CH. 6 Inquizitive

what in broad terms is the definition of social deviance
any transgression of socially established norms
in the laboring theory, whats the difference between primary deviance and secondary deviance
primary- initial offense
secondary-eventual effect of primary

primary leads to labeling, and the labeling then prompts secondary deviant behavior

according to Robert Merton, what makes someone a social deviant?
– not recognizing/ socially accepting approved goals
– failure to recognizing/ accept socially approved means of achieving ones goals
(T/F) term “deviant” refers to a moral, not a social judgement
False.
– it is about a particular group’s judgement of behavior and not a universal or moral judgement
In the US, imprisonment as a method of punishment was rare until what century?
19th (bc it takes a lot of resources and money which weren’t available even though they wanted too)
Ex. of differential association theory
– Justin begins using drugs daily after hanging out with a group of peers who pressured him to do so
-Stacie finds some classmates defacing the woman’s bathroom with spray paint and joins them.
(T/F) Out of Robert Merton’s list of 5 personality types – conformity, innovator, ritualist, retreatist, and rebel- all but one is deviant according to Merton’s definition.
True.
-conformity is the only one
primary deviance
first act of rule breaking
secondary deviance and stigma
a label that alters self-concept and social identity

-secondary- behavior triggered by other people’s reactions to an initial act of deviance
-stigma- may be linked to something over which a person has no control over (skin color)

retreatist vs. rebel
-like complementary cousins
-rejects both goals/ means of society
-react in opposite ways
retreatist: retreats
rebel: attacking (literally or metaphorically)
what are the distinguished features of a symbolic interactionist theory of social deviance
– a focus on individual psychology rather than on the social dynamics of large populations
– a recognition of the impact of assigning labels to behaviors and to people
Ex. of deviance avowl
A smoker tells his friends and family to help him quit by acknowledging that even though he may quit, he will always be a smoker bc the addiction is lifelong.
deviance avowl
man self-identifies as a deviant and initiates his own labeling process
crime that has smaller financial impact
street crime
white collar crim
-does not involve force
-committed in a different setting
-committed by a different group of people
ex. of social control in the US
– parents remind children not to pick their nose
-compulsory schooling laws for high school aged students
incapacitation
solution that does not inform the individual but protects the society (guy on death row ex.)