Civics exam ch.5

duties of a citizen
obey laws, pay taxes, defend the nation, serve in court, attend school
responsibilities of a citizen
be informed, speak up and vote, respect other’s rights, respect diversity, and contribute to the common good
necessary and proper clause
congress has implied powers;right to exercise rights not specifically listed in constitution
principles underlying the constitution
popular sovereignty, rule of law, separation of powers, checks and balances, federalism
popular sovereignty
the notion that power lies with the people
rule of law
principle that law applies to everyone even those who govern
separation of powers
split of powers between executive, legislative, and judicial branches
checks and balances
a system in which each branch of government is able to check the powers of others
expressed powers
powers that Congress has that are specifically listed in the Constitution
reserved powers
powers that the Constitution does not
give to the national government that are kept by the states
concurrent powers
powers shared by the state and federal governments
petition
a formal request for government action; or, a process by which candidates who are not affiliated with one of the two major parties can get on the ballot for the general election in most states
slander
spoken untruths that are harmful to someone’s reputation
libel
written untruths that are harmful to someone’s reputation
rights of the accused
4,5,6,8
amendment 4
no unreasonable search and seizure
amendment 5
criminal proceedings, due process, grand jury,double jeopardy, eminent domain
amendment 6
fair and speedy public trial by jury
amendment 8
bail and punishment
amendment 1 rights
freedom of speech,religion,press,
petition, and assembly
limits:cannot endanger gov.,no slander,can’t provoke riots,can’t block traffic
amendment 2
right to bear arms
amendment 3
protection from having to keep troops in private homes (unless during a national emergency and congress orders it)
search warrant
court order allowing an official to search a suspects home or business
due process
legal procedures
eminent domain
right of gov. to take private property
double jeopardy
if you are accused of a crime and found innocent you cannot be tried for the same crime again
bail
sum of $ used as a security deposit
indictment
formal charge by a grand jury
civil war amendments
13,14,15
civil rights
rights of full citizenship and equality under law
discrimination
unfair treatment based on prejudice against certain group
segregation
social separation of the races
affirmative action
programs that try to make up for past discrimination
racial profiling
being singled out as a suspect because of the way you look