Ch 4 Art Appreciation

Abstract art
A form of art characterized by simplified or distorted rendering of an object that has the essential
form or nature of that object (abstracted); a form of art in which the forms make no reference to
visible reality (nonobjective)
Applies to art that departs significantly from the actual appearance of things. May be rooted in nature.
Content
All that which is contained within a work of art—the visual elements, the subject matter, and its
underlying meaning or themes.
of a work of art is everything that is contained in it. Refers not only to its lines or forms but also to its subject matter and its underlying meanings or themes.
Expressionism
A modern school of art in which an emotional impact is achieved through agitated brushwork,
intense coloration, and violent, hallucinatory imagery.
Expressionistic
Descriptive of art that emphasizes the distortion of color and form to achieve an emotional impact.
Formalist
criticism
An approach to art criticism that concentrates on the elements and design of works of art, rather
than on historical factors or the biography of the artist.
Iconography
In a work of art, the conventional meanings attached to the images used by the artist; as an
artistic approach, representing or illustrating by using the visual conventions and symbols of a
culture
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Iconology
The study of visual symbols in art, which frequently have literary or religious origins.
Non-representational art
Art that does not represent figures or objects.
Picture plane
The flat, two-dimensional surface on which a picture is created. In much Western art, the picture
plane is viewed as a window opening onto deep space
Realism
A style of art characterized by portraying subject matter accurately and truthfully. The name of the
nineteenth-century art style which portrayed subject matter in this manner.
refers to the portrayal of people and things as they are seen by the eye or really thought to be, without,idealization, without distortion.featured subjects from daily life and experience and develop a new respect for the real substance of the artists materials.
Representational art
art Art that presents natural objects in recognizable form.
Style
A characteristic manner or mode of artistic expression or design.. Refers to a distinctive handling of elements and media associated with the work of an individual artist, a school or movement, or a specific culture or time period familiar objects may come and go but creativity, originality, and authenticity dwell in the style or unique handling of the artist.In art are numerous ever-changing and new
Form
The totality of what the viewer sees in a work of art—the product of the composition of the visual
elements. Refers to its totality as work of art , includes the elements, design principles, and composition of a work of art. A work form may include ex. colors that are used, textures and shapes, illusion of 3 dimensions, balance, rhythm, or unity of design.
non-objective
may make no reference whatsoever to nature or reality.
cubism
transcribed natural forms into largely angular geometric equivalents.
Psychic automatism
attempt to clear mind of purpose and concerns so that inner conflicts and ideas could find expression through his work.
formalist criticism
an approach to art criticism that concentrates primarily on the elements and design of works of art rather than on historical factors or the biography of the artist.
” Amorous Couple”
Artist: Mayan?
Garments,hairstyles, and feature link it to life and times of the Yucatecan people before the onslaught of the Europeans. 8th -10th century pre-Columbians sculprues.
Representational but not realistic.
“Forget it! Forget me!” cartoon
Artist:Roy Lichtenstein
Not realistic but totally recognizable
“The two girlfriends”
Artist: Henri Delouise
Transports us to the deminode of turn of the century Paris where in moylin rouge. their greatest thing is to love and be loved in return
Representational but not realistic.
“Ken Moody and Robert Sherman”
Artist: Robert Mapplethorpe
What it’d be like to be gay and living in America at the end of the millennium.
“The tempest”
Artist:Oscar Kokoschka
The tumult of Germany in the years leading up to World War 1 can be felt in the dark palette whirling brushstrokes and existentialist expressions in Oscars Kokoschka’s
“The kiss”
Artist: Constantin Brancusi
Could be said to transcend context in the simple accessibility or reliability of its subject
characterized as abstract rather than representational/male and female are abstraction
“Male and Female”
Artist: Jackson Pollock
created while Pollock was undergoing psychoanalytic therapy and out to be read in that context. Reveals a complex scheme of images that he believed were derived from his collective unconscious mind.
“Two Figures”
Artist: Barbara Hepworth
aims to disconnect her work from context by reducing her figures to their most common denominators-organic vertical shapes punctuated by softly modeled voids.
“American Gothic”
Artist: Grant Wood
Described as realistic in terms of style. Painstakingly realistic portrait of the staid virtues of the usual life in America. Has repetition of pitch fork commercialized.
“Voodoo”
Artist: a nonobjective painting in which highly saturated colors and jagged shapes comprise the content and spirit of the work.
