Chap 1, 2, and 3 Drug Education

2. The U.S. attitude towards drug regulation prior to the 20th century has been described as:
laissez-faire
2. Why is physiological toxicity considered a “social” problem?
Because the impacts and costs associated with hospitals, productivity, and emergency rooms means that social systems are affected
2. DAWN is:
an effort by the federal government to monitor drug toxicity
2. A survey of intravenous drug users in several U.S. cities found HIV infection at a rate:
as high as 30% constituting a serious public health risk
2. Physical dependence is defined by:
the presence of withdrawal symptoms
2. Psychological dependence is indicated by:
the amount of time an individual spends in drug-seeking behavior
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2. The reduced effect of a drug after repeated use is known as:
tolerance
2. A drug that is frequently cited as contributing to crime is:
alcohol
2. The number of arrests per year for drug-law violations currently stands at:
1.5 million
2. Which of the following was not considered a major concern in the movement towards restrictive regulations for some drugs?
tolerance
2. One country in which our drug control efforts and our other foreign policy interests have been in conflict is:
Afghanistan
2. According to the DAWN report, which drug has continued to rank in the top spot for drug-related deaths for at the least the last five years?
prescription opioids
2. An overdose of heroin can lead to what kind of toxicity?
acute physiological
3. The aims of the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act was to:
require accurate labeling
3. The introduction of hypodermic syringe in the 1800s contributed to a condition known as:
morphinism
3. The 1914 Harrison Act served to regulate:
opioids and cocaine
3. Legal pharmaceuticals are regulated primarily by the:
FDA
3. Controlled substances are assigned to different schedules based mainly on their relative:
potential for abuse
3. Federal support for drug screening began with:
the military
3. The FDA, as part of the Kefauver-Harris amendments, began evaluating the effectiveness of drugs in:
1962
3. How much does the United States spend annually on drug-control efforts?
$15 billion
3. Federal drug control amendments in 1988 included a provision that convicted drug users could lose access to:
student loans
3. The pharmaceutical industry has grown into one of the most important sources of commerce in the world, with the U.S. market of over …… representing over half the estimated total:
180 billion
3. The most important change to the Kefauver-Harris amendments was one requiring:
that every new drug be demonstrated to be effective for the illness mentioned on the label
3. The 1994 Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act broadened the definition of dietary supplements to include:
vitamins, minerals, proteins, herbs, and herbal extracts
3. Historically, drugs that are available by prescription are found on:
Schedule 1
1. Example of drug use is:
taking an aspirin to treat a headache, taking a dose of cough medicine, smoking marijuana
1. According to a recent survey, marijuana use among teenagers is:
currently at about 20%
1. A drug that is illegal to use or possess is defined in your text as a(n):
illicit drug
1. Which of the following is one of the Four Principles of Psychoactive Drugs described in your text?
Every drug has multiple effects, not just a single effect
1. The quality of a drug’s effect depends upon
the amount the individual has taken
1. One of the key drug use-related surveys conducted by the federal government is:
The National Survey on Drug Use and Health
1. One good way to determine why a person is using a drug is to:
ask about where and when they use it
1. Which of the following is an example of a protective factor for drug use?
Being committed to school
1. Socioeconomic status is a significant correlate to drug and alcohol use
True
1. What year did marijuana use in the US peak before beginning a steady decline?
1980
1. Taking four 200 mg tablets of ibuprofen for a nagging headache instead of the manufacturer’s indented dose of one tablet every 4-6 hours is best defined in your text as
misuse
1. The National Survey on Drug Use and the Monitoring the Future Project both cite which of the following as the most commonly used illicit drug?
Marijuana