Essay on chapter 6

Who wrote that he hoped to erect a “wall of separation” between church and state?
For most free Americans in the new republic, equality meant
equal opportunity rather than equality of condition.
The first antislavery tract in America was
The Selling of Joseph.
Which Indian tribe sided with the Americans against the British in the War for Independence?
Which of the following was not an effect of the struggle for independence on economic thought and policy in America?
The estates of wealthy landowners were appropriated by Congress and redistributed among the rural poor.
Which of the following defines republican motherhood?
training sons to be future citizens
Which of the following was not an effect of the struggle for independence on religion in America?
a marked decline in the influence of religion in American society
In the early 1770s, “freedom petitions” were
slave petitions urging slavery’s end, presented to New England courts and legislatures.
Which of the following was not an effect of the struggle for independence on political life in America?
Patriots of all stripes united around the principle of universal suffrage, regardless of economic status.
Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations (1776) argued
that the “invisible hand” of the free market was more effective and fair than government intervention in the economy.
Who, out of the following, dressed in men’s clothes to fight in the American Revolution?
Deborah Sampson
How many slaves fled to British lines during the American Revolution?
almost 100,000
Who developed the state constitution that gave the governor an effective veto over laws passed by the legislature, included a two-chamber legislature and powerful judiciary, and was subsequently an important model for the U.S. Constitution?
John Adams
In 1776, the slave population of the United States was
20 percent.
Which of the following was not a course adopted by African-Americans to advance the cause of emancipation during the revolutionary era?
assassination of pro-slavery public figures
The daughter of a Massachusetts farmer who disguised herself as a man and fought in the Continental Army during the American Revolution was
Deborah Sampson.
What percentage of non-slave Americans remained loyal to the British during the American Revolution?
20 to 25 percent
Thomas Jefferson helped pass laws in the state of Virginia that abolished primogeniture. Define “primogeniture.”
passing of all of a family’s land to the oldest son
Three months after independence was declared in 1776, which state adopted a new state constitution with only a one-house legislature?
Phillis Wheatley is celebrated in American history as
a published poet and slave.
“Throughout the new nation, states disestablished their established churches.” Define “disestablished.”
to remove public funding for
The first time in recorded human history that slavery was eradicated by legislative power of government was
in the United States when, between 1777 and 1804, every state north of Maryland took steps toward emancipation.
Which was not the case for Indians following the War for Independence?
Indians were incorporated as citizens within the new republic.
Members of which of the following groups were not subject to arrest by the Pennsylvania government because of refusal to participate in the American Revolution?
Which of the following was not an effect of the struggle for independence on the relative status of men and women in America?
the elimination of legal inequality between husband and wife
The decline of indentured servitude and apprenticeship had many causes. Which of the following was not one of these causes?
increased use of African slaves
The foremost center of political radicalism during the revolutionary era was
Which of the following was not an effect of the struggle for independence on the issue of slavery in America?
Ironically, the arrival of independence was accompanied by an expansion of slavery throughout the United States.
What famous American woman wrote to her husband that the Second Continental Congress should “remember the ladies” when they drew up a “Code of Laws”?
Abigail Adams
Evangelical Christians supported the separation of church and state following the American Revolution because they wanted to protect religion from the corrupting embrace of government.
Committed to freedom of conscience and thought, most patriots adopted a live-and-let-live attitude toward the Loyalists during the Revolutionary War.
Except in Vermont, property ownership was not a requirement for voting in the early Republic.
Many women who entered public debate felt the need to apologize for their forthrightness.
The Declaration of Independence elevated the principle of equality to a central place in the American conception of freedom.
Deists and members of evangelical sects worked together to separate church and state.
James Otis argued that black colonists were entitled to the same civil rights as any British subject.
The years following independence saw the emergence of free black communities, especially in the northern states.
Some Americans employed the revolutionary language of equality on behalf of women’s rights.
Confiscated property of Loyalists was returned to them following the Treaty of Paris.
Advertisements for runaway slaves were rare in the early republic.
At the end of war, as many as 100,000 Loyalists were banished from the United States or emigrated voluntarily.
Militias did much to promote the expansion of political democracy in revolutionary America.
Indentured servitude went into rapid decline following national independence.
Because of religious freedom an astonishing number of new religious denominations proliferated in the early republic; today more than 1,300 religions are practiced in the United States.