Chapter 1 Practice

Microorganisms are ___, meaning they are found in all natural habitats as well as in most artificial habitats created by humans.
ubiquitous
True or False: Microorganisms are found in all natural habitats as well as in most artificial habitats created by humans.
True
Microbiology involves the study of microscopic organisms, including: Viruses, Helminths, Protozoa, Archaea, Bacteria, Fleas, Fungi
Viruses, Helminths, Protozoa, Archaea, Bacteria, Fungi
___ cells possess a nucleus and other membrane bound organelles.
Eukaryotic
___ organisms can be visualized by the naked eye.
Macroscopic
What are the major types of microorganisms?
Protozoa, Fungi, Viruses, Algae, Bacteria
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What microbe is not cellular (acellular) and is composed of nucleic acid surrounded by a protein coat?
Virus
Organisms that are only visible with the aid of a microscope are referred to as ___.
Microscopic
A(n) ___ cell will not contain organelles, such as mitochondria or a nucleus.
prokaryotic
Taxonomy involves ___ and ___ living things.
classifying and naming
___ are small, single-celled prokaryotic organisms.
Bacteria
Which of the following is NOT a term used to describe microscopic organisms? Microorganisms, Vertebrates, Microbes
Vertebrates
A cellular microorganism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus and most membrane-bound organelles, and divides by binary fission is correctly termed a ___.
Prokaryote
For the organism Staphylococcus aureus, aureus represents the ___ level of classification.
species
Eukaryotic organisms are:
either unicellular or multicellular
A(n) ___ is any small, membrane-bound component found inside of a eukaryotic cell.
organelle