Chapter 7 AP Gov

List the constitutional power that the president shares with the Senate?
Making treaties
Which institutional resource is closest to the president?
White house staff
In which institutional resource are leaders both appointed by the president and approved by the Senate?
The Cabinet
List the official presidential qualification created in 1951?
A maximum of 2 terms
What is executive privilege?
The right to keep executive communications confidential, especially if they relate to National Security.
Who has the role of breaking a tie in the Senate?
Vice President
Historically, vice-presidential candidates are chosen to __________.
Politically balance the ticket
What does the Twenty-Second Amendment do?
Adopted in 1951, prevents a president from serving more then 2 terms or more than 10 years in office.
Which first lady acted as a surrogate for her partially paralyzed husband?
Edith Wilson
Which presidential power is balanced by required approval of the Senate with a two-thirds vote?
Making treaties with other nations
Congress can remove a president through __________.
Impeachment
Whom did the Framers expect to be the first president of the United States?
George Washington
What has to happen in Congress before the president can be impeached?
The house has to have a majority vote. The Senate needs ⅔ majority vote.
Which presidents is arguably the first modern president?
FDR
Throughout most of its history, which was considered an insignificant office?
Vice President
Which presidential oversight includes the State of the Union address?
The president must inform and convene congress.
Which executive power was intended as a “qualified negative” by the Framers?
Veto
According to the Constitution, how is the president supposed to be elected?
The president is supposed to be elected through the Electoral College.
The use of __________ in foreign matters is an example of the president acting as a global leader.
Executive Agreements
What is the purpose of the Council of Economic Advisers?
To advise the president on economic policies
Which best describes the president’s constitutional duty to Congress?
The president should update congress on the state of the union
Which is one of the reasons that power and responsibility of the presidency has grown?
The US became a world power
What role was Thomas Jefferson performing as president when he made the Louisiana Purchase?
Chief Executive
What role does a president play when celebrating a national holiday?
Chief of state
Who examines the cost implications of a proposed bill?
OMB
Why is there the potential for conflict over virtually all aspects of government?
Because all constitutional powers are shared
In order to prevent tyranny, what did Benjamin Franklin think had to be included in the Constitution?
Impeachment
Which presidential power gives the president the ability to control what happens inside departments and agencies during their terms and to shape the federal judiciary (including the Supreme Court) far into the future?
Appointment
Bill Clinton launching his health care reform proposals on Nightline is an example of what type of strategy?
Going public
Presidents with high levels of __________ have an easier time influencing Congress, while those with low levels find influencing Congress more difficult.
Public approval
What group’s major function is to help presidents execute laws and make decisions?
The cabinet
List the group of presidential advisers? This group is too large and too diverse to serve as a collective board.
White house staff
What is the role of the National Security Council?
To advise the President on national security
Which president set the precedent of the chief executive’s prominent role in foreign affairs?
George Washington
How did Lincoln defend his decision to order a blockade of southern ports without the approval of Congress?
He said that the inherent powers allowed him to make a decision in a time of war
In which way do modern presidents differ from the original intentions of the Framers of the Constitution?
They are more influential in the legislative process
How might presidents use their powers of persuasion in the legislative process?
They might try to sway the public to their ideals
Why does the perception of a mandate matter in presidential politics?
Modern presidents are more dependent on the people for election therefore, they are prone to claim the mandate of the people when governing
How is a vice presidential vacancy filled?
The president appoints and Congress approves
Which of the following statements best characterizes the nature of the conflict between presidents and Congress?
The design is integral to the design of the constitution, deliberately intended by the authors of the constitution
Which of the following statements best describes contemporary relationships between presidents and Congress?
They are generally antigonistic
How has the office of vice president changed over the years?
The VP is more involved in policy making
Which of the following leadership abilities is critical to presidential success?
The ability to persuade Congress and the American public
How might rallying events affect presidential politics?
Rallies usually boost approval ratings and allow an opportunity to defend their agendas
When might citizens be particularly concerned about an expansion of presidential power?
When the president’s agenda is opposed
What would be different, with respect to the institution of the presidency, if Franklin D. Roosevelt had not won the 1932 election?
The institution of the presidency would be less connected to the people
Refer to Table 7.3. Which statement best describes Bill Clinton’s veto history?
Clinton had more vetoes overturned than John F. Kennedy
Based on what you know about election history, what is the most likely reason Senator John McCain chose Governor Sarah Palin as his running mate in 2008?
She was more conservative than McCain
What distinguishes the modern presidency from the institution originally envisioned by the Framers of the Constitution?
The presidency has become the main focus of american politics rather than Congress
Which word best describes the language used by the Framers to describe the office of the president?
Vague
What was the turning point that gave rise to the modern institutional presidency?
The economic and social turmoil of the great depression
Why was it significant that George Washington was the first person elected to the presidency?
His early actions served to establish important precedents that greatly increased the political legitimacy of the office.
What distinguishes modern presidents from early presidents?
Modern presidents are much more active in the formulation of policy than early presidents
How does the White House staff differ from the president’s Cabinet?
The White House staff has greater access to and more influence on the president than the Cabinet.
Which of the following statements provides the best characterization of the members of the White House staff?
The White House staff is composed of individuals personally and politically close to the president chosen specifically to serve the president’s needs.
Why was the Twenty-Fifth Amendment to the Constitution adopted?
To clear up ambiguities over the constitutional provisions surrounding the role of the vice president should the president die or become incapacitated
The number of presidential vetoes __________.
Decreased after the early 1800s
Why was the War Powers Resolution (1973) adopted by Congress?
To reinvigorate the role of Congress in the conduct of war
What did the presidencies of Andrew Jackson and Abraham Lincoln have in common?
They were both examples of activist presidencies.
What did the presidencies of Andrew Jackson and Abraham Lincoln have in common?