Chapter 7: The Jeffersonian Era

In regards to education, early ninteenth-cenury republicans favored
A. a nationwide system of free public schools for all male citizens
B. federal governments paying primary institutions of learning
C. private schools as the primary institution of learning
D. the practice that only the children of elite families received an education
E. free college education for all white male citizens of the republic
A. a nationwide system of free public schools for all male citizens (186)
in the early ninteenth century, school education was largely the responsibility of
A. private insitutions
B. the statesk
C. individual cities and towns
D. the federal government
E. individual parents
A. private insitutions (186)
The writer Judith sargent murry argued that women
A. should have the same education as men
B. were equal to men in itrellect and potential
C. shold have a roll in society apart from their husbands
D. should have oppertunities to earn their own livings
E. all these answers are correct
E. all these answers are correct (186)
Thomas Jefferson beliveed American Indians were perimitive people who
A. had been greatly mistreated by white americans
B. might become civilized through exposure to white culture
C. should be completely seperated from white society
D. had no redemptive qualities
E. nevertheless had an education system worth emulating
B. might become civilized through exposure to white culture (187)
Around 1800, higher education in the united states
A. served about two percent of the white men in the country
B. began to admit many more poor citizens than before
C. gave access to women, blacks, and indians
D. were increasinigly becoming public institutions
E. saw the number of colleges and universities grow substantially
E. saw the number of colleges and universities grow substantially (187)
the first american medical school was established at
A. harvard
B. William and Mary
C. university of North Carolina
D. University of Pennsylvania
E. Columbia
D. University of Pennsylvania (187)
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in the study of medicine in the early-ninteenth century
A. anatomy became the leading contributor to medical knowledge
B. municipal leaders sought better public awareness of sanitation to reduce diseases
C. most physicians spoke out against the pracitce of bleeding and purging
D. most doctors received their traning by working with an established physician
E. physicans found the public remarkably receptive to new discoveries and innovations
D. most doctors received their traning by working with an established physician
the expansion of the medical profession durring the early ninteenth century resulted in a
A. broad increase in the number of hospitals
B.decline in midwives
C. rapid rise in care for the disabled
D. significant gain in the general body of medical knowledge
E. large jump in average life expecancy
B.decline in midwives
Noah Webester thought every American schoolboy should be educated
A. in a skilled trade
B. to appreciate European Culture
C. in community service
D. as a nationalist
E. in Greek and Latin
D. as a nationalist
the writer Washington Irving is best remembered for his works on
A. Ichabod Crane and Rip Van Winkle
B. the American Revolution
C. George Washington
D. Philadelphia Society
E. the Mohican Indians
A. Ichabod Crane and Rip Van Winkle
the religious consept of Deism
A. emphasized the role of god in the world
B. challenged many of the ideas that had emerged in the Enlightenment
C. incorpated science and reason into religious faith
D. was frowned upon by educated american such as Jefferson and Franklin
E. all these answers are correct
C. incorpated science and reason into religious faith
Religious skepticism resulted in
A. the philosophy of “Unitarianism”
B. a wave of revialism
C. both the philosophy of “Unitarianism” and a wave of revivalism
D. the disestablishment of the Anglican Church
E. no discernable effect on American religious life
C. both the philosophy of “Unitarianism” and a wave of revivalism
the second great awakening
A. rejected the idea of the Trinity
B. was consistent with the idaes of the enlightenment
C. helped promote universalism and unitarianism
D. was confined to new england
E. began as an efffort by chruch establishments to revitalize their organizations
E. began as an efffort by chruch establishments to revitalize their organizations
the second great Awakening helped spread all of the following denominations EXCEPT
A. the Bapitists
B. the Unitarians
C. the Presbyterians
D. the Methodists
E. the Baptists and the Unitarians
B. the Unitarians
the message of the great awakening
A. called for an active and fervent piety
B. restored the triditional belief in predestination
C. incorporated the beleif of skeptical rationalism
D. found its greatest number of converts among young men
E. was rejected by most women as being retograde and reactionary
A. called for an active and fervent piety
the revialism of the great awakening
A. was largely limited to white Americans
B. pacified opponents of slavery
C. encouraged racial unrest
D. was rejected by the black american community
E. fostered and ineglitatian religous ethos
C. encouraged racial unrest
durring the second great awakening, the indian revivalist Handsome Lake called for
A. the adoption by indian tribes of white American Culture
B. an armed Indian rebellion against white american culture
C. the United States to live up to its broken treaties with Indian tribes
D. the return of lands taken fromm Indian tribes by the United States
E. the restoration of triditional indian Culture
