College Speech

False
Public Speaking skills will prevent you from entering the public conversation about social concerns.
True
The circumstance that calls for public response is known as the rhetorical situation.
True
Effective speaking and effective writing both require a sense of who the audience is.
Selecting a topic
The first step in the speech making process is…
Five
A speech should be practiced at least how many times?
Speaking
Which kind of outline is usually brief and contains key words or phrases?
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Two or three
An effective speech should be organized around ____ main points.
False
Preparation and practice can help you deliver an effective speech, but cannot help you alleviate public speaking anxiety.
False
It is recommended that speakers stand perfectly still behind a podium and do not walk around.
High trait anxiety; low trait anxiety
People with___ are naturally anxious much of the time, whereas people with ___ will experience nervousness usually only in novel situations.
False
Overgeneralizations are supported conclusions.
False
Facial expressions do not provide the reliable cues to help people listen better.
True
Active listeners listen for the speakers main ideas and watch for his or her nonverbal cues.
True
Slander, or speech that is potentially harmful to an individual’s reputation at work or in the community, is illegal.
True
Paraphrasing alters the form but not the substance of another person’s ideas.
Any sources that require credit in written form should be acknowledged in oral form.
The basic rule for avoiding plagiarism as a public speaker is as follows:
50%
Most people retain what percentage of what they hear immediately after listening?
Nonverbal
If the speaker’s verbal and nonverbal messages do not correspond, which cues are usually the most honest?
Ethos
Which of the following is a Greek word meaning “character”?
External listening distractions
Construction noise, automobile traffic, slamming doors and poor ventilation are examples of…
False
Demographics are the psychological characteristics of a given population.
True
Speech topics should be relevant to the age interests of an audience.
False
Speakers should assume their audiences share similar political affiliations.
False
Abandoning your convictions in order to appeal to the audience is known as being audience centered.
False
The larger the audience, the more likely you are to interact with them.
Highly charged
People rarely respond to persuasion directed at their core values, so steer clear of topics that are…
Time constraints, Audience expectations, Nature of the occasion, (all of the options are correct)
When narrowing a topic, the speaker should consider the…
False
Brainstorming is not an effective way to select a speech topic.
False
The specific speech purpose is the same thing as the thesis statement.
True
The thesis statement should be stated in a way that will motivate the audience to listen.
True
The introduction of a speech tells the listeners where the speaker is taking them.
One main point to the next, Main points to supporting points, One supporting point to another supporting point, (all of the options are correct)
Effective transitions move the listeners from…
False
A speech consisting of a story or a series of short stories should use the circular pattern of arrangement.
True
Key-word outlines permit the greatest degree of eye contact.
Prepare a list of sources
The final step in creating a working outline is to…
True
The first step in organizing and outlining a speech is to create the main points.
False
The problem-solution pattern may not have more than two points.
True
In a topical pattern, points can be arranged in any order without negatively affecting one another.
Main points, supporting points, and transitions
The body of a speech consists of…
True
A main point should not introduce more than one idea.
True
An anecdote is a brief story of interesting, humorous, or real-life incidents.
False
The speech introduction should capture the audience’s attention, but it does not need to mention the topic and purpose of the speech.
False
As a general rule, the conclusion should comprise about one-third of the entire speech.
False
The conclusion of the speech should be prepared before the speech body.
True
Effective speakers often repeat words or phrases.
False
Alliteration is the arrangement of words, phrases, or sentences in a similar form.
True
The words, old, thing, big, and bad are all examples of abstract language.
Encourages listeners involvement
A speaker who uses vivid imagery…
Be a rote recounting
The summary portion of the speech should not…
The audience, The topic, The occasion, (all of the options are correct)
Speech humor should always match…
True
Statistics are quantified evidence that summarizes, compares and predicts things.
True
Testimony comprises firsthand findings, eyewitness accounts, and opinions.
False
A speaker who cites statistics in a speech is not responsible for checking the reliability of the statistics.
False
All blogs and social news sites should be considered reputable speech sources.
True
The three most widely used formats for documenting Internet sources are APA, MLA, and the Chicago style.
True
One way to evaluate the credibility of Web site is to look for the last date the site was modified or updated.
