Combo with Flashcard_05_19 and 14 others

Which of the following best describes the role of women in nineteenth-century music?
The piano provided women with a socially acceptable performance outlet.
Which does NOT characterize Romantic music?
reserved emotions
The democratic character of the Romantic movement is illustrated by:
sympathy for the oppressed. interest in folk culture. faith in humankind and its destiny. all of the above
The poem Elfking was written by Heinrich Heine.
The poem Elfking was written by Heinrich Heine.
The song form that combines features of strophic and through-composed forms is called modified strophic.
The song form that combines features of strophic and through-composed forms is called modified strophic.
Schumann was a carefree spirit with a happy disposition who lived a long, productive life as a composer.
Schumann was a carefree spirit with a happy disposition who lived a long, productive life as a composer.
Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s output is dominated by:
Lieder and piano music.
As in the eighteenth century, nineteenth-century virtuoso pianists were almost always prominent composers as well.
False
The mazurka is a Hungarian folk dance.
False
Hymns from eighteenth-century America survived only through oral traditions.
True
Berlioz was one of the boldest musical innovators of the nineteenth century.
True
“The Mighty Five” were composers from:
Russia.
Who composed the opera The Bartered Bride?
Smetana
Grieg’s In the Hall of the Mountain King from Peer Gynt is unified by a recurring:
theme.
Concertos in the nineteenth century often emphasized virtuosity.
True
The typical Romantic symphony has four movements.
True
Of the following, which does NOT describe symphony composition in the Romantic era?
Composers wrote more symphonies than their Classical counterparts.
The Harlem Renaissance was an early twentieth-century movement that promoted the creative efforts of African Americans.
True
In addition to composing music, Wagner was an important:
writer
What composer created the music drama?
Wagner
What was Verdi’s last opera, completed at age eighty?
Falstaff
Wagner pushed major-minor tonality to extreme limits with his style of chromatic harmony.
True
Cio-Cio-San, in Puccini’s Madame Butterfly, worked as a geisha prior to her marriage.
True
The solo voice begging for deliverance in the Libera me: Requiem aeternam section of Verdi’s Requiem is:
a soprano.
Tchaikovsky suffered from depression and guilt over his homosexuality.
True
Which of the following women organized concerts featuring music by her brother?
Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel.
The society of the nineteenth century saw a few women make careers as professional musicians.
True
A Romantic symphony is generally longer than a Classical symphony.
True
____________ is NOT an important composer of nineteenth-century Lieder.
Heinrich Heine
A song form where the main melody is repeated for two or three stanzas but has new or significantly varied material introduced when the text requires it is called:
modified strophic.
Which of the following does NOT describe Schumann’s “In the lovely month of May”?
It ends with harmonic resolution.
Which of the following was NOT a technical improvement in the nineteenth-century piano?
A second keyboard was added.
Chopin is credited with creating:
the modern piano style.
Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s The Year has extra-musical connections.
True
Who was the first internationally acclaimed American composer of classical music?
Louis Moreau Gottschalk
Hector Berlioz was born and spent most of his career in:
France
Which of the following compositions is LEAST likely to be an example of program music?
String Quartet in B-flat major
Of the following, which is NOT an orchestral work by Berlioz?
Italian Symphony
A multimovement programmatic work for orchestra is called:
a program symphony.
The symphony was a new genre in the Romantic era.
False
The purity of Brahms’s Classical style and his mastery of musical architecture brought him closer to the spirit of Beethoven than any of his contemporaries.
True
The third movement of Brahms’s Symphony No. 3 in F major is a rollicking scherzo.
False
Which young composer did Robert and Clara Schumann take into their home?
Brahms
Wagner eventually married Cosima, the daughter of his good friend Franz Liszt.
True
After Italian independence, Verdi was ignored by the Italian public.
False
Which of the following operas is NOT an example of exoticism?
Mozart’s The Marriage of Figaro
Which of the following was a widely loved nationalist opera composer?
Verdi
The development of Russian ballet was stimulated by the great choreographer ____________ in 1847.
Marius Petipa
Which of the following choral forms was NOT originally intended for performance in church?
Part song
The Nutcracker is based on a story by E. T. A. Hoffmann.
True
Mendelssohn’s Italian Symphony, Bizet’s Carmen, and Ravel’s Spanish Rhapsody are examples of:
exoticism.
