented
reading accuracy

the amount of the word presented
The traditional definition of giftedness was an IQ of 130 or greater.
true
false
true
As an average fifth-grader in the United States, Landon would most likely be described as
overweight.
physically fit.
underweight.
physically unfit.
physically fit
Question 10
1 / 1 pts
Elmer has discovered that in order to be successful in college, he must both pay attention to his instructor and take good notes. If Elmer is successful at engaging in both of these behaviors, he is demonstrating effective

one-to-one principle understanding.
overregularization.
abstract thinking.
cognitive self-regulation.

cognitive self-regulation.
Question 11
1 / 1 pts
In recent years, the definition of “gifted” has
In recent years, the definition of “gifted” has
narrowed to include only scores from the Stanford-Binet test.
narrowed to include only those in the top 5 percent of their graduating class.
broadened to include all IQ tests.
broadened to include areas like dance and music.
broadened to include areas like dance and music.
Question 12
1 / 1 pts
The main limitation of concrete operational thinking is that such thought is limited to
The main limitation of concrete operational thinking is that such thought is limited to
long-term memories.
emotional issues.
hypothetical situations.
tangible, real-life examples.
tangible, real-life examples
Question 13
1 / 1 pts
Researchers identified several factors that contribute to improved reading comprehension in children. Which factor was not on their list?
Increased levels of divergent thinking
Increased capacity of working memory
Increased effectiveness in monitoring of comprehension
Increased general knowledge
Increased levels of divergent thinking
Which statement concerning ethnicity and intelligence is most accurate?
If intelligence differences within an ethnic group are due to genetics, then intelligence differences between the group and other ethnic groups must be due to genetics.
The recent discovery of a “smart gene” has led most to believe that intelligence has a strong genetic component.
Even if ethnic groups differ significantly in intelligence, the difference could be the result of environmental factors.
Being economically disadvantaged is related to ethnicity but not to intelligence.
Even if ethnic groups differ significantly in intelligence, the difference could be the result of environmental factors.
Question 15
1 / 1 pts
Who would most likely do the best job of playing a game in which the goal was to list as many novel ways to use a banana as possible?
Who would most likely do the best job of playing a game in which the goal was to list as many novel ways to use a banana as possible?
Kala, who is a concrete operational thinker
Dole, who is a very good divergent thinker
Kong, who is a very good convergent thinker
Terk, who is a preoperational thinker
Dole, who is a very good divergent thinker
Question 16

Which evidence best demonstrates an environmental impact on intelligence?
A high correlation between the IQ scores of identical twins
A low correlation between the IQ scores of strangers
The stability of WISC scores seen during the past 25 years
The rapid increase in average WISC scores seen during the past 25 years

The rapid increase in average WISC scores seen during the past 25 years
Question 17

In reading, ____ is defined as the ability to extract meaning from a sequence of words.

phonological awareness
intonation
Animism
comprehension

comprehension
Question 18

Which strategy tends to be most common in young writers?
Which strategy tends to be most common in young writers?
Write a little, revise a lot, write a little
Write a lot, revise nothing
Write a lot, revise a little, write a lot
x Read a little, write a little, revise a lot

Question 19
1 / 1 pts

What is the most simplistic strategy for adding/counting?
Count in your head without using a concrete example
Count by extending one finger for each item and then counting the total number of fingers extended on each hand
Simultaneously extending the number of fingers on one hand that corresponds to one number to be added and doing the same with the second hand concerning the second number to be added
Count in your head after looking at a picture of the items

Count by extending one finger for each item and then counting the total number of fingers extended on each hand
Question 20
1 / 1 pts
IQ scores are

poor predictors of school success and occupational success.
bad predictors of school success but good predictors of occupational success.
good predictors of school success but bad predictors of occupational success.
good predictors of school success and occupational success.

good predictors of school success and occupational success
As a Piagetian, Faye would believe that a concrete operational child’s ability to reverse thought is due to their acquisition of
mental operations.
convergent thinking.
language.
self-efficacy.
mental operations
Question 3
1 / 1 pts
Which best exemplifies an impulsive child?

Shouting out an answer when he is supposed to raise his hand before answering
Not concentrating on his homework
Fidgeting in his chair while eating
The inability to read a simple book despite significant intervention

Shouting out an answer when he is supposed to raise his hand before answering
Question 4
1 / 1 pts
Though Mabel is unable to think in abstract terms, she is beginning to understand that because 3 + 5 = 8, 8 – 5 must equal 3. Mabel has begun to exhibit Piaget’s ____ stage of thinking.
concrete operational
formal operational
sensorimotor
preoperational
concrete operational
Question 5
1 / 1 pts

Japanese parents are more likely than American parents to believe that genetic factors determine mathematical ability.
true
false

false
Dee used to think that everyone else liked the same people she did and hated the same people she did. She now realizes that different people have different opinions toward others. Piaget would suggest that Dee has recently become a ____ thinker.
sensorimotor
preoperational
formal operational
concrete operational
concrete operational
Question 7
1 / 1 pts
In recent years, the definition of “gifted” has
In recent years, the definition of “gifted” has
narrowed to include only scores from the Stanford-Binet test.
broadened to include areas like dance and music.
broadened to include all IQ tests.
narrowed to include only those in the top 5 percent of their graduating class.
broadened to include areas like dance and music
Question 8
1 / 1 pts
Bea has tremendous insight into “deep” questions like, “Why are we born to die?” According to Gardner, Bea would rate high on a scale of ____ intelligence.

bodily-kinesthetic
logical-mathematical
interpersonal
existential

existential
Question 9
1 / 1 pts
When engaging in deductive reasoning, you draw conclusions from facts.
When engaging in deductive reasoning, you draw conclusions from facts.
true
false
true
A key finding from research on reading disabilities was that

x) in some cases, reading difficulties are the result of visual problems.
some biologically based disabilities are very difficult to treat.
some children must hear more of a word before they are able to recognize it.
in some cases, correlational studies can determine the cause of a behavior.

Question 11
1 / 1 pts
Who is most likely the formal operational thinker?

Sherri, who can use combinatorial reasoning
Fran, who has just mastered conservation
Kula, who thinks nickels are worth more than dimes because they are bigger
Ollie, who is capable of using and understanding symbols

Sherri, who can use combinatorial reasoning
Question 12
1 / 1 pts
If you are reading this test question for the first time, it is

currently stored in long-term memory.
currently stored in sensory memory.
currently stored in working memory.
not currently stored in any memory system.

currently stored in working memory.
A formal operational thinker and a concrete operational thinker are both presented with three beakers containing red liquid and are told that some combination of the liquids will produce a green liquid. How would the manner in which the formal thinker solves the problem most likely differ from that of the concrete thinker?

Formal thinkers would be more systematic when combining the liquids and eliminating combinations.
Formal thinkers would apply both animism and centration when solving the task.
Formal thinkers would do the problem entirely in their head and not actually pour any liquid.
The formal thinkers’ approach would be significantly more haphazard.

Formal thinkers would be more systematic when combining the liquids and eliminating combinations.
Question 14
1 / 1 pts
You are a principal who is interviewing potential teachers for your school. Because your highest priority is student achievement, you should be most concerned that the teachers you hire

discourage the practice of peer tutoring.
earned high grades in college.
de-emphasize “hands-on” experience in the classroom.
have good classroom management skills.

have good classroom management skills.
Question 15
1 / 1 pts
Which behavior indicates that Mandy is using a knowledge-transforming strategy when writing her psychology term paper?

When she begins by writing down any ideas about psychology that pop into her mind
When, before she writes anything, she decides that the point of the paper would be to make her psychology teacher mad
When she considers how fun it would be to skip the paper and head to the beach
When she sounds out the letters to words that she does not know how to spell

When, before she writes anything, she decides that the point of the paper would be to make her psychology teacher mad
A concrete operational thinker and a formal operational thinker are given the following logical statements: (1) If you drop a 20-pound bowling ball on your foot, it will tickle. (2) You drop a 20-pound bowling ball on your foot. What reaction would you expect?

Only the formal operational thinker would conclude that “your foot would tickle.”
x) Only the concrete operational thinker would conclude that “your foot would tickle.”
Both would conclude that “your foot would tickle.”
x) Both would conclude that “your foot would never tickle” after having a 20-pound bowling ball dropped on it.

Question 18
1 / 1 pts
Beginning readers tend to

use the “retrieve word from memory””strategy first and the “sound it out” method second.

use the “sound it out” strategy first and the “retrieve word from memory” method second.

only use the “sound it out” method.

only use the “retrieve the word directly from memory” method.

Question 19
1 / 1 pts
Data from Project Head Start

supported the belief that environmental factors can impact an individual’s IQ.
found that daycare aimed at improving the linguistic and social development of infants and preschoolers is ineffective.
showed that through an improved diet, a typical child’s IQ scores could be doubled.
discovered that the average IQ score of a child has decreased steadily since 1960.

supported the belief that environmental factors can impact an individual’s IQ.
Question 20
1 / 1 pts
Which best describes the hierarchical view of intelligence?

It consists entirely of specific skills
It consists of general intelligence, categories, and specific skills
It consists entirely of broad categories of intelligence
It consists entirely of general intelligence

It consists of general intelligence, categories, and specific skills
Question 2
1 / 1 pts

When reading a book for his psychology exam, Wilhelm knows that it is important to focus on the summary sections at the end of the chapter. This attempt to improve comprehension is best associated with
a divergent thinking strategy.
the use of an appropriate reading strategy.
an increased working memory.
improved ability to recognize words.

the use of an appropriate reading strategy.
Question 3
1 / 1 pts

Omega scored very high on a measure of emotional intelligence. This means that Omega would definitely
be described as very dysphoric.
score high on a traditional test of general intelligence.
score low on a test of naturalistic intelligence.
have the ability to effectively use his emotions to help solve problems.

have the ability to effectively use his emotions to help solve problems.
Question 4
1 / 1 pts
The drug Ritalin that is often prescribed for children with ADHD is a type of
The drug Ritalin that is often prescribed for children with ADHD is a type of
antidepressant.
hallucinogen.
antipsychotic.
stimulant.
stimulant
Question 5
1 / 1 pts
A good teacher

will not repeat past material.
does not push for “mastery” of subject matter.
relies on handouts and not lecturing.
takes responsibility for what their students learn.

takes responsibility for what their students learn.
Concrete operational thinkers are unable to reverse their thinking.
true
false
false
Angelica and her younger brother Houston are both given three fountain pens, each containing clear ink, and are informed that some combination of ink will yield a color. Because Angelica is a formal operational thinker and Houston is a concrete operational thinker, how will their behavior likely differ?

Angelica will use a piece of paper to draw out the problem.
Angelica will spend more time thinking about the task and be more systematic when attempting to solve it.
Houston will watch how Angelica solves the problem and then repeat her steps.
Houston will only use two of the pens.

Angelica will spend more time thinking about the task and be more systematic when attempting to solve it.
Psychometricians specialize in the biology of the brain.
true
false
false
Analytic ability involves the ability to know that a plan will work.
true
false
false
If a person believes in “general intelligence,” then he or she believes that
fourth-graders will be smarter than third-graders.
whether people are smart depends on the situation, task, or problem.
intelligence cannot be assessed psychometrically.
some people are smart, no matter the situation, task, or problem
some people are smart, no matter the situation, task, or problem
Tyree is extremely good at identifying the motivations and intentions of the people he meets. According to Gardner, Tyree would most likely score very well on a test of ____ intelligence.
logical-mathematical
interpersonal
intrapersonal
bodily-kinesthetic
interpersonal
Which statement concerning math and culture is true?
Japanese and Taiwanese students spend significantly more time in school and have more homework than do children in the United States.
Japanese and Taiwanese parents more likely tend to believe that heredity (not hard work) leads to mathematic success.
American parents tend to set higher academic achievement standards than Asian parents.
American children score near the top on international tests assessing math.
Japanese and Taiwanese students spend significantly more time in school and have more homework than do children in the United States.
Which provides the best example of cognitive self-regulation?
Knowing that 4 + 4 = 8
Realizing that some inanimate object may be capable of self-movement
Deciding that using flashcards helps memorization of vocabulary terms
Having a short-term memory for a phone number you just heard
Deciding that using flashcards helps memorization of vocabulary terms
On standardized tests of math and science, the very best American students tend to score at the level of an average student from Asian countries like Korea.
true
false
true
Which data suggest the strongest link between heredity and intelligence?
Adoptive siblings whose IQ scores correlate at the +.9 level
Identical twins whose IQ scores correlate at the +.9 level
Fraternal twins whose IQ scores correlate at the +.9 level
Biological siblings whose IQ scores correlate at the +.9 level
Identical twins whose IQ scores correlate at the +.9 level
Which statement concerning sex differences in height at age 11 is most accurate?
At age 11, females and males are exactly the same size.
At age 11, males tend to be significantly taller than females.
At age 11, females tend to be slightly taller than males.
x) At age 11, males tend to be slightly taller than females.
According to the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD, the most effective single treatment for hyperactivity is through the use of
medication.
x) behavior modification (i.e., reward and punishment).
parental modeling.
tough love.
One of the problems with relying on prosocial television programs to encourage prosocial behaviors in children is that
x prosocial programs have no effect on behavior.
prosocial programs only affect the behavior of girls.
prosocial programs are far outnumbered by violent programs.
children do not like programs that promote prosocial behavior.
Question 2
1 / 1 pts
Tito would be more likely to have friends of a different race if
Tito would be more likely to have friends of a different race if
he attended a segregated school.
his friends had different attitudes than his own.
he lived in a diverse neighborhood.
his friends were older.
he lived in a diverse neighborhood
Question 3
1 / 1 pts
The two main dimensions of parental behavior are
The two main dimensions of parental behavior are
control and dominance.
counterimitation and warmth.
dominance and counterimitation.
warmth and control.
warmth and control
Question 4
1 / 1 pts
Hostile aggression is provoked.

true
false

false
Question 5
1 / 1 pts
Which aspect of friendship tends to be new to children aged 8-11?

