Chemistry Chapter 1

chemistry
The science concerned with the composition of matter and the changes that matter undergoes
analytic chemistry
Field of study that is concerned with the composition of matter
theory
A well-tested explanation for a broad set of observation
biotechnology
Applies science to the production of biological products or processes
manipulated variable
Variable that one changes during an experiment
biochemistry
Field of study that is concerned with the chemistry of living organisms; The study of the processes that take place in organisms
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hypothesis
A proposed explanaition for a broad set of observations
scientific method
A logical approach to the solution of a scientific problem
experiment
A method of testing a hypothesis
scientific law
Describes many observations but does not explain them
technology
The means by which a society provides its members with those things needed and desired
organic chemistry
The study of essentially all chemicals containing carbon
pure chemistry
The pursuit of chemical knowledge for its own sake
observation
Information obtained directly by using your senses
microscopic
Describes and object that can be seen only under magnification
inorganic chemistry
The study of the processes that take place in organisms
physical chemistry
Concerned with the mechanism, rate, and energy transfer that occurs when matter undergoes a change
Which step is the scientific method requires you to use your senses to obtain information?
Making an observation
Which of these steps should always be followed for effective problem solving?
Developing a plan and then implementing the plan
Which of the following statements is false?
Studying chemistry ensures that officials make correct choices in funding technology
Which of the following is an example of a current research focus in chemistry?
Applying gene therapy to treat certain diseases
Which of the following can be observed only in a microscopic view?
Structure of a muscle cell
Which field of science studies the composition and structure of matter?
Chemistry
Which of the following would a chemist be most likely to study?
A leaf changing color in autumn
How many traditional areas of study can chemistry be divided into?
5
How many steps are involved in solving numeric problems?
3
How did Lavoisier transform the field of chemistry is the late 1700s?
He turned it from a science of observation to measurement
List and describe the two steps for solving conceptual problems.
Analyze and solve