Of the following, which does NOT describe Romantic orchestral music?
Composers produced more symphonies than their Classical-era counterparts.
The desire for increased expressiveness in nineteenth-century music is communicated by the composer to the performer through new descriptive terms.
True
Franz Schubert was a thoroughly Romantic composer whose music abandoned the forms and stylistic principles of Classicism.
False
Schumann’s “In the lovely month of May” is from which song cycle?
A Poet’s Love
Schubert lived a tragically short life but was a remarkably prolific composer of:
Lieder. chamber music. piano music. all of the above
Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s The Year is her only symphonic poem.
False
Which of the following was NOT a genre of music written by Chopin?
symphonies
Chopin spent most of his productive life in:
Paris
Which of the following characterizes the published devotional music in America during the nineteenth century?
simpler notation for people lacking music literacy
In his Symphonie fantastique, Berlioz used a recurrent theme, which he called the idée fixe, symbolizing the beloved.
True
Music endowed with literary or pictorial associations is called absolute music.
False
Edvard Grieg was an important representative of the Czech school of composition.
False
Edvard Grieg is a composer from:
Norway.
The first movement of the Romantic concerto often omitted the orchestral exposition.
True
Which form found in symphonies is most likely to be strongly rhythmic and dancelike?
scherzo
Dvorak Symphony No. 9 is subtitled:
From the New World.
The first movement of a symphony is usually in ____________ form.
sonata-allegro
Who was the source of Verdi’s inspiration for Rigoletto?
Victor Hugo
Of the following, which woman was a successful composer as well as a successful opera singer?
Louise Bertin
Wagner did not wish to change the prevailing form of opera in the nineteenth century.
False
The librettist for Verdi’s Rigoletto was:
Piave.
The ____________ is the most powerful part of the Requiem Mass.
Dies irae
Puccini’s Madame Butterfly ends:
tragically.
The trepak is a folk dance from:
Russia.
Of the following, which was NOT a major theme of Romantic writers?
idealized heroes of Greece and Rome
Solo musicians became stars in the Romantic era, idolized by the public.
True
Romantic composers sought to make instruments sing. This statement best describes the element of:
melody.
In which genre is Schubert NOT indebted to Classical traditions?
Lied
Approximately how many songs did Schubert compose?
more than 600
Schubert organized evening gatherings of artists, writers, and musicians, called:
Schubertiads.
Chopin primarily composed for which type of venue?
salon or drawing room
Chopin is considered to be the national composer of:
Poland.
The manuscript for Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s September: At the River, from The Year, has poetic lines by:
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
Louis Moreau Gottschalk is primarily remembered for composing parlor songs in the style of spirituals.
False
The finale to Symphonie fantastique projects a satanic character.
True
Smetana’s The Moldau is a musical painting of a river.
True
The Moldau represents:
Smetana’s finest achievement in orchestral music. a river that flows through Bohemia. a nationalist work. all of the above
Nationalistic composers expressed their nationalism by:
employing native songs and dances in their works.
Of the following, who did NOT write a major concerto in the Romantic era?
Schubert
Of the following, who was a prolific composer of Lieder?
Brahms
The scheme of a traditional symphony is:
fast-slow-dance-fast.
Brahms was described as a “young eagle” by:
Robert Schumann.
Wagner chose to base his stories on:
idealized folk legends.
La Scala, the famous opera house where Verdi’s operas were performed, is in:
Milan.
Of the following, which opera is NOT by Verdi?
Carmen
Who are the Valkyries in Wagner’s Ring of the Nibelung?
the nine daughters of Wotan
Tchaikovsky’s Nutcracker is based on a story by:
E. T. A. Hoffmann.
The music for Puccini’s Madame Butterfly is entirely European in conception, despite the setting in Japan.
False
Which of the following descriptions best characterizes a part song?
a short, secular song for three or four voice parts
Of the following, which does NOT describe orchestras of the nineteenth century?
The size of orchestras decreased, making for more compact ensembles.
Romantic music is characterized by relatively less expression than music of earlier periods.
False
The Romantic orchestra was the same size as the Classical orchestra.
False
Robert Schumann’s A Poet’s Love is set to texts by:
Heinrich Heine.
The mood of Schumann’s “In the lovely month of May” is joyful and exuberant.