Sharing toys
Trust
Sharing activities
Mutual liking

Trust
Question 6
1 / 1 pts

Mabel likes to hit other children for no other purpose than to see them get hurt and feel scared. What term best describes Mabel’s behavior?
Relational aggression
Hostile aggression
Instrumental aggression
Counterimitation

Hostile aggression
Question 7
1 / 1 pts
Which child is best described as an “average child”?
Which child is best described as an “average child”?
Yuri, who is ignored by his classmates
Georgi, who is well liked by most of her classmates
Natalya, who has some classmates that like her somewhat and others that dislike her somewhat
Donald, who is disliked by most all of his classmates
Natalya, who has some classmates that like her somewhat and others that dislike her somewhat
Question 8
1 / 1 pts
Blake is somewhat liked by some of his classmates and somewhat disliked by others. Blake is probably best described as a(n) _____ child.
Blake is somewhat liked by some of his classmates and somewhat disliked by others. Blake is probably best described as a(n) _____ child.
neglected
controversial
rejected
average
average
Question 9
1 / 1 pts
Rita is incredibly aggressive on the hockey rink but is very nice to everyone when she isn’t competing. What term best describes Rita’s “on-ice” aggression?

Hostile aggression
Neglect
Instrumental aggression
Relational aggression

Instrumental aggression
Question 10
1 / 1 pts

Which statement is most accurate regarding the cognitive impact of watching television?
There is no strong evidence that TV watching by itself has negative effects on children.
Watching television leads to increased activity levels and stifles the creativity of children who watch it.
Children who watch television become lazy thinkers.
Television causes children to have short attention spans.

There is no strong evidence that TV watching by itself has negative effects on children.
Question 11
1 / 1 pts
After his mother hears him swear, Conrad gets his mouth washed out with soap. If this led to reduction in swearing, his mom’s strategy would be described as a form of
After his mother hears him swear, Conrad gets his mouth washed out with soap. If this led to reduction in swearing, his mom’s strategy would be described as a form of
counterimitation.
negative reinforcement trap.
punishment
time-out.
punishment
Question 12
1 / 1 pts
Which parenting style might best be described as “low warmth and high control?”
Which parenting style might best be described as “low warmth and high control?”
Authoritarian
Uninvolved
Authoritative
Permissive
Authoritarian
Question 13
1 / 1 pts
In which country would individuality in children be most acceptable to parents?
In which country would individuality in children be most acceptable to parents?
Panama
Taiwan
China
The United States
The United States
IncorrectQuestion 14
0 / 1 pts
Randy is a seven-year-old who exhibits a high degree of hostile aggression. What is he most likely to be like when he is in high school?
Randy is a seven-year-old who exhibits a high degree of hostile aggression. What is he most likely to be like when he is in high school?
About as aggressive as his same-age peers
More instrumentally aggressive but not greater in hostile aggression than his same-age peers
More aggressive than his same-age peers
x More hostile aggressive but not greater in instrumental aggression than his same-age peers
Question 15
1 / 1 pts
Amy describes her friend Duffy by saying, “She’s fun to be around because she’s funny and has good ideas, but she’s often insensitive to how others feel.” Amy is most likely about ____ years old.

7
10
16
2

16
Question 16
1 / 1 pts
Angelica is well liked by most of her classmates. She would be best described as

neglected.
average.
popular.
controversial.

popular
Question 17
1 / 1 pts
The use of ________ in descriptions of people tends to increase as we age.
The use of ________ in descriptions of people tends to increase as we age.
possessions
personality traits
general information
concrete features
personality traits
Question 18
1 / 1 pts

Direct instruction involves telling a child when, what, and why he should do something.
true
false

True
Question 19
1 / 1 pts

If you’re going to use time-out, make sure that
you model the appropriate behavior to the child.
you explain the reasons for the time-out to the child.
the time-out location is close to where the child misbehaved.
the time-out period is at least a half-hour long.

you explain the reasons for the time-out to the child
Question 20
1 / 1 pts

Divorce is more difficult for adolescent children than for preschool children.
true
false

True
Question 1
1 / 1 pts
Which statement indicates that co-rumination is occurring?

“I know that you are also having trouble staying slim.”
“I think that being by myself and drinking this malt is about the best thing I can do for me.”
“I like ice cream.”
“When I go out to dinner and order a salad, I always ask for cottage cheese.”

“I know that you are also having trouble staying slim.”
Question 2
1 / 1 pts

Parents can reduce sibling issues by showing similar levels of affection and responsiveness to all their children.
true
false

true
IncorrectQuestion 3
0 / 1 pts
Which explanation best explains the reason for changes in prejudice during adolescence?
Which explanation best explains the reason for changes in prejudice during adolescence?
Adolescents develop a more negative view of their own group and a more positive view of other groups.
x Adolescents tend to believe that members of other groups would never be accepted by members of the other group.
Adolescents tend to believe that members of other groups would never be interested in joining their group.
Adolescents develop a more positive view of their own group and a more negative view of other groups.
IncorrectQuestion 4
0 / 1 pts
Sixteen-year-old Yvonne is a member of the “Jocks,” the highest status crowd at school. It is most likely that Yvonne has
Sixteen-year-old Yvonne is a member of the “Jocks,” the highest status crowd at school. It is most likely that Yvonne has
high self-esteem.
x average self-esteem.
no friends.
low self-esteem.
IncorrectQuestion 5
0 / 1 pts
Who would likely have the highest self-esteem?

x Vincent, who has high status in a clique of his school’s most “in” crowd
Namid, who has high status with teachers in her school
Niv, who has high status in her school’s most “in” crowd
Kasen, who has high status with one of the most “in” kids in school

Question 6
1 / 1 pts
Clyde is quite a character. He is very well liked by some people in his class but is very much disliked by some others. Clyde is a good example of a(n) ____ child.

popular
rejected
Controversial
Average

Controversial
Question 10
1 / 1 pts

Glenna hangs around two other friends who are the same sex and have similar attitudes and interests. This group of friends would most accurately be described as a
clique.
gang.
group.
crowd.

clique
Question 11
1 / 1 pts
What basic premise underlies Chinese parenting?
What basic premise underlies Chinese parenting?
Love is more important than control.
Keep your emotions in check.
d.Children are not responsible for their actions.
Scream but never hit.
Keep your emotions in check.
Question 12
1 / 1 pts
Which adopted child is most likely to have the most problems?

Lydia, who was adopted when she was eight years old
Steve, who was adopted right after birth
Chuck, who was adopted when he was two years old
Ann, who was adopted when she was four years old

Lydia, who was adopted when she was eight years old
Question 13
1 / 1 pts
The fact that friends spend a lot of time discussing personal problems is referred to as
The fact that friends spend a lot of time discussing personal problems is referred to as
the negative reinforcement trap.
dominancy hierarchy.
ego-resilience.
co-rumination.
co-rumination.
Question 14
1 / 1 pts

When all of his buddies call home to tell their parents they will be getting home late from the game, Dieter doesn’t bother, saying, “My mom and dad are too busy to care about me. They don’t care how late I’m out-in fact, they never even ask where I’m going.” If Dieter is right, his parents are most likely exhibiting a(n) ____ parenting style.
uninvolved
authoritative
authoritarian
permissive

uninvolved
Question 15
1 / 1 pts

Controversial children are well liked by some of their classmates.
true
false

true
Question 16
1 / 1 pts
Yuri is the leader of a group called “The Wannabes.” All the other members know that Yuri is in charge, and they respect that. What is the best term to describe this type of group structure?

Crowd
Dominance hierarchy
Friendship
Clique

Dominance hierarchy
Question 17
1 / 1 pts
When you hear someone say, “Those neighbor kids are neglected. Even when the parents are home, they do virtually nothing,” which parenting style should come to mind?

Authoritarian
Permissive
Uninvolved
d.Authoritative

Uninvolved
Question 18
1 / 1 pts

Which pairing is most likely to fall victim to the “negative reinforcement trap”?
Mother and daughter
Father and son
Father and daughter
Mother and son

Mother and son
IncorrectQuestion 19
0 / 1 pts
Which parenting style is best characterized as “indifferent?”

x Permissive
Authoritarian
Authoritative
Uninvolved

Question 1
1 / 1 pts

Members of high status groups are more likely to be prejudiced.
true
false

true
Question 2
1 / 1 pts

Matthew’s parents are very warm and exert a moderate amount of control over his life. Matthew’s parents are most likely
Latin American.
European American.
d.immigrant Chinese.
Chinese.

European American
Question 3
1 / 1 pts
Parental conflict

can make a child feel that the family is unstable.
often has positive effects on a child’s development.
usually has no negative effects on children.
is not a normal part of most marriages.

can make a child feel that the family is unstable
Question 4
1 / 1 pts

Who is most likely to abuse his child?
Joe, who is socially isolated from friends and relatives
Derek, who was never abused when he was a child
Scott, who is wealthy
Louis, who relies on the time-out technique to punish his children

Joe, who is socially isolated from friends and relatives
Question 5
1 / 1 pts

Doreen is a single, divorced mother of a five-year-old boy. Will remarrying be good for her son?
No, as step-fathers are typically a burden for the boy
No, as he will more likely feel rejected by his mother
Yes, if the step-father is warm and involved
Yes, no matter what the step-father is like

I

Yes, if the step-father is warm and involved
As a new step-father, Jackson should
establish clear boundaries with both his step- and biological children.
establish himself as the authority with both his step- and biological children.
show affection first toward his children, then his new spouse.
show interest, but not get too involved in the lives of his new step-children.
Question 7
1 / 1 pts
Mary and Orlaith are high school students. Orlaith gets mostly “A” grades, and Mary gets mostly “B”s. Which of these aspects of their pasts is most likely?
Mary and Orlaith are high school students. Orlaith gets mostly “A” grades, and Mary gets mostly “B”s. Which of these aspects of their pasts is most likely?
Mary watched more Mr. Rogers’ Neighborhood than Orlaith.
Orlaith watched more violent programs than Mary.
Mary watched more television than Orlaith.
Orlaith watched more Sesame Street than Mary.
Orlaith watched more Sesame Street than Mary
Question 8
1 / 1 pts

As the third child born in his family, Fletcher should expect that his parents will ____ than they did with his oldest sibling.
set more realistic expectations
use stiffer disciplinary methods
be more affectionate
set higher academic goals

set more realistic expectations
Question 9
1 / 1 pts

Peer pressure is never positive.
true
false

false
Question 11
1 / 1 pts
In a group based on a dominance hierarchy, you can expect
In a group based on a dominance hierarchy, you can expect
few active members.
equal status for all members.
a single leader.
increased internal conflict.
a single leader.
Question 12
1 / 1 pts
Sixteen-year-old Yvonne is a member of the “Jocks,” the highest status crowd at school. It is most likely that Yvonne has
Sixteen-year-old Yvonne is a member of the “Jocks,” the highest status crowd at school. It is most likely that Yvonne has
no friends.
average self-esteem.
low self-esteem.
high self-esteem.
high self-esteem
Question 13
1 / 1 pts

Which is the most effective way for parents to reduce the negative impact of divorce on a child?
Reinforce the idea that in life you cannot control what happens to you
Don’t view the love of your child as a competition between you and your ex-spouse
Make sure that only one parent is actively involved with the child’s life
Ask the child to help mediate disputes between you and your ex-spouse

Don’t view the love of your child as a competition between you and your ex-spouse
Question 14
1 / 1 pts

Liked is to popular children as disliked is to ____ children.
controversial
neglected
rejected
average

rejected
Question 15
1 / 1 pts

Which parenting style tends to be most common for American parents of lower socioeconomic status?
Permissive
Uninvolved
Authoritative
Authoritarian

Authoritarian
Question 16
1 / 1 pts

Laura is 14 years old, and is extremely upset about the fact that someone made fun of her in class. Laura is most likely to seek support from
her mother.
her teacher
her close friends.
her father.

her close friends.
Question 17
1 / 1 pts

Which advice should you give to parents who are trying to reduce their children’s sibling conflict?
“It would be helpful if you didn’t have all girls.”
“Admit that you have a ‘favorite.'”
“Next time try and not have your children so close together in age.”
“Try to keep your marital problems to yourself.”

“Try to keep your marital problems to yourself.”
Marissa is a researcher who believes that to understand childrearing, you must get beyond looking solely at how parents treat their children and look at the behavior of the children, the behavior of their siblings, the behavior of the parents toward each other, and the neighborhood in which the child lives. It is most likely that Marissa supports a ____ view of childrearing.
counterimitation
x psychodynamic
blended family
systems []
Question 2
1 / 1 pts
As a typical parent in Latin America, Maria would place great emphasis on developing a strong sense of _____ in her children.

emotional restraint
d.free-thinking
self-reliance
family ties

family ties
IncorrectQuestion 3
0 / 1 pts
What statement about time-out is true?

It is a reinforcement technique.
x It is based on modeling.
It bypasses many of the pitfalls of punishment.
It produces disinhibition.

