Concert Band Study Guide Terms

adagio
slow, leisurely tempo
allegro
a brisk and lively tempo
a due
unison (after divisi)
andante
walking speed
andantino
alternatively faster or slower than andante
accent
stressed note or chord
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a tempo
return to the original tempo
allegretto
moderately fast
arco
use the bow (violin, viola, cello, or bass)
accelerando
go faster
arpeggio
Notes of a chord played separately
anacrusis
a note that occurs before a downbeat or upbeat (a pickup)
barline
line that separates a measure
basso
the lowest adult male singing voice
cantabile
in a singing manner
crescendo
a gradual increase in loudness
clef
a musical notation written on a staff indicating the pitch of the notes following it
con
with
coda
the closing section of a musical composition
chord
a combination of notes that blend harmoniously when sounded together
divisi
divide
decrescendo
a gradual decrease in loudness
dynamics
how loud or soft the music is
diminuendo
gradually softer sound
dal segno (D. S.)
repeat from the sign
energico
energetically
forte
loud
fortissimo
very loud
fermata
a hold or pause
fortepiano
loud then immediately soft
flam
Drumbeat with a grace note
flat
(accidental) move note down a half step
grace note
type of ornament where a quick note is played just before the main note
glissando
a rapid series of ascending or descending notes on the musical scale
key signature
the sharps or flats that follow the clef and indicate the key
legato
smooth and connected
largo
very slow
larghetto
slower than largo
leggiero
light, graceful
l’istesso
the same
marcato
marked
mezzo
medium, half
moderato
(of tempo) moderate
molto
much
misterioso
mysteriously
maestoso
majestically
moto
motion
meno
less
niente
nothing
octave
a musical interval of eight notes
piano
soft
pianissimo
very soft
poco a poco
little by little
pizzicato
plucking (violin, viola, cello, bass)
piu
more
ritardando
gradually delay the tempo
rallentando
Gradually slowing the tempo
rubato
a flexible tempo
staccato
detached
slur
a curved line spanning notes that are to be played legato
solo
a musical composition for one voice or instrument (with or without accompaniment)
soli
group or section solo
simile
similar
sforzando
suddenly forte
subito
suddenly
sostenuto
sustained
spiritoso
spirited
sempre
always
swing
play with a subtle and intuitively felt sense of rhythm
sharp
(accidental) raise note up a half step
time signature
the sign placed at the beginning of a composition to indicate its meter
tutti
all
tie
a slur over two notes of the same pitch
triplet
3 notes played in one beat
trill
a note that alternates rapidly with another note above it
tempo
speed of music
unison
play together (after divisi)
vibrato
vibrating