Chapter 6, Painting – Art Appreciation V01

The binding agent that powdered pigment is mixed with to form paint is known as the __________.
vehicle
True fresco, or __________, is executed on damp __________.
buon fresco; lime plaster
In Giotto’s 14th-century painting Lamentation, joints can clearly be seen that break the blue sky into
numerous sections. This occurred because of the ___________.
limitations of fresco
The ancient Egyptians and Greeks tinted their sculptures with __________ to give them a lifelike
appearance.
encaustic
While painting the Egypto-Roman Mummy Portrait of a Man, the artist found it necessary to keep
the __________ at a constant temperature.
molten wax
The traditional composition of tempera, rarely used today, consisted of __________.
egg, pigment, and water
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In both tempera and oil painting, the surface of the wood or canvas is covered with a ground of
powdered chalk or plaster and animal glue known as __________.
gesso
Fifteenth-century artist Gentile da Fabriano applied thinly hammered sheets of gold to his Adoration of
the Magi tempera panel using a technique known as __________.
gilding
Rembrandt used __________ to create his oil-on-board painting of the Head of St. Matthew.
impasto
Pop artist Roy Lichtenstein’s portrait of George Washington is an oil-on-canvas image that most
resembles a(n) __________.
comic-book hero
Helen Oji’s Mount St. Helen’s is an opaque impasto composition in the shape of a __________.
Japanese kimono
Contemporary watercolor is referred to as __________, made up of pigments and a vehicle of
__________.
aquarelle; gum arabic
The fluidity and portability of watercolor has often lent itself to__________.
rapid sketches and preparatory studies
Master graffiti artists almost always add “tags” to their artworks, which are __________.
stylized signatures
Ralph Going’s Rock Ola is a contradiction of what we normally consider when we think of a
watercolor on paper because the work is considered to be __________
Photorealism
The Synthetic Cubists were the first to create papiers collés, or collages, in the early 20th century. The
two major figures of this movement were __________.
Picasso and Braque
Gilbert Stuart’s 18th-century traditional portrait of George Washington achieves a realistic likeness
largely through __________.
modeling