Question 5
1 / 1 pts

Which would likely lead to a significant drop in the incidence of physical child abuse?
Having the entire world adopt an attitude toward childrearing like that seen in the United States
Eliminate government intervention into parenting issues
Encourage parents to adopt an authoritarian style
Wipe out poverty

Wipe out poverty
IncorrectQuestion 6
0 / 1 pts
Simon spanks his son Paul in order to get him to stop acting aggressively. Which outcome is least likely in the long term?
Simon spanks his son Paul in order to get him to stop acting aggressively. Which outcome is least likely in the long term?
Paul will not internalize the social rules concerning aggressive behavior. []
Paul will stop being aggressive.
Paul will become fearful of Simon.
x Paul will become more aggressive.
Question 7
1 / 1 pts
Parents can reduce sibling issues by showing similar levels of affection and responsiveness to all their children.

true
false

true
Question 8
1 / 1 pts
Fugi watches her older sister getting yelled at after she throws an apple across the kitchen. Fugi is now less likely to throw an apple across the kitchen herself. This kind of learning through observation would be best described as

negative reinforcement trap
Counterimitation
Indulgent parenting
Direct instruction

Counterimitation
Question 9
1 / 1 pts

Clyde is quite a character. He is very well liked by some people in his class but is very much disliked by some others. Clyde is a good example of a(n) ____ child.
Controversial
popular
Average
rejected

Controversial
Question 10
1 / 1 pts

Prejudice is best described as
hating yourself because of who you are.
a negative view of others based on their group membership.
the ability to put yourself into the “shoes” of another person.
a limitation placed on a person because he or she belongs to some group.

a negative view of others based on their group membership
Question 12
1 / 1 pts

The odds of ____ increase in a person who has been abused as a child.
divorce
being an authoritative parent
high academic performance
attempting suicide

attempting suicide
Question 13
1 / 1 pts
The key to effective use of time-out lies in placing a child in an overstimulating environment.

true
false

false
Question 14
1 / 1 pts
Priscilla is pregnant. She and her husband Elvis have very high expectations for this child and will be more affectionate, but also more punitive, toward this child than they will toward any other. This is most likely this couple’s _____ baby.

first
fourth
second
third

first
Question 15
1 / 1 pts
As a new step-father, Jackson should

show interest, but not get too involved in the lives of his new step-children.
establish himself as the authority with both his step- and biological children.
show affection first toward his children, then his new spouse.
establish clear boundaries with both his step- and biological children.

show interest, but not get too involved in the lives of his new step-children.
Question 16
1 / 1 pts

Which is true of only children relative to children with siblings?
They are smarter and more mature.
They are more egotistical.
They are more likely to be “spoiled brats.”
They are more selfish.

They are smarter and more mature.
Question 17
1 / 1 pts
This kind of unit is known as
Brooke’s family consists of her biological mother, biological sister, and step-father. This kind of unit is known as
joint custody.
a clique.
a negative reinforcement trap.
a blended family.
a blended family
Question 18
1 / 1 pts

Authoritarian parents usually produce children who are the best adjusted.
true
false

false
Question 20
1 / 1 pts

Whenever Roger says “please,” his father gives Roger what he asks for. This in turn increases Roger’s use of the word “please.” Giving in to Roger’s requests appears to be a form of
counterimitation.
punishment.
inhibition.
reinforcement.

reinforcement
Question 1
1 / 1 pts
You are reviewing a research article with the title, “Women and the drive to care for others.” Who is the most likely author of this material?

Gilligan

Bandura

Piaget

Kohlberg

Incorrect
Question 2
0 / 1 pts
Concerning hemoglobin levels, during the teen years,
Concerning hemoglobin levels, during the teen years,

both boys and girls need more.?

both boys and girls need less.

girls need more and boys need less. x

boys need more and girls need less.

Question 3
1 / 1 pts
Body mass index is based on both weight and height.
Body mass index is based on both weight and height.

True!

false

Question 4
1 / 1 pts
You and a friend argue over who is the best golfer in the world. Which of your responses would represent an ad hominem argument?
You and a friend argue over who is the best golfer in the world. Which of your responses would represent an ad hominem argument?

“You just like Tiger Woods because you do not know how to golf.”!

“I am right, you are wrong, end of story!”

“Everyone knows that it is Tiger Woods.”

“I think that the winner of the last big tournament is the best.”

Question 5
1 / 1 pts
Based on statistics, which of the following 16-year-old males is most likely to die in an incident involving a firearm?
Based on statistics, which of the following 16-year-old males is most likely to die in an incident involving a firearm?

Ted, who is Asian American

Ned, who is African American!

Fred, who is European American

Ed, who is Hispanic American

Question 6
1 / 1 pts
Overweight teens are most at risk for developing ____ later in life.
Overweight teens are most at risk for developing ____ later in life.
sickle-cell disease

Osteoporosis

Huntington’s disease

Diabetes!

Question 7
1 / 1 pts
Who is experiencing the first indicator of the onset of puberty in males?
Who is experiencing the first indicator of the onset of puberty in males?

Joe, whose testes have started to grow!

Ben, whose pubic hair has started to grow

Hop-sing, who is experiencing a growth spurt

Adam, whose penis has started to grow

Question 8
1 / 1 pts
Gilligan’s original complaint against Kohlberg’s theory was that it
Gilligan’s original complaint against Kohlberg’s theory was that it

didn’t accurately reflect the moral development of women.!

was too Piagetian.

had too many stages.

had no practical applications.

Question 9
1 / 1 pts
What technique did Kohlberg use to assess moral thinking?
What technique did Kohlberg use to assess moral thinking?

He observed moral behavior in laboratory experiments.

He observed moral behavior in real-life experiments.

He reviewed newspaper accounts on acts of bravery and acts of violence.

He presented participants with moral dilemmas.!

Question 10
1 / 1 pts
How many of the following are risk factors for teenagers developing either bulimia or anorexia: history of being a picky eater, negative self-image, history of dieting, frequently watching television shows with overweight characters?
How many of the following are risk factors for teenagers developing either bulimia or anorexia: history of being a picky eater, negative self-image, history of dieting, frequently watching television shows with overweight characters?
1

3!

4

2

Question 11
1 / 1 pts
The defining characteristic of bulimia nervosa involves
The defining characteristic of bulimia nervosa involves

a binge-purge eating pattern.!
c. a distorted body image.

weight loss.
d. an irrational fear of obesity.

Incorrect
Question 12
0 / 1 pts
Research using “Ben’s dilemma” involving his attempt to get a loan to help him get to a wedding provided evidence that
Research using “Ben’s dilemma” involving his attempt to get a loan to help him get to a wedding provided evidence that

most moral decisions are based on the desire to care for others.x

females are more helpful than males.

people will loan time but not money.

moral reasoning is influenced by culture.?

Question 13
1 / 1 pts
Spermarche is defined as the initial production of sperm.
Spermarche is defined as the initial production of sperm.

True!

false

Question 14
1 / 1 pts
Moral reasoning based on social contracts is best identified with Kohlberg’s ____ stage of moral reasoning.
Moral reasoning based on social contracts is best identified with Kohlberg’s ____ stage of moral reasoning.

fifth!

Incorrect
Question 15
0 / 1 pts
How many of the following adolescents are experiencing a change in primary sex characteristics: Larry, who has acquired the ability to ejaculate; Curly, who is producing sperm; Moe, who is experiencing growth of his scrotum?
How many of the following adolescents are experiencing a change in primary sex characteristics: Larry, who has acquired the ability to ejaculate; Curly, who is producing sperm; Moe, who is experiencing growth of his scrotum?

0x

2

3

1?

Incorrect
Question 16
0 / 1 pts
If asked to identify where the hormone that causes the maturation of the genitals in females comes from, you should say,
If asked to identify where the hormone that causes the maturation of the genitals in females comes from, you should say,

“the pituitary gland.”x

“the adrenal gland.”

“the fallopian tube.”

“the ovaries.”?

Question 17
1 / 1 pts
Skip to question text.
When considering the Heinz dilemma, Tony says that he would not steal the drug because his mommy told him that stealing was wrong, and people who steal get into trouble. This consideration indicates that Tony is most likely in Kohlberg’s ____ stage of moral development.

First!

fourth

third

second

Incorrect
Question 18
0 / 1 pts
When considering the Heinz dilemma, Jefferson says, “You cannot justify theft, because if you do, it will lead to social anarchy.” This statement best matches the logic of someone at Kohlberg’s ____ level of moral development.
When considering the Heinz dilemma, Jefferson says, “You cannot justify theft, because if you do, it will lead to social anarchy.” This statement best matches the logic of someone at Kohlberg’s ____ level of moral development.

Conventional x

preconventional

postconventional?

unconventional

Incorrect
Question 19
0 / 1 pts
Currently, in the United States, about one in ____ adolescents is overweight.
Currently, in the United States, about one in ____ adolescents is overweight.

six

three x

nine

five?

Question 20
1 / 1 pts
About one in ____ individuals diagnosed with an eating disorder is male.
About one in ____ individuals diagnosed with an eating disorder is male.
20

3

10!

5

Incorrect
Question 1
0 / 1 pts
As a typical young teen, Maurice would be best at detecting _____ flaws in arguments.
As a typical young teen, Maurice would be best at detecting _____ flaws in arguments.

ad hominem x

ad ignorantian?

ad libitum

ad populum

Question 2
1 / 1 pts
When Kann et al. (1995) asked ninth- and twelfth-graders about their exercise habits, they found that
When Kann et al. (1995) asked ninth- and twelfth-graders about their exercise habits, they found that

exercise rates for both boys and girls declined between ninth and twelfth grade.

Question 3
1 / 1 pts
The illusion of invulnerability is best defined by the phrase,
The illusion of invulnerability is best defined by the phrase,

“dangerous but fun.”!

“slow and steady wins the race.”

“once bitten, twice shy.”

“nothing is worse the risk of dying.”

Question 4
1 / 1 pts
In Kohlberg’s model, stage three moral reasoning involves universal ethical principles.
In Kohlberg’s model, stage three moral reasoning involves universal ethical principles.

False!

Question 5
1 / 1 pts

In the United States, the most popular participation sport for adolescent boys is ____ and the most popular participation sport for girls is ____.

In the United States, the most popular participation sport for adolescent boys is ____ and the most popular participation sport for girls is ____.

football; basketball !

Question 6
1 / 1 pts
The pituitary gland regulates puberty changes by signaling other glands to release hormones.
The pituitary gland regulates puberty changes by signaling other glands to release hormones.

True!

Question 7
1 / 1 pts
How many of the following adolescents are experiencing a change in primary sex characteristics: Larry, who has acquired the ability to ejaculate; Curly, who is producing sperm; Moe, who is experiencing growth of his scrotum?
How many of the following adolescents are experiencing a change in primary sex characteristics: Larry, who has acquired the ability to ejaculate; Curly, who is producing sperm; Moe, who is experiencing growth of his scrotum?
0

3!

2

1

Question 8
1 / 1 pts
Fifteen-year-old Kristi was adopted when she was an infant. Her adult weight is best predicted by the
Fifteen-year-old Kristi was adopted when she was an infant. Her adult weight is best predicted by the

weight of her biological parents.!

average weight of individuals in her age-cohort group.

average weight of her adoptive siblings.

weight of her adoptive parents.

Question 9
1 / 1 pts
Skip to question text.
Groups of Hindu adults and children from India and non-Hindu adults and children from the United States are read a dilemma in which a person is forced to choose between breaking the law to help out a friend or not breaking the law but disappointing the friend. What results would you expect?

No group chose to break the law.

Those from India chose to break the law. !

All groups chose to break the law.

The adults chose to break the law.

Incorrect
Question 10
0 / 1 pts
Based on statistics, which of the following 16-year-olds is most likely to die as the result of natural causes?
Based on statistics, which of the following 16-year-olds is most likely to die as the result of natural causes?

Kay, who is a European American female

Ray, who is an African American male x

Jay, who is a European American male

Mae, who is an African American female

Question 11
1 / 1 pts
If asked to identify where the hormone that causes the maturation of the genitals in females comes from, you should say,
If asked to identify where the hormone that causes the maturation of the genitals in females comes from, you should say,

“the ovaries.”!

“the fallopian tube.”

“the pituitary gland.”

“the adrenal gland.”

Question 12
1 / 1 pts
Joe has lived all of his life in the United States, while Apu was raised in the Hindu faith in India. When presented with a dilemma concerning the morality of stealing,
Joe has lived all of his life in the United States, while Apu was raised in the Hindu faith in India. When presented with a dilemma concerning the morality of stealing,
Joe would be much more likely to make a care-based decision.

both Joe and Apu would likely make justice-based decisions.

Apu would be much more likely to make a care-based decision.!

both Joe and Apu would likely make care-based decisions.

Incorrect
Question 13
0 / 1 pts
According to Kohlberg’s model of moral reasoning,
According to Kohlberg’s model of moral reasoning,

morality based on following rules to maintain social order is superior to that based on a personal moral system reliant on abstract principles.x

morality based on living up to others’ expectations is superior to that based on adherence to a valid social contract.

morality based on obedience to authority is superior to that based on living up to expectations of others.

morality based on following rules to maintain social order is superior to that based on nice behaviors being exchanged for future favors.!

Question 14
1 / 1 pts
____ is best defined as physical changes that mark the transition from childhood to young adulthood.
____ is best defined as physical changes that mark the transition from childhood to young adulthood.

Puberty!

Primary circular reactions

Menopause

Secondary circular reactions

Incorrect
Question 15
0 / 1 pts
Ashley is an anorexic girl who has lost significant weight yet refuses to seek any treatment. This is a potentially life-threatening decision, as about ____ percent of adolescents in her situation die of symptoms related to the eating disorder.
Ashley is an anorexic girl who has lost significant weight yet refuses to seek any treatment. This is a potentially life-threatening decision, as about ____ percent of adolescents in her situation die of symptoms related to the eating disorder.

15!
c. 35

25
d. 45

Incorrect
Question 16
0 / 1 pts
Which best describes the early menstrual cycles of a typical teenage female?
Which best describes the early menstrual cycles of a typical teenage female?
Regular and with ovulation

Regular and without ovulation

Irregular and without ovulation!

Irregular and with ovulation

Question 17
1 / 1 pts
Which statement best describes the connection between environmental stress and maturation in girls?
Which statement best describes the connection between environmental stress and maturation in girls?

