Last Updated 17 Jan 2020

Chapter 4

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According to your textbook, brainstorming is especially helpful when you are having trouble

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choosing a speech topic.
After choosing a topic, what is the next step of speech preparation?
determining the general purpose
Using Yahoo or another of the subject-based search engines on the Internet is recommended in your textbook as one method of for a speech topic.
brainstorming
Which of the following does your textbook recommend as a method of brainstorming for a speech topic?
clustering
taking a personal inventory
conducting an Internet search
The process of generating ideas for speech topics by free association of words and ideas is known as
brainstorming
Which of the following is out of place in a speech to inform?
advocating
When the general purpose of your speech is to , you act primarily as a teacher or lecturer.
inform
Advocating a position is most appropriate when the general purpose of your speech is to
persuade
When the general purpose of your speech is to , you act primarily as an advocate.
persuade
"Improving personal relationships" is a poorly phrased specific purpose for a speech because it is
written as a fragment rather than a full infinitive phrase.
"Knowing how to deal with stress" is a poorly phrased specific purpose for a classroom speech because it
does not include a reference to the audience.
According to your textbook, what is the most important early step in the process of developing a successful speech?
formulating the specific purpose
As a specific purpose statement, "To inform my audience about computer technology" is too
broad
"To persuade my audience that continuing to spend money on the space program is like throwing good money after bad" is a poorly phrased specific purpose statement for a speech because it is
expressed in figurative language.
"To inform my audience how the campus administration let the cat out of the bag on the proposal to increase tuition" is a poorly phrased specific purpose statement for a speech because it
is expressed in figurative language.
"To inform my audience about the basic steps in car maintenance and how to protect their investment with auto insurance" is a poorly phrased specific purpose statement for a classroom speech because it
contains more than one distinct idea.
"To inform about saving for retirement" is a poorly phrased specific purpose statement because it
does not include a reference to the audience.
As a specific purpose statement, "To inform my audience about global warming" is too
broad
Identify the flaw in the following specific purpose statement for a classroom speech: "To inform my audience about Christianity."
It's too broad.
Identify the flaw in the following specific purpose statement for a classroom speech: "To inform my audience about the solar system."
It's too general.
Identify the flaw in the following specific purpose statement for a classroom speech: "To inform my audience about the stock market."
It's too general.
"Awesome NASCAR racers" is a poorly phrased specific purpose for a classroom speech because it is
expressed in figurative language.
written as a fragment rather than as a full infinitive phrase.
does not contain a reference to the audience.
"To inform my audience about the history of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation" is an example of a
specific purpose.
The specific purpose of Stephanie's informative speech is "To inform my audience about ballet." Are there any flaws in Stephanie's specific purpose?
Yes. Stephanie's specific purpose is too broad.
"To inform my audience that the National Football League's video replay system should be adopted by college football in order to eliminate officiating errors" is a poor specific purpose statement for an informative speech because
the stated goal is persuasive rather than informative.
"To inform my audience about the history and rules of water polo" is an example of a
specific purpose.
"To inform my audience about the three basic steps in preventive medicine" is an example of a
specific purpose.
"To inform my audience about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome" is an example of a
specific purpose.
"To inform my audience how our local water treatment facility ensures the safety of our drinking water" is an example of a
specific purpose.
"To inform my audience how a perpetual motion machine works" is an example of a
specific purpose.
"To inform my audience about the four major elements in rope climbing" is an example of a
specific purpose.
The central idea of a speech should be
written as a complete sentence.
expressed as a statement, not a question.
devoid of figurative language.
"The laser is a highly versatile instrument with important uses in medicine, industry, and art" is an example of a
central idea.
According to your textbook, "Getting an internship at a major corporation requires a great deal of work, but the rewards are well worth the effort" is an example of a(n)
central idea.
"The three kinds of bait used to attract fish are live bait, prepared bait, and artificial bait" is an example of a
central idea.
"The three main methods of harvesting trees in professional logging are selective cutting, clear cutting, and row thinning" is an example of a
central idea.
"To understand the role of dance marathons in American popular culture, one needs to know why they started, how they evolved, and what they are like today" is an example of a
central idea.
"You can increase your gas mileage by reducing the weight in your car, doing regular maintenance, and reducing your driving speed" is an example of a
central idea.
"The three major factors to consider when purchasing a bicycle are the kind of riding you plan to do, the amount of riding you plan to do, and the amount of money you are willing to spend" is an example of a
central idea.
"The value of a classic car is determined by its condition, its rarity, and its desirability to collectors" is an example of a
central idea.
Chang thinks he'd like to give an informative speech for class on what it's like to be an international student on a U.S. college campus. His specific purpose is "To persuade my audience to be more accepting of international students." His central idea is "An international student's accent, use of English, and cultural customs should be accepted rather than criticized." Has Chang made any mistakes in this process?
Yes. Chang's specific purpose is not suitable for an informative speech.
Orawan plans to give an informative speech about her home country of Thailand. Her specific purpose is "To inform my audience about the interaction of ancient traditions and modern technology in Thai society." Her central idea is "Thailand: Customs and Computers." Has Orawan made any mistakes in this process?
Yes. Orawan's central idea is not written as a complete sentence.

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