Chapter 8: Today’s Students

_________ is the way of life common to a group of people consisting of their values, attitudes, and beliefs.
Culture
A(n) _________ is made up of individuals within a larger culture who share a self-defined racial or cultural identity and a set of beliefs, attitudes, and values.
ethnic group
Possible elements that might shape a person’s ________ include customs, age, racial identity, exceptionalities, language, gender, sexual orientation, income level, beliefs, values, and customs.
cultural identity
________________ is not a purpose of bilingual education.
Eliminating the use of the home language
____________ students have limited ability to understand, read, or speak English, and they have a first language other than English.
Limited English proficient
Using two languages as the medium of instruction is an example of _______
bilingual education
A report states that over _______languages are spoken by LEP students with approximately 75 percent claiming _______ as their first language
400;Spanish
Students’ language patterns became a topic of national debate in late 1996 when_____
the Oakland, California, school district recognized “ebonics” as a primary language of some children
Self-expression, task orientation, self-determination, and self-esteem are characteristics of ___________cultures
individualistic
According to the textbook, students at Indiana University can choose to student teach in all of the following settings except ________
on the Rio Grande border
_______is a set of beliefs based on the importance of seeing the world from different cultural frames of reference and on recognizing and valuing the rich array of cultures within our nation and global community.
Multiculturalism
Ms. Bird has developed “cultural immersion” experiences within several cultures to develop an increased understanding and appreciation for others. This is an example of _________
multiculturalism
_____ refers to a shared feeling of common identity, based on a “common ancestry, culture, history, tradition, and a sense of peoplehood.”
Ethnicity
______ is a subjective concept that is used to distinguish among human beings on the basis of biological traits.
Race
It is estimated that the number of mutiracial Americans is increasing at ______ times the rate of the white population.
10
Which of the following statements is true?
Every person belongs to at least one ethnic group
Any group numbering less than half of the total population is called a(n)________.
minority
Minorities are _______ among students who have not mastered minimum competencies in the “basics”
disproportionately represented
According to research, __________ contributes most strongly to students’ achievement in school
socioeconomic status
The term that describes uneven education progress between White and Hispanic, Black, and American Indian/Alaska Native is called the ______
achievement gap
According to the National Center for Education Statistics, the relationship among minority group membership, social class, and academic achievement shows________
as socioeconomic status increases, academic achievement increases
Ethnic and racial minorities have traditionally _______ power in the public life of the United States.
lacked
“Individual racism” is the prejudiced belief that __________
one’s ethnic or racial group is superior to others
_______ is the process of attributing behavioral characteristics to all members of a group
steroetyping
A(n) _______ is passed on from generation to generation because of the increasing difficulty for children of the poor to receive adequate education and job training.
culture of poverty
The federal poverty level is approximately__________ a year for a family of four.
$22,000
A 1999 report on “resegregation reported that_________ attend the most severely segregated schools.
Latinos
The Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka decision in 1954 declared that______.
segregated schools were inherently unequal
Research indicates that teaching strategies that emphasize _______ often result in higher achievement among African-American and Mexican-American students.
cooperation
Ms. Delayne has recently been hired to teach in a Afrocentric school. What would the focus of her school be?
history and culture for African-American students
By 2050, the Latino population in the United States is expected to be approximately_____ percent, or more than 100 million
25
Black Academies have sprung up across the country in recent years, many supported by the growing number of African American who practice______
Islam
The dropout rate among all migrant workers is 90 percent, and ______ percent leave school before finishing the ninth grade
50
The three largest Asian groups are_______,__________, and _________
Chinese;Filipinos;Japenese
Kim is an Indochinese-American student in California high school. She is doing well academically but her parents worry about the cultural conflicts that she is experiencing. All of the following may be cultural conflicts for Kim except_______
the focus on academic performance in society
According to the text, most Native Americans consider a person with _______ tribal heritage to be a Native American.
25%
According to Bennett (2006), native nations hosting Native American have been recognized as independent, self-governing territories since the _______
1930s
Native-American children raised in traditional settings generally do all of the following except_______
approach new tasks by asking questions
Frank has two Native-American students in his classroom. According to the text which of the following strategies may be difficult for Native-American children because of the differences in cultures?
all of the above
Marco teaches in a secondary school where subjects are taught in both Spanish and English. This curriculum is called______
bilingual education
Jose is encouraged to be able to function effectively in two or more linguistic and cultural groups. The term used to describe this is_______.
biculturalism
Programs designed to meet the learning needs of students whose first language is not English by providing instruction in two languages are called____________
bilingual education
All of the following are arguments in favor of bilingual programs except______
The cost of bilingual education is low, therefore the time spent is beneficial.
All of the following are arguments opposed to bilingual programs except___________
the research is clear that bilingual programs are not effective
_______ is committed to the goal of providing all students, regardless of socioeconomic status, gender, sexual orientation, or ethnic, racial, or cultural backgrounds, with equal opportunities to learn in school.
Multicultural education
According to James Banks, multicultural education consists of all of the following except__________
a series of events
______ is not a dimension of multicultural education
Immersion programs
The multicultural curriculum should enable students to do all of the following except_____
speak fluently in at least one second language
Sam is working to make his curriculum multicultural. According to Banks, he should focus on ______
a range of groups that differ in their characteristics, experience, and values
According to James Banks, teachers who create a curriculum that is truly multicultural______
understand that multicultural education is a way of viewing reality and a way of thinking
To create classrooms that are truly multicultural, teachers must select instructional material that are all of the following except_____
written in several different languages
Which of the following is not a guideline for selecting books for a multicultural classroom?
Selections should be politically correct
Some guidelines for selecting multicultural instructional and technological materials were set forth to offset materials that might be considered all of the following except________
humorous in nature
According to Oakes, and Lipton, gender should be a dimension of _______
values clarification
______ conveys to students certain expectations about the way boys and girls are “supposed” to act.
Sex role socialization
Sex role socialization conveys to students all of the following expectations except____
girls are to be asertive
The guarantee of equal educational opportunity for women was a result of ____
Title IX
Title IX has had the greatest impact in ___________
athletics
The expanded math, science, and technology programs for females is an example of the passage of the _____
Women’s Educational Equity Act
Ms. Williams wants to create a gender-fair classroom whereby the girls in her third-grade class have the same educational opportunities and experiences as the boys. According to the general guidelines, Ms. Williams should do all of the following except_____
provide special tutoring for the girls
AAUW’s (2008) Where the Girls Are: The Facts About Gender Equity in Education found that ober the past 35 years that _____, not ______, is (are) most closely associated with academic success.
family income; gender
A study of lesbian and gay youth reported that_____ percent of participants believed that their teachers had negative attitudes about homosexuality
80
Subtle favoritism or discrimination on the basis of gender is called_____
gender bias
A strategy for creating a gender-fair classroom is ______
encourage more competition between boys and girls