Puberty occurs earlier in girls who have experienced chronic stress.

.

Question 18
1 / 1 pts
Based on statistics, which of the following 16-year-old males is most likely to die in an incident involving a firearm?
Based on statistics, which of the following 16-year-old males is most likely to die in an incident involving a firearm?

Fred, who is European American

Ed, who is Hispanic American

Ned, who is African American!

Ted, who is Asian American

Question 19
1 / 1 pts
A person in the first stage of preconventional moral reasoning relies heavily on ____ when making a moral judgment.
A person in the first stage of preconventional moral reasoning relies heavily on ____ when making a moral judgment.

adherence to laws

adherence to a personal moral code

obedience to authority!

random guessing

Question 20
1 / 1 pts
Western Apache culture publicly celebrates menarche.
Western Apache culture publicly celebrates menarche.

True!

Question 1
1 / 1 pts
What would you predict would happen when Duke, a white supremacist teen, reads a scientific study indicating that Asians have higher IQs than whites?
What would you predict would happen when Duke, a white supremacist teen, reads a scientific study indicating that Asians have higher IQs than whites?

He would dismiss the study as being flawed.

Incorrect
Question 2
0 / 1 pts
If you were asked to describe the pattern of the average age of menarche onset in Europe between 1840 and today, you should say,
If you were asked to describe the pattern of the average age of menarche onset in Europe between 1840 and today, you should say,

“The average age of onset has dropped about 4 years.”?

“The average age of onset has dropped about 2 years.”

“The average age of onset has increased about 4 years.”x

“The average age of onset has increased about 2 years.”

Question 3
1 / 1 pts
Early maturation tends to have very negative effects for males.
Early maturation tends to have very negative effects for males.

false

Incorrect
Question 5
0 / 1 pts
Which of the following normally developing African teenage girls would be most likely to have just begun to experience menarche?
Which of the following normally developing African teenage girls would be most likely to have just begun to experience menarche?
Imena, who is 17 years old

Abina, who is 13 years old

Dalmar, who is 11 years old x

Kali, who is 15 years old

Question 6
1 / 1 pts
Concerning hemoglobin levels, during the teen years,
Concerning hemoglobin levels, during the teen years,

both boys and girls need more.!

Question 8
1 / 1 pts
The basic premise of ad populum arguments is that
The basic premise of ad populum arguments is that

if most people believe it, it must be correct.

Question 10
1 / 1 pts
Which phrase describes the emphasis of Gilligan’s theory of moral development?
Which phrase describes the emphasis of Gilligan’s theory of moral development?

The ethic of care

Question 11
1 / 1 pts
The two general types of physical development associated with puberty include
The two general types of physical development associated with puberty include

bodily changes and sexual maturation.!

Question 12
1 / 1 pts
Basal metabolic rate is defined as the speed at which the body produces calories.
Basal metabolic rate is defined as the speed at which the body produces calories.

false

Question 13
1 / 1 pts
Which best describes the neurological explanation for risk-taking behavior in teens?
Which best describes the neurological explanation for risk-taking behavior in teens?

The pleasure areas develop prior to the areas that control behavior

Question 14
1 / 1 pts
According to Kohlberg’s model of moral reasoning,
According to Kohlberg’s model of moral reasoning,

morality based on following rules to maintain social order is superior to that based on nice behaviors being exchanged for future favors.

Incorrect
Question 15
0 / 1 pts
Which concept describes the development of processing speed between ages 8 and 18?
Which concept describes the development of processing speed between ages 8 and 18?

Time needed to respond increases at a consistent rate.

Time needed to respond decreases at a consistent rate.

Time needed to respond decreases for the first years and then levels off.?

Time needed to respond is constant for the first years and then decreases significantly. x

Question 16
1 / 1 pts
The statement, “The center of the Earth must be made of pudding because no one has shown that it is not” represents a(n) _____ argument.
The statement, “The center of the Earth must be made of pudding because no one has shown that it is not” represents a(n) _____ argument.

ad ignorantiam!

Question 18
1 / 1 pts
Based on statistics, which of the following 16-year-old males is most likely to die in an incident involving a firearm?
Based on statistics, which of the following 16-year-old males is most likely to die in an incident involving a firearm?

Ned, who is African American!

Ed, who is Hispanic American

Ted, who is Asian American

Fred, who is European American

Question 19
1 / 1 pts
Based on statistics, which of the following 16-year-old females is most likely to die in an incident involving an automobile accident?
Based on statistics, which of the following 16-year-old females is most likely to die in an incident involving an automobile accident?

Jill, who is European American!

Question 20
1 / 1 pts
Primary sex characteristic changes are those directly impacting
Primary sex characteristic changes are those directly impacting

reproduction.!

Based on statistics, which of the following 16-year-olds is most likely to die as the result of natural causes?

Mae, who is an African American female

Incorrect
Question 2
0 / 1 pts
Research indicates that most adults operate at Kohlberg’s ____ level of moral reasoning.
Research indicates that most adults operate at Kohlberg’s ____ level of moral reasoning.
unconventional

preconventional

postconventional x

conventional

Question 3
1 / 1 pts
Which of Kohlberg’s levels places the greatest emphasis on morality as a function of the expectations others hold toward you?
Which of Kohlberg’s levels places the greatest emphasis on morality as a function of the expectations others hold toward you?

Conventional

Question 4
1 / 1 pts

Estrogen is directly released by the

ovaries.

Question 5
1 / 1 pts

Which best describes the neurological explanation for risk-taking behavior in teens?

The pleasure areas develop prior to the areas that control behavior

Question 6
1 / 1 pts
A sex difference during puberty involves the fact that ____ is greater for girls than boys.
A sex difference during puberty involves the fact that ____ is greater for girls than boys.

body fat

Question 7
1 / 1 pts
Carrie exhibits anorexia nervosa. When she looks in a mirror, she is most likely thinking,
Carrie exhibits anorexia nervosa. When she looks in a mirror, she is most likely thinking,

“I’m so fat!”

Incorrect
Question 8
0 / 1 pts

Lindsey is hesitant about letting her teenage daughter Davenport participate in sports because she has heard that most youth who participate in sports end up injured. What is the most accurate assessment of Lindsey’s thoughts?

She is totally wrong because only about 1 percent of young athletes are injured and require medical attention.

She is absolutely right because about 70 percent of young athletes are injured and require medical attention.

She is fairly incorrect because about 15 percent of young athletes are injured and require medical attention.

She is kind of correct because about 40 percent of young athletes are injured and require medical attention.

Question 9
1 / 1 pts
Myelination of the brain begins in earnest during adolescence.
Myelination of the brain begins in earnest during adolescence.

false

Incorrect
Question 10
0 / 1 pts
In a group of normally developing 18- to 20-year-olds, the greatest percentage would be operating at stage ____ of moral reasoning.
In a group of normally developing 18- to 20-year-olds, the greatest percentage would be operating at stage ____ of moral reasoning.

two x

three

four

five

Question 11
1 / 1 pts
Increases in content knowledge during adolescence results in advances in the ability to identify strategies appropriate for solving specific tasks.
Increases in content knowledge during adolescence results in advances in the ability to identify strategies appropriate for solving specific tasks.
true

Incorrect
Question 12
0 / 1 pts
One way to reduce the incidence of obesity in adolescence is to have teens engage in “regular activity.” Which of the following defines such activity?
One way to reduce the incidence of obesity in adolescence is to have teens engage in “regular activity.” Which of the following defines such activity?

Exercise must burn at least 250 calories.

Exercise must last for at least 60 minutes, two times per week.

Exercise must last for 30 minutes, three times per week.

Exercise must occur at least five times a week.

Question 13
1 / 1 pts
If asked to identify where the hormone that causes the maturation of the genitals in females comes from, you should say,
If asked to identify where the hormone that causes the maturation of the genitals in females comes from, you should say,

“the ovaries.”

Question 14
1 / 1 pts
There is little evidence to support Kohlberg’s claim that the stages of moral reasoning are
There is little evidence to support Kohlberg’s claim that the stages of moral reasoning are

universal.

Question 15
1 / 1 pts

The adolescent brain tends to have more mature pleasure-seeking systems and less advanced ability to deliberately control one’s behavior.

true

Incorrect
Question 16
0 / 1 pts

Morality based on adherence to societal law and order is best associated with Kohlberg’s ____ stage of moral thinking.
third

second x

fourth

fifth

Incorrect
Question 17
0 / 1 pts
Dontee is a typical teenager. Research has indicated that the moodiness that he is exhibiting is most likely due to
Dontee is a typical teenager. Research has indicated that the moodiness that he is exhibiting is most likely due to

raging hormone levels.

Question 19
1 / 1 pts
What would you predict would happen when Duke, a white supremacist teen, reads a scientific study indicating that Asians have higher IQs than whites?
What would you predict would happen when Duke, a white supremacist teen, reads a scientific study indicating that Asians have higher IQs than whites?

He would dismiss the study as being flawed.

Question 20
1 / 1 pts
You and a friend argue over who is the best golfer in the world. Which of your responses would represent an ad hominem argument?
You and a friend argue over who is the best golfer in the world. Which of your responses would represent an ad hominem argument?

“You just like Tiger Woods because you do not know how to golf.”

Gilligan!
Question 2
1 / 1 pts

When considering the issue of euthanasia, Wendell says, “I know that killing is wrong, but I believe that compassion is sometimes more important than the law.” This statement suggests that Wendell is thinking at Kohlberg’s ____ level.

postconventional

Question 3
1 / 1 pts
Social system morality is the focus of one of the stages of Kohlberg’s ____ level of moral reasoning.

conventional

Question 4
1 / 1 pts
Primary sex characteristic changes are those directly impacting
Primary sex characteristic changes are those directly impacting

reproduction.

Question 5
1 / 1 pts
Which event defines spermarche?
Which event defines spermarche?

The ejaculation of sperm

Question 7
1 / 1 pts

When considering the Heinz dilemma, Tony says that he would not steal the drug because his mommy told him that stealing was wrong, and people who steal get into trouble. This consideration indicates that Tony is most likely in Kohlberg’s ____ stage of moral development.

first

Question 8
1 / 1 pts
Preconventional moral reasoning is based on ____ forces.

external

Question 9
1 / 1 pts

Based on Gilligan’s model, who is operating at the initial stage of moral development?

Grace, who always bases her decisions on what will bring her the most pleasure

Question 10
1 / 1 pts
Western Apache culture publicly celebrates menarche.

true

Question 11
1 / 1 pts

In a typically developing adolescent experiencing puberty, you would expect that his or her ____ would be the last body area to grow.

trunk

IncorrectQuestion 12
0 / 1 pts

Kohlberg proposed that stages of moral reasoning

do not predict moral behavior.
form an invariant sequence.
predict one’s general level of intelligence.x
vary greatly from culture to culture.

Question 13
1 / 1 pts

Postconventional moral thinking is characterized by judgments made according to a(n)

personal code of behavior.

IncorrectQuestion 14
0 / 1 pts

At which age are most people operating at the postconventional level of moral reasoning?
Adolescence
A good portion of adolescence and adults develop this level of thinking
There is no age group in which most individuals are reasoning?
Adults x

Question 15
1 / 1 pts
Girls tend to begin puberty before boys.
Girls tend to begin puberty before boys.
true

Question 16
1 / 1 pts
Research using “Ben’s dilemma” involving his attempt to get a loan to help him get to a wedding provided evidence that

moral reasoning is influenced by culture.

Question 17
1 / 1 pts

Jackson’s statement, “My moral compass is based on the simple premise that one must always adhere to social norms” indicates that he is operating at the ____ level of moral reasoning.

conventional

Question 18
1 / 1 pts

Karen thinks she should go out with Blane, an unattractive, social misfit, because “If I don’t go out with him, people will think I’m really mean.” Karen is most likely in Kohlberg’s ____ level of moral reasoning.

conventional

Question 19
1 / 1 pts

On which point would Kohlberg and Gilligan agree?

Moral reasoning develops across distinct stages

20.

Typical American teenagers tend to:
overestimate the danger of most risky behaviors as well as the likelihood that they will experience these consequences.
underestimate the danger of most risky behaviors as well as the likelihood that they will experience these consequences.
overestimate the danger of most risky behaviors and underestimate the likelihood that they will experience these consequences.
underestimate the danger of most risky behaviors and overestimate the likelihood that they will experience these consequences.

Which statement indicates that Margareta is in the initial stage of ethnic identity development?

“Who cares if I am Latino?”

Question 2
1 / 1 pts
Your text indicates that many teenagers who smoke are convinced that cigarette smoking is harmless for healthy adolescents. Which concept does the best job of explaining this phenomenon?

Illusion of invulnerability

Question 3
1 / 1 pts
Antismoking interventions in schools reduce teenage smoking by more than ____.
Antismoking interventions in schools reduce teenage smoking by more than ____.

one-third

Question 4
1 / 1 pts

Adolescent egocentrism is characterized by a lack of self-absorption.

false

Question 5
1 / 1 pts
Which of the following 15-year-olds is least likely to drink alcohol?
Which of the following 15-year-olds is least likely to drink alcohol?

Barbara, whose parents sometimes drink small amounts with meals

Question 6
1 / 1 pts
The defining feature of the personal fable is a feeling of

uniqueness.

Question 7
1 / 1 pts
Which statement best describes the long-term outcomes of working a stressful job during the teen years?

Better able to cope with stressful jobs as adults

Question 8
1 / 1 pts
The third phase of ethnic identity achievement involves

creating a distinct ethnic self-concept.

Question 9
1 / 1 pts
Which adolescent would likely have the highest level of self-esteem?
Which adolescent would likely have the highest level of self-esteem?

