Confessional Poetry

Schwartz
parents were jewish immigrants
Schwartz
mother had surgery to correct her inability to have children; was a beauty
Schwartz
manic depression; unhealthy; alcohol and pills; institutionalized; massive heart attack from drug use; body laid unclaimed for days
Schwartz
married gertrude buckman in 1938; divored in 1944
Schwartz
father of confessional poetry
Schwartz
dad tried to buy him for $75,000; always thought he would inherit money; died in 1930
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Schwartz
parents divorced in 1923
Schwartz
born December 1913 in New York; died July 1966
Schwartz
taught at Harvard until 1947, Princeton, Indiana School, University of Chicago, UCLA, and Syracruse
Berryman
born October 1914 to January 1972
Schwartz
Awards: Fulbright, Lecturer at Library of Congress on TS Eliot, Modern Poetry, Youngest Ever to win Bolligen Prize, National Arts and Letters Awards
Schwartz
jewish middle class, immigrant and american experience, influenced by Marx and Freud, one of the most conscious and self aware writers in American Literature
Schwartz
Edited for:
Perspectives USA, Partisan Review, Diogenes, New Directions, The New Republic
Berryman
raised in Oklahoma; moved at the age of 10
Lowell
Poet Laureate 1947-48
Pulitzer Prize 1947, 1974
National Book Award 1960
National Book Critics Award 1977
Schwartz
first major publication- “In Dreams Begin Responsibilities”
title taken from Yeats Poem
Berryman
National Book Award and Pulitzer Prize in Poetry for “Dream Songs”; Bollingen Prize
Berryman
father killed himself with a shotgun outside Berryman’s window when he was 12; wiped out his childhood
Berryman
mother remarried another banker and moved the family to NYC
Berryman
took his stepfather’s name even though his mother divorced him eventually
Lowell
attended prep school, Harvard, Kenyon College in Ohio, LSU
Berryman
affected an English accent for the rest of his life after visiting cambridge for school
Berryman
wrote his “dream songs” about schwartz
Berryman
met Snodgrass, Justice, and Levine; all writers influenced each others works and peer edited
Berryman
married Eileen Simpson
second marriage had one son
third marriage in late life and had 2 daughters
Berryman
taught at University of Iowa, Harvard, University of Minnesota
Schwartz
thought his name showed how out of touch his parents were with American society
Berryman
January 7, 1972: alcoholism, drug addictions, manic depressive; killed himself by jumping off a bridge
Schwartz
father was a womanizer
Schwartz
young prodigy: first major work published in 1939 at age 24
Berryman
Studied at Prep School in connecticut, columbia college, and clare college in Cambridge over seas
Lowell
march 1917 to September 1977 in Boston, Mass
Schwartz
friends with Berryman and Lowell; all were competitive and felt that they had a generative life
first generation to work many jobs and teach and have freedom of divorcing; philosophical works
Lowell
one of the founders of confessional poetry movement
Lowell
Boston Brahmin family: amy and james
Lowell
signed the US constitution
Lowell
converted to catholicism from episcopalian; also left the catholic church
Berryman
father is a banker; mother is a schoolteacher
Lowell
commanding officer in WWII
Lowell
served jail time
Lowell
taught at Iowa’s workshop, Boston University: students were slyvia plath and anne sexton, Univ of Cincinnati, Yale, Harvard, and New School for Research
Lowell
part of the Civil rights movement and anti war movement in 1960s
Lowell
1967 best known poet and appeared on the cover of Time Magazine
Lowell
Married Jean Stafford, Elizabeth Hardwick- one daughter, Lady Caroline Blackwood- one son and daughter
Lowell
well known manic depression
Sexton
wrote children’s books and plays
Sexton
late in life, performed poetry to music
briefly modeled
Sexton
friend of Plath
Sexton
student of Robert Lowell and John Holmes
Sexton
Snograss was her mentor
Sexton
Roman Catholic
Plath
October 1932 to Feb 1963; born in great depression in Boston
Sexton
spent most of childhood in Boston
Sexton
wealthy enough that attended boarding school
Sexton
married Alfred Sexton (Cayo) in 1948; two daughters that also write; divorced several years before her death
ATTENDED COLGATE
Sexton
first manic episode in 1954; second breakdown in 1955
Sexton
won Pulitzer in 1967
Sexton
first female member of Harvard chapter of Phi Beta Kappa
Sexton
fellow of the Royal Society of Literature
Plath
first suicide attempt in 1953- under the house for 3 days, went to McLean Hospital to get electroshock treatments; ended up killing herself after all the affairs
Sexton
came back from lunch with Maxine Kumin and they had been editing a story that he/she didnt want published until after death. put on the mother’s coat, took of rings, drank vodka, locked in garage. Carbon monoxide poisoning
Sexton
Diane Middlebrook used her therapist tapes for a biography. Also had an affair with 2nd therapist which may have prompted this writer’s suicide
Sexton
November 1928 in Newton, Mass
died Oct 1974 in Weston, Mass
Plath
poet, novelist, and short story writer
Plath
father from Germany- taught biology and german at Boston university; parents wanted him to be a Lutheran minister
Plath
mother was austrian (first generation); 21 years younger than her husband
Plath
had one brother
Plath
published first poem at 8; father died a week and a half after her 8th birthday because of untreated diabetes; may have had lung cancer
Plath
won awards for paintings
Plath
raised as a Unitarian
Plath
connected her father’s death with her loss of faith; ambivalent about religion the rest of her life
Plath
mother moved children away from the place they considered home
Plath
graduated high school in 1950; attended smith college until 1955
Plath
taught at smith college
Plath
spent a year in NYC, Fulbright scholarship to Newman College Cambridge, moved to the US in 1957 and to the UK in 1959
Plath
Married Ted Hughes in 1956 then moved to the US (Boston 1958); 2 children- Frieda (poet) and Nicolas (killed himself); Ted had affairs so they divorced
Sexton
“the truth the dead know”
Plath
first poet to win Pulitzer after death in 1981
Plath
The Bell Jar- rejected by the Harvard Writing Seminar
Sexton
writes about intimate details of her private life, lives of children, marriage, and various affairs; wrote about sexuality, bodily functions, abortion, adultery; took away taboos of a woman’s body
Sexton
confessional, suicidal attempts, mental health, depression, isolation, and despair