College Poetry Terms

Accentual/ Syllabic
counts the number of stresses and syllables within a line or stanza
Alliteration
A special case of consonance where the repeated consonant sound is at the stressed syllable
Anapest
metrical foot in a line of poem that contains 3 syllables ( unstressed/unstressed/stressed) pattern
Assonance
Repetition of vowel sounds in words that are close to each other
Blank Verse
An iambic pentameter unrhymed
Cadence
Rhythm established by phrases ” rhythm of phrasing”
We will write a custom essay sample on
Any topic specifically for you
For only $13.90/page
Order Now
Caesura
A strong pause within a line . Often found alongside enjambment.
Carpe Diem
poems that have the theme of living for today
Catalectic
metrically incomplete line of verse, lacking a syllable at the end or ending with an incomplete foot.
Closed Form
An established pattern in one or more areas
Common Meter
a ballad stanza of four iambic lines and strict rhymes, often used in hymns, rhyming abcb or abab.
Consonance
pleasing sounding caused by the repetition of consonant sounds
Couplet
A pair of successive rhyming line, usually of the same length.
Dactyl
metrical foot that consists of 3 syllables (stressed/stressed/unstressed) pattern
Diction
style of speaking or writing as dependent upon choice of words
Dramatic monologue
A Poem in Which an imagined speaker addresses a silent listener, usually not the reader
End Rhyme
Rhymes appearing like these at the end of a line
End Stopped
(of a line of verse) ending at the end of a syntactic unit that is usually followed by a pause in speaking and a punctuation mark in writing.
Enjambed line
A line that continues to move to the next line without terminal punctuation.
Eye Rhyme
A metrical line ending at a grammatical boundary or break- such as a dash or closing parenthesis- or with punctuation such as a colon, a semicolon, or a period. Considered end-stopped, too if it contains a complete phrase.
Feminine Rhyme
A rhyme either of two syllables of which the second is unstressed (such as in motion, notion, or of 3 syllables)
Form
Physical structure of the poem; length of the lines, their rhymes their system of rhymes and repetition.
Iambic Pentameter
A common meter in meter consisting of a unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and a accented syllable
Internal Rhyme
1. Two or more rhyming words that occur within the same line.
2. Two or more rhyming words will appear int he middle of two separate lines or sometime in more.
Lineation
The way in which line breaks are inserted
Masculine Rhyme
Occurs when the rhyme is on the final syllable of the two rhyming words
Octave
A eight-line stanza or poem.
*First eight lines of an Italian/Petrachan sonnet
Open Form
does not have a established pattern to it. whether it be in line length, meter, rhyme, imagery, syntax, or stanzas
Perfect Rhyme
Correspondence of rhyming sounds is exact
Petrachan Sonnet
Divided 14 lines into two sections: An eight-line stanza (octave) rhyming scheme of ABBAABBA
Persona
A dramatic character, distinguished from the poet, who is the speaker of a poem.
Prosody
Study of versification including meter rhyme
Pyrrhic
Two unstressed feet
Quatrain
4 Lined stanza (ABAC or ABCB) unbound or ballad quatrain
Refrain
A phrase or line repeated at intervals witinin a poem, especially at the end of a stanza
Rhyme Scheme
The pattern of end rhyme in a stanza with each rhyme encoded by a letter of the alphabet from a onward.
Rhythm
The repetition of syllables, typically at the end of a verse line, Rhymed words conventionally share all sounds following the words last stressed syllable.
Scansion
The analysis of the metrical patterns of a poem by organizing its lines into feet of stressed & unstressed syllables and showing the major pauses, if any
Sestet
A six-line stanza, or the final six lines of 14-line Italian or Petrarchan Sonnet
Sestina
A complex french verse form, usually unrhymed, consisting of six stanzas of six lines each & a three-line envoy.
Shakespearian Sonnet
14- lines into one stanza of three quatrains and a concluding couplet with a rhyme scheme of ABABCDEDEFEFGG
Slant Rhyme
Sound not a perfect rhyme (i.e. Jam & ran)
Spondee
a metrical foot, or beat in a line of poetry, that consists of two stressed syllables.
Meter
Measures the line ( beat) of the poem
Stanza
A grouping of lines separated from others in a poem.
Syllabic
Poetry whose meter is determined by the total number per line, rather than the number of stresses
Tercet
A poetic unit of three lines, rhymed or rhymed.
Tone
The poet’s attitude toward the poem’s speaker, reader, and subject matter, as interpreted by the reader.
Trochee
A metrical foot consisting of an accented syllable.
Trope
any literary or rhetorical device, as metaphor, metonymy, synecdoche, and irony, that consists in the use of words in other than their literal sense.
Turn (sonnet)
Change in direction of argument or narrative ( final lines in sonnets)
Villanelle
A French verse form consisting of 5-3-line stanzas and a final quatrain. The FIRST & THIRD lines of the stanza repeating alternately in the following stanza.
* these two refrain lines form the final couplet
Simile
a figure of speech in which two unlike things are explicitly compared, as in “she is like a rose.”.
Metaphor
a figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance, as in “A mighty fortress is our God.”.
Metonomy
a figure of speech that consists of the use of the name of one object or concept for that of another to which it is related, or of which it is a part, as “scepter” for “sovereignty,” or “the bottle” for “strong drink,” or “count heads (or noses)” for “count people.”.
Personification
The attribution of human nature or character to animals, inanimate objects, or abstract notions, especially as a rhetorical figure.
Synechdoche
a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part, the special for the general or the general for the special, as in ten sail for ten ships or a Croesus for a rich man.
Figure of Speech
any expressive use of language, as a metaphor, simile, personification, or antithesis, in which words are used in other than their literal sense, or in other than their ordinary locutions, in order to suggest a picture or image or for other special effect.
Hyperbole
obvious and intentional exaggeration