Cheyenne, who is African American

Question 10
1 / 1 pts
Which group of teenage boys has by far the highest suicide rate?
Which group of teenage boys has by far the highest suicide rate?

Native Americans

Question 11
1 / 1 pts
Seventeen-year-old Alice drinks alcohol to deal with all the things that are difficult in her life. Which approach is most likely to decrease her alcohol use?
Seventeen-year-old Alice drinks alcohol to deal with all the things that are difficult in her life. Which approach is most likely to decrease her alcohol use?

Therapy to learn coping skills

Question 12
1 / 1 pts
When an individual’s personality type and job match, they tend to be

more productive in the short run and have more stable career paths in the long run.
.

Question 13
1 / 1 pts
While in the _________ identity status stage, a person is examining numerous alternatives but finds none totally satisfactory

moratorium

Question 14
1 / 1 pts
Which of these STDs is caused by bacteria?
Which of these STDs is caused by bacteria?

Gonorrhea

IncorrectQuestion 15
0 / 1 pts
Which of these STDs is most prevalent in the United States?

Genital Herpes
Chlamydia x
Gonorrhea ?
HIV

Question 16
1 / 1 pts

When Molly hears that several people in her geometry class think she’s great, it is likely to

increase her self-esteem.

IncorrectQuestion 17
0 / 1 pts
Concerning identity, foreclosure is to achievement as

others is to self. ?
black is to white.
part is to whole. x
social is to withdrawn.

Question 18
1 / 1 pts

Which statement concerning self-esteem is true?

A harmonious child-parent relationship tends to lead to higher levels of self- esteem in adolescents.

Question 19
1 / 1 pts
Which statement would indicate that a teenager is in the third stage of ethnic identity development?
Which statement would indicate that a teenager is in the third stage of ethnic identity development?

“I see myself as a Dutch-Asian American.”

IncorrectQuestion 20
0 / 1 pts
Which has been identified as a factor that increases the risk of a female being a victim of date rape?

Witnessing domestic violence x
Being friends males
Having a brother
Holding traditional gender stereotypes

Which of the following sexually transmitted diseases is caused by a viral infection?

Herpes

Question 2
1 / 1 pts
During the implementation phase of career development, a person
During the implementation phase of career development, a person

takes a job and learns firsthand about a career.

Question 3
1 / 1 pts
Nan is an individual who enjoys working outside, taking care of park lands, planting trees, and building forest trails. Which of Holland’s types best describes Nan’s interests?
Nan is an individual who enjoys working outside, taking care of park lands, planting trees, and building forest trails. Which of Holland’s types best describes Nan’s interests?

Realistic

Question 4
1 / 1 pts

Jinfa was born in the United States. His father is African and his mother is Japanese. If he is in the third state of ethnic identity development, he would most likely consider himself as

American with roots in both Africa and Japan.

Question 5
1 / 1 pts
Nell can’t decide if she should pursue a career as a bank teller or as an accountant. Holland would suggest that Nell will find these career choices most fulfilling if she has a(n) ____ personality type.

conventional

IncorrectQuestion 6
0 / 1 pts
Which of these STDs is most prevalent in the United States?
Which of these STDs is most prevalent in the United States?
Gonorrhea x
Genital herpes
Chlamydia x
HIV

Question 7
1 / 1 pts
Statistically speaking, who has the lowest risk of teenage pregnancy?
Statistically speaking, who has the lowest risk of teenage pregnancy?

Polly, who is European American

Question 8
1 / 1 pts

About ____ percent of male and female teenagers identify themselves as homosexual.

5

IncorrectQuestion 9
0 / 1 pts
A person with a(n) ____ personality type would be described as someone who is highly task-oriented and who enjoys abstract thinking.

investigative
conventional x
social
realistic

Question 10
1 / 1 pts

The “storm and stress” analogy accurately reflects the experience of most teenagers.

false

Question 11
1 / 1 pts

As a middle-school student, Chrissy often shoplifted cosmetics and music CDs. By the time she was a senior in high school, Chrissy had mended her ways and no longer shoplifted. Chrissy’s pattern of behavior is best described as

adolescent-limited antisocial behavior.

Question 12
1 / 1 pts

During the diffusion phase of identity status, a person’s identity is determined by adults rather than by personal exploration.

false

IncorrectQuestion 13
0 / 1 pts
Gayord sets random rules for his children to follow and enforces them without explanation. This parenting style will most likely result in Gayord’s teenage children displaying a(n) _____ identity status.

diffusion x
moratorium
achievement
foreclosure

Question 14
1 / 1 pts

Which elementary-school-age child would likely have the highest level of self-esteem?

Opal, who is European American

IncorrectQuestion 15
0 / 1 pts

Which comment accurately reflects the relationship between adolescent mental health and part-time jobs in excess of 15-20 hours per week?
Teens with such jobs tend to be more likely to experience depression and anxiety than their peers.
Teens with such jobs tend to be less susceptible to schizophrenia than their peers.
Teens with such jobs tend to be less prone to violence than their peers.
Teens with such jobs tend to be more sociable than their peers. x

Question 16
1 / 1 pts
Skip to question text.
Brita is a junior interested in majoring in English literature, philosophy, biotechnology, or European history. While she likes all of these majors, she is not sure which one to focus on. According to Marcia, Brita would best be classified as being in the ____ level of identity status concerning a collegiate major.

moratorium

IncorrectQuestion 17
0 / 1 pts

Which adolescents report that they are usually happy?
Most adolescents around the world
Only those adolescents in Eastern nations
Only those adolescents in Western nations x
None

IncorrectQuestion 18
0 / 1 pts
Which of the following is not a biological factor known to contribute to aggressive behavior?

Circadian rhythms
Neurotransmitters
Temperament x
Hormones

Question 20
1 / 1 pts
Zeke enjoys expressing himself on unstructured tasks. This description indicates that Zeke most likely has a(n) ____ personality type.

artistic

The birth of a child tends to lead to declines in marital satisfaction.
true

Question 2
1 / 1 pts
Skip to question text.
Katie and Rob are seeing a marriage counselor, Dr. McMurray, to ask her advice about how to save their relationship. Dr. McMurray tells them that the reason they are having trouble is because “neither of you perceive that you are getting as much out of the relationship as you are putting into it.” This statement indicates that Dr. McMurray is a proponent of

exchange theory.

Question 3
1 / 1 pts
The divorce rate in second marriages involving step-children is about _____ the rate for first marriages.
The divorce rate in second marriages involving step-children is about _____ the rate for first marriages.

three times higher

Question 4
1 / 1 pts

Elliot and Elizabeth are both politically liberal, vegetarian, like to socialize, and are agnostic. Which concept best describes these similarities?

Homogamy

Question 5
1 / 1 pts
According to Kahlil Gibran, author of The Prophet, the two sides of love are
According to Kahlil Gibran, author of The Prophet, the two sides of love are

ecstasy and pain.

Question 6
1 / 1 pts
Jillian and Nick often express negative emotions toward each other, which means they are most likely to experience
Jillian and Nick often express negative emotions toward each other, which means they are most likely to experience

early divorce.

Question 7
1 / 1 pts
The initial stage in friendship development is called
The initial stage in friendship development is called

acquaintanceship.

Question 8
1 / 1 pts
About ____ percent of marriages in the United States involves “marriage for life” (i.e., no divorce).
About ____ percent of marriages in the United States involves “marriage for life” (i.e., no divorce).

50

Question 9
1 / 1 pts
The fact that Bert’s friend Ernie keeps him amused by telling funny stories best illustrates the _____ dimension of friendship.
The fact that Bert’s friend Ernie keeps him amused by telling funny stories best illustrates the _____ dimension of friendship.

sociability

Question 10
1 / 1 pts
Chole announces to her long-time boyfriend that they should cohabitate as a step toward marriage. This indicates that Chole is interested in

premarital cohabitation.

Question 11
1/ 1 pts
Chinese Americans are highly likely to determine abuse in terms of psychological trauma.

false

Question 12
1 / 1 pts
.
The display of negative emotions between spouses is a good predictor of divorce when it occurs early in a marriage.

true

Question 13
1 / 1 pts
During middle age, if a women initiates a divorce, she would most likely feel

optimistic.

Question 14
1 / 1 pts
Which statement is true?

Step-parents need to be highly sensitive to the needs of a step-child concerning contact with noncustodial parent(s).

Question 15
1 / 1 pts

Which least exemplifies the early stage of most marriages?

Husbands being very concerned with their wives maintaining close ties with friends

Question 16
1 / 1 pts
Latino families are less likely than European-American families to be “two-parent” families.

true

Question 17
1 / 1 pts
Which best describes the typical pattern of marital satisfaction from honeymoon through retirement?

High to low to high

IncorrectQuestion 18
0 / 1 pts
In the United States, _____ rated a woman in an abusive relationship more positively if she left the man.

no women

European-American women living in the South (WRONG)

Latina-American women living in the South

European-American women living in the North

Question 19
1 / 1 pts

Thirty-six-year-old Alexander and 25-year-old Jonathan are typical first-time fathers. We would expect that

Alexander will spend more time with his child than Jonathan.

Question 20
1 / 1 pts
Skip to question text.
Siegfried and Roy have been friends for many years. In the past few months, however, they seem to have less in common, and Roy has been thinking more about hanging out with a potential new friend. Siegfried and Roy appear to be in the ____ stage of friendship development.

deterioration

Question 1
1 / 1 pts
Each of these women has just married for the first time. Who is most likely to get divorced?
Each of these women has just married for the first time. Who is most likely to get divorced?
Lucy, who is 17

Question 2
1 / 1 pts
Calliope is a typical woman who works in an office and likes to play handball. Who is most likely to be her friend?
Calliope is a typical woman who works in an office and likes to play handball. Who is most likely to be her friend?

Aphrodite, who is someone in whom Calliope can confide

Question 3
1 / 1 pts
The initial stage in friendship development is called
The initial stage in friendship development is called

acquaintanceship.

Question 4
1 / 1 pts
Due to the nature of their task, foster parents must

be willing to allow for ambiguity in the attachment relationship between themselves and their foster child.

Question 5
1 / 1 pts

According to research cited in your text, approximately ____ percent of marriages in India are arranged and among urban professionals, and approximately _____ percent rated their marriage as “very successful.”

80; 95

Question 6
1 / 1 pts
Which might best be characterized as a “trial marriage?”
Which might best be characterized as a “trial marriage?”

Premarital cohabitation

Question 7
1 / 1 pts
People tend to have the most acquaintances/friends during

young adulthood.

The rate of satisfaction of couples in arranged marriages is very low.

false

Question 12
1 / 1 pts
The primary difference between limited and premarital cohabitation involves

intention to marry.

Question 13
1 / 1 pts
Skip to question text.
Katie and Rob are seeing a marriage counselor, Dr. McMurray, to ask her advice about how to save their relationship. Dr. McMurray tells them that the reason they are having trouble is because “neither of you perceive that you are getting as much out of the relationship as you are putting into it.” This statement indicates that Dr. McMurray is a proponent of

exchange theory.

Question 14
1 / 1 pts

Unless they are poor, __________________________________ than men.

women are more likely to initiate a divorce and less likely to remarry

IncorrectQuestion 15
0 / 1 pts
Surveys indicate that nearly ________ couples in Spain and the United Kingdom meet online.
.
1 in every 5 (wrong)
1 in every 20
1 in every 15 (Wrong)
1 in every 10

Question 16
1 / 1 pts

Which statement best reflects the principle of assortive mating?

Birds of a feather flock together

IncorrectQuestion 17
0 / 1 pts

According to O’Leary’s (1993) model, ____ would have the largest number of potential underlying causes.
murder
verbal aggression (wrong)
severe aggression
physical aggression

Question 18
1 / 1 pts
It would be most reasonable to predict that a child raised by ____ parents would be most competitive.

European-American

Question 19
1 / 1 pts

Physical attractiveness is

important in love relationships for both males and females.

Question 20
1 / 1 pts
As a typical American male, which of Todd’s reasons for filing for divorce would be the most typical?

“My wife had an affair.”

Al and Peg are a typical American couple who have cohabitated for many years. If they later marry each other, they are likely to be ____ than other married couples who did not cohabitate.

less at risk for divorce (wrong)

less happy

wealthier

more religious

Incorrect
Question 2
0 / 1 pts
Parents of multiracial children tend to __________ than parents of single-race children.
Parents of multiracial children tend to __________ than parents of single-race children.
worry less about their children being rejected by others due to their race (wrong)

experience less marital stress

use authoritarian parenting methods

provide more economic resources to their children

Question 3
1 / 1 pts
Shiela is a recently divorced woman who has custody of her two young daughters. Shiela’s biggest problems are most likely to be

financial.

Question 4
1 / 1 pts
The theory of assortative mating is based on the concept that “opposites attract.”
The theory of assortative mating is based on the concept that “opposites attract.”

false

Question 5
1 / 1 pts
When discussing their marriage, Meg and Ryan agree that what appears to keep them together and happy is the fact that they share many of the same values. This exemplifies _____, which is a good predictor of marital success.
When discussing their marriage, Meg and Ryan agree that what appears to keep them together and happy is the fact that they share many of the same values. This exemplifies _____, which is a good predictor of marital success.

homogamy

Question 6
1 / 1 pts
Which statement concerning homosexual and heterosexual couples in the United States is true?
Which statement concerning homosexual and heterosexual couples in the United States is true?

Both lesbian and heterosexual females view money as a way to maintain a sense of independence from their partners.

Question 7
1 / 1 pts
In the United States, the out-of-wedlock birthrate
In the United States, the out-of-wedlock birthrate

is highest in African Americans.

Question 8
1 / 1 pts
Which statement about single parents is true?
Which statement about single parents is true?