False
Goethe and Heine were two of the leading nineteenth-century writers whose poetry was set by Lieder composers
True
The term tempo rubato, associated with Chopin’s music, means that the performer should:
take liberties with the tempo.
Nineteenth-century composers of the short, lyric piano piece included:
Johannes Brahms. Robert Schumann. Frédéric Chopin. all of the above
How does Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s The Year reach a level of achievement beyond her brother Felix?
It is a large-scale work unified by musical and extra-musical links.
Which of the following was NOT composed by Stephen Foster?
When Johnny Comes Marching Home
Expressions of nationalism were more prevalent in Romantic music than in works of the Classical period.
True
In Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique, the idée fixe melody appears only at the very end of the fourth movement, March to the Scaffold.
False
Grieg was a Finnish nationalist composer who wrote the much-loved symphonic poem Finlandia.
False
Folk tales have had little influence on composers of Western classical music.
False
The origins of the Romantic concerto reach back to the Renaissance.
False
The scherzo is a lively, dancelike movement in duple meter.
False
Of the following, which is NOT a type of absolute music?
the symphonic poem
The structure of the third movement of Brahms’s Symphony No. 3 is:
ternary.
Wagner eventually married Cosima, the daughter of his good friend Franz Liszt.
True
Which Verdi opera was commissioned for performance in Cairo to mark the opening of the Suez Canal?
Aida
Of the following, which does NOT characterize Singspiel?
It featured elaborate recitatives and arias.
Italian comic opera is called:
opera buffa.
Choral music offered the public an outlet for its creative energies.
True
The pas de deux is a Western-style two-step dance.
False
Of the following, which characterizes Verdi’s Requiem Mass?
The Requiem was dedicated to the memory of the poet Manzoni.
In the Romantic era, skilled musicians were trained at:
conservatories.
What trend inspired composers to write music evoking scenes or sounds of far-off lands?
Exoticism.
Which of the following is true of Romantic poets?
They rebelled against conventional forms and subjects. They leaned toward the fanciful and picturesque. They expressed their new spirit of individualism with passion. all of the above
The German term for the art song is:
Lied.
The poem Elfking was written by Heinrich Heine.
False
The form of Schubert’s Lied Elfking is through-composed.
True
Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel was discouraged from pursuing a career as a composer because:
She was a woman.
Chopin had a long relationship with the female writer George Sand.
True
Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s The Year is her only symphonic poem.
False
Hymns from eighteenth-century America survived only through oral traditions.
False
A piece of program music for orchestra in one movement that, through several contrasting sections, develops a poetic idea or suggests a scene or mood is called:
A symphonic poem
In Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique, what is the idée fixe?
The basic theme of the symphony, heard in all movements
Smetana’s The Moldau is a musical painting of a river.
True
Which composer is considered the first great exponent of musical Romanticism in France?
Berlioz
The first movement of the Romantic concerto often omitted the orchestral exposition.
True
Of the following, which is NOT a type of absolute music?
The symphonic poem.
The true love of Brahms’s life was Clara Schumann.
True
Which movement of a symphony is traditionally the slowest?
The second movement.
What composer created the music drama?
Wagner
Wagner called his operas:
Music dramas.
Verdi’s operas stirred a revolutionary spirit within the Italian people.
True
One of the leitmotifs from Wagner’s Die Walküre is the magic fire music.
True
In her aria “Un bel dì,” from Madame Butterfly, Cio-Cio-San sings of:
Her wish for her husband to return.
Verdi’s Requiem Mass was intended for performances in church.
False
Which of the following statements about Romantic choral music is NOT true?
Only professional singers participated in nineteenth-century choruses.
The Leipzig Conservatory was founded by:
Felix Mendelssohn.
An interest in folklore and folk music resulted from the rise of nationalism.
True
The French Revolution did not affect the Romantic movement.
False
Schumann was a carefree spirit with a happy disposition who lived a long, productive life as a composer.
False
Robert Schumann’s wife, Clara, was:
The daughter of his piano teacher, one fo the foremost pianists of her day, and the inspiration for A Poet’s Love.
A song form in which the same melody is repeated with every stanza of text is called:
strophic
The rise in popularity of the piano was an important factor in shaping the musical culture of the Romantic era.
True
Who composed the piano cycle entitled The Year?
Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel
Chopin’s Mazurka in B-flat minor, Op. 24, No. 4, is in duple meter.
