death and dying test 4

evolve throughout the lifespan
the ways individuals cope with loss:
intimacy and isolation
the stage of psychosocial development termed “young adulthood” is represented by tension between:
middle adulthood (40-60 years old)
which stage of psychosocial development is characterized by a widening commitment to the care of people, things, and ideas one has learned to care for?
that the parental need to safeguard children is universal
amung the cree of north america, infants were given moccasins with holes in them so that ghosts would not take them away, “because there moccasins needed mending” this is intended to show:
different grieving styles and individual differences in values, beliefs, and expectations
a major source of conflict amung bereaved couples in coping with the death of a child relates to:
feelings of estrangement
what is true about parental bereavement in couples?
being open and honest through communication, expressing emotion together, accepting differences, and being flexible
which factors work to reduce conflict and promote positive interaction between grieving couples who have lost a child by death?
the 20th week of gestation (pregnancy) and the time of birth
as medically defined, stillbirth refers to the death of a child, occurring between:
reproductive or childbearing loss
giving a child up for adoption is an example of:
children conceived, but never born
at the Hase Temple in Kamakura Japan, Mizuko represents:
seeing/ holding the baby, postmortem photos, memorial services, family support, certificate of stillbirth, and linking objects (such as, a lock of hair, photo, or recieving blanket)
for newly bereaved parents of a stillborn child, a way of realizing and coping with loss is aided by:
the cause of death is not certain and because of generalized concerns about possibility of child abuse
cases of sudden infant death syndrome (sids) have sometimes been subject to criminal investigation because:
the major cause of death among children between 5 and 14 years old is:
for a young or middle aged adult to die while his or her parents live on
what is a death out of sequence?
Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) and parents of murdered children (POMC)
which of the following organizations combine social support with political advocacy?
adverse effects of spousal death appear to be more common among:
the 21st century is being characterized as a century of:
death is preferable to inactivity, the loss of the ability to be useful, becoming a burden, loss of mental faculties, and living with progressively deteriorating physical health and physical discomfort
what are some reasons given by old people for accepting death?
the process of becoming old
senescence is:
individually distinct than any other segment of the population (they have had more years to create unique life histories)
in contrast to their stereotypical image, old people tend to be more what?
the giving of one’s life for others, or for a greater good
what is altruistic suicide?
the human act of self inflicted, self intentioned cessation (shneidman)
what is the definition of suicide?
if the coroner or ME suspects suicide because of the deceased’s history of suicidal tendencies or acts of self injury, or because the deceased left a note, or because the circumstances of death clearly point to suicide
when do coroners tend to list suicide as the cause of death?
diminished and distorted
according to edwin shneidman, what is the knowledge of the extent of suicide in modern society?
an impartial investigation by behavioral scientists to look for the motivational or intentional aspects of cases involving ambiguous death
what is a psychological autopsy?
psychological autopsies
the 1989 explosion aboard the USS Iowa brought increased public attention to the use of what?
lack of standardized procedures, retrospective nature, distorted information, lack of availability, and too few studies
what are the limitations of a psychological autopsy?
sociological model
the model of suicide that focuses on the relationship between individuals and society is called the:
altruistic or institutional suicide
suicide among japanese samurai following disgrace in battle is an example of:
sati (also called suttee)
in India, the historical practice of a wife throwing herself upon her husband’s funeral pyre is termed:
Jonestown, Guyana, on November 20th, 1978
the largest mass suicide in modern times occurred where?
anomic suicide
according to the sociological model, suicide resulting from sudden trauma or catastrophe is classified as:
societies undergo rapid social change, and people loose their moorings to traditional values and lifeways
according to the sociological model, anomic suicides usually occur when:
due to lack of freedom and absence of choice, and feelings that there is nowhere to turn and that nothing good can be achieved
according to the sociological model, fatalistic suicide is:
the acute suicidal crisis is of relatively brief duration, the suicidal person is likely to be ambivalent about ending his or her life, and most suicidal events are dyadic events (2 person events)
what is associated with the psychological model of suicide?
murder of the self
according to the psychological model, the aggression associated with suicidal behavior may be viewed as:
is likely to be ambivalent about ending his or her life
according to freud, the suicidal person:
interactions between biochemical imbalances in the brain, personality factors, emotional hardship, and life stress
according to the text, the sequence leading to suicide often begins eith what?
suicide is: a reunion with a lost loved one, rest and refuge, getting back at someone, the penalty for failure, and a mistake
what is considered to be an individual meaning of suicide?
a desire to bring release from pain and suffering (ex. physician assisted suicide)
rational suicide is associated with:
can be lethal, communicates to others how unhappy or desperate they are
a suicide attempt that is intended to fail:
it is estimated that for every suicide death, there are how many attempts?
chronic suicide
according to karl menninger, individuals who harm themselves by means of drugs, alcohol, smoking, or by reckless driving are effectively dying by:
culture, personality, depression, and individual situation
what are risk factors that influence suicidal behaviors?
belief that problems can promote growth, percieved ability to solve life problems, willingness to struggle and suffer if necessary, and a healthy fear of death and its aftermath
what is included in brian Barry’s description of pro life forces?
a lover to be courted, “the great inspirer,” and “the great consoler”
in the romantic view, death is viewed as:
a suicide pact
an arrangement wherein two or more individuals determine to kill themselves at the same time is known as:
an accumulation of negative life events, affective disorders (especially major depression), and alcoholism
what are factors influencing suicide among middle-aged adults?
one in six people
of the individuals who commit suicide, approximately how many write a final message?
the los angeles suicide prevention center, formed in 1958 by norman farberow and edwin shneidman
in the united states, the earliest noteworthy example of a suicide prevention center was located where?
crisis intervention strategies to reduce their callers distress
in carrying out their mission, suicide prevention centers and crisis hotlines use:
the assistance given to all survivors of suicide: those who attempt suicide, as well as the families, friends, and associates of those who die by suicide
in relation to suicide, the term postvention refers to: