Chapter 5: Symbolic Interactionism

Symbolic Interaction Theory (SIT)
The ongoing use of language and gestures in anticipation of how the other will react; a conversation
Assumptions of Symbolic Interaction Theory
Humans act toward others on the basis of the meanings those others have for them, Meaning is created in interaction between people, Meaning is modified through an interpretive process.
a relatively stable set of perceptions people hold about themselves.
refers to how we value our self-concept or who we are.
Relationship between the Individual and Society
People and groups are influenced by cultural and social processes and Social structure is worked out through social interaction.
The ability to use symbols that have common social meanings, or the way people internalize society.
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Inner conversations with ourselves that help us to make sense of reality.
An inner dialogue used to test alternatives, rehearse actions, and anticipate reactions before responding: self-talk
The ability to reflect on ourselves from the perspective of others.
The subject or acting self that is spontaneous, impulsive and creative.
The object or observing self that is reflective and socially aware.
Generalized other
The composite mental image a person has of his or her self based on societal expectations and responses
Looking-glass self
Imagine how we appear to others, Imagine their judgment of our appearance, We feel hurt or pride based on these self-feelings
Pygmalion Effect
Living up or down to another person’s expectations of us.