Chapter 10 US History study guide

yellow journalism
These exaggerated newspaper stories were designed to sell papers and helped fuel anti-Spanish sentiments in the US, contributing to the outbreak of war.
USS Maine
This battleship exploded in Havana harbor, and Spain got the blame.
Open Door Policy
This policy, written by John Hay, ensured US trading rights in China.
Boxer Rebellion
The hopes of this rebellion was to expel foreigners out of China, but it failed and was crushed after 2 months.
Sanford Dole
This person set up and headed the government of Hawaii after the queen was overthrown, but it didn’t last, and Hawaii was annexed in 1898.
Alaska
This territory was purchased by Seward from Russia for $7.2 million.
Valeriano Weyler
This person was sent by Spain to put down the Cuban revolt.
Emilio Aguinaldo
This person fought Spain as our ally, but then fought a brutal war against us in the Philippines.
George Dewey
This person led the American Navy in the Philippines.
Jose Marti
Cuban poet and journalist in exile in New York who organized Cuban resistance against Spain by guerrilla campaign and deliberately destroying US property
Imperialism
the policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, political, or military control over weaker territories.
Alfred T. Mahan
Admiral of the US Navy who urged government officials to build up American naval power in order to compete with other nations.
William Seward
supporter of US expansion who arranged to buy Alaska from Russia for 7.2 million dollars. Many thought was bad but Alaska has many natural resources.
Treaty of Paris
the treaty ending the Spanish- American War, in which spain freed Cuba, turned over the islands of Guam and Puerto Rico to the US and sold Philippines to US for 20 million dollars
Dollar Diplomacy
the US policy of using the nation’s economic power to exert influence over other countries.
protectorate
a country whose affairs are partially controlled by a stronger power.
open door notes
messages sent by John Hay in 1899 to Russia, Germany, GB, France, Italy, Japan, asking countries to not interfere with US trading rights in China
Monroe Doctrine
The policy of US opposition to any European interference in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere, announced by President Monroe in 1823
De Lome Letter
letter criticizing McKinley calling him weak and a bidder of the crowd which was written by Spanish minister.
expansionists
people who wanted to annex foreign territory and favored overseas colonies.
Joseph Pulitzer
owner of the New York World which was a famous newspaper known for yellow journalism
John J. Pershing
was sent by President Wilson into Mexico to hunt down Pancho Villa
John Hay
Secretary of State who published the open door notes
Platt Amendment
a series of provisions that, in 1901, the US insisted Cuba add to its new constitution, giving the US the right to intervene in the country and the right to buy or lease cuban land for naval and fueling stations
Francisco “Pancho” Villa
mexico rebel leader who opposed of Carranza’s government
Emiliano Zapata
mexico rebel leader who opposed of Carranza’s government
Anti- Imperialism
people who agreed that it is wrong for countries to own other countries without their consent
Roosevelt Corollary
an extension of the monroe doctrine, announced by Teddy Roosevelt in 1904, under which the US claimed the right to protect its economic interests by means of military intervention in the affairs of Western Hemisphere nations
Teller Ammendment
U.S. could not annex Cuba but only leave control of the island to its people.
Queen Liliuokalani
Queen of Hawaii who tried to fight off the Americans from taking over but soon was taken over

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