Chapter 3 Analysis

Stanford prison experiment
Philip Zimbardo’s study of the effect of roles on behavior. Participants were randomly assigned to play either prisoners or guards in a mock prison. The study was ended early because of the “guards'” role-induced cruelty.
obedience to authority
17) Stanley Milgram was investigating _____ in his classic teacher-learner shock study) the effects of punishment on learning
ACJS
_______ helps underline 1) General Principles and 2) Ethical Standards that underlie members of the Academy’s professional responsibilities and conduct, along with the 3) Policies and Procedures for enforcing those principles and standards.
belmont report
A 1979 National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research report that established three basic ethical principles for the protection of human subjects, including respect for persons, beneficence, and justice.
IRB
Committee in all research organizations including universities that reviews research proposals to ensure the protection of human subjects.
Belmont report
A 1979 National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research report that established three basic ethical principles for the protection of human subjects, including respect for persons, beneficence, and justice.
belmont report
Federal Policy For The Rrotection of Human Subjects is a federal regulation est. in 1991 that are based on the principles of the _______________
Nuremberg war crime trials
u.s court trials that exposed medical experienced conducted by Nazi doctors in others in the name of “science”
certificate of confidentiality
this document protects researchers from being legally required to disclose confidential information
valid results, honesty, protecting, research
ethical principles include achieving ______ ________, ________ and openness, __________ research participants, and the use of ___________
achieving valid results
__________ is the necessary starting point for ethical research. Research should be approached objectively
honest and open
researchers must be ________ and ________ by disclosing their research methods, honestly present their findings, publish results, acknowledge the source of research funding
protecting research participants
researchers much avoid harm to research participants and obtain informed consent by ___________ ___________ __________
use of research
researchers must also consider how their research will be use. (on behalf of an org, potential withholding of a beneficial treatment
Positivism
A belief that the world can best be understood through scientific inquiry
Postpositivism
This philosophy suggests that “reality can never be fully apprehended, only approximated…relies on multiple methods as a way of capturing as much of reality as possible. At the same time, it emphasizes the discovery and verification of theories”
interpretivism
the belief that reality is socially constructed. The goal for social scientist is to understand what meanings people give to that reality
constructivism
extends interpretivism to emphasize the importance of different stakeholders construct their beliefs
integrated philosophy
value to using both positivist and interpretivist philosophies

Your Deadline is Too Short?  Let Professional Writer Help You

Get Help From Writers