Divorced single parents often experience feelings of failure and guilt

Question 9
1 / 1 pts
Elliot and Elizabeth are both politically liberal, vegetarian, like to socialize, and are agnostic. Which concept best describes these similarities?
Elliot and Elizabeth are both politically liberal, vegetarian, like to socialize, and are agnostic. Which concept best describes these similarities?

Homogamy

Incorrect
Question 10
0 / 1 pts
Liz and Richard are 35-year-olds who have lived together for a long time. After the birth of their first child, they decided to get married. Given this description, Liz and Richard’s cohabitation pattern suggests that they live in which country?
Liz and Richard are 35-year-olds who have lived together for a long time. After the birth of their first child, they decided to get married. Given this description, Liz and Richard’s cohabitation pattern suggests that they live in which country?
United states (wrong)

Jamaica

China

Sweden

Incorrect
Question 11
0 / 1 pts
Which of these would be considered a nuclear family?
Which of these would be considered a nuclear family?
Sinead and Sean, who are a married couple

Cleo, who lives alone

Tammy and Rick, who live with their two children and Tammy’s parents (wrong)

Mary, who is a single mother and lives with her two children

Incorrect
Question 12
0 / 1 pts
An in-depth study of never-married women in their 30s identified three major distinct groups. Which was not one of the groups?
An in-depth study of never-married women in their 30s identified three major distinct groups. Which was not one of the groups?

Struggling with issues of sexual orientation before deciding on marriage?

Single and happily satisfied

Wanting both to be married and to be single (wrong)

Distressed and longing to be married with children

Incorrect
Question 13
0 / 1 pts
In the United States, _____ of pregnancies are unplanned.
In the United States, _____ of pregnancies are unplanned.

nearly all

over half ??

about one-quarter (wrong)

very few

Question 14
1 / 1 pts
Which statement concerning cross-cultural violence is true?

In some cultures, a woman is rated positively if she remains in an abusive relationship.

Incorrect
Question 15
0 / 1 pts
Surveys indicate that nearly ________ couples in the Australia meet online.
Surveys indicate that nearly ________ couples in the Australia meet online.
1 in every 5

1 in every 10

1 in every 20

1 in every 15 (wrong)

Incorrect
Question 16
0 / 1 pts
According to research by Buss and colleagues, a(n) ____ man looking for a prospective mate would be most concerned about the woman’s cooking competence and chastity status.
According to research by Buss and colleagues, a(n) ____ man looking for a prospective mate would be most concerned about the woman’s cooking competence and chastity status.
Italian

Chinese

Swedish

British (wrong)

Incorrect
Question 17
0 / 1 pts
Surveys indicate that nearly ________ couples in Spain and the United Kingdom meet online.
Surveys indicate that nearly ________ couples in Spain and the United Kingdom meet online.
1 in every 10

1 in every 15

1 in every 5 (wrong)

1 in every 20

Question 18
1 / 1 pts
According to exchange theory, which couple would be most satisfied?

Megan, who makes a lot of money but is not much of a caregiver, and Hunter, who is excellent at raising their children but not much of a moneymaker

Question 19
1 / 1 pts
Early in marriages,
Early in marriages,
women tend to be more concerned with keeping ties with their friends.

Question 20
1 / 1 pts
Unlike heterosexual males, homosexual men tend to view love and sex as synonymous.
Unlike heterosexual males, homosexual men tend to view love and sex as synonymous.

false

Question 1
1 / 1 pts
The majority of children raised by lesbian couples later self-identify as gay or lesbian.
The majority of children raised by lesbian couples later self-identify as gay or lesbian.

false

Question 2
1 / 1 pts
Singlehood is

increasing in African-American and Latino-American women.

Question 3
1 / 1 pts
Which of these would be considered a nuclear family?

Mary, who is a single mother and lives with her two children

Question 4
1 / 1 pts
Eric and Jon have been friends for many years, but recently their friendship could be described as in the deterioration stage. Which factor is most likely to bring the relationship to the ending stage?

Eric and Jon find new friends.

Question 5
1 / 1 pts
In the United States, who is least likely to marry to legitimize a pregnancy?
In the United States, who is least likely to marry to legitimize a pregnancy?

Cindi, who is African American

Question 6
1 / 1 pts
Expression of negative emotions toward a spouse is positively correlated with
Expression of negative emotions toward a spouse is positively correlated with

early divorce.

Question 8
1 / 1 pts
Unlike heterosexual males, homosexual men tend to view love and sex as synonymous.

false

Question 9
1 / 1 pts
Many middle-aged women who initiate a divorce experience a sense of optimism.

true

IncorrectQuestion 10
0 / 1 pts
Al and Peg are a typical American couple who have cohabitated for many years. If they later marry each other, they are likely to be ____ than other married couples who did not cohabitate.
Al and Peg are a typical American couple who have cohabitated for many years. If they later marry each other, they are likely to be ____ than other married couples who did not cohabitate.

less at risk for divorce

Question 11
1 / 1 pts
Sanford’s friendships tend to be based on self-disclosure and intimacy. This exemplifies the ____ component of friendship.
Sanford’s friendships tend to be based on self-disclosure and intimacy. This exemplifies the ____ component of friendship.

affective

Question 12
1 / 1 pts
Ken and Barbie are sexually active singles who are discussing the idea of moving in together. They are definitely contemplating
Ken and Barbie are sexually active singles who are discussing the idea of moving in together. They are definitely contemplating

cohabitation.

Question 13
1 / 1 pts
The text authors suggest that the strong intimate sharing component that characterizes female friendships but not male friendships is due to females having more comfort with their
The text authors suggest that the strong intimate sharing component that characterizes female friendships but not male friendships is due to females having more comfort with their

vulnerability.

Question 14
1 / 1 pts
The rate of satisfaction of couples in arranged marriages is very low.
The rate of satisfaction of couples in arranged marriages is very low.

false

Question 15
1 / 1 pts
Ole and Lena are a cohabitating couple in Norway, while Jack and Diane are a cohabitating couple in the United States. Cross-cultural research would predict that
Ole and Lena are a cohabitating couple in Norway, while Jack and Diane are a cohabitating couple in the United States. Cross-cultural research would predict that

Ole and Lena will only marry if they have children.

Question 16
1 / 1 pts
Parents with fussier babies have more marital problems.

true

Question 17
1 / 1 pts
Liz and Richard are 35-year-olds who have lived together for a long time. After the birth of their first child, they decided to get married. Given this description, Liz and Richard’s cohabitation pattern suggests that they live in which country?
Liz and Richard are 35-year-olds who have lived together for a long time. After the birth of their first child, they decided to get married. Given this description, Liz and Richard’s cohabitation pattern suggests that they live in which country?

Sweden

Question 18
1 / 1 pts
Which of Deanna’s statements indicates that she is likely experiencing “battered woman’s syndrome?”

“I cannot escape this abusive relationship.”

Question 19
1 / 1 pts
Juliet wants Romeo physically, and she wants him badly! Juliet is most likely experiencing

passion.

Question 20
1 / 1 pts
Research suggests that women tend to

choose masculine men for short-term relationships and more feminine-looking men for long-term relationships.

Question 1
0 / 1 pts
In 1970, _____ couples in the United States were cohabitating. In 2002, _____ couples in the United States were cohabitating.
In 1970, _____ couples in the United States were cohabitating. In 2002, _____ couples in the United States were cohabitating.
55 million; .5 million
3 million; 3.5 million (wrong)
3.5 million; .5 million
5 million; 5.5 million

Question 3
1 / 1 pts
Gay and lesbian couples tend to differ from heterosexual couples in

the degree to which partners share the same demographic characteristics.

Question 4
1 / 1 pts
How could Gene’s relationship with Peggy reflect the communal component of adult friendship?

He could support her interest in skydiving by going along with her on a jump.

Question 5
1 / 1 pts

Many middle-aged women who initiate a divorce experience a sense of optimism.
true

Question 6
1 / 1 pts
Concerning family types, nuclear is to extended as

two generations is to three or more generations.

Question 7
1 / 1 pts

Studies of the parenting of multiracial children in the United States and New Zealand found that

moms played the largest role in guiding the child’s development of ethnic minority identity, even when that child was not of that ethnic group.

Question 8
1 / 1 pts
According to research cited in your text, approximately ____ percent of marriages in India are arranged and among urban professionals, and approximately _____ percent rated their marriage as “very successful.”
According to research cited in your text, approximately ____ percent of marriages in India are arranged and among urban professionals, and approximately _____ percent rated their marriage as “very successful.”
80; 95

Question 9
1 / 1 pts
How has the median age of first marriage in the United States changed from 1970 to 2009?
How has the median age of first marriage in the United States changed from 1970 to 2009?

It has risen by about four years.

Question 10
1 / 1 pts

Which statement is true?

Step-parents need to be highly sensitive to the needs of a step-child concerning contact with noncustodial parent(s).

Question 11
1 / 1 pts
In their cross-cultural study of mate selection, Buss and colleagues found that the characteristic of ____ showed the most variation as to whether it was important to mate selection.
In their cross-cultural study of mate selection, Buss and colleagues found that the characteristic of ____ showed the most variation as to whether it was important to mate selection.

chastity

Question 12
1 / 1 pts
Which least exemplifies the early stage of most marriages?

Husbands being very concerned with their wives maintaining close ties with friends

Question 13
1 / 1 pts
Ken and Barbie are sexually active singles who are discussing the idea of moving in together. They are definitely contemplating
Ken and Barbie are sexually active singles who are discussing the idea of moving in together. They are definitely contemplating

cohabitation.

Question 14
1 / 1 pts
Who is least likely to do household chores?

Donnie, a European-American male

Question 15
1 / 1 pts
Research on the biology of physical attraction suggests that neurochemicals related to ____ underlie the feeling of exhilaration that often is experienced when you fall in love.

amphetamines

Question 16
1 / 1 pts
The assortative mating theory proposes that initial mate selection is based primarily on

similarity.

Question 17
1 / 1 pts
Chole announces to her long-time boyfriend that they should cohabitate as a step toward marriage. This indicates that Chole is interested in
Chole announces to her long-time boyfriend that they should cohabitate as a step toward marriage. This indicates that Chole is interested in
premarital cohabitation.

Question 18
1 / 1 pts
Physical attractiveness is

important in love relationships for both males and females.

Question 19
1 / 1 pts
In the United States, _____ of pregnancies are unplanned.

over half

Question 20
1 / 1 pts
The chances for remarrying for a housewife in middle or late life are generally ____ the chances for remarrying when divorcing young.

worse than

Question 1
1 / 1 pts
When workers experience career plateauing, they may decide not to seek a promotion.

true

Question 2
1 / 1 pts

Holland categorizes occupations using the dimensions of

interpersonal settings and lifestyle.

Question 3
1 / 1 pts

In which culture are women more likely to judge an interaction as more harassing than men?

United States

Question 4
1 / 1 pts

Since being promoted to an executive position a few years ago, Alison continued to find ways to work her way up the corporate ladder. Alison is most likely in Super’s ____ phase of developmental tasks.

consolidation

Question 5
1 / 1 pts

Priscilla is having a difficult time finding a female who will mentor her on her new middle management position. This is most likely occurring because

there are few women in management positions who could mentor her.

Question 6
1 / 1 pts
.
As he has a same-ethnicity mentor, Chappell is likely to receive ____ than his friend Dave who has a mentor from another ethnic group.

more psychosocial support

Question 7
1 / 1 pts
A worker described as _____ would feel devalued.

alienated

Question 8
1 / 1 pts

Who is most likely to be the victim of sexual harassment?

Vicki, who is a 25-year-old single woman

Question 9
1 / 1 pts

When Bono says, “I have thought about it for a long time, and I believe that I would be a great rock and roll star,” he is exhibiting

perceived competence.

Question 10
1 / 1 pts

Robert and Julia are employed in the same occupation. If pay for the two follows the pattern for the average American female and male, for every $100 earned by Robert, Julia could expect to earn

$80.

_____ African-American protégés have European-American mentors.

Many (wrong)
Most?

Question 12
1 / 1 pts

As the result of recent changes in cultural attitudes, the division of labor between heterosexual couples in the United States is now virtually equal.

false

Question 13
1 / 1 pts

Barack Obama was used as an example of a “____” concerning occupational development.

fast tracker

Question 14
1 / 1 pts

Which manager’s strategy for preventing alienation in company workers will probably work best?

Colleen’s, who wants to include workers in the company’s decision-making process

Question 15
1 / 1 pts
Compared to middle-aged adults, young adults tend to

participate in a larger range of activities and prefer those activities with a higher level of intensity.

Question 16
1 / 1 pts

Mentoring is one way to address the issue of generativity suggested by Erikson.
true

Question 17
1 / 1 pts

Women tend to have a more difficult time finding adequate mentors.
true

Question 18
1 / 1 pts

The hot dog processing factory that Oscar works at recently instituted a total quality management program to better include workers in the planning process. This was most likely done in response to workers’ complaints about

alienation.

Question 19
1 / 1 pts

During the cultivation phase of the mentor relationship, mentors _____ protégés.

do their most work with

Question 20
1 / 1 pts

Who would most likely be giving a speech titled “Understanding the Continuum of Vocational Maturity?”

Donald Super

Question 1
1 / 1 pts
Which statement is true regarding the study of the Big Five conducted by Srivastava and colleagues (2003)?
Which statement is true regarding the study of the Big Five conducted by Srivastava and colleagues (2003)?
There were several ethical concerns with the study
It supported the notion that the Big Five are “set in plaster”
It was an experimental study
It was a cross-sectional study

Question 2
1 / 1 pts
Caring for aging parents can be beneficial in all of the following ways except
Caring for aging parents can be beneficial in all of the following ways except
it can provide a way for adult children to give back to their parents.
it can feel rewarding to the adult child.
it can feel rewarding to the aging parent.
it can bring adult children and parents closer together.