False
Foster’s Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair contains a cadenza in every strophe.
True
In his Symphonie fantastique, Berlioz used a recurrent theme, which he called the idée fixe, symbolizing the beloved.
True
Grieg was a Finnish nationalist composer who wrote the much-loved symphonic poem Finlandia.
False
Nationalism found natural expression in music, among other arts.
True
How many movements are in Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique?
Five
William Grant Still was an African-American composer who sought musical inspiration from his native heritage.
True
Of the following, who was NOT an African-American composer?
Antonín Dvorak
Brahms’s Symphony No. 3 is a program symphony.
False
A fanciful solo passage in an improvisational style that is interpolated into a concerto movement is called:
a cadenza
National styles of opera developed in:
Italy. Germany. France. all of above
Verdi’s opera Nabucco was hugely popular in Italy because it:
was interpreted as a symbol of Italian independence
Wagner pushed major-minor tonality to extreme limits with his style of chromatic harmony.
True
Who composed The Barber of Seville and the overture to William Tell?
Rossini
Which of the following choral forms was NOT originally intended for performance in church?
Part song
Verismo was a late-Romantic movement in opera which sought to:
pick subjects from everyday life and treat them realistically.
Which of the following is NOT a ballet by Tchaikovsky?
Eugene Onegin
One of the prime traits of Romantic artists was their emphasis on intense emotional expression.
True
The nineteenth-century novel found its great theme in the conflict between the individual and society.
True
During the nineteenth century, concert life began to center in the:
Public concert hall.
A song in which the same melody is repeated with every stanza of the text is in strophic form.
True
____________ is NOT an important composer of nineteenth-century Lieder.
Heinrich Heine.
A song that is composed from beginning to end without repetitions of whole sections is in strophic form.
False
The form of Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s September: At the River, from The Year, is:
A-B-A’.
Salon performances were usually open to the general public.
False
What nineteenth-century composer’s entire output centered around the piano?
Chopin
Shape-note notation was used to help the general public read music.
True
A symphonic poem is a multimovement programmatic work for orchestra.
False
Who was the first Bohemian composer to achieve international prominence?
Smetana
Which of the following is a Finnish nationalist composer?
Jean Sibelius
Nationalism can be seen in all of the following EXCEPT:
Chopin’s waltzes.
The structure of the third movement of Brahms’s Symphony No. 3 is:
ternary.
Of the following interests, which did Brahms pursue in his younger years?
folk music. writings of the German romantics. music of Bach and Beethoven. –> all of the above
The subtitle From the New World of Dvorak Symphony No. 9 refers to a visit the composer made to South America.
False
Dvorak sought to immigrate to America and become an American citizen.
False
What composer’s musical language was based on chromatic harmony?
Wagner
Opera singers Maria Malibran and Pauline Viardot were both daughters of the famous singer and teacher Manuel García.
True
Wagner did not wish to change the prevailing form of opera in the nineteenth century.
False
The aria “La donna è mobile” from Verdi’s Rigoletto, is set in a simple, strophic form with a refrain.
True
The libretto for Madame Butterfly represents Western fascination with geisha culture in the late nineteenth century.
True
Which of the following composers does NOT represent the Italian verismo style?
Verdi
Tchaikovsky suffered from depression and guilt over his homosexuality.
True
In the nineteenth century, women’s talents were encouraged on the opera stage.
True
Of the following, which was NOT a major theme of Romantic writers?
idealized heroes of Greece and Rome
The nineteenth century saw the rise of a new social order shaped by:
the technological advances of the Industrial Revolution.
A group of Lieder unified by some narrative thread or a descriptive or expressive theme is called:
a song cycle.
Approximately how many songs did Schubert compose?
more than 600
A song structure that is composed from beginning to end without repetition of whole sections is called:
through-composed.
Chopin spent most of his productive life in:
Paris
Chopin contributed much to the establishment of a modern piano style.
True
Titles such as Prelude, Impromptu, and Intermezzo are used for:
short, lyric piano pieces.
Louis Moreau Gottschalk is primarily remembered for composing parlor songs in the style of spirituals.
False
Which of the following is NOT true of Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique?
The program deals entirely with nature.
Baba Yaga was the witch in Grimm’s tale “Hansel and Gretel.”
False
Hector Berlioz was born and spent most of his career in:
France
Music written for plays, generally consisting of an overture and a series of pieces to be performed between acts, is called:
incidental music.