“He said she said”
Artist: Donna Rosenthal
depicts an interaction between a man and a woman capturing the verbal cliches of the human comedy( can be described as representational.
“Death of Marat”
Artist: Jaques-Louise David
A memorial to a political martyr.
“Death of Manuel”
Artist: Sandow Birk
200 years later Sandow Birk appropriated David’s image for Death of Manuel, his graphic deposition on urban violence
“The Oath of the Horatii”
Artist: Jaques- Louis David
one of the most recognizable work of the 19th century. Its landmark composition symbolically and pictorially. painted for Louis XVI who along with his wife Mouie Antoinette would loose his head to guillotine the printing became an almost instant symbol of the Revolution. Loyalty courage sacrificed it portrayed were an inspiration to the down trodden masses in their uprising against the French monarchy. historical circumstances . Gender differences
“Untitled” We dont need another hero)
Artist: Barbara Kruger
Can be interpreted as an “answer” to Davids oath . Gender Ideology
“Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time (the exposure of luxury)”
Artist: Bronzino
a classic example of works in which they’re in much more than meets the eye. Weaves an intricate ‘allegory’ with many actors and many symbols.
“Semekazi”
Artist:Willie Bester (migrant miseries)
uses images and objects to communicate a tragic story to anyone who will listen. Combine painting with found objects. (Iconography)
Bester was classified as “colored” under South African apartheid rule and thus as with most nonwhite artists, was deprived of opportunities for formal training in art.Combine painting with found objects in a densely covered surface that seems, in its lack of space and air, to reflect the sualid living conditions among black Africans.
Levels of Content
Subject matter, elements and composition, and underlying a symbolic meanings or themes.
Iconography
study of the themes and symbols in the visual arts- the figures and image that lend works their underlying meanings
language of art
ARTISTS USE THIS TO COMBINE THE VISUAL ELEMENTS OF ART ACCORDING TO PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN
STYLE
SEVERAL CHARACTERISTICS METHOD OF EXPRESSION HAVE DEVELOPED
FORM
TOTALITY OF WHAT WE SEE
AWARENESS OF STYLE, FORM, AND CONTENT
HELPS VIEWERS UNDERSTAND AND APPRECIATE THE VISUAL ARTS EASILY
CONTENT OF A WORK
INCLUDES NOT ONLY ITS FORM BUT ALSO ITS SUBJECT MATTER AND ITS UNDERLYING MEANINGS OR THEMES
MYAN COUPLE
FIGURATIVE ART REPRESENTATIONAL
COMIC STRIP; FORGET IT FORGET ME
REPRESENTATIONAL ART
2 GIRLFRIENDS
ABSTRACT ART
KEN MOODY AND ROBERT SHERMAN
FIGURATIVE ART
2 FIGURES
FIGURATIVE ART
REPRESENTATIONAL ART
FIGURES OR OBJECTS ARE RECOGNIZED MANNER BUT NOT A REALISTIC FORM
REPRESENTATIONAL ART MAY BE CONSIDERED FIGURATIVE ART
REALISM
PEOPLE AND OBJECTS AS SEEN BY THE EYE OR AS ARE THOUGHT TO BE . EX PHOTOGRAPHS( CUZ THEY SHOW, CAPTURE, DOCUMENT)
STYLE
DISTINCTIVE HANDLING OF ELEMENTS A PARTICULAR MEDIA, IN A ARTIST, A SCHOOL, SPECIFIC CULTURE, OR TIME PERIOD. refers to the experience
Grant wood;american gothic
realistic art
conceptual art
he said she said
abstract art
departs form actual appearance of a person or object
nonobective art
CONTAINS NO REPRESENTATION OF RECOGNIZABLE FIGURES AND OBJECTS
ABSTRACT ART
“THE KISS”
“vOODOO”
NONOBJECTIVE ART
EXPRESSIVE ART
form and color are freely distorted by artists in order to achieve a heightened emotional impact
Expressionistic art
“the tempest” uses particular strokes to express whats going around
form
elements, design principles, and composition- its totality
formalistic criticism
ELEMENTS AND DESIGN BUT NOT HISTORICAL ELEMENTS OF AN ART WORK.
ICONOGRAPHY
STUDY OF THEMES AND SYMBOLS IN THE VISUAL ARTS…. WHEN YOU USE A LOT OF SYMBOLS.