Question 3
1 / 1 pts
Individuals with Type B personalities tend to be angry and aggressive.
Individuals with Type B personalities tend to be angry and aggressive.
true
false

Question 4
1 / 1 pts
Analyzing how a person thinks about her job and how that job situation ends up affecting the individual both psychologically and physically would be an example of an application of the
Analyzing how a person thinks about her job and how that job situation ends up affecting the individual both psychologically and physically would be an example of an application of the
encapsulation pattern.
Type A behavior pattern.
stress and coping paradigm.
generativity versus stagnation paradigm.

Question 5
1 / 1 pts
Which statement is true in middle age?
Which statement is true in middle age?
Neither generative concern nor generative action relate to life satisfaction
Generative action relates to life satisfaction but generative concern does not
Both generative concern and generative action relate to life satisfaction
Generative concern relates to life satisfaction but generative action does not

Question 6
1 / 1 pts
Yasmin is told that she will be taking selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs). What medical condition is most likely being treated?
Yasmin is told that she will be taking selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs). What medical condition is most likely being treated?
Breast cancer
Menopause
Rheumatoid arthritis
High blood pressure

Question 7
1 / 1 pts
Experts are always faster and use more rules than novices.
Experts are always faster and use more rules than novices.
true
false

Question 8
1 / 1 pts
Ben and Sky are Hopi grandparents who want their grandchild to live with them for a while so that they can be sure the grandchild learns the Hopi way. Ben and Sky exemplify the ____ style of grandparenting.
Ben and Sky are Hopi grandparents who want their grandchild to live with them for a while so that they can be sure the grandchild learns the Hopi way. Ben and Sky exemplify the ____ style of grandparenting.
cultural conservator
dispenser of family wisdom
reinvolvement with personal past
indulgence

Question 9
1 / 1 pts
Who is likely to experience the most job-related stress?
Who is likely to experience the most job-related stress?
Katrina, who has some control over her job
Deena, who has no control over her job
Lena, who has moderate control over her job
Tina, who has complete control over her job

Question 10
1 / 1 pts
Harvey is 32 years old, extroverted, very conscientious, and not open to experience. Based on the longitudinal research of Costa and McCrae’s personality dimensions, what will Harvey be like when he is 62 years old?
Harvey is 32 years old, extroverted, very conscientious, and not open to experience. Based on the longitudinal research of Costa and McCrae’s personality dimensions, what will Harvey be like when he is 62 years old?
Extroverted, not conscientious, and not open to experience
Extroverted, conscientious, and open to experience
Not extroverted, conscientious, and not open to experience
Extroverted, conscientious, and not open to experience

Question 11
1 / 1 pts
Which appears to best explain the reason that Asian-American women report the fewest menopausal symptoms?
Which appears to best explain the reason that Asian-American women report the fewest menopausal symptoms?
They are the most likely to use HRT
Their small stature creates less pressure on bones and joints
They have genetically higher levels of estrogen
They use alternative medications

Question 12
1 / 1 pts
What are the “pieces of bread” on either side of the “sandwich generation?”
What are the “pieces of bread” on either side of the “sandwich generation?”
Job and family
Stress and coping
Parents and children
Generativity and stagnation

Question 13
1 / 1 pts
Erikson viewed the key crisis of midlife as one of stagnation versus generativity.
Erikson viewed the key crisis of midlife as one of stagnation versus generativity.
true
false

Question 14
1 / 1 pts
Which statement concerning custodial care of grandchildren by grandparents is true?
Which statement concerning custodial care of grandchildren by grandparents is true?
Almost 20 million U.S. grandparents have grandchildren living with them
The most common reason for a grandparent raising a grandchild involves the death of both parents
In the U.S., grandparents automatically are granted legal guardianship of their grandchildren
Rates of behavioral problems in children raised by grandparents is high

Question 15
1 / 1 pts
One difference between osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis is that
One difference between osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis is that
there is more swelling of the joints in rheumatoid arthritis.
osteoarthritis typically occurs in adolescence.
women are more likely to be affected by rheumatoid arthritis.
osteoarthritis is not painful.

Question 16
1 / 1 pts
When confronted with a problem in his relationships with his wife, Frank scoffs it off, saying “Ahhh, that’s not really an issue… it will work itself out.” This is probably best classified as
When confronted with a problem in his relationships with his wife, Frank scoffs it off, saying “Ahhh, that’s not really an issue… it will work itself out.” This is probably best classified as
a cognitive analysis.
passive-dependent behavior.
avoidant thinking.
problem-focused action.

IncorrectQuestion 17
0 / 1 pts
Which belongs on a list of traits of someone who scores low on an openness to experience assessment?
Which belongs on a list of traits of someone who scores low on an openness to experience assessment?
Ambitious
Prefers stimulating environments
Uncurious
Antagonistic

Question 18
1 / 1 pts
Ahmed is in charge of hiring new employees for his company. He wants to hire people who are very organized, responsible, and will work hard for the company. In which trait is Ahmed most interested?
Ahmed is in charge of hiring new employees for his company. He wants to hire people who are very organized, responsible, and will work hard for the company. In which trait is Ahmed most interested?
Conscientiousness
Openness to experience
Agreeableness
Extroversion

Question 19
1 / 1 pts
Paula is an expert on the history of rock music while Donald is a novice. This means that Paula ____ than Donald.
Paula is an expert on the history of rock music while Donald is a novice. This means that Paula ____ than Donald.
is more effective at determining correct solutions concerning rock music
is less curious about rock music
is more intelligent
uses more steps in the thinking process when coming up with answers about rock music

IncorrectQuestion 20
0 / 1 pts
The mechanics of intelligence are most closely associated with sociocultural forces.
The mechanics of intelligence are most closely associated with sociocultural forces.
true

Question 1
1 / 1 pts
Which statement is true regarding the study of the Big Five conducted by Srivastava and colleagues (2003)?

It was a cross-sectional study

Question 2
1 / 1 pts
Caring for aging parents can be beneficial in all of the following ways except

it can feel rewarding to the aging parent.

Question 3
1 / 1 pts
Individuals with Type B personalities tend to be angry and aggressive.

false

Question 4
1 / 1 pts

Analyzing how a person thinks about her job and how that job situation ends up affecting the individual both psychologically and physically would be an example of an application of the

stress and coping paradigm.

Question 5
1 / 1 pts
Which statement is true in middle age?

Generative concern relates to life satisfaction but generative action does not

Question 6
1 / 1 pts
Yasmin is told that she will be taking selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs). What medical condition is most likely being treated?

Menopause

Question 7
1 / 1 pts
Experts are always faster and use more rules than novices.

false

Question 8
1 / 1 pts
Ben and Sky are Hopi grandparents who want their grandchild to live with them for a while so that they can be sure the grandchild learns the Hopi way. Ben and Sky exemplify the ____ style of grandparenting.

cultural conservator

Question 9
1 / 1 pts
Who is likely to experience the most job-related stress?

Deena, who has no control over her job

Question 10
1 / 1 pts
Harvey is 32 years old, extroverted, very conscientious, and not open to experience. Based on the longitudinal research of Costa and McCrae’s personality dimensions, what will Harvey be like when he is 62 years old?

Extroverted, conscientious, and not open to experience

Question 11
1 / 1 pts

Which appears to best explain the reason that Asian-American women report the fewest menopausal symptoms?

They use alternative medications

Question 12
1 / 1 pts
What are the “pieces of bread” on either side of the “sandwich generation?”

Parents and children

Question 13
1 / 1 pts
Erikson viewed the key crisis of midlife as one of stagnation versus generativity.

true

Question 14
1 / 1 pts

Almost 20 million U.S. grandparents have grandchildren living with them

Rates of behavioral problems in children raised by grandparents is high

Question 15
1 / 1 pts
One difference between osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis is that

there is more swelling of the joints in rheumatoid arthritis.

Question 16
1 / 1 pts
When confronted with a problem in his relationships with his wife, Frank scoffs it off, saying “Ahhh, that’s not really an issue… it will work itself out.” This is probably best classified as

avoidant thinking.

1 / 1 pts
Which belongs on a list of traits of someone who scores low on an openness to experience assessment?

Ambitious

Question 18
1 / 1 pts
Ahmed is in charge of hiring new employees for his company. He wants to hire people who are very organized, responsible, and will work hard for the company. In which trait is Ahmed most interested?

Conscientiousness

Question 19
1 / 1 pts
Paula is an expert on the history of rock music while Donald is a novice. This means that Paula ____ than Donald.

is more effective at determining correct solutions concerning rock music

Question 20
1 / 1 pts
The mechanics of intelligence are most closely associated with sociocultural forces.

False

Question 1
1 / 1 pts

All of these individuals are over 70 years old. Who is most likely to be satisfied with their life?

Ernst, who has a close relationship with many friends who are not members of his family

Question 2
1 / 1 pts
Prior to entering a restaurant, Amy starts to shake, hyperventilate, and feel light-headed. She is too terrified to enter the restaurant. She turns around immediately and catches the first taxi back home. This behavior is most consistent with

an anxiety disorder.

Question 3
1 / 1 pts

Bathing and dressing are good examples of instrumental activities of daily living.

false

Question 4
1 / 1 pts
After 45 years of marriage, Athena now has to take care of her husband, who has a major debilitating disease. Athena is likely to be ____ with her marriage than other older adults who are not caregivers for their spouses.

less satisfied

Question 5
1 / 1 pts
Skip to question text.
Candida has had Alzheimer’s disease for over a decade. In an effort to help slow her memory loss, therapists have begun asking her simple questions, waiting for 10 seconds, then, if Candida gets the item correct, re-asking the question after a slightly longer time delay. Candida’s intervention is based on
spaced retrieval.

Question 6
1 / 1 pts

Social contact motivated by information seeking tends to lead to
meeting more people.

Question 7
1 / 1 pts
The major problem facing Medicare involves

rising healthcare costs.

Question 8
1 / 1 pts

As we grow old, our

lenses tend to yellow and the muscles controlling the eye stiffen.

Question 9
1 / 1 pts

Which is not one of the three abilities used to define creativity in adults by Sternberg and Lubart (2001)?

Producing work that is artistic

Question 10
1 / 1 pts

The only universal behavior change in aging that has been discovered is the fact that older adults

have slower reaction times.

IncorrectQuestion 11
0 / 1 pts

In the last few decades, the number of community organizations designed to involve older adults has
increased slightly.
increased significantly.
decreased slightly. (wrong answer)
remained stable.

Question 12
1 / 1 pts

Younger adults tend to report more sleep-related problems than older adults.

false

Question 13
1 / 1 pts

Chatava is a professional who does research to determine the numbers of people in different countries, their ages, and how these numbers might change in the years to come. Chatava would best be described as a
demographer.

Question 14
1 / 1 pts

Fifty-year-old Keith is informed by his doctor that his brain is showing signs of the initial development of neuritic plaques and a few neurofibrillary tangles. This is

normal.

Question 15
1 / 1 pts
Being a great-grandparent provides some with a sense of symbolic immortality.

true

Question 16
1 / 1 pts
According to socioemotional selectivity theory, social contact is motivated by a goal, such as

information seeking.

Question 17
1 / 1 pts
While being treated for depression, 70-year-old Ian is encouraged to avoid situations that lead to negative consequences and to reward himself when something good happens to him. Ian appears to be being treated by a ____ therapist.

behavioral

Question 18
1 / 1 pts

The amount of social support provided by social convoys does not vary by generation.
true

Question 19
1 / 1 pts

Levi has just become a great-grandfather. If he is like most other great-grandparents, Levi

is pleased with the diversion great-grandchildren provide.

Question 20
1 / 1 pts
How many of the following are examples of INTERNAL memory aids: a calendar, your diary, class notes, mental notes?

1

Question 1
1 / 1 pts

Life satisfaction is strongly correlated with the number and quality of friendships, but poorly correlated with the number and quality of family relationships.
true

Question 2
1 / 1 pts
While at a conference dealing with issues related to aging, Eve is interested in learning about how sleep patterns change in late life. She will be best served by attending a presentation entitled “____ and the Elderly.”

Circadian Rhythms

Question 3
1 / 1 pts
As the over-80 population increases dramatically in the next 40 years, which will probably be most affected in the United States?

Social service systems

Question 4
1 / 1 pts
What is the only definitive diagnostic test for Alzheimer’s disease?

Autopsy of the brain

Question 5
1 / 1 pts
If you wanted to visit the country with the lowest average life expectancy, you should book a trip to

Sierra Leone.

IncorrectQuestion 6
0 / 1 pts
Which is a characteristic of wisdom?
Which is a characteristic of wisdom?
Involves a narrow focus
Intent of the act does not matter
“Average” judgment or advice (wrong)
Deals with important life issues

Question 7
1 / 1 pts
When older adults are asked to respond to an ambiguous question, you can expect

slower response rates.

Question 8
1 / 1 pts
The maximum life expectancy for humans is around 120 years old.

true

Question 9
1 / 1 pts

How does the size of social convoys vary between generations?
Convoy size does not vary by generation

Question 10
1 / 1 pts

____ is best explained by the wear-and-tear theory of aging.

Joint deterioration during osteoarthritis

IncorrectQuestion 11
0 / 1 pts
Which of the following factors is not related to subjective well-being?

Marital status
Chronic illness (wrong)
Hardiness
Culture

IncorrectQuestion 12
0 / 1 pts
Celia is motivated to join a support group after her husband died in order to meet others who understand what she is experiencing. This is the result of a motivation related to

emotional regulation.
information seeking. ??
activities of daily living.
integrity versus despair. (wrong)

Question 13
1 / 1 pts

Gina is recalling the time last year that she hiked up a big hill in the rain with a group of her friends. This memory would be best described as a(n) ____ memory.

episodic

Question 14
1 / 1 pts
The retirement experience appears to be different for women and men.

true

Question 15
1 / 1 pts

The main reason for a person to enter a nursing home is his or her

health.