E. the restoration of triditional indian Culture
the cotton gin was invented by
A. Robert Fulton
B. Eli Whitney
C. Samuel Slater
D. Albert Gallatin
E. Moses Brown
B. Eli Whitney
the invention of the cotton gin in the late 18th century
A. allowed fot the introduction of cotton in southern coastal states
B. has a profound effect on the textile indurtry in new england
C. reduced the total number of slaves in the American South
D. led to a great increase in the production of long-staple cotton
E. none of these answers is correct
B. has a profound effect on the textile indurtry in new england
Eli Whitney is a major figure in American technology for introducing
A. the consept of interchangeable parts
B. the first modern factory
C. the steam engine
D. the mechanized assembly line
E. the steel plow
A. the consept of interchangeable parts
in the early eignteenth century, the American Rober Fulton and Robert Livingston
A. invented the steam engine
B. made significant advances in steam-powered navigation
C.developed the nation’s first merchant marine
D. brought the first railroad engine, the “Clermont”, in 1807
B. made significant advances in steam-powered navigation
the early nineteenth century in America in known as the “turnpike era” because
A. the most towns and villages became connected by a network of inexpensive roads
B. Americans stopped transporting goods by canal in favor of roads
C. the federal government provided free land to road construction companies
D. concrete was first developed as a long-life road surface
E. many roads were built for profit by private compines
E. many roads were built for profit by private compines
in 1800, population data of the united states revealed
A. ten percent of the non-indian populations live in towns of more than 8,000
B. no american city had a population larger than 28,000
C. New York was the most populous city in the contry
D. the nation remained overwhelmingly agarian
E. fifteen percent of the population lived in towns of more than 8,000
D. the nation remained overwhelmingly agarian
in the united states durring the early ninteenth century, horse racing
A. was largely limited to rural areas of the country
B. first became a spectator sport
C. became a popular sport in most areas of the county
D. was considered a form of gambling and was banned in most towns
E. was considerd a waste of valueable horses and frowned upon
C. became a popular sport in most areas of the county
the cheif designer of the capital city of Washinton was
A. Thomas Jefferson
B. Robert Fulton
C. Daniel Burnham
D. Guy Dupont
E. Pierre L’Enfant
E. Pierre L’Enfant
in 1800, Washington D.C.
A. had grown in size equal to Philadelpha
B. was little more than a simple village
C. was widely reconized as a city bulit on a grand scale
D. had yet to be occupied by the national government
E. had 13,200 residents, according to the 1800 census
B. was little more than a simple village
in the early ninteenth-century, many members of Congress
A. had to live in tents when in Washington D.C.
B. considered their state legislatures to be more prestigious political bodies
C. stayed in Washinton year round
D. all these answers are correct
E. none of these answers is correct
B. considered their state legislatures to be more prestigious political bodies
as president, Thomas Jefferson
A. sought to convay the public image of a plain ordinary citizen
B. Believed in a passive presidency
C. gave the White House its name
D. tended to keep talented Federalists in office despite objections from Republicans
E. only served one term
A. sought to convay the public image of a plain ordinary citizen
in his first term, president Thomas Jefferson
A. argued for mandatory military service to mold and improve citizens
B. increased the size of the army
C. increased the size of the navy
D. agressively used the military to assert American intrests abroad
E. helped establish a military academy at West Point
E. helped establish a military academy at West Point
Durring his first term as president, Thomas Jefferson
A. sought to create a tax on personal income
B. restriced the sale of government lands to western settlers
C. saw a doubling of the national debt
D. elimated all internal taxes
E. drastically increased government spending
D. elimated all internal taxes
The Supreme Court’s ruling in the case of Marbury vs. Madison (1803)
A. stated that congress had no authority to espand the power of the Supreme Court
B. stated that the Supreme Court has the power to nullify an act on Congress
C. orderd Secretary of State Madison to deliver Marbury his commission
D. stated that the Supreme Court had no authority to expand the Supreme Court and that the Supreme Court had the power to nullify and act of congress
E. stated that the Supreme Court had the power to nullify an act of congress and ordered Secretary of State Madison to deliver Marbury his commission
D. stated that the Supreme Court had no authority to expand the Supreme Court and that the Supreme Court had the power to nullify and act of congress
John Marshall was
A. Cheif justive of the Supreme Court at the time of Marbury vs. Madison
B. appointed Cheif Justice of the Supreme Court by Thomas Jefferson
C. a Republican
D. a former Vice-President of the Untited States
E. Secretary of State n the Jefferson Admisistration, and Madison’s successor
A. Cheif justive of the Supreme Court at the time of Marbury vs. Madison
in 1802, president Thomas Jefferson beileved that if France controlled New Orleans
A. the United States would be forced to build a new port somewher of the Gulf coast
B. Great Britain might decide to declare war on the Unided States