Concertos in the nineteenth century often emphasized virtuosity.
True
Of the following, who was a prolific composer of Lieder?
Brahms
Which form found in symphonies is most likely to be strongly rhythmic and dancelike?
scherzo
The first movement of a symphony is usually in ____________ form.
sonata-allegro
In Rigoletto, Verdi turns away from tuneful melodies to heighten the dramatic action.
False
Of the following, which woman was a successful composer as well as a successful opera singer?
Louise Bertin
The term bel canto refers to:
a style of singing that features agility and purity of tone.
Who was the source of Verdi’s inspiration for Rigoletto?
Victor Hugo
The two principal centers of nineteenth-century ballet were France and:
Russia.
The Japanese shamisen is:
a plucked string instrument.
Tchaikovsky’s fanciful ballet about a child’s Christmas gift and dreams of exotic people and places is:
The Nutcracker.
Romantic composers sought to make instruments sing. This statement best describes the element of:
Melody.
A Romantic symphony is generally longer than a Classical symphony.
True
Brass instruments became more flexible due to the invention of:
valves.
A song form where the main melody is repeated for two or three stanzas but has new or significantly varied material introduced when the text requires it is called:
modified strophic.
Which of the following is true of Schubert’s Elfking?
It is the masterpiece of his youth. It is based on the legend that whoever is touched by the king of the elves must die. It presents four characters who are differentiated in the music. all of the above
Schubert organized evening gatherings of artists, writers, and musicians, called:
Schubertiads.
Which of the following was NOT a technical improvement in the nineteenth-century piano?
A second keyboard was added.
Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s The Year has extra-musical connections.
True
Chopin primarily composed for which type of venue?
salon or drawing room
Which of the following characterizes the published devotional music in America during the nineteenth century?
simpler notation for people lacking music literacy
Although a musical nationalist, Smetana avoided getting involved with political revolution.
False
Grieg’s music for Peer Gynt was published as a suite.
True
Which of the following inspired Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique?
the actress Harriet Smithson
Nineteenth-century Russian composers had a strong tradition of utilizing folk tales as the basis of their compositions.
True
The symphony was a new genre in the Romantic era.
False
The origins of the Romantic concerto reach back to the Renaissance.
False
Of the following, who wrote more than seven symphonies?
Haydn
How many movements are in a typical symphony?
four
The emotional quality of Wagner’s music is heightened by the use of:
chromatic dissonance.
The concept of a total artwork in which all the arts—music, poetry, drama, visual spectacle—are fused together is called:
Gesamtkunstwerk.
Which of the following does NOT characterize the music for Act III, Scene 1 of Die Walküre?
The orchestra plays a subordinate role.
Richard Wagner composed the first Singspiel.
False
Who was Tchaikovsky’s principal patron?
Nadezhda von Meck
The leading composer of Italian opera in the late-Romantic era was:
Puccini
What Russian figure played a crucial role in the development of twentieth-century ballet?
Diaghilev
The desire for increased expressiveness in nineteenth-century music is communicated by the composer to the performer through new descriptive terms.
True
The French Revolution signaled:
the transfer of power from the aristocracy to the middle class.
Which of the following women organized concerts featuring music by her brother?
Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel.
Robert Schumann was married to the gifted pianist and composer Clara Wieck.
True
Which of the following does NOT describe Schumann’s A Poet’s Love?
It tells a detailed story of a lost love.
Which of the following was NOT a typical theme of the Romantic Lied?
praise of the Virgin Mary
An étude is a short but highly technical study piece for piano.
True
Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s The Year is a cycle for:
Piano
How does Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s The Year reach a level of achievement beyond her brother Felix?
It is a large-scale work unified by musical and extra-musical links.
Who was the first internationally acclaimed American composer of classical music?
Louis Moreau Gottschalk
Nationalistic composers expressed their nationalism by:
employing native songs and dances in their works.
Musorgsky’s Pictures at an Exhibition is an example of:
Program music
A multimovement programmatic work for orchestra is called:
a program symphony.
Grieg’s In the Hall of the Mountain King from Peer Gynt is unified by a recurring:
Theme.
By the Romantic era, concerts had moved from:
the aristocratic palace to the public concert hall.
Brahms maintained a lifelong close relationship with:
Clara Schumann.