Question 16
1 / 1 pts

Who is the prototypic nursing home resident?

Rowena, who is an 80-year-old European-American female

Question 17
1 / 1 pts

Elijah asks his doctor how long he can plan to live without any major medical problems or impairments. Elijah is asking about _____ life expectancy.

useful

Question 18
1 / 1 pts
Based on data gathered from the Human Genome Project, researchers have attempted to increase longevity and health through

implanting genetically “corrected” genes.

Question 20
1 / 1 pts

The amount of social support provided by social convoys does not vary by generation.
true

Question 2
1 / 1 pts
Wisdom involves solving hypothetical problems with little real-life implications.

false

IncorrectQuestion 3
0 / 1 pts

Which would most dramatically impact the levels of free radicals in one’s body?
Engaging in aerobic exercise (wrong)
Contracting sickle-cell anemia ??
Getting an injection of telomerase
Consuming antioxidants like vitamin E

Question 4
1 / 1 pts
Assisted-living facilities must provide 24-hour medical care.

false

Question 5
1 / 1 pts
For older adults, the clear treatment of choice for anxiety disorders is

psychotherapy.

Question 7
1 / 1 pts
The defining characteristic of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is dementia.

false

Question 8
1 / 1 pts
Compared to younger couples, older married couples tend to be more similar in terms of mental and physical health.

true

Question 9
1 / 1 pts
As a typical 80-year-old, Joan’s ____ would have decreased significantly since she was 20.

ability to take a big, deep breath

Question 10
1 / 1 pts
As you believe in Erikson’s theory, you would most likely view your 90-year-old grandmother as struggling with a conflict of

integrity versus despair.

Question 11
1 / 1 pts
The process of simultaneously holding and using information to solve a problem relies most heavily on ____ memory.

working

Question 12
1 / 1 pts
Currently, the number of elderly Native Americans is increasing while the number of elderly Asian Americans is decreasing.

false

Question 13
1 / 1 pts
Because he is a cognitive therapist, Dr. Spence is most likely to suggest that the underlying cause of depression involves

a thought process that focuses only on negative memories.

IncorrectQuestion 15
0 / 1 pts
Skip to question text.
Sophia, an 80-year-old, lives with her daughter, Dorothy. How many of the following factors put Sophia at risk of elder abuse: Dorothy’s high competence, the potential financial gain Dorothy may receive, Dorothy’s depression, and the fact that Dorothy is single?
4
1
2
3 (wrong)

Question 16
1 / 1 pts

The Useful Field of View measure does an excellent job of assessing

the type of skills necessary to drive.

Question 17
1 / 1 pts
_______ are more important in later life, especially for men who have lost male friends through death.

Cross-sex friendships

Question 18
1 / 1 pts
Storing a new acquaintance’s picture in your iPhone so that you can recall what he looks like provides a good example of an _____ memory aid.

explicit-external

Question 19
1 / 1 pts
During docility, a person lets the environment dictate his or her behavior.

true

Question 20
1 / 1 pts
Marital satisfaction tends to be high if one spouse is caring for the other spouse who has Alzheimer’s disease.

false

Question 1
1 / 1 pts

Which statement concerning retirement is true?
Part-time employment following retirement can be the result of a desire to stay connected to one’s former life/career

IncorrectQuestion 2
0 / 1 pts
If older adults practice making quick responses, reaction times
If older adults practice making quick responses, reaction times
can be eliminated.
will remain the same.
can be reduced.
will actually be increased. (wrong)

Question 6
1 / 1 pts

Erikson saw later life as a struggle between integrity and despair.
true

Question 7
1 / 1 pts

Dr. Murray believes that depression results from an individual’s conscious focus on maladaptive beliefs about oneself. Given this information, Dr. Murray is most likely a ____ therapist.

cognitive

Question 8
1/ 1 pts
You are hired by a social service agency to do safety inspections of the apartments of older adults. What would you not want to see in these apartments?
You are hired by a social service agency to do safety inspections of the apartments of older adults. What would you not want to see in these apartments?

Throw rugs on floors

IncorrectQuestion 9
0 / 1 pts
Dementia as defined as a serious impairment of

anxiety.
cognitive and behavioral functioning. (wrong)
psychomotor functioning.
mood.

Question 10
1 / 1 pts

A university advertises that its goal is to “take all students and help them reach their highest potential.” In other words, the university is attempting to help students reach their level of

competence.

Question 11
1 / 1 pts
Sibling relationships are special in that they

typically last a lifetime.

Question 13
1 / 1 pts
When comparing the average middle-aged married couple with the average older married couple, the older couple is more likely to be characterized as

similar.

Question 14
1 / 1 pts
Within the U.S. population, which is likely to be the shortest estimate of longevity?
Within the U.S. population, which is likely to be the shortest estimate of longevity?

Average life expectancy

Question 17
1 / 1 pts

In the last few decades, the number of community organizations designed to involve older adults has

increased significantly.

Question 18
1 / 1 pts
In the U.S., the average life expectancy at birth for European Americans and African Americans is now equal.

false

Question 19
1 / 1 pts

Concerning satisfaction in retirement,

forced retirement is associated with declines in physical and mental health.

IncorrectQuestion 20
0 / 1 pts
When Judy is asked, “What’s 2 + 2?” the answer just seems to pop into her head. This is an example of

explicit memory. (wrong)
cross-linking.
attentional control.

Question 1
1 / 1 pts
Which of the following is not a goal motivating social contact according to socioemotional selectivity theory?

Fear

Question 2
1 / 1 pts
In the adaptation level, the press level is low and the behavior is normal.

false

Question 3
1 / 1 pts

Erikson would suggest that 80-year-old ____ has achieved integrity.

Christine, who is highly self-affirming,

Question 4
1 / 1 pts
Sierra Leone has one of the highest life expectancies in the World.
false

IncorrectQuestion 5
0 / 1 pts
While attempting to cope with the death of her sister, Megan decides to participate in a spontaneous celebration of life sponsored by a local church. For Megan, this participation is a nice example of the use of a ____ support.

Spiritual (correct??)
tertiary (wrong)
docility
Secular

Question 6
1 / 1 pts
Currently, the number of elderly Native Americans is increasing while the number of elderly Asian Americans is decreasing.

false

IncorrectQuestion 7
0 / 1 pts
Which of the following factors is not related to subjective well-being?
Which of the following factors is not related to subjective well-being?
Chronic illness (wrong)
Culture
Hardiness (Wrong)
Marital status

IncorrectQuestion 8
0 / 1 pts
Alzheimer’s disease is to dementia as
Alzheimer’s disease is to dementia as
old is to young.
biological is to psychological.
specific is to general.
cognitive is to behavioral. (wrong)

IncorrectQuestion 9
0 / 1 pts

If your goal was to get the best image of a brain structure, you should use a
single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT).
functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). (wrong)
computerized tomography (CT scan).
positron emission tomography (PET).

Question 10
1 / 1 pts
The struggle of identity versus role confusion requires that people engage in a life review.

false

Question 11
1 / 1 pts
When viewed through a microscope, a _____ would most resemble a spiral-shaped mass.

neurofibrillary tangle

Question 12
1 / 1 pts

In order to deal with the financial problems inherent to the current Social Security system, President Waldhart proposes that anyone making over $150,000 would receive no benefits. This solution best fits with a(n) ____ approach.

means-test benefits

Question 13
1 / 1 pts
The overall number of creative ideas a person has tends to increase the older a person gets.

false

Question 14
1 / 1 pts
The original purpose of Social Security was to

provide a supplement to savings and other means of financial support.

Question 15
1 / 1 pts
As a demographer, Sherwood would be most interested in studying

how the number of young people in a population has changed over the past 50 years.

Question 16
1 / 1 pts
Women who are recently widowed tend to have ____ than recently widowed men.

greater financial loss

Question 18
1 / 1 pts
An individual with ____ well-being holds a positive self-evaluation that is based on positive life experiences.

subjective

Question 19
1 / 1 pts
If you were taking a test to assess your episodic memory, what question would you be least likely to be asked?

“What is the capital of New Jersey?”

Question 20
1 / 1 pts
Which statement regarding wisdom is most accurate?

There is no relationship between age and wisdom.

Question 2
1 / 1 pts
Which type of therapy for depression would be most interested in altering internal belief systems?

Cognitive therapy

Question 3
1 / 1 pts

Retirement always involves the loss of
occupational identity.

Question 4
1 / 1 pts
A “crisp” retirement occurs when there is a clean break from employment.

true

Question 5
1 / 1 pts
Hubert, who is taking care of his elderly uncle, has recently been cashing his uncle’s social security checks and putting the money into his own account. As this is being done without his uncle’s knowledge, Hubert’s behavior would be classified as

material exploitation.

Question 6
1 / 1 pts

As a person reaches old age, the metabolic rate declines. How should older people adjust their diets to compensate for this change?

Consume the amount of carbohydrates in their diet they did when younger

Question 7
1 / 1 pts

Which headline concerns maximum life expectancy?
World’s Oldest Human Celebrates 120th Birthday

Question 8
1 / 1 pts

To be accurately classified as a frail older adult, an individual must

be very ill and have physical disabilities.

Question 9
1 / 1 pts

Fifty-year-old Keith is informed by his doctor that his brain is showing signs of the initial development of neuritic plaques and a few neurofibrillary tangles. This is

normal.

Question 10
1 / 1 pts
Which is a characteristic of wisdom?

Deals with important life issues

Question 11
1 / 1 pts
Presbycusis is characterized by reduced sensitivity to high-pitched sounds.

true

Question 12
1 / 1 pts
For maximum visual acuity to occur, light must be focused directly on the

fovea.

Question 14
1 / 1 pts
When you see a book titled How Neurons Communicate with Each Other, you could be sure it would discuss

Dendrites

Question 17
1 / 1 pts

According to Krause and colleagues (2000), the first step in the three-step process involved in “turning a problem over to God” involves

differentiating things that can be done from those that cannot.

Question 18
1 / 1 pts

An individual with ____ well-being holds a positive self-evaluation that is based on positive life experiences.

subjective

Question 19
1 / 1 pts

Eve is very close to her siblings, is very involved in their lives, and keeps an average level of contact with them. At what point in her life is Eve’s relationship with her siblings likely to be most important?

Late adulthood

Question 20
1 / 1 pts

Concerning satisfaction in retirement,

forced retirement is associated with declines in physical and mental health.

Score for this attempt: 20 out of 20

Question 1
1 / 1 pts
In the United States,

all 50 states and the District of Columbia use whole-brain death as the definition of death.

Question 2
1 / 1 pts
Which of the following is not part of the definition of active euthanasia?

Must involve individual in persistent vegetative state or whole-brain dead

Question 3
1 / 1 pts
Whenever Abe sees the beach, he’s reminded of his deceased spouse and feels very upset. This represents which of Muller and Thompson’s (2003) themes of grief?

Affect

Question 4
1 / 1 pts

The feelings of distress experienced by parents following the death of a child tend to last

a lifetime.

Question 5
1 / 1 pts
Terror management theory concerns behaviors rooted in concerns about post-traumatic stress disorder.

false

Question 6
1 / 1 pts

A person in a persistent vegetative state would be

capable of keeping his or her heart beating without consciousness.

Question 7
1 / 1 pts
Twenty-eight-year-old Tut was married to his wife Nefertiti for four years before her untimely death. It is now three years later. If Tut is grieving in a typical manner, you would expect him to

still be grieving at the level he was just after his wife died.

Question 8
1 / 1 pts
Older bereaved spouses often grieve for years.

true

Question 9
1 / 1 pts
Bernie is trying to decide whether or not to be cremated. This best exemplifies

an end-of-life issue.

Question 10
1 / 1 pts

Now that his wife has died, it is no longer practical for Marco to live in the house he shared with his wife for many years, so he is trying to find a new place to live and is packing his belongings. These sorts of concerns would be best described as

restoration-oriented stressors.

Question 11
1 / 1 pts

According to research presented in your text, understanding how adults deal with death is probably best understood from the perspective of ____ theory.

attachment

Question 12
1 / 1 pts
Ruminating appears to be an effective methods of coping with loss.

false

Question 13
1 / 1 pts
Guffy has just lost his wife to cancer and has begun to question the point of his own existence. This concern best fits with the ____ component of grief.

continuation of subjective meaning associated with loss

Question 14
1 / 1 pts

Ninety-year-old Albert is terminally ill and has decided to die at home. He has also decided that he would like to have visits from a nurse who can provide assistance in making his process of dying more comfortable. This indicates that Albert is involved in ____ hospice care.

outpatient

Question 15
1 / 1 pts

Dr. Steinmetz decides to follow the wishes of her patient and withhold treatment for the patient’s terminal cancer, thus allowing the patient to die. This is an example of

passive euthanasia.

Question 16
1 / 1 pts
Jefferson’s brother died on the 4th of July. Now, every 4th of July, Jefferson gets very sad and thinks about his dead brother. This experience of Jefferson’s is best described as a(n) ____ reaction.

anniversary

Question 17
1 / 1 pts

What originally led to Terri Schiavo’s life-threatening medical condition?

Physiological imbalance as the result of an eating disorder

Question 18
1 / 1 pts

The comment, “She died unexpectedly and way before her time,” is best associated with Bonanno and Kaltman’s (1999) ____ component of grief.

context of the loss

Question 19
1 / 1 pts
Believing that the dead lose all contact with the living best exemplifies the concept of death as a(n)

boundary.

Question 20
1 / 1 pts
With regard to her theory, Kübler-Ross would agree with all of the following possibilities except

some individuals do not experience any of the stages of dying.

Quiz Score: 20 out of 20