Chapter 2 and 3 Study Guide World History

What was the first lasting settlement in Canada?
What is the purpose of parliament in England?
In charge of taxes and how the money was to be used and to create laws
Define presidio.
A fortified military settlement
What was the Mayflower Compact?
Framework for self-government of the Plymouth Colony signed on the ship the Mayflower in 1620.
Who founded Quebec?
Samuel de Champlain
What was the purpose of a Spanish ‘mission”?
Forced Indians to convert to Catholicism and work as agricultural laborers
Where did the Quakers settle?
Who governed Maryland?
Lord Balitmore
Which group founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony?
English Settlement
What was the name of the war between the French and English over control of the Ohio River Valley?
French and Indian War
What is habeas corpus?
A law requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court
What were the Navigation Acts?
British trade laws enacted by parliament during the mid-1700s that regulated colonial commerce.
What did the Proclamation of 1763 decry?
Forbid colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains.
What was the name of the governing body in Virginia?
House of Burgesses
Which colony/city did Roger Williams found?
City: Rhode Island Colony: Narragansett Bay
Why did Spanish explorers establish colonies in the Americas?
To get resources they had, convert native Americans to Catholicism , and gain more land to the Spanish empire
Why did Spain colonize Florida and the Rio Grande valley?
To create a defensive zone against the French, Dutch, and English.
Why did England pass the Navigation Acts?
British blockade of French shipping.
Which region of the English colonies (New England, Middle, or Southern) provided the majority of staple crops in demand by Europeans?
The French and Indian War and Pontiac’s Rebellion revealed what about the relationship between the colonists and England?
They had a lot of tension between them.
Why did the French and Indian War shift in favor of the British in 1758?
British blockade of French shipping.
How did the French differ from the Spanish in their treatment of Native Americans?
They took little land from Native Americans
Who explored and claimed land around the Mississippi River for France?
Robert de La Salle
Why did the English settle in the Chesapeake Bay area?
because the bay offered good harbors, and the land was fertile.
What was the headright system?
A legal grant of land to settlers
What was the significance/outcome of Bacon’s Rebellion?
the colony’s leaders reduced farmers’ taxes and improved their access to frontier lands.
What was the purpose of Praying Towns?
Praying towns were developed by the Puritans of New England to convert Native American tribes to Christianity.
How did the Navigation Acts and the aftermath of the French and Indian War affect the economic relationship between Britain and the colonies? Did it improve their relationship? Explain your answer.
Connecticut Colony
Delaware Colony
Georgia Colony
Maryland Colony
Massachusetts (included Maine)
New Jersey Colony
New York Colony
New Hampshire Colony
North Carolina Colony
Pennsylvania Colony
Rhode Island Colony
South Carolina Colony
Virginia Colony

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