Brahms is often described as a(n) ____________, because of his use of forms of the Classical masters.
traditionalist
Brahms was described as a “young eagle” by:
Robert Schumann.
Women achieved prominence in the Romantic era as opera singers.
True
The focal point of Wagnerian music drama is the voice.
False
Which characteristic of traditional opera did Wagner eliminate?
separate arias
After Italian independence, Verdi was ignored by the Italian public.
False
Which of the following does NOT characterize the Libera me: Dies irae section of Verdi’s Requiem?
understated emotions
Cio-Cio-San, in Puccini’s Madame Butterfly, worked as a geisha prior to her marriage.
True
The Nutcracker is a real-life story set at Christmastime.
False
The Industrial Revolution produced less expensive musical instruments but with no technical improvements.
False
The dynamic range of nineteenth-century orchestras was far greater than orchestras of the previous century.
True
Of the following instruments, which first appeared in the Romantic era?
saxophone
In Schubert’s Elfking, the obsessive triplet rhythm of the piano accompaniment represents:
the galloping of the horse.
Schumann’s A Poet’s Love is a:
song cycle.
In which genre is Schubert NOT indebted to Classical traditions?
Lied
Of the following, which type of piano work has a spacious form?
ballade
Which of the following did NOT characterize salons?
They were generally hosted by wealthy male aristocrats
What is the origin of the mazurka?
a stately processional dance for nobility
Which of the following was NOT composed by Stephen Foster?
When Johnny Comes Marching Home
Folk tales have had little influence on composers of Western classical music.
False
Edvard Grieg was an important representative of the Czech school of composition.
False
Berlioz was awarded the Prix de Rome in the year that he wrote his Symphonie fantastique.
True
Edvard Grieg is a composer from:
Norway
A large-scale work in several movements for solo instrument(s) and orchestra is called:
A concerto.
Dvorak Symphony No. 9 was inspired by:
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s Song of Hiawatha.
Of the following, who did NOT write a major concerto in the Romantic era?
Schubert
What is the typical number of movements found in a concerto?
Three.
In Act III, Scene 1 of Die Walküre, what are the Valkyries carrying on their horses?
fallen heroes
The opera Carmen is set in Cuba.
False
In addition to composing music, Wagner was an important:
writer
Operas with exotic plots:
look to far-away lands for inspiration.
Puccini’s opera Madame Butterfly, with its Japanese melodies and pentatonic and whole-tone scales, is an example of exoticism.
True
Puccini’s Madame Butterfly is:
a tragic tale of a Japanese geisha and a U: S: naval officer
The keyboard instrument featured in the Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy, from The Nutcracker, is:
the celesta.
Exoticism was expressed by incorporating folk music of one’s own country within a composition.
False
The democratic character of the Romantic movement is illustrated by:
sympathy for the oppressed. interest in folk culture. faith in humankind and its destiny. all of the above
Which does NOT characterize Romantic music?
reserved emotions
Schubert wrote several song cycles, including:
Winter’s Journey.
Schubert’s song Elfking was a setting of the ballad written by:
Goethe.
Schubert’s prolific output includes works of every major genre.
True
The short, lyric piano piece is the instrumental equivalent of:
the song
The mazurka is a Hungarian folk dance.
False
The most important keyboard instrument of the Romantic period was:
The piano.
Foster’s Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair has an active piano accompaniment suggesting flowing water.
False
Grieg’s incidental music for Peer Gynt was written for a play by:
Henrik Ibsen
Which of the following is NOT characteristic of the music of Berlioz?
It relies on traditional forms.
Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique is an example of:
A program symphony.
The finale to Symphonie fantastique projects a satanic character.
True
Brahms’s symphonies use a Romantic harmonic idiom but are Classical in form.
True
The typical Romantic symphony has four movements.
True
Which young composer did Robert and Clara Schumann take into their home?
Brahms
The third movement of Brahms’s Symphony No. 3 in F major is a rollicking scherzo.
False
Which of the following countries was NOT a leading opera center in the nineteenth century?
England
Louise Bertin wrote an opera based on Victor Hugo’s The Hunchback of Notre Dame.
True
Wagner strived for a continuous flow of melody unlike the divisions of aria and recitative in Italian opera.
True
A special theater was built at ____________ for the presentation of Wagner’s music dramas.
