Chapter 17 American History

imperialism
the economic and political domination of a strong nation over other weaker nations
nationalism
devotion to one’s nation
annex
to join a new territory to an existing country
george washington’s farewell address
said to steer clear of permanent alliances with other countries
monroe doctrine (both parts)
-Originally meant that the United States declared itself neutral in European wars and warned other nations to stay out of the Western Hemisphere
-Later, the doctrine was interpreted to mean a more active role to protect the interests of the United States
seward’s folly
secretary of state william seward bought alaska from russia
commodore matthew C. Perry
naval officer sent by the united states to negotiate a trade with japan
banana republics
term used to describe a central american nation dominated by United states business interests
captain alfred t. mahan
the officer in the u.s. navy who pushed for the need for the United states to have a large navy
general Wyler “the Butcher”
-Nicknamed “the butcher” due to yellow journalism in the USA
-Spanish general sent to Cuba to crush the revolt and capture the leaders
-Turned Cuban towns into concentration camps, imprisoned 500,000 and killed 100,00 people
william Randolph Hearst
Publisher of the New York Journal whose sensational reporting led to U.S. support of Cuba
Yellow journalism (jingoism)
-Patriotism in the form of aggressive foreign policy
-It whipped up American public opinion in favor of the Cuban rebels
-It led to a burst of national pride and the desire for an aggressive foreign policy, which became known as jingoism.
U.S.S. Maine
-Was stationed station in Havana harbor
-Spanish Ambassador insulted President McKinley
-The USS Maine exploded, and the American public blamed Spain
-One reason for the Spain-American war
-Congress recognized Cuban independence and authorized force against Spain.
McKinley’s War message (Spanish-American War)
-Set of demands sent to Spain from the U.S.
-Compensation for the Maine, end of concentration camps, truce in Cuba, and Cuban independence
-Spain aggred to all but the independence
Teddy Roosevelt
-26th President of the United States
-Known for:
–Big stick diplomacy
–Panama Canal
–Great White Fleet
–Nobel Peace Prize for negotiation of peace in Russo-Japanese War
Rough riders charge up San Juan Hill
-Theodore Roosevelt was an organizer, member and 2nd in command of the Rough Riders
-Where troops were preparing to invade Cuba.
-Roosevelt resigned to become a Roug Rider and their leader
Unincorporated territories
These countires included:
-Philippines
-Guam
-Puerto Rico
Philippine rebellion
-President McKinley wanted to anex Phillippine because they were unfit for self governement, independence would bring anarchy, and european powers would try to seize the islands.
-The Filipinos fought a three-year war for independence and did not fully gain it until 1946
platt amendment
-It allowed for U.S. naval bases on the island and intervention whenever necessary, and it remained in place until 1934. The U.S. would only agree to remove its troops from Cuba if it included this amendement
puerto rico
-Spain gave up Puerto Rico and other countires in exchange for 20 million.
-The island nations then became unicorporated territories of the United States
Hawaii
-Became increasily important for business interest. It leased Pearl Harbor to the United States as a fueling and repair station for naval vessels. In 1898, Congress approved the annexation of Hawaii
Samoa
-The Polynesian islands of Samoa and their harbor at Pago Pago were also importatn to the United States. A year after teh annexation of Hawaii, the United States acquired the harbor at Pago Pago
Spheres of influence
an area where a foreign nation controlled economic development such as a railroad construction and mining
open door policy
policy in which all countries should be allowed to trade with china
boxer rebellion
-Group members besieged foreign embassies in Bejiing, killing more than 200 foreigners and taking others prisoer. In August 1900, an international force that included U.S. troops stepped in and squashed the rebellion
panama canal
-America needed a shorter route between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. A French company had bough a 25-year concession from Colombia to build a canal across Panama. Defeated by diseases, the company abandoned the project and offered tis remaining rights to the United States for $100 million.
roosevelt corollary (big stick policy)
–The United States will act as “an international police power” in the Western Hemisphere and intervene to prevent intervention by other powers.
russo-japanese war
-The expanding japanese empire attacks Russia in an attempt for land conquest. Reach diplomacy by Roosevelt and sign treat in Portsmouth, New Hampshire
taft’s dollar diplomacy
-Taft believed in maintaining influence through American investments, not military might. The United States reached new heights of international power, but it also created enemies in Latin America and a growing international resentment of U.S. intervention
wilson and the mexican revolution
villa crossed the boarder and killed some Americans. Wilson sends some troops into Mexico to find him
racism
belief that differences in character or intelligence are due to ones race
anti-imperialists
-Were against Imperialism
-They believe that it was against our Constitution that we are taking over free countries, when we ourselves wanted our own freedom
great white fleet
battleships of the united states navy sent around the world to show off america’s military power
Yankee, Go home
a catch phrase said by Latin Americans because america people were disturbing it