Crash Course Psychology #37-38

Social psychology
Focuses on the power of the situation. Examines how we think about, influence, and relate to one another in certain conditions
Social thinking
What individuals do when interacting with other people
Attribution theory
The theory that we can explain someone’s behavior by crediting either their stable, enduring traits-also known as their disposition-or the situation at hand
Fundamental attribution error
The tendency for observers, when analyzing another’s behavior, to underestimate the impact of the situation and to overestimate the impact of person disposition
Political views
A certain ethical set of ideals, principles, doctrines, myths or symbols of a social movement that explains how society should work
Central route persuasion
Involves calling on basic thinking and reasoning to convince people
Peripheral route persuasion
Influences people by way of incidental cues, like a speaker’s physical attractiveness or personal relability
Foot in the door phenomenon
The tendency for people to more readily comply with a big request after they’re first agreed to smaller more innocuous requests
Stanford prison experiment
A study of the psychological effects of becoming a prisoner or prison guard
Cognitive dissonance
A theory created by Leon Festinger; the notion that we experience discomfort, or dissonance when our thoughts, beliefs, or behaviors are inconsistent with each other
Milgram experiment
An experiment focusing on the conflict between obedience to authority and personal conscience
Social influence
Occurs when one’s emotions, opinions, or behaviors are affected by others
Automatic mimicry
Our tendency to unconsciously imitate others’ expressions, postures, and voice tones,
Conformity
Describes how we adjust our behavior or thinking to follow the behavior or rules of the group we belong to
Informative social influence
The idea that we comply in order to fuel our need to be liked or belong
Social facilitation
Stronger responses on simple or well learned tasks in the presence of others
Social loafing
The tendency for people in a group to exert less effort when pooling their efforts toward attaining a common goal than when individually accountable
Deindividuation
The loss of self-awareness and restraint that can occur in group situations
Group polarization
The enhancement of a group’s prevailing inclinations through discussion within the group
Groupthink
The mode of thinking that occurs when the desire for harmony in a decision making group overrides a realistic appraisal of alternaties