Chapter 15 – other

In Asian nations, parents depend more on ____________ for support in old age.
their sons
Feminist theory argues that old women may be poorer than old men because:
of past sexual discrimination
The largest percentage of substantiated abuse of the elderly is perpetrated by:
family members.
Positivity effect is an example of:
selective optimization with compensation.
The view that elderly people want and need to remain active in a variety of social spheres is known as the:
activity theory.
Gerontologists consider it essential to help each resident of assisted living to:
retain independence.
A NORC is:
a neighborhood that naturally becomes a retirement community.
The view that aging makes a person’s social sphere increasingly narrow is called the:
disengagement theory.
In general, older couples have learned:
how to disagree
According to research by Hagedoorn (2006), never-married older adults are _______ than ________ are.
happier; recent widows
The statement “I am still my same happy self, but I look a little different now” is an example of:
holding on to one’s identity
Volunteering is associated with:
better health, less depression, and meeting a person’s needs for social interaction
Of the following, which is not considered an activity of daily life (ADL)?
shopping for groceries
Research shows that cohorts born in the 1950s and 1960s endorsed _______ responsibility toward older generations than _________ cohorts did.
more; earlier
Grandparents Grace and Don see their grandchildren daily because they drive them to their after-school activities. They would be considered _________ grandparents.
Inflation makes retirement income worth _____ of what it did when the money was first saved.
less than half
A type of stratification that endangers the well-being of many older people is:
gender, ethnicity, and age
For older adults, work provides:
social support, status, and effectiveness
Family caregivers of the frail elderly:
experience substantial stress, sometimes feel fulfilled, and are at risk for depression
Erikson’s self theory is called:
integrity versus despair.
activity theory
The view that elderly people want and need to remain active in a variety of social spheres with relatives, friends, and community groups and become withdrawn only unwillingly, as a result of ageism.
compulsive hoarding
The urge to accumulate and hold on to familiar objects and possessions, sometimes to the point of their becoming health and/or safety hazards. This impulse tends to increase with age.
disengagement theory
The view that aging makes a person’s social sphere increasingly narrow, resulting in role relinquishment, withdrawal, and passivity.
integrity versus despair
The final stage of Erik Erikson’s developmental sequence, in which older adults seek to integrate their unique experiences with their vision of community.
positivity effect
The tendency for elderly people to perceive, prefer, and remember positive images and experiences more than negative ones.
self theories
Theories of late adulthood that emphasize the core self, or the search to maintain one’s integrity and identity.
stratification theories
Theories that emphasize that social forces, particularly those related to a person’s social stratum or social category, limit individual choices and affect a person’s ability to function in late adulthood because past stratification continues to limit life in various ways.
A U.S. organization of people 50 and older that advocates for the elderly. It was originally called the American Association of Retired Persons, but now only the initials AARP are used, since members need not be retired.
age in place
Remaining in the same home and community in later life, adjusting but not leaving when health fades.
naturally occurring retirement community (NORC)
A neighborhood or apartment complex whose population is mostly retired people who moved to the location as younger adults and never left.
universal design
Designing physical space and common tools that are suitable for people of all ages and all levels of ability.
filial responsibility
The obligation of adult children to care for their aging parents.
activities of daily life (ADLs)
Typically identified as five tasks of self-care that are important to independent living: eating, bathing, toileting, dressing, and transferring from a bed to a chair. The inability to perform any of these tasks is a sign of frailty.
assisted living
A living arrangement for elderly people that combines privacy and independence with medical supervision.
frail elderly
People older than 65, and often older than 85, who are physically infirm, very ill, or cognitively disabled.
instrumental activities of daily life (IADLs)
Actions (e.g., paying bills and driving a car) that are important to independent living and that require some intellectual competence and forethought. The ability to perform these tasks may be even more critical to self-sufficiency than ADL ability.