chapter 15 vocabulary

animism
the religion that believes in the divinity of nonhuman beings, like animals, plants, and objects of the natural world
atheism
the belief in no deities
denomination
a large, mainstream religion that is not sponsored by the state
ecclesia
a religion that is considered the state religion
established sects
sects that last but do not become dominations
liberation theology
the use of a church to promote social change via the political arena
mega church
a Christian church that has a very large congregation averaging more than 2,000 people who attend regular weekly services
monotheism
a religion based on belief in a single deity
polytheism
a religion based on belief in multiple deities
religion
a system of beliefs, values, and practices concerning what a person holds to be sacred or spiritually significant
religion beliefs
specific ideas that members of a particular faith hold to be true
religious experience
the conviction of sensation that one is connected to “the divine”
religious rituals
behaviors or practices that are either required for or expected of the members of a particular group
sect
a small, new offshoot of a denomination
totemism
the belief in a divine connection between humans and other natural things
in what ways does religion serve the role of a social institution?
religions have a complex serve the role of a social institution, religious practices and beliefs are related to societal values, and religions often meet several basic needs
a cultural universal is something that…
is found in all cultures
which of the main theoretical perspectives would approach religion from the mirco-level, studying how religion impacts an individual’s sense of support and well-being?
symbolic interactionism
which perspective most emphasizes the ways in which religion helps keep the social system running smoothly?
functional perspective
which socialist perspective most emphasizes the ways in which religion helps to maintain social inequalities within a society?
conflict theory
which of the following do the functionalist and conflict perspectives share?
position that religion relates to social control, enforcing social norms
the Protestant work ethic was viewed in terms of its relationship to…
capitalism
what are some denominations of the Christian Protestant church?
Scientology and Hare Krishna
a sect…
often believes it must split from the larger group to return to important fundamentals
the main difference between an ecclesia and a denomination is…
ecclesia are state-sponsored and considered an official religion
some controversial groups that may be mislabeled as cults include…
Scientology and Hare Krishna
in what part of the world have Confucianism and Taoism been primarily practiced?
China
many stories in the sacred text of Judaism are…
shared by Christianity and Islam
what do Christianity and Islam have in common?
both believe in a single supreme god, both share many of the same stories in their central religious texts, and both believe in an afterlife
social scientists refer to the use of a church to combat social injustice in the political realm as..
liberation theology
megachurches tend to have…
large arenas where services are held