chapter 19 apush

In the 1890s, the interest in American expansion overseas was motivated by
fears that domestic natural resources would soon be in limited supply
Arguments used by Social Darwinists in the United States to justify expansionism
contended all nations were engaged in a constant struggle to survive.
The author who called on the United States to increase its naval forces in his book, The Influence of Sea Power upon History, was
Alfred T. Mahan
The author of The Influence of Sea Power upon History believed the United States
should take possession of the Hawaiian Islands.
In 1895, the United States and Great Britain were involved in a serious boundary dispute involving British Guiana and
Prior to its annexation by the United States in 1898, Hawaii
was largely governed by a monarchy
When Hawaii was annexed in 1898
American marines were used to carry out the action
In the late nineteenth century, the United States’ interest in Samoa saw competition from
The Spanish-American War began primarily because of events in
In 1898, pressure for the American entry into war in Cuba came from
Cuban émigrés living in the United States.
In the late nineteenth century, the term “yellow press” referred to
(all the above) a sensationalist style of reporting news.
the lavish use of color in newspapers.
an effort by newspapers to appeal to a mass market.
In reporting the sinking of the Maine, the New York Journal and the New York World
were highly sensational and biased.
In 1898, a letter stolen from Dupuy de Lome, Spain’s minister to Washington, was controversial because it
described William McKinley as a weak president.
Later evidence related to the explosion that sank the Maine suggested the likely cause was
an accident in an engine room.
Which of the following statements regarding the Spanish-American War is FALSE
U.S. Army soldiers were well-equipped and supplied
As in the Civil War, the bulk of U.S. soldiers in the Spanish-American War came from
National Guard units
in the early stage of the Spanish-American War, Commodore George Dewey destroyed the Spanish fleet in
Manila Bay
In the Spanish-American War, Theodore Roosevelt’s famous charge in the battle of San Juan Hill
(all above )has been considered bold and reckless.
was a minor part of the battle.
actually took place on Kettle Hill.
The Foraker Act of 1900
established an American colonial government over Puerto Rico
The greatest American debate over the consequences of the Spanish-American War involved
the status of the Philippines
The treaty concluding the Spanish-American War
transferred the Philippines and Puerto Rico to the United States.
Criticism within the United States of American colonialism included all the following EXCEPT
the financial costs of administering colonies would require burdensome taxes
In 1899, those who favored the annexation of the Philippines argued
(both A and B) they were interested in greater trade with Asian countries and the United States was already in possession of it.
In 1899, supporters of the annexation of the Philippines argued the United States had set a precedent for taking land while treating its inhabitants as dependents in the case of
the federal government’s treatment of American Indians
The presidential election of 1900
found the American public largely in favor of national colonialism
In the early 1900s, which American dependency did NOT receive territorial status?
The 1901 Platt Amendment was directed at
According to the terms of the 1901 Platt Amendment
the United States had the right to intervene in Cuba to protect lives.
In the early twentieth century, Cuba
was occupied by troops from the United States for years at a time
Beginning in 1898, the United States’s war in the Philippines
lasted for years and resulted in thousands of American deaths
In its war in the Philippines, the United State’s military
(both A and B) faced considerable guerrilla tactics.
became increasingly brutal.
The Philippines achieved independence from the United States
following World War II
The “Open Door notes”
directed to imperial powers in Europe and Asia.
In 1900, the “Open Door notes”
were unilaterally adopted by the United States
In 1900, the Chinese Boxer Rebellion was directed at
foreigners in china
The Spanish-American War revealed to American military planners
the need to improve glaring deficiencies in the army
The story of race and the Spanish-American War saw
a significant number of black troops in the American forces