Ch. 3 study guide

Informal Sanction
A spontaneous expression of approval or disapproval given by an individual or a group
Social Movement
A long-term conscious effort to promote or prevent social change
Cultural Lag
Situation in which some aspects of the culture change less rapidly, or lag behind, other aspects of the same culture
Ideology
A system of beliefs or ideas that justifies the social, moral, religious, political, or economic interests held by a group or by society
Internalization
The process by which a norm becomes a part of an individual’s personality, this conditioning that individual to conform to society’s expectations
The knowledge and tools that people use to manipulate their wnvironment
Positive Sanction
An action that rewards a particular kind of behavior
Diffusion
The process of spreading culture traits from one society to another
Reformulation
The process of adapting borrowed cultural traits
Negative Sanction
A punishment or the threat of punishment used to enforce conformity
Narcissism
Extreme self-centeredness
Ethnocentrism
The tendency to view ones own culture or group as superior to others
Self-fulfillment
A commitment to the full development of ones personality, talents, and potential
A negative sanction is
A punishment or threat of punishment used to enforce conformity
An ideology is
A system of beliefs or ideas that justifies the social, moral, religious, political, or economic interests held by a group or by society
Social control is
The enforcing of norms through either internal or external means
Internalization is
The process by which a norm becomes a part of an individual’s personality, thus conditioning that individual to conform to society’s expectations
Technology
Is the knowledge and tools that people use to manipulate their environment
Ethnocentrism is
One of the reasons that people resist cultural change
False
A negative sanction rewards a particular kind of behavior
True
Extreme self-centered was is rendered to as narcissism
True
Not all culture traits change at the same rate, as indicated by cultural lag
True
The knowledge and tools that people use to manipulate their environment are called technology
False
A vested interest is a commitment to the full development of one’s personality, talents, and potential
False
Narcissism is the tendency to view one’s own culture or group as superior to others
True
The two basic means through which norms are enforced are values and beliefs
True
For most Americans, individual effort is the key to personal achievement
False
Enforcing norms through either internal or external means is called internalization
True
The long history immigration has influenced American culture

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