collin college gov/econ test 1

paradox of democracy
idividual liberty must exist with common good
classical liberal tradition
people of different viewpoints pushing towards liberal democracy
communism/facism
state managed economy with no personal or political liberty
socialism
state managed economy with political liberty. redistribution of wealth
modern liberalism
state intervenes to provide economic security. political and personal liberty. equal opportunity and government regulation.
modern conservativism
state intervenes to maintain fairness in competition. political and personal liberty. emphasis on individual responsibility.
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libertarianism
state has minimum involvement in economy. minimal regulation.
populism
state intervenes to provide economic security and protect ‘traditional’ values.
polities
society with large middle class. very rare.
Confirmation of Charters
1297 CE. king must have consent of nobility, townspeople, and church when taxing.
Magna Carta
1215 CE. king subject to rule of law and bound by contracts. free people must have lawful judgement to be captured, imprisoned, or exiled.
Petition of Right
1628 CE. no freeman to be forced to pay taxes unless following Parliament. no quartering of soldiers or sailors.
English Bill of Rights
1689 CE. king cannot suspend laws or execute people w/o consent of Parliament. right to petition king. king cannot have own army or interfere w/ elections. freedom of speech in Parliament. no cruel or unusual punishment. impartial juries.
Hobbes
humans are inherently evil so a virtue gov can’t exist.
Locke
humans act out of reason. right to rebel against gov
Montesquieu
rejected social contract. said laws weren’t created by sacrifice but by evolution of law.
Hume
everyone should be assumed to be selfish.
benign neglect
causes self gov
internal controls
national gov powers
Marbury v Madison
judicial review
concurrent powers
shared between national and state govs
reserve powers
state gov powers
full faith and credit clause
states must recognize marriage liscenses, drivers liscenses, etc from other states
privileges and immunities clause
states must treat ppl from other states equally
extradition
can’t go into other states to flee crimes in one state
McCulloch v Maryland
implied powers
Gibbons v Ogden
states have no say in interstate commerce
14th amendment
all born and naturalized ppl are citizens