Chapter 28

The author of the Declaration of the rights of woman and the female citizen was?
Olympe De Gouges
In response to the Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen?
The French Revolutionary leaders refused to put women’s rights on their political agenda
The revolutions of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century helped to spread enlightenment ideals and?
Encouraged the consolidation of national states
Revolutionaries of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century?
Focused on the necessity of popular sovereignty
The author of the Second Treatise of Civil Government was?
Which of the following was Not of John Locke’s main ideas?
that although kings did have divine sanction, their subjects maintained personal rights.
Which of the following was not one of the basic ideals of the Enlightenment thinkers?
Equality for Women
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, in his The Social Contract, argued that in every country the sovereign voice of government?
Was the members of society acting collectively
After the end of the Seven Years’ War?
the colonists grew increasinly frustrated with British control and taxes
The main slogan for the colonies in the years leading up to the American revolution was?
“No taxation without Representation”
The Declaration of Independence’s contractual view of political structure in which the government drew its authority from “the consent of the governed” was influenced by?
John Locke
Which of the following was Not one of the principles built into the government of the newly formed American state?
The equality of all inhabitants
The leaders of the French revolution?
Called for a complete reorganizaing of French political, social, and cultural structures
The ancient regime was the?
Old order in France that revolutionary leaders wanted to replace
On June 17th, 1789, the members of third estate seceded from the Estates General and declared themselves to be the?
National Assembly
In August 1789, the National Assembly expressed the guiding principles of the French revolution by issuing?
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen
The guiding principles of the French Revolution are summed up in the phrase?
“Liberty, equality, fraternity”
The leaders of the convention hoped to hold off invading counterrevolutionary forces by?
Calling for the Levee en masse
The most radical period of the French revolution was reached during the leadership of?
Maximilien Robespierre
Maximilen Robespierre was known as?
“The incorruptible”
During the rule of the Directory?
the French revolution moved in a more pragmatic direction
Napoleon’s Civil Code?
Affirmed the political and legal equality of all adult men
The turning point in Napoleon’s career was his disastrous 1812 invasion of?
Napoleon’s final defeat occurred at?
The only successful slave revolt in history took place in?
Saint – Domingue
The leader who was responsible for the success of the Saint-Domingue uprising was?
The creoles of Latin America were influenced by the ideals of the Enlightenment?
But only wanted to displace the peninsulares and still retain their privileged positions.
Colonial rule in Mexico ended in 1821 when the capital was seized by?
Augustin de Iturbide
The goal of Simon Bolivar was to?
Weld the former Spanish colonies of South America into a confederation like the United States
Which of the following revolutionary leaders in Not correctly linked with his country?
Miguel de Hidalgo and Peru
The leader who helped lead Brazil to independence was?
Emperor Pedro I
among the leading proponents of conservatism in the eighteenth century was?
Edmund Burke
William Wilberforce?
Pushed a bill through Parliament that ended the slave trade
What nineteenth-century English thinker promoted individual freedom, universal suffrage, taxation of high personal income, and an extension of the rights of freedom and equality to women?
John Stuart – Mill
The author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman was?
Mary Wollstonecraft
The organizer of the Seneca Falls conference was?
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Theodore Herzl was the founder of?
The leading conservative politician at the Congress of Vienna was?
Klemens Von Metternich
The German leader Otto von Bismark believed that the great issues of his day would be determined by?
“Blood and Iron”
The English Philosopher John Locke formulated one of the most influential theories of the contractual government, the idea of popular sovereignty.
Many thinkers of the Enlightenment affirmed the legal and social privileges enjoyed by the aristocrats of the seventeenth and eighteenth century.
Victory in the Seven Years’ War ensured that Britain would dominate global trade and that British colonies would prosper.
The Declaration of Independence drew deep inspiration from Enlightenment political thought in justifying the colonies’ quest for independence.
In the Constitution of the United States, American leaders based the federal government on popular sovereignty, and they agreed to follow this written constitution that guaranteed individual liberties.
French revolutionaries also drew inspiration from the Enlightenment; however, it was a less radical affair than the American Revolution.
Napoleon Bonaparte was a brilliant military leader; he became a general at age 24.
Simon Bolivar was inspired by Napoleon Bonaparte and took up arms against Spanish rule; his goal was to create a great confederation from former Spanish colonies.
One of the most influential concepts of modern political thought is the idea of the nation.
The French revolution was the wars that followed it heightened feelings of national identity throughout Europe.