Disinformation
This refers to the deliberate falsification of information…
Clearinghouse question
A question designed to check that all important information has been discussed is called a(n)…
Antecdotes
Brief stories of interesting, often humorous incidents based on real life are called…
.org
Which of the following domain suffixes indicated a nonprofit group?
False
Speaking from memory is the most natural was to deliver a message.
False
Speaking from manuscript is considered best for brief speeches, such as toasts and introductions.
False
Paralanguage refers to what is said, not to how something is said.
True
Nonverbal communication can clarify the meaning of verbal messages.
True
Unnecessary and undesirable words used to cover pauses are called vocal fillers.
True
An example of lazy speech is saying “wanna” instead of “want to.”
True
If a speaker mumbles, he or she should practice speaking more loudly and with empathic pronunciation.
False
Speaking impromptu is the most natural way to deliver a message.
True
Enthusiasm is key to achieving effective vocal variety is a speech.
True
Smiling is an effective way for the speaker to build a rapport with an audience.
False
Speeches about people have the greatest potential of “crossing the line” into the persuasive realm.
True
Informative speeches can be organized using the topical, chronological, spatial, cause-effect, comparative advantage, circular or narrative pattern.
True
An appropriate organizational pattern can help listeners mentally organize ideas.
False
The informative speech seeks to advocate, whereas the persuasive speech seeks to enlighten.
True
In order to appeal to different audience members, a speaker should consider four learning styles: visual learners, aural learners, read/write learners, and kinesthetic learners.
True
Speeches that rely on demonstration often work with the actual object, models of it, or visual aids that diagram it.
False
With information available today in so many forms, electronic and otherwise, we have little need for informative speeches.
True
A speaker should reveal the topic’s relevance to the audience early on in the speech.
True
Operational definitions define the topic by explaining what it does.
True
Speeches about events focus on noteworthy occurrences, both past and present.
False
Presentation aids should simply repeat the spoken information.
False
Handouts used for presentation aids should always be passed out before a speech begins.
True
Colors evoke distinct associations in people.
True
The background color of a presentation should remain constant.
True
Using the active verb form and parallel grammatical structure keeps the presentation aid simple.
True
Presentation aids should be used in a context that is appropriate to the topic, the audience, and the occasion.
False
A PowerPoint will save an otherwise poorly planned speech.
False
During a speech with presentation software, speakers should keep their eyes on the screen to avoid losing their place.
False
A speaker’s primary mission is to communicate through a showy multimedia visual display rather than through the spoken word and his or her physical presence.
True
Speakers who rely on presentation software risk performance difficulties due to technical errors.
True
The general goal of persuasive speaking is to influence, advocate, or ask listeners to accept the speaker’s point of view.
True
For persuasive change to endure, listeners must be convinced that they will somehow be rewarded.
True
Arguments are composed of three elements: claims, evidence, and reasoning.
True
Claims of policy generally contain the word should and speak of an “ought” condition.
False
There are four steps in Monroe’s motivated sequence pattern of arrangement.
False
The first step of Monroe’s motivated sequence pattern of arrangement is need.
False
“Everyone wears Adidas so you should, too” is an example of begging the question.
True
A speaker who relies on bandwagoning poses arguments that use general opinions as their bases.
True
An argument is a stated position, with support for or against an idea or issue.
False
An appeal that deliberately arouses fear or anxiety in the audience has no legitimate place in public speaking.
False
Speaking is the communication activity that one does more than any other.
True
Low trait anxious people get nervous when starting the speech but gain confidence throughout the speech.
False
The channel is the content of the communication process.
True
In many instances, a speaker will be required to meet time constraints for a speech.
True
Attitude and beliefs are shaped by values.
Address issues only from one’s own point of view.
Which of the following is not a way for a speaker to demonstrate respect for the audience?
are usually more helpful when they are objective in nature.
Speech evaluations…
Improving intrapersonal skills
Benefits of public speaking do not include
False
There are two general speech purposes: to inform and to persuade.
False
Facial expressions do not provide reliable cues to help people listen better.
False
Gender is not a demographic characteristic.
True
The circumstance that calls for public response is known as the rhetorical situation.
False
Public speaking skills will prevent you from entering the public conversation about social concerns.