Constitutional Convention & Electoral College

Antifederalist
person who opposed the ratification of the US Constitution
Articles of Confederation
document, adopted by the Continental Congress in 1777 and approved by the states in 1781, that outlined the first form of government for the USA
Bill of Rights
1st 10 Amendments to the Constitution, added in 1791; it’s a formal list of citizens’ rights and freedoms
cabinet
a group of department heads who serve as the President’s chief advisors
checks and balances
the ability of each branch of the government to exercise checks, or controls, over the other branches
civil disobedience
peacefully refusing to obey laws one considers unjust
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boycott
a refusal to buy certain goods
civil rights
rights granted to all citizens
Constitutional Convention
a meeting held in 1787 to consider changes to the Articles of Confederation; resulted in the drafting of the Constitution
elector
a voter in the Electoral College; 270 of 538 votes are needed for a candidate to win the presidency
federalism
a system of government where power is shared among the central (or federal) government and the states
Federalist
person who supported the ratification of the US Constitution
Federalist Papers
a series of essays defending and explaining the Constitution
Great Compromise
the Constitutional Convention’s agreement to establish a 2-house national legislature (Congress) with all states having equal representation in one house (the Senate) and each state having representation based on its population in the other house (the House of Representatives)
Connecticut Compromise
the other name for the Great Compromise because it was conceived by Sherman from Connecticut
individual right
a personal liberty and privilege guaranteed to US citizens by the Bill of Rights
judicial review
the principle that says the Supreme Court has the final say in interpreting the Constitution
limited government
a principle that requires all US citizens, including government leaders, to obey the law
Parliament
England’s chief law-making body
Congress
the USA’s chief law-making body
separation of powers
the division of basic government roles into branches; in the USA there are 3 branches: legislative, executive, and judicial
Shays’s Rebellion
an uprising of debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers in 1787; the federal government had a difficult time stopping the rebellion because of their weakness under the Articles of Confederation; led to the Constitutional Convention and the Constitution
3/5 Compromise
Ahe Constitutional Convention’s agreement to count 3/5 of a station’s enslaved persons as population for the purposes of taxation and representation in Congress
unconstitutional
Aomething that contradicts the law of the Constitution
Electoral College
A group of people representing the states of the U.S., who formally cast votes for the election of the president and vice president. The winning candidate must receive at least 270 out of 538 electoral college votes to win the presidency.
James Madison
“Father” of the Constitution; wrote the document that was the model for the Constitution
Rhode Island
this state’s delegates didn’t participate in the Constitutional Convention
Virginia Plan
Plan proposed by the state of Virginia for a two-house legislature with representation based on population; this plan favored large states
New Jersey Plan
Plan proposed by the state of New Jersey for a one-house legislature where every state received just one vote; this plan favored small states; this plan was just like the system under the Articles of Confederation