CWV 101 Topic 6 Study Guide

Briefly list the 10 Commandments.
1. Have no other gods before God the Father
2. Don’t make or worship any idols
3. Don’t take Lord’s name in vain
4. Keep Sabbath day holy and observe it
5. Honor your father and mother
6. Don’t murder
7. Don’t commit adultery
8. Don’t bear false witness against your neighbor
9. Don’t covet
10. Don’t be jealous of anyone else
How do the first four commandments differ from the last six?
The first four focus on God and what we should and shouldn’t do pertaining to Him. The last six focus on how we should live our daily lives as Christians.
Read the Beatitudes, the blessings of Jesus in the opening verses of the Sermon on the Mount in Matthew 5:1-12. Which one is repeated and emphasized?
The persecuted people will inherit the kingdom of Heaven.
From the lecture, what two commandments did Jesus say are the greatest?
Love God, love your neighbor.
From the lecture and textbook, write out the short quote that philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche made famous about truth.
“There is no truth, only interpretations.”
From the text, describe how Raphael depicted Plato and Aristotle in his painting School of Athens.
Plato and Aristotle are depicted in front center.
Plato is pointing upwards towards God indicating that He is the ultimate truth and knowledge holder, making a statement that ultimate truths are present.
Aristotle is pointing horizontally indicating that truth is observed through interaction with the world, it’s circumstances, time period, and what the world is going through at the time.
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According to lecture, what kind of absolute truths require the existence of God?
There could be no moral and/or spiritual absolute truths without God.
Briefly define general and special revelation.
General: God revealing Himself universally to all of humanity in forms of nature, science, reasoning, and history.
Specific: God revealing Himself to people through direct communication (the Bible, Jesus, etc.)
From Chapter 8 of the text, define exclusivism and pluralism.
Exclusivism: only one way to God
Pluralism: every religion holds a puzzle piece for the big picture
According to Chapter 9 in the text, does Job ever find out why he suffered? What is the best explanation from our perspective?
No, he didn’t question, but stayed strong in his faith and trusted the Lord.
What can we learn about Jesus and death from this account of the event in John 11 in the raising of Lazarus?
We learn that God is the resurrection and the life. After death, those who believe will live on. He performs miracles like bringing believers who have passed back to life, making a blind man see, etc.
Which of the 11 reasons of suffering listed in lecture might provide good cause for a Christian to “count it all joy” as James says to do so in James 1:2-4?
1. Suffering increases our compassion; it equips us to comfort those suffering
2. Suffering strengthens character
3. Suffering draws us closer to God and compels us to repent
4. Suffering keeps us humble and dependent on God
5. Suffering brings us closer to Christ and closer to His sufferings (esp. in persecution)
Define theodicy
Christian defense of God’s infinite goodness and power, despite the presence of evil and suffering
What are two explanations Christians might give to explain the problem of evil – how a good and powerful God would allow suffering?
1. It helps transform Christians into people ready to live in God’s holy presence.
2. If there were no suffering, people wouldn’t be forced to grow to become their Father’s true image bearers.
According to Philippians 2:1-11, how are Christians to behave in light of what Jesus endured?
Always put others before yourself. Be humble and obedient.