C. Americans would not be able to settle west of the Mississippi River
D. the United States would run the risk of war with France
E. Napoleon would seize American ships in the harbor for his war with England
D. the United States would run the risk of war with France
Napoleon decided to sell the entire Louisiana Terriroty to the United States because
A. the French Army on the American continent had been decimated by disease
B. he wanted to rais money for his armies in Europe
C. he believed the Louisiana Territory was a “great desert” unfit for habitation
D. the French Army the American continent had been decimated by disease and he wanted to rais money for his armies in Europe
E. he wanted to rais money for his armies in Europe and he believed the Louisiana Territory was a “great desert” unfit for habitation
D. the French Army the American continent had been decimated by disease and he wanted to rais money for his armies in Europe
under the treaty terms for the Louisiana Purchase,
A. the United States agreed to make annual payments to France for twenty years
B. the United States would gain exclusive access to the ports of New Orleans
C. resdents linving in Louisiana were to be made citizens of France
D. the land boundaries were not clearly defined
E. the United Stated had to remain neutral in the war between England and France
D. the land boundaries were not clearly defined
when Thomas Jefferson received the treaty for the Louisiana Purchase, he
A. felt his government had been asked to pay too much for it
B. was unsure oh his constitutional authority to accept it
C. assumed the French would not honor its terms
D. insisted on numerous revisions before acccepting it
E. angrily fired Livingston and Monroe for insubordination
B. was unsure oh his constitutional authority to accept it
the first state to be created from the Louisiana Purchase and admitted into the Union was
A. Louisiana
B. Arkansas
C. Missouri
D. Iowa
E. Kentucky
A. Louisiana
the Lewis and Clark expedition
A. was first planne after the Lousisana Purchase was made
B. was assisted by the guide, Sacagewa
C. was led by two men who had little experience with Indians
D. saw both leaders die before the expidition was compleat
E. neceer made it to the Pacific coast
B. was assisted by the guide, Sacagewa
The explorations of Zebulon Pike
A. included Pike’s successful climb to the top of the peak which now bares his name
B. ended with his death at the hands of Choctaw Indians
C. convinced President Jefferson to form reservations for indians
D. convinced many farmers not to settle between the Missouri River and the Rocky
E. were hampered by Pike’s old age and infrim health
D. convinced many farmers not to settle between the Missouri River and the Rocky
in 1804, the federalists know as the Essex Junto
A. were led by Alexander Hamilton
B. believed slavery could not be allowed to expand into the territories
C. feared that the United States might be divided by secessionists
D. attempted to intrest Napoleon in reclaimimg Louisiana
E. feared the westward growth of the United States
E. feared the westward growth of the United States
the duel between Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton was the result of
A. a business failure between them
B. a dispute over a woman
C.Hamilton’s election as governor of New York
D. Burr’s belief that Hamilton had slandered him
E. Burr’s attempt to capture Mexico from the Spanish
D. Burr’s belief that Hamilton had slandered him
during the Jefferson administration, the british claimed the right to stop American ships and seize
A. vessels that had deserters on board from British ships
B. naturalized Americans born on board from British soil
C. any person they chose
D. all military cargo
E. any slaves found on board
B. naturalized Americans born on board from British soil
The Cheasapeak-Leopard incident
A. led to the United States to prohibit its ships from leaving for foreign ports
B. saw the British sink an American Merchant ship
C. led the British government to end its practice of impressment
D. began the war of 1812
E. saw the Americans sink a British naval frigate
A. led to the United States to prohibit its ships from leaving for foreign ports
The Embargo Act of 1807
A. was ineffective
B. helped to put a Federalist in the White House in 1808
C. resultedi the Republican loss of control of Congress in 1808
D. was quickly repealed
E. created a serious economic depression in the nation
E. created a serious economic depression in the nation
the Non-intercourse Act reopened Amerinca trade with
A. Great Britan only
B. France Only
C. Great Britan and France only
D. all nations exept Great Britan and France
E. all nations
D. all nations exept Great Britan and France
in 1810, the Non-intercourse Act expired and was replaced by
A. the Harrison Land Law
B. “peaceable Coercion”
C. Macon’s Bill No. 2
D. the Tallmadge Amendment
E. Madison’s embargo
C. Macon’s Bill No. 2
president Thomas Jefferson’s Indian policy included
A. an offer to Indians to become settled farmers and join white society
B.an offer to Indians to reorganize their territory as a separate state in the Union
C. an insistence that they give up claims to tribal landsi in the Northwest
D. an offer to Indians to become settled farmers and join white society and an offer to Indians to reorganize their territory as a separate state in the Union
E. an offer to Indians to become settled farmersand join white society, and to insistence that they give up claims to tribal lands in the Northwst
E. an offer to Indians to become settled farmersand join white society, and to insistence that they give up claims to tribal lands in the Northwst