Bayreuth
Tchaikovsky was known for his symphonies and operas as well as for his ballets.
True
Which great Russian choreographer wrote the scenario for The Nutcracker?
Petipa
Ballet became an independent art form in the nineteenth century.
True
Of the following, who is a noted woman composer of the Romantic era?
Clara Schumann
Which of the following best describes the role of women in nineteenth-century music?
The piano provided women with a socially acceptable performance outlet.
The Romantics embraced conventional forms.
False
Schumann wrote his song cycle A Poet’s Love during his “year of song,” in which he wrote hundreds of Lieder and also married Clara Schumann.
True
The favorite Romantic poets for the composers of Lieder were:
Goethe and Heine.
A German-texted song with piano accompaniment that sets a short lyric poem is called:
A lied.
Chopin is credited with creating:
the modern piano style.
Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s output is dominated by:
Lieder and piano music.
Piano manufacturing remained unchanged until the technical advances of the early twentieth century.
False
Foster’s Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair is a:
love song.
Incidental music to a play is generally considered to be absolute music.
False
Which of the following compositions is LEAST likely to be an example of program music?
String Quartet in B-flat major
Music endowed with literary or pictorial associations is called absolute music.
False
Who composed the opera The Bartered Bride?
Smetana
Dvorak Symphony No. 9 was inspired by Goethe’s Faust.
False
Brahms wrote ____________ symphonies.
4
Of which national school of composition is Dvorak a representative?
Czech
Romantic composers wrote concertos only for their own performance.
False
The ensemble that follows “La donna è mobile” in Act III of Rigoletto is a:
quartet
The nineteenth century saw the quick development of an international opera style that replaced the national schools of the eighteenth century.
False
Verdi’s Aida could be viewed as an example of exoticism because of its Egyptian setting.
True
Who dies at the end of Rigoletto?
Gilda, Rigoletto’s daughter
Puccini’s operas are associated with the verismo movement.
True
A Japanese geisha is best compared in Western culture with:
a courtesan.
Which of the following exotic elements can be heard in the opera Madame Butterfly?
Japanese melodies. pentatonic and whole-tone scales. instrument combinations that evoke the Japanese gagaku. –>all of the above
Of the following, which does NOT describe Romantic orchestral music?
Composers produced more symphonies than their Classical-era counterparts.
Of the following, which does NOT describe orchestras of the nineteenth century?
The size of orchestras decreased, making for more compact ensembles.
Solo musicians became stars in the Romantic era, idolized by the public.
True
Schubert was born in:
Vienna
Schumann’s “In the lovely month of May” is from which song cycle?
A Poet’s Love.
What is the form of “In the lovely month of May”?
Strophic
Chopin is considered to be the national composer of:
poland
Despite her gender, Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel was encouraged by her family to pursue a career in music.
False
Which of the following does NOT characterize the music of Chopin?
reserved emotions
Which of the following describes the music in America during the early nineteenth century?
Music was largely imported from Europe.
In Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique, the idée fixe:
Symbolizes the beloved, recures by virtue of the literary program, and unifies the five movements, which are diverse in character and mood.
Of the following, which does NOT characterize Grieg’s Morning Mood from Peer Gynt?
prominent roles for a solo trumpet and trombone
Of the following, which is NOT an orchestral work by Berlioz?
Italian Symphony
Who was the first composer to use the term symphonic poem?
Liszt
Of the following, which does NOT describe symphony composition in the Romantic era?
Composers wrote more symphonies than their Classical counterparts
Dvorak set actual Native American tunes in his New World Symphony.
False
The scherzo is a lively, dancelike movement in duple meter.
False
Dvorak Symphony No. 9 is subtitled:
From the New World.
Wagner’s recurring themes that represent specific characters, emotions, or ideas are called leitmotifs.
True
Which composer has been considered to be the single most important phenomenon in the artistic life of the latter half of the nineteenth century?
Wagner.
In the Ring cycle, who is the father of the gods?
Wotan
Why did Wotan deprive Brünnhilde of her immortality and leave her sleeping inside a ring of fire?
because she, overcome with compassion, attempted to save Siegmund’s life in battle
Of the following, who did NOT make a major contribution to choral literature?
Frédéric Chopin
The post-Romantic era lasted from approximately:
1890-1910.
At the close of the opera Madame Butterfly, the title character:
kills herself with a samurai dagger.