Chapter 11: Diversity and The Community College Experience

The Spectrum Of Diversity
*The word diversity comes from the Latin root “diversus” which means “various”.
*Human diversity refers to the variety of differences that exist among the people that compromise humanity.
*Diversity refers to major groups of people who, collectively, compromise humankind or humanity.
*The relationship between humanity and human diversity is similar t the relationship between sunlight and the spectrum of colors.
What Is Race?
*A racial group is a group of people who share some distinctive physical traits, such as skin color or other facial characteristics.
*Humans categorize people based on external differences in physical appearance, particularly the color of their outer layer of skin.
*The differences in skin color that now occur among humans are likely due to biological adaptations that evolved over long periods among groups of humans who lived in different climatic conditions.
*Darker skin tones developed among humans who inhabited and reproduced in hotter regions closer to the equator. The darker skin enables them to adapt and survive by providing their bodies with protection from the potentially damaging effects of the sun. And allowing their bodies to better use the Vitamin D supplied by the sunlight.
* Lighter skin tones developed over time, among humans inhabiting colder climates that were far from the equator. That enables their bodies to absorb greater amounts of sunlight, which was in short supply in the heir region of the world.
*More than 90 percent of the genes that make up humans from different racial groups are the same.
*All humans have the same internal organs that are a similar and function the same no matter what color the layer of their skin is.
*All humans bleed the same color.
What Is Culture?
*Culture is a distinctive pattern of beliefs and values learned by a group of people who share the same social heritage and traditions.
*It is a style of speaking language, fashion, food, art, music, values, and beliefs.
*An advantage of the culture is that it helps bind its members together into a supportive , tight-knit community, however t can also bind them to other cultural perspectives.
*Optical illusions are illustrations of how cultural perspectives can blind people or lead them to inaccurate perceptions.
*Cultural experiences shape and sometimes disort perceptions of reality.
*We think we are seeing things objectively or “as they really are”, but we often see things subjectively from our limited cultural vantage point.
*Being open to the viewpoints of diverse people who perceive the world from different cultural vantage points widens our range of perception and helps us overcome our “cultural blind spots”.
*We tend to perceive the world around us with greater clarity and accuracy.
What Is an Ethnic Group?
*An ethnic group is a group of people who share the same culture.
*Culture refers to what an ethnic group has in common.
*An ethnic group refers to a group of people who share the same culture.
*An ethnic groups shared characteristics have been passed on through socialization that is their common characteristics have been learned or acquired through shared social experiences.
*European Americans are the majority ethnic group in the United States.
*Native Americans, African Americans, Hispanic Americans and Asian Americans are considered to be ethnic minority groups because of the groups represent less than 50 percent of the American population.
*Hispanic is not defined as a race, but classified as an ethnic group.
*It is becoming more difficult to place people into distinct categories based on their race or ethnicity.
What Is Humanity?
*Human variations and human similarity exist side by side and complement each other.
*Diversity is a “value that is shown in mutual respect and appreciation of similarities and differences.
*Experiencing Diversity not only enhances our appreciation of the unique features of different cultures, but also provides us with a larger perspective on the universal aspects of the human experience that are common to all humans, no matter what their particular cultural background may be.
*Despite our racial and cultural differences all people express the same emotion with the same facial expressions.