Durring William Henery Harrison’s governrship of the Indiana Territory
A. ciloence between the United States and Indian tribes declined
B. he refused to sign new treaties with Indian tribes
C. all Indian tribes were driven west of the Mississippi River
D. he used threats and bribery as a means to acquire Indian lands
E. he thwarted plans by Indian tribes to elect a seprate Indian governor of the territory
D. he used threats and bribery as a means to acquire Indian lands
Tecumseh
A. believed the only effective means to resist white settlers was Indian triibal unity
B. encouraged Indian assimilation into the United States to save their lives
C. had a brother know as “Shooting Star”
D. fought against William Herny Hararison at the Battle of Tippecanoe
E. experienced a mystical awakening in the process of recovering from alcoholism
A. believed the only effective means to resist white settlers was Indian triibal unity
the desire by Amreican southerns to acquire Florida
A. led to war between the United States and Spain in 1812
B. was partly motivated by the number of runaway slaves who escaped there
C.was intended to reduce the presence of the British in America
D. was unfulfilled until the 1830s
E. was fecerntly attacked by leaders such as Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun
B. was partly motivated by the number of runaway slaves who escaped there
in 1812, Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun could best be described as
A. Jeffersonians
B. Pacifists
C. secessionists
D. Federalists
E. war hawks
E. war hawks
in the war of 1812, Britain turned its full military attention to America after
A. Napoleon’s defeat at Waterloo
B. Napoleon’s incarceration at Elba
C. Napoleon’s catastrophic campaign against Russia
D. the American invasion of Canada
E. the American raid and burning of York
Napoleon’s catastrophic campaign against Russia
which statement about the war of 1812 is TRUE?
A. England was eager for war for with the United States
B. the United States entered the war with enthusiam and optimism
C. the inital American focus of the war was on controlling the Mississippi River
D. the military struggle on the great lakes was a disaster for the United States
E. the outmatched Americans saw no mmilitary successes at all during the war
B. the United States entered the war with enthusiam and optimism
During the War of 1812, the United States achieved early military success
A. on the atlantic Ocean
B. in New England
C. in the Carolinas
D. on the Great Lakes
E. on the Caribbean
D. on the Great Lakes
durring the war of 1812, the Battle of Thames
A. saw Techumseh killed while a birgadier general in teh British army
B. led to the long American occupation of Canada
C. strengthened the resolve of the Indians in the Northwest
D. saw British forces come form Canada to attack Detroit
E. saw a suprise American attack in the heart of London
A. saw Techumseh killed while a birgadier general in teh British army
At the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, in 1814, Andrew Jackson
A. wasa serioulsy wounded
B. viciously broke the resistance of the Creeks
C. caputured the city of New Orleans
D. defeated the Spanish at Pensacola
E. turned back the British invasion from the Southwest
B. viciously broke the resistance of the Creeks
in 1814, the British
A. took control of the Ohio Valley
B. repulsed the United States form Florida
C. Seized Washington and set fire to the presidential mansion
D. established naval supremacy on the Atlantic Ocean
C. Seized Washington and set fire to the presidential mansion
Following the British bombardment of Fort McHenry, Francis Scott Key wrote
A. “Yankee Doodle”
B. the battle hymn of the republic
C. the pledge of allegiance
D. stars and stripes forever
E. the star-spangled banner
E. the star-spangled banner
in the war of 1812, the battle of New Orleans
A. took place weeks after the war had officially ended
B. saw inexperienced British troops face battle-hardened American forces
C. resulted in hundreds of American deaths
D. sae the British lay siege to the city for nearly a month
E. gave the British control of the Mississippi River
A. took place weeks after the war had officially ended
durring the war of 1812, the Hartford Convention
A. was a gathering of strong supporters of the war
B. saw its participants vote to secede form the United States
C. was made irrelevant by the Battle of New Orleans
D. sought to strenghten the political influrnces of the South and the West
E. aimed to create a new political party called the Whigs
C. was made irrelevant by the Battle of New Orleans
the Treaty of Ghent that ended the War of 1812
A. was signed on New Year’s Day 1815
B. was reluctantly negotiatied by the british
C. included the condidtion that the United States create an Indian buffer state in the Northwest
D. put huge areas of the new lands under the control o fthe United States
E. began an improvement in relations between England and the United States
E. began an improvement in relations between England and the United States
the Rush-Bagot Agreement of 1817 called for
A. the joint occupation of Oregon by France and the United States
B. the Mutual disarmament of the Great Lakes by Britain and the United States
C. France to pull out of the fur trade in the Great Lakes by Britain and the United States
D. a general trade agreement between the United States and France
E. Spain to give up its calim to Florida, in exchange for navigation rights on the Mississippi
B. the Mutual disarmament of the Great Lakes by Britain and the United States