CRJ 225 Chapter 1

The social responsibility perspective considers the causes of crime to be individual perpetrators.
T or F
true
A social program that encourages teenagers to stay in school and graduate is typical of the social problems perspective.
T or F
True
The General Theory of Crime suggests that all types of criminal and deviant behavior can be explained by a lack of self-control. This is an example of a(n)______ theory.
unicasual
The social responsibility perspective focuses on the____
individual
The social ____ perspective holds that crime manifests from underlying social issues such as poverty, discrimination, and pervasive family violence.
problems
Which recent development in national crime control policy was NOT substantially influenced by the social responsibility perspective?
The creation of the Job Corps to reduce unemployment by encouraging the development of job skills
The difficulty in reaching an agreement regarding legalizing marijuana is an example of social consensus.
T or F
false
____is the process by which one acquires the cultural values of one’s society.
Socialization
Social relativity means that the offender and the victim interpret crime in a similar way
T or F
False
Gun control debate is an example of the _____ perspective.
Pluralistic
Adopting the psychological perspective of crime would greatly expand the scope of criminology.
T or F
True
What is not true about the social problems perspective?
It emphasizes crime prevention efforts such as harsher sentences and the development of rehabilitation programs.
Criminal justice focuses on questions about the causes of crime.
T or F
False
The ______ perspective says that laws should be enhanced to criminalize certain behaviors when members of society generally agree that such laws are necessary.
Consensus
There is a growing tendency to apply the term criminologist to anyone who works in the criminal justice field.
T or F
False
The belief that crime is an antisocial act of such a nature that repression is necessary to preserve the existing system of society is the basis of the _____ perspective on crime
Sociological
Translational criminology focuses on taking research findings and converting them into social policy.
T or F
True
A(n)____ of crime attempts to explain all or most forms of criminal conduct through a single, overarching approach.
general
A theory that attempts to explain all types of criminal behavior is general theory of crime.
T or F
True
The consequences of crime include both outputs and interpretations
T or F
True
You are running late to class and there is an exam today. To get to class on time, you drive about 10 miles over the speed limit. This is an example of behavior that is ______
criminal but not deviant
Victims may actively contribute to their own victimization through the appearance of___
defenselessness
The book recognizes that crime is not an isolated individual activity but